Nepal

Field Bulletin: Muslim Communities in Rautahat and Bara Districts - Issue 31, January 2012

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Background

Muslims are the third largest religious group in Nepal, making up almost 4.3% of the total population. 96% of Muslims live in the Tarai with nearly 60% concentration in just 10 Tarai districts. Although they make up a fairly small portion of the population, Muslims stand out with their high level of concentration in a few districts and their relative cultural isolation and deprivation.

The Interim Constitution of Nepal recognizes Muslims as a minority and directs the State to ensure that special provisions are in place to increase their participation and inclusion, for example through positive discrimination.This field bulletin explores, from the point of view of Muslim communities in Rautahat and Bara districts, how successfully integrated into Nepali society they feel.