Anticipated scope and scale
Given the shallow depth of the earthquake, aftershocks are expected to continue for some time and are expected to cause further damage.
Kathmandu Valley (population: 2.5 million) is a densely populated area; many people live in buildings that cannot withstand a significant seismic event. 6.6 million people live within the affected areas.
Limited access to affected areas is expected to hamper search and rescue efforts. Clearing the debris is expected to take weeks.
Isolated heavy thunderstorms are predicted throughout the next days, particularly over eastern Nepal. Visibility and access is expected to be impaired, further hampering search and rescue efforts.
Priorities for humanitarian intervention
- Search and rescue; heavy equipment for rubble removal;
-Health: medical teams and supplies, tenting for hospitals and body-bags;
Shelter: family kits, plastic sheets, blankets;
WASH: provision of safe drinking water, hygiene kits;
Mobile storage units;
The size of the geographical areas affected, scattered population and road blockages will pose serious challenges to reach affected populations.