Myanmar

Myanmar Recovery Bulletin 1 | 25 January 2016

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National Natural Disaster Management Committee
Republic of the Union of Myanmar

This bulletin was prepared jointly by the Government of Myanmar and the UN System. The period covered by this report is 1 October 2015 - 25 January 2016.

A. Headlines

• The Government of Myanmar has implemented MMK 17.3 billion (USD 13.4 million) of recovery activities.
• As part of its early recovery activities, the Government of Myanmar has so far reconstructed 3,907 houses, 426 schools, 314 road sections, 299 bridges, 120 dams and dykes and 550 wells.
• The third Recovery Forum was held in Naypyidaw on 11 December 2015; the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment of Floods and Landslides was also launched at this meeting.
• A draft Recovery Plan and Multi-Sector Recovery Framework was presented at the Recovery Coordination Meeting on 18 January 2016.

B. Key Messages

The third Recovery Forum was held in Naypyidaw on the 11 December. It was opened by Vice President U Nyan Tun, who stated that the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment was “aimed at systematically assessing the recovery of about two million people who were affected [displaced] by the disaster.” The Vice President also praised the coordination and cooperation demonstrated during the emergency response phase, in particular, the information management and early warning and evacuation functions. He also stressed that resource-and-information sharing, coordination, transparency and accountability must continue into the recovery phase.

Other speakers included Dr. U Myint, Chief Economic Advisor to the President; Dr. Yin Yin Nwe, Education Advisor to the President; Dr. Zaw Oo, Presidential Advisor on Recovery; U Kyaw Lwin, Minister of Construction; U Kyaw Lin, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Construction; U Soe Aung, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement; and representatives from the World Bank, the EU, JICA and the UN system.

Key issues discussed include the need for an inclusive, resilient recovery process; strong inter-sectoral and inter-institutional coordination; harmonisation of national priorities with those of development partners; the need to align recovery interventions with long-term development and the drafting of contextualised, region-specific plans. Key findings from the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment of the Floods and Landslides was also presented and feedback sought from the private sector and development partners.

A Recovery Coordination Meeting was hosted by the Ministry of Construction on 18 January 2016 where the draft Recovery plan and Recovery framework was presented. Key speakers included U Kyaw Lwin, Minister of Construction; U Kyaw Lin, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Construction; Dr. Zaw Oo, who moderated the discussion on the draft plan and framework; and Messrs. Stean Tshiband and Sean Ng from the United Nations Development Programme. Details of the draft plan are discussed below.

C. Situation Overview

As of the 6 December 2015, the NNDMC reports that 1,690,446 people were displaced by flooding and landslides and 172 people have died; the Post-Floods-and-Landslides Needs Assessment (PFLNA) additionally reported that at least 5.4 million people have been adversely-impacted (this includes persons who have been displaced, injured, had their livelihoods or normal daily routine disrupted in both the short- term and long-term, lost assets/capital or have died due to the floods). 21,508 houses have been totally damaged (destroyed) by the flooding (though should be noted that the figures from Ayeyarwaddy Region are still being re-assessed) and 847,471 hectares of farmland has been destroyed. Recovery activities are well underway: the Government of Myanmar has so far reconstructed and rehabilitated 3,907 houses, 426 schools, 314 road sections, 299 bridges, 120 dams and dykes and 550 wells. State and region governments have also raised a total of MMK 16.4 billion (USD 12.6 million) in cash and Gifts-in-Kind for response and recovery activities.

Affected areas have reported MMK 1.93 trillion (USD 1.49 billion) – or 3.7% of GDP in damage and losses – the heaviest concentrations of which are in Rakhine and Chin States. Whilst not entirely indicative of the priorities of affected persons, the table below was a useful reference point for the allocation of recovery resources.

In response these effects, the Government of Myanmar has so far implemented MMK 17.3 billion (USD13.4 million) of early recovery activities – addition to the MMK 28.2 billion (USD 22.2 million) in relief expenditures, with the largest share of recovery expenditures being realised by the Ministry of Construction (29.54%), the Ministry of Social Welfare (27.86%) and the Ministry of Education (25.12%). However, these completed interventions constitute only a small percentage of the proposed recovery budget, which was unveiled at the Recovery Coordination Meeting on 18 January and seeks to be in alignment with the damages and losses identified by the PFLNA: