Myanmar

Myanmar: Periodic Monitoring Report (January to December 2014)

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OVERVIEW

2014 has seen an increase in overall humanitarian needs in Rakhine,
Kachin and northern Shan states. Many of the IDPs living in camps or camp-like situations are almost entirely dependent on humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs. The protracted displacement also has an adverse effect on the host communities, straining already scarce resources.

In Rakhine State some 139,000 people remain displaced as a result of the violence that erupted in 2012. In Rakhine State, continued inter-communal tensions, and restrictions on freedom of movement and access to basic services continue to impact on progress towards achieving durable solutions for displaced people and make it extremely difficult for displaced and conflict-affected people to restore their previous livelihood activities or find ways to become self-reliant. In 2014, the Government announced that it is in the process of finalizing a Rakhine State Action Plan that addresses a number of issues including security, stability and rule of law, rehabilitation and reconstruction of temporary settlements for displaced people, permanent resettlement, citizenship assessment, socio-economic development and activities aimed at enhancing peaceful coexistence of communities. The Humanitarian Country Team will continue to engage with the Government on the humanitarian and human rights implications of the plan.

In Kachin and northern Shan states, the armed conflict that re-ignited in 2011 has not yet been resolved and negotiations aimed at achieving a nation-wide ceasefire continue. Approximately 5,000 people were newly displaced in 2014 following a series of armed clashes. In total, about 99,000 people remain displaced across Kachin and northern Shan states.

The proximity of the conflict to the civilian population remains a major concern. Many people still have limited access to humanitarian assistance and essential services, particularly in the areas beyond Government control. From late 2013 until September 2014, the Government authorized more than 20 cross-line missions, which delivered assistance to tens of thousands of people and provided support for local NGOs. The Government has announced plans to provide durable solutions for the displaced and the UN and its partners are working to ensure that initiatives aimed at providing durable solutions are carried out in accordance with international standards.

Despite challenges, significant progress has been made by the Humanitarian Community in Myanmar in responding to the needs of the most vulnerable people through the 2014 Myanmar Strategic Response Plan (SRP). These efforts have been carried out in close collaboration with the Government, the affected communities and other key stakeholders to ensure full transparency and accountability of all humanitarian operations.