Myanmar: Post-Nargis Joint Assessment

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On 2 and 3 May 2008, Cyclone Nargis struck the coast of Myanmar and moved inland across the Ayeyarwady Delta and southern Yangon Division, causing many deaths, destroying livelihoods, and disrupting economic activities and social conditions. This report describes the human loss and assessment of damage to physical assets, the subsequent losses sustained across all economic activities, and the impact of the disaster on both the national economy and household-level activities and well-being.

On 25 May 2008, at the ASEAN-UN International Pledging Conference organized in the aftermath of the cyclone in Yangon, agreement was reached to form a Tripartite Core Group (TCG) to coordinate relief efforts, bringing together the Government of the Union of Myanmar, the United Nations, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). On 31 May, the TCG agreed to conduct a Post Nargis Joint Assessment (PONJA) to determine the full scale of the impact of the cyclone and requirements for both immediate humanitarian assistance needs and medium to longer term recovery.

This assessment, conducted in the Ayeyarwady and Yangon Divisions from 10 to 19 June 2008, is significant in the cooperation of humanitarian and development actors to bring together relief, early recovery and longer-term recovery in one assessment, and the role of ASEAN in the humanitarian field.

A comprehensive methodology was used to estimate humanitarian needs, damage to assets, changes in economic flows, and impacts on social and economic conditions. The estimates were based on information collected by the joint assessment teams during field surveys in the aftermath of the disaster. The assessment consisted of two components - the Village Tract Assessment (VTA) focusing on humanitarian needs, and the Damage and Loss Assessment (DALA) focusing on damage and losses.

The analysis of the data has identified the needs and quantified financial requirements that will facilitate formulating comprehensive relief and early recovery actions, as well as medium- and long-term recovery plans, including disaster risk management. A continuation of the partnership between the Government of the Union of Myanmar, ASEAN and the international community that has marked this joint assessment will be essential to address these needs in the near, medium and longer term.

This report has been jointly prepared by the Government of the Union of Myanmar, the United Nations and ASEAN, with the support of the humanitarian and development community. The Tripartite Core Group appreciates the collaborative spirit and the contributions from all partners to this important process.

On behalf of the Tripartite Core Group,

Mr. Daniel B. Baker
Humanitarian Coordinator a.i.
United Nations in Myanmar
UN Representative in the TCG

H.E. U Kyaw Thu
Deputy Foreign Minister
Government of the Union of Myanmar
Chairman of the TCG

H.E. Robert Chua
Ambassador of Singapore to Myanmar and
Senior ASEAN Member of the TCG