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East Asia and Pacific: Humanitarian Assistance in Review1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2000 - Present

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Chronic conflict and recurrent seasonal typhoons, floods, and earthquakes, as well as limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and Pacific region. This region comprises Australia, Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Fiji, Indonesia, Japan, Kiribati, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Mongolia, Nauru, New Zealand, North KorPalau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, and Vietnam. Since 2000, USAID/OFDand USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) haprovided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region, including cyclones in Burma; earthquakes in China and Indonesia; floods in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam; tsunami impacts in the Solomon Island complex crises in East Timor and the Philippine

Between Fiscal Year (FY) 2000 and FY 2009, USAID provided more than $332 million in disaster response programming in East Asia and Pacific. USAID/OFDA assistance included more than $118 million for health, nutrition, protection, agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems, humanitarian coordination and information management, logistics and relief commodities, shelter and settlements, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions. USAID/FFP provided approximately $214 million in emergency food aid. USAID deployed multiple humanitarian assessment and response teams in the past decade, including four major Disaster Assistance Response Teams (USAID/DARTs), to the region. DARTs deployed to Indonesia following the May 27, 2006, earthquake and Burma after Cyclone Nargis on May 2, 2008. Members of a multi-country DART responded to impacts of the FY 2005 Indian Ocean tsunami in Indonesia and Thailand. In addition, USAID activated Washington, D.C.,-based Response Management Teams to support DART coordination and response efforts.