A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
Heavy seasonal monsoon has brought strong winds and heavy rains across large parts of Myanmar since the beginning of July 2018, causing increased water levels in major rivers and floods in many regions and states. As of 11 September 20183 , Nay Pyi Taw, Bago, Tanintharyi, Magway, Sagaing and Ayeyarwady regions as well as Mon and Kayin states have been affected.
As reported in the DREF document, a total of 147,613 people had been temporarily displaced due to floods that started on 9 July. The displaced had taken shelter in evacuation sites or stayed with relatives and host families. A total of 16 people also lost their lives due to the floods.
As of September 20184 , the estimated number of affected households in most-affected areas of Bago region, Mon and Kayin states was 21,930 (Mon State – 5,727, Bago region – 11,974, Kayin – 4,229). While the immediate threat to lives is no longer present, significant needs remain among the most vulnerable affected population. Most of the people in the evacuation sites or those living with host families and relatives have now returned to their places of origin.
Summary of current response
Overview of Host National Society
MRCS has conducted rapid assessments in 12 townships of three affected states and regions which are Bago, Kayin and Mon targeted by this DREF operation. The 12 townships for assessment were selected based on close coordination and detailed consultations with the state/region Red Cross branches, local authorities and available secondary data. The overarching criteria were townships that had been most severely affected and particularly those that have not received any humanitarian assistance. The assessments were done involving 36 staff and volunteers. The methodology applied questionnaire survey with key informants as well as focus group discussions with key stakeholder groups. The key findings of the assessment are described in subsequent sections of this operations update.