Myanmar

Myanmar: Myanmar: National CCCM Cluster Factsheet, October 2017

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KEY DATES & RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Activation of the CCCM Cluster: January 2013

  • Leadership: UNHCR

  • UNHCR also leads shelter & NFI Cluster and Protection Sector

CONTEXT: Breakdown of a ceasefire agreement in KACHIN State in 2011 caused waves of displacement with over 90,000 IDPs dispersed across 150+ camps or camplike settings, including areas of Northern Shan State (Shan). An additional 7,000 IDPs are staying with host families. About 50% of camps are located in non-government controlled areas (NGCA) with very limited access. In RAKHINE State, displacement occurred in 2012 due to inter-communal clashes and burning of houses. From an initial caseload of 140,000+ IDPs in 2013. 2015 20,000+ persons were able to vacate their temporary shelter and assisted to build their own individual houses through a process of owner-driven construction. 60% in their place of origin, 40% in new locations. This resulted in the number of camps (or camp-like settings) decreasing from 67 to now being 36. Still, 120,000 IDPs reside in camps where overcrowding and lack of privacy remain huge problems and in structures that were originally designed and built in 2013 to be temporary and last two years. During the rainy season conditions worsen as there are inadequate drainage systems. Significant restrictions on freedom of movement limit access to livelihoods, healthcare, food, education and other basic services. This also affects parts of the non-displaced population. Despite seismic events in northern Rakhine State (nRS) from late August this year, the vast majority of the camp population is in central Rakhine State and for which this Cluster was activated has remained largely static. However, it appears of the camp small populations that were located in nRS have now fled into Bangladesh. Precise details cannot be verified for lack of access. This explains why since the July 2017 factsheet the number of camps or camp-like settings has decreased from 36 to 23.