The present report, submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions, covers the period from 1 July 2017 to 31 August 2018 and is the fifth report on children and armed conflict in Myanmar submitted to the Security Council and its Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict. As requested by the Working Group, the report updates my previous report on children and armed conflict in Myanmar (S/2017/1099) submitted in December 2017.
The report provides information on grave violations against children in Myanmar, with particular emphasis on the crisis in northern Rakhine State as well as areas of ongoing conflict in Kachin and Shan States and identifies parties to the conflict responsible for such violations. During the reporting period, armed clashes in conflict-affected areas of the country continued to put children at risk and the country task force on monitoring and reporting documented and verified grave violations against children perpetrated by the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) as well as other parties to the armed conflict listed in my previous annual reports, with the notable addition of a new group, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, operating in northern Rakhine State and adjacent areas.
In the report, I also look at progress and challenges in addressing and preventing grave violations in Myanmar and provide recommendations for the deliberations of the Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict on the situation.