Myanmar

Epidemiological Study of Landmine/ERW Victims in Kachin, Kayah and Shan States, Myanmar

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Executive Summary

In Burma (the Republic of the Union of Myanmar), there is no systematic and organized victim information system (VIS) of landmine and explosive remnants of war (ERW) victims, and few studies have been conducted on the topic, in particular in Kayah, Kachin, and Northern Shan States (NSS), where most of the accidents have recently occurred. Between 2015 and 2016, casualty reports compiled by the Mine Risk Working Group (MRWG) chaired by the Department of Social Welfare (DSW) showed that the number of mine/ERW victims increased by 58% in the country, particularly in Shan and Kachin States, while the number of victims decreased in Kayin State.

Documenting victims’ profiles and risk behaviors are needed to help design victim assistance and mine risk education (MRE) programs. To collect this information, Danish Refugee Council/Danish Demining Group (DRC/DDG) conducted an epidemiological study in Kachin, Kayah, and Shan States to analyze data collected about landmines victims and accidents.