Recovery from conflict is essential to sustain peace in a country like Nepal that is passing through a historical transition. Experiences from around the world have shown that relapsing into conflict is more likely when peace dividends do not reach the people, especially those who are at the receiving end.
There is a promising sign that Nepal’s peace process is making some headway at the center. There are some positive developments on the ground too where the marginalised communities are beginning to understand the historical causes of marginalization and organise themselves better to echo their priorities. These communities feel stronger today than they did before. Building peace from grassroots is possible when the marginalized communities benefit from some form of tangible peace dividends which could be their increased livelihood assets and opportunities for employment. UNDP’s Livelihood Recovery for Peace (LRP) project has done exactly that in the three central Tarai districts of Mahottari, Sarlahi and Rautahat since late 2009.