1.1 Introduction to the research
In September 2013, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) contracted Oxford Policy Management and the University of East Anglia to conduct Strategic Research into National and Local Capacity Building for Disaster Risk Management. To date there has been little formal, empirical research that has been conducted on capacity building for disaster risk management (DRM), and as a result international actors lack robust, evidence-based guidance on how capacity for DRM can be effectively generated at national and local levels. The research project has been designed as an initial step towards filling that knowledge and evidence gap.
Our central aim in the research is therefore to draw lessons and guidance on ‘how to’ build DRM capacity in a range of contexts. We will do this by analysing the characteristics, effectiveness and relative importance of a range of capacity building for DRM interventions across a variety of country contexts.
Our objectives are to research the following overarching issues of concern:
- How is capacity for DRM generated most effectively at both national and local levels?
- What factors enable or constrain the building of national and local capacity for DRM?
- How and why does this vary across different environments?
- How is the international community currently approaching the task of building national and local capacities for DRM?
- How can we identify and measure improving capacity for DRM?
The core research is based on a country case study approach. A pilot study was conducted in March / April 2014 in Ethiopia. The second case study was conducted in Pakistan in June 2014 using the refined standardised methodological framework for data collection and analysis. The third case study was conducted in Myanmar in November 2014. This report sets out the approach taken and the findings of the case study. Three further case studies will take place which will enable comparative analysis across countries and interventions. In each case study we look in-depth at 1- 3 programmes that involve capacity building for disaster risk management.
The Research Team is led by Dr. Roger Few, Senior Research Fellow at the School of International Development (DEV) in the University of East Anglia. The Project Manager is Zoë Scott who is a full-time staff member at Oxford Policy Management. The Fieldwork Leader is Kelly Wooster and the Research Assistant is Mireille Flores Avila, who both were assisted in Myanmar by national consultants Kyaw Myo Min and Kye Soe.