Myanmar/Burma has experienced internal conflicts for more than six decades, involving fighting between ethnic groups and the army in different locations throughout the country.
Inter-communal violence in Rakhine State has resulted in the displacement of over 140 000 people since 2012 and a de facto segregation between communities. Efforts to resettle displaced people are currently ongoing.
After the conflict in 2011 which left over 100 000 displaced in camps and with host families in Kachin and northern Shan States, renewed clashes in the area (including Kokang) caused further displacements in 2015. Humanitarian access in areas not controlled by the Government is often restricted.
Since 1994, the European Commission has provided over €133.2 million in relief assistance for victims of conflicts, communal violence and epidemics, and €81.2 million for victims of natural disasters.
Between 2010 and 2016, the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) also allocated €6.65 million to support community based disaster preparedness in coastal flood-prone areas and for urban earthquake risks.
Following the 2015 floods that affected 20 million people, the European Commission donated €6 million to assist the most vulnerable in Myanmar/Burma, particularly those in Rakhine State.