Myanmar: Cyclone Nargis Emergency Appeal No. MDRMM002 Operations Update No. 25

Situation Report
Originally published



This report consists of two parts: a First Year Report covering the period May 2008 to April 2009, and Revisions to the Appeal of 8 July 2008.

Period covered by this update: May 2008 to April 2009.

Appeal target: CHF 73,987,907 million (USD 72.5 million or EUR 45.9 million)

Appeal coverage: 93.7%

Appeal history:

- 8 July 2008: A revised Emergency Appeal was launched for CHF 73.9 million (USD 72.5 million or EUR 45.9 million) to assist 100,000 households for 36 months.

- 16 May 2008: An Emergency Appeal was launched for CHF 52,857,809 (USD 50.8 million or EUR 32.7 million) to assist 100,000 households for 36 months.

- 6 May 2008: A preliminary Emergency Appeal was launched for CHF 6,290,909 (USD 5.9 million or EUR 3.86 million) to assist 30,000 households for six months.

- 5 May 2008: CHF 200,000 (USD 190,000 or EUR 123,000) was allocated from the International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF).


- Some revisions have been made to the Appeal and consist mainly of changes in the shelter sector. Revisions to other programming are relatively minimal. Revised budgets reflecting these changes are attached. The overall total budget figure remains the same.

- Community participation has figured as a key element in all programme activities, as per programme planning. In fact, the enthusiasm and commitment of villagers have been integral to the success of several activities such as Cash-for-Work in the livelihoods sector, model house constructions and the distribution of treated water, as well as the construction of latrines.

- Capacity building of national society human resources is well underway and good progress has been made in several sectors, in tandem with programme implementation. This is due to the high level of technical support provided by the International Federation through the team of in-country delegates, and strong cooperation and coordination between the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) and the International Federation which has been further strengthened over the past 11 months. Sectors which the national society had small-scale capacity or none at the onset of Nargis, and which have been strengthened tremendously since the start of the operation, include water and sanitation, emergency relief and recovery, as well as MRCS capacities in programme management and support, such as logistics, finance management and reporting. Existing skills and capacities in the health sector have been consolidated and reinforced.

- The construction of sample or model houses as part of the initial phase of the construction of 8,000 homes has been well received by communities and at the same time, presented important 'lessons learnt'. A fullscale implementation of the reconstruction project was temporarily postponed following a recent request from the authorities which necessitated a re-examination of programme implementation methods concerning cash grants. Recent discussions have concluded that implementation of the revised project can now begin. The same request has also prompted ongoing revisions to cash-based livelihoods projects - similarly, the outcome will be communicated as soon as possible.

- Groundwork for the transition of Nargis operation programmes into longer-term programming to be implemented with support through the Annual Appeal has begun.

- Strong partner interest in Nargis continues, as evident in the very successful appeal coverage and strong attendance (17 partner national societies) at the MRCS partnership meeting in February. The gathering also saw partners indicating high levels of support for the national society's longer-term initiatives.

- Recent government directives affecting visas will reduce the total number of delegates working in-country, in support of Nargis operations.

- Following the onset of the monsoon rains, travel to certain areas in the delta may become more difficult, and so the country office, together with MRCS, has established comprehensive security procedures for all delegates and national staff.