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ECHO Factsheet – The Rohingya Crisis – December 2016

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Key messages

  • The Rohingya crisis is a human rights crisis with serious humanitarian consequences. In Myanmar/Burma, the Rohingya have very limited access to basic services and viable livelihood opportunities due to strict movement restrictions. The statelessness of and the discrimination against the Rohingya must urgently be addressed

  • The Government must prioritize inter-communal dialogue, mediation and conflict resolution in Rakhine State, where tensions between ethnic communities are widespread, with community segregation institutionalised.

  • While international organisations help meet emergency humanitarian needs, it is crucial that both the Union (national) and Rakhine State (regional) governments address the basic needs of the affected population while promoting durable solutions, in line with international standards, and stimulate inclusive and sustainable development for all communities.

  • Safe and unhindered access to populations in need should be granted to humanitarian aid organisations, not only in Myanmar/Burma, but in all countries of Asia where the Rohingya people are seeking asylum and protection.

  • The crisis has a wider regional dimension, with record numbers of Rohingya fleeing to neighbouring countries. According to the UNHCR some 94 000 people (many of which Rohingya) departed irregularly from the Bangladesh-Myanmar border over the course of 2014 and 2015 on precarious boat journeys, often falling prey to human trafficking and ending up in modern-day slavery.