Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (29 September - 5 October 2015)
Access closures along the Nepal-India border and ongoing political unrest in the Terai region has constrained delivery of daily supplies and winterization materials. An estimated 81,000 households living in high altitude areas are at risk if winterization goods are not delivered within the next few weeks. In 120 displacement sites hosting some 59,000 people, about 85% of shelter, are not suitable for the coming winter. Fuel rationing has limited operations and aid.
According to local media reports, the Indian Government has requested border agencies to ensure movement of goods. Supplies are slowly beginning to come across open border points.
81,000 households at risk
Typhoon Mujigae made landfall in China near the coastal city of Zhanjiang in Guangdong province on Sunday 4 Oct. Four people were killed and 16 people are missing as of Sunday afternoon. The Zhanjiang Maritime Rescue Centre also reported that more than 117 fishermen were rescued. International flights, maritime travel, and high speed trains were suspended on Saturday and Sunday. Mujugae is expected to continue to bring gale-force winds and torrential rain to the coastal regions of Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan on 4 and 5 October 2015.
4 people killed
Continuous heavy rain since mid-Sep in the southern regions resulted in floods and landslides, causing eight deaths and nine injuries. Over 7,300 people are affected by adverse weather conditions in 4 districts and 450 houses were partially damaged and 151 houses were fully damaged. A total of 344 people remain displaced in welfare centres due to flood and landslide situation.
7,300 people affected
Haze, caused by illegal burning of forest and peat for agricultural planting continues to cause dangerous levels of air pollution in several provinces. More than 167,000 cases of acute respiratory infections have been reported, as of 23 Sep. A number of schools in Kalimantan and Sumatra remain closed. The government is mobilizing 21 planes and water bombing helicopters, as well as around 21,000 personnel in the six affected provinces. The GoI anticipates the land and forest fires may last until the end of November 2015.
As of 4 Oct, over 800 families (about 4,200 people) from Surigao del Sur province are displaced and staying in three evacuation centres, according to local authorities. Local media attributed the new influx of IDPs to the reported presence of unidentified heavily-armed men, which prompted residents of three highland communities to flee their homes. The authorities, with support from local civil society organizations, Philippine Red Cross and other partners continue to provide food packs, hygiene kits and other relief assistance to the IDPs.5
4,200 people displaced
According to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), India received 14% rainfall during this year’s monsoon season. The deficit is largely the result of poor rainfall received throughout the month of August generally attributed to El Niño. This will particularly impact marginal and heavily indebted farmers. This is the second consecutive year of poor rainfall.
Tropical Cyclone Dujuan passed over the Yaeyama islands of Japan on 28 Sep, there was no reported casualties, but 318 persons were evacuated. TC Dujuan then made landfall in China on 29 Sep. No significant impact was reported.
The Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea remain very likely to receive less rain than normal. Forecasts also predict less than average rainfall for much of Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. Pacific islands such as Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa area also forecasted to be drier than normal. Meanwhile Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, and Micronesia are very likely to receive greater than average rainfall.
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