Myanmar

Factsheet #2: Myanmar WASH Cluster 2nd Qtr 2017

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Gaps

  • A detailed gap analysis was carried out in June 2017 by the WASH cluster
  • A total of 44,003 people are in sites with no WASH response/actor or are new displaced persons. Out of these, 7,047 are new displaced.
  • There are 39 camps with no WASH response; 18 new displacement camps; 137 camps with a WASH actor/response that cannot fulfill the full minimum WASH package and 24 targeted villages with no WASH actor in Rakhine.
  • A prioritization list was done based on a public health scoring and types of gaps. This informs cluster response, fundraising and funding allocation.
  • More details on priority sites and townships can be found on our gap analysis.

Concerns

  • In Central Rakhine, CMC misconduct and blockage of WASH service delivery in camps is a major concern for WASH including protection.
  • In northern Rakhine, fences were removed around water ponds and compounds. The WASH cluster recommends fences to be put back to avoid livestock contamination of water ponds and to enable women to use latrines. The WASH cluster also recommends that WASH minimum standards are ensured for model villages before people are relocated.
  • Humanitarian access in all 3 cluster-activated states remain extremely limited, especially in NGCA and nRS - The lack of sector coordination and the new government coordination structure without WASH poses a challenge to bridge humanitarian and development efforts.

Funding

2017 total required: $ 17 M
Gap to date: $ 8.2 M

A mid-year review is ongoing and an estimated additional $3.8 M is required to accommodate for needs of new IDPs displaced, cyclone Mora damage and revised WASH cost figures per beneficiary.

  • New call for proposals and grants were signed in Q2 with HARP, MHF, SDC, ECHO, BMZ, German Aid, OFDA and UNICEF.
  • Cyclone Mora damage cost in central Rakhine amounted to 471,232 USD.
  • The WASH Cluster fundraised for cyclone mora damage response in Rakhine and managed to cover all damage costs through the support of existing donors and MHF.

Localizing the response

  • The WASH Cluster has delivered a WASH in Emergency ToT to 30 state level government staff from DRD, DoPH, RRD and LNGO/CSO counterparts from Rakhine, Kachin, Shan and Mandalay. Action Plans were developed for trainers who will train 20-25 township and district level counterparts in August in their respective states with support from the cluster.
  • Water Safety Plan training for the northern Shan Cluster delivered by the cluster team.
  • IM training for state local partners

Leaving noone behind

  • A practical Gender Mainsrteaming workshop for the Bhamo cluster delivered including field visits and an immediate and long term action plan
  • MHM W.G.: In addition to DRC as voted protection focal point, 3 other partners (Oxfam, IFRC, SP) have volunteered to be focal points nationally to move the MHM agenda forward with the GBV working group.
  • Separate Protection and IASC GBV Guidelines roll out trainings were delivered in Kachin, Rakhine and nationally with the protection cluster.
  • Prioritized 8 protection mainstreaming issues to be tackled through better analysis and standards. Voting at state level followed with 4 final topics selected.
  • Guidelines to address WASH needs of persons with disabilities and MHM guidance update are identified priorities which partners started working on.
  • Inter-cluster coordination with the health cluster strenghtned with consistent epi week data shared

Financing: Investing in humanity

  • Scaling up of cash transfers for WASH response in first phase and protracted situations is a highlight in both Kachin and Rakhine. Examples are the Tanai emergency response included multi-sector cash grants by SI. In protracted sites, cash grants are given to committees for O&M in Kachin and vouchers for hygiene in Rakhine by Oxfam.
  • An update of WASH Cluster Preparedness was carried out in Q2 including updates of contact list, mapping, contingency stocks, and compilation of preparedness forms all on the website.
  • New preparedness efforts for Mandalay earthquake scenario with a WASH capacity assessment was conducted in Q2.
  • The Preparedness TWG nationally was reactivated again with Unicef taking the lead
  • A cyclone damage assessment form was developed and translated (tested/used during cyclone Mora)

Upcoming for Q3

  • Kachin Mid-Year Review workshop with government to agree on a service/entry point by the government
  • Kachin Hygiene promotion strategy workshop
  • WiE follow on trainings after the ToT for district/township gov’t & LNGOs in 4 states
  • Hosting 4 CDC experts in Rakhine to carry out a ceramic filter post-distribution monitoring & water quality test training