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The Kaladan river and its many tributaries provides a livelihood for many communities living along its banks, but it also isolates these communities as they are cut-off from socio-economic development due to a lack of modern infrastructure. Boats are the only reliable form of transport.
Small villages dot the banks of the Kaladan River and its many tributaries in northern Rakhine State. The area is of startling natural beauty but its people suffer from poverty, a lack of social infrastructure such as primary health facilities and poor transport infrastructure.
Agricultural methods here have changed little in the past millennia with few modern inputs such as fertilizer, pesticides and machinery. Rice is the staple food crop of the state but many Rohingyas have tenuous or no access to land causing wide-spread food insecurity among households.