Myanmar

UNICEF Myanmar Humanitarian Situation Report No. 8: 29 October to 28 November 2021

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
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Highlights

  • As of 01 November 2021, all schools, with the exception of those in 46 townships where COVID-19 restrictions remain, were allowed to reopen after their four-month closure due to COVID-19. UNICEF and partners are closely monitoring this return to school while continuing with Education in Emergencies support for children’s continuous learning.

  • Even though improvements were achieved and new activities were implemented by UNICEF partners, many sectors remain underfunded such as WASH with a current gap of 60 percent of funding requirements. Additional funding would provide the targeted 557,500 individuals with sufficient safe water, latrines, and critical hygiene items.

  • UNICEF and its partners provided legal aid support to 370 people including 246 people in Rakhine.

Situation in Numbers

1,200,000 Children in need of humanitarian assistance
(HAC 2021)

3,000,000 People in need
(HRP and Addendum)

336,000 Internally displaced people (IDPs) (early 2021)
(OCHA, 2021)

234,600 IDP due to clashes and insecurity since February 2021
(OCHA Humanitarian Snapshot November 2021)

Funding Overview and Partnerships

UNICEF appeal for US$74.5 million to help vulnerable people in Myanmar has brought in US$25.1 million to date. The cash is to pay for critical humanitarian servicesand assistance for 667,389 vulnerable people including 316,165 children. Donations include US$7.3 million received in 2020 and US$17.8 million received in 2021. Donors making generous contributions in 2021 include Denmark, European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO), Germany, Japan, Norway, Thailand, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), and the USA, together with invaluable financial support from global humanitarian thematic funding. Donors that supported the UNICEF humanitarian programming in 2020 included Australia; Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance; Japan; the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China; OCHA, the UK, USA and UNICEF Singapore together with global humanitarian thematic funding.

Even with the increased funding of US$3.1 million since the last reporting period, UNICEF is still in urgent need of US$49.4 million to ensure life-saving assistance in various sectors including water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), health and nutrition, education, child protection and social protection. Major gaps remain, particularly in the nutrition sector, which has only 21 per cent funding. Additional funding in this sector would feed 15,807 children aged 6–59 months suffering from severe acute malnutrition.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The humanitarian crisis is worsening in Myanmar, as a direct consequence of fighting between armed groups spread across the country. Provision of assistance, in terms of goods and staff to affected areas is compromised, specifically in regions such as Chin, Sagaing, and Magway, where heavy artillery and armed conflicts are ongoing between the People’s Defence Forces (PDF) and the Myanmar Armed Forces (MAF). There are frequent reports of people trying to escape the conflicts and associated risks, with OCHA estimating that more than 37,000 people have been displaced in the three northwest regions since May 2021, including 7,358 children. Furthermore, in the southeast region, displacements continue to take place in various townships as clashes and regular attacks between MAF, PDF and Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAO) are increasing according to field reports. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates a total of 166,700 people have been displaced across this area as of November 2021, including 84,300 people in Kayah, 20,800 people in southern Shan, 49,500 people in Kayin, 5,000 people in Mon and 7,100 people in Tanintharyi.

A multisectoral response is being provided by UNICEF in the affected areas, although its top priority is seeking to ease the rigid travel restrictions which are severely hampering humanitarian partners. Nevertheless, since the last reporting period, 237,090 children and their families have been reached with nutrition, health, WASH, child protection, education services, as well as social assistance and Accountablity to Affect Populations (AAP).

During the reporting period, the national COVID-19 positivity rate has been reported to decrease at a rate of 3,45 per cent compared to 6,91 per cent during the previous period. Although in some regions such as northern Shan, cases have surged after the gradual resuming of businesses and markets. Additionally, a few IDP camps in Kachin have reported active cases, but challenges in access, security and communication are prohibiting to confirm the numbers.