Case study: Myanmar 2013-2016 / Coordination
Myanmar, multiple crises:
- Internal conflict in Kachin/Northern Shan states (2011-ongoing)
- Inter-communal violence in Rakhine state (Jun and Oct 2012)
- Cyclone Komen floods (Aug-Dec 2015)
TOTAL PEOPLE AFFECTED
Rakhine: 145,000 displaced
Kachin/Northern Shan: 100,000 displaced
2015 floods: 1.7 million displaced
150,000 people with moderately or severely damaged houses (Myanmar Humanitarian Response Plan, 2016).
Myanmar country-wide, national and subnational level.
Shelter/NFI/CCCM coordination provided at national and subnational level (2013-2016).
100% of IDPs living in temporary shelters complying with internationally recognized standards.
100% of IDP camps with appropriate infrastructure supporting effective camp management.
The Shelter/NFI/CCCM Cluster in Myanmar has provided – and continues to support – coordination of shelter and CCCM agencies at national and subnational level through a decentralized approach, since January 2013. The national level provided overall direction, Information Management support and liaised with national authorities, donors and the Humanitarian Country Team, as well as with the Global Shelter and CCCM Clusters; two subnational clusters were established for operational response. The overall goals were to provide emergency shelter and to seek durable solutions for populations affected by violence and disasters. This case study focuses on the coordination structures and how they evolved over time.