ACAPS Briefing Note - Myanmar: Violence in Rakhine, 14 October 2016
Three border posts along the Myanmar–Bangladesh border were attacked on 9 October.
Nine police officers were killed, as well as eight attackers. It remains unclear who the assailants are, but reports indicate that at least 90 people were behind the seemingly well-coordinated operation. In a response, the Myanmar Army has deployed more troops into the northern Rakhine area, comprised of Maungdaw, Buthidaung, and Rathedaung townships, and has conducted a security operation. At least 26 people have since been killed in raids and skirmishes. A state of emergency has been declared.
Anticipated scope and scale
At least 26 people have been killed by the Myanmar Army in northern Rakhine. Some are accusing the Rohingya of having perpetrated the border post attacks, and there are concerns that the Myanmar Army will focus its operations on the Rohingya, and that tensions between majority Buddhist population and minority Rohingya may again descend into violence.
In 2012, at least 100 people, mainly Rohingya, were killed when intercommunal tensions escalated.
Priorities for humanitarian intervention
Protection: The state of emergency and curfew limit the population’s mobility. Raids have reportedly killed 26 people.
Livelihoods: Restrictions on the freedom of movement, and the closure of shops and markets, make it difficult for the population of northern Rakhine to pursue livelihood opportunities.
Education: Over 400 schools in northern Rakhine have been ordered to close on 10 October.
Access into northern Rakhine has reportedly been restricted. In order to conduct raids, the military has reportedly closed roads and waterways. The border with Bangladesh has also been closed.