What's Happening in Myanmar One Month Onward
In July and August 2015 Myanmar suffered the worst landslides and flooding in recent decades after unusually heavy monsoon rains, and exposure to Cyclone Komen, which passed by the country’s southern coast. More than 1.7 million people have been affected in 13 of the 15 states and regions of the country, with the loss of homes, livelihoods, crops and food stocks. Following an official request for assistance from the Government of Myanmar, the World Food Programme (WFP) initiated a rapid emergency response on 2 August, less than 48 hours after the declaration of a national disaster by the President of Myanmar.
One month after the rapid response
Working with the government, other UN agencies and non-governmental partners, WFP has delivered emergency food assistance to more than 455,000 people in the worst flood-hit areas. Flood affected people received a one-month ration of rice, pulses, cooking oil, salt and in some cases, a week’s supply of high energy biscuits.
WFP’s flood response will now gradually shift focus to support early recovery through relief, nutrition support and community asset rehabilitation. In September, cash or food will be distributed to approximately 212,000 people in affected communities in five states/regions, through the relief support programme. From October onwards, WFP plans to provide nutrition support to around 14,000 under-five-year-old children in three states and regions, with micronutrient-enriched blended flood. Community asset rehabilitation projects will be carried out in six states/regions with more than 50,000 people receiving cash or food in exchange for work.
The decision of whether to provide communities with cash or food depends on their access to functioning food markets, food prices and the presence of reliable services, providers or partners to provide transfers.
Due to the severity of the damage, in the worst hit areas, WFP plans to extend its operations to flood victims until mid-2016. To facilitate this, WFP has opened a small sub-office in Kale Township, one of the worst affected areas in Sagaing Region.
Key challenges to the delivery of food assistance
Challenges remain largely logistical as floods and landslides severely damaged or destroyed roads and bridges, especially in Chin, Rakhine and Sagaing. Many areas remain reachable only on foot while rains continue.
The Government of Myanmar as well as local airlines Air Bagan, Air KBZ, Golden Myanmar Airlines and Myanmar National Airlines, have provided airlift services at no charge to WFP, which has proven vital to food distribution.
WFP is expecting to run out of some food commodities in September because of a lack of funding. US$12 million is urgently needed to provide food to flood affected people until the end of 2015, although some of the flood response may need to be extended until mid-2016. Another US$15 million is needed to continue the regular country programmes until the end of the year. US$27 million is needed to meet all flood and non-flood food needs until the end of 2015.
The emergency response to the flooding has been made possible so far thanks to contributions from Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, the EU, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Japan Association for WFP, Myanmar, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, UNCERF, the United Kingdom, the United States and the private sector.
Please donate today and help get life-saving food reach families who need us the most.
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Myanmar Floods in Numbers
- More than 1.7 million people affected by floods and landslides
- More than 455,000 target beneficiaries reached with life-saving food assistance within a month after the launch of the emergency response; and
- WFP has provided 3,241 metric tons of food provided to flood-affected people across eight States/Regions.