119,876 people remain displaced across 36 camps/camp like settings as a result of two spates of violence/burning of houses in 2012. 20-25% decrease in IDP population in 2015 due to individual housing solutions.
Cyclone Komen and flooding in August 2015 resulted in severe damage to over 13,000 houses.
Violence/displacement in northern Rakhine State.
2012-2013: Emergency shelter response for 140,000 persons (see images above/top left & right).
2013: Mass temporary shelter response for over 140,000; 45% funded/built by Government (see image above/bottom left).
2014-2015: Care & maintenance of temporary shelters
2015: Owner driven housing solutions for 26,800 IDPs (see image above/bottom right) in place of origin/new locations. 50% funded/built by Government & 50% international community, reducing number of camps from 67 to 36.
2016: Government plan to assist with individual housing in 2016, which combined with 2015 progress, could have benefitted in total 40,000-50,000 IDPs, stalled. This meant major repair/maintenance of temporary shelters in 2016.
GAPS / CHALLENGES
Remains high risk & potentially volatile context where underlying social, political and economic causes cannot be solved solely with humanitarian response.
Despite major funding and response drive in 2016, funding gap of US$1 million+ remains. This means 20,000+ IDPs in temporary shelters designed to last for 2 years now 3-4 years old in state of serious disrepair/ collapse.
Identify solutions that avoid ethnic segregation & support communities to become self-reliant & no longer dependent on aid.
International donors remain cautious on direct support to the State.
Recent elections, lengthy period of transition and now major instability in northern Rakhine State inhibits longer-term planning. 2016 witnessing most significant political change since 1962.
Highly prone to natural disasters, flooding/cyclones.