UNICEF Situation Report Mozambique 19 Feb 2007

Situation Report
Originally published
Major Developments

The Cahora Bassa dam discharge rate remained stable at 5,500 m3/s as of 18 February.

As of 18 February, the National Institute of Disaster Management (INGC) estimates that approximately 120,791 people have been displaced due to the floods. An estimated 70,925 people are currently in the accommodation centres and 49,866 in the resettlement centres that were established after the 2001 floods.

Needs Assessment

The UNICEF team in Caia (Sofala province) has reported that 9 new accommodation centres have been established in the area, bringing the total number of centres to 55 (including both accommodation and resettlement centres, which reportedly have little to distinguish between them) as of 18 February. The active case finding assessment to assess the nutritional status of children in the centres is ongoing and the assessment of education needs for all centres has been completed. The team is working with INGC and other partners to ensure that identified needs are met and that the supply distribution plan developed is effectively implemented.

The UNICEF team based in Quelimane (Zambezia province) visited Mopeia on 18 February. The truck of supplies sent from Caia arrived in Mopeia on 18 February, containing 5 rolls of plastic sheeting, 5 boxes of chlorine, 4 water tanks, 60 latrine slabs and 6 large tents. These supplies should cover the immediate needs and an additional need for jerry cans was identified. The UNICEF team is liaising with the INGC and other partners to monitor and address the outstanding supply requirements.

The team also visited 3 accommodation centres in Morrumbala (Zambezia province): Ndabwenda (800 people) and Mponha (800 people) in the Pinda administrative post and Gulengule (500 people from Malawi) in the Megaze administrative post. A rapid MUAC assessment was undertaken on 31 children aged 1-4, which indicated no cases of malnutrition. The priority needs identified were food, family survival kits, LLINs, latrine slabs, water purification tablets, jerry cans and tents for families. Exact numbers are being consolidated and the UNICEF teams based in Maputo and the Quelimane will respond to the needs in line with the INGC distribution plan.

The UNICEF team in Mutarara (Tete province) visited 2 accommodation centres on 18 February: Alfisha (1,200 people) and Cachaço (150 people). A rapid MUAC assessment on 21 children indicated approximately 30% moderate malnutrition. The priority needs identified included petrol for boats (to enable ongoing monitoring and supply delivery), jerry cans, chlorine, water purification tablets, plastic sheeting, latrine slabs, buckets, soap, tents for health facilities, LLINs and flip charts for hygiene promotion activities. Some supplies are already available on the ground, including buckets provided by the Red Cross, food provided by WFP and ITNs provided by World Vision. The UNICEF team is liaising with the INGC and other partners to assess the outstanding supply requirements.

The teams undertaking the multi-sectoral assessment to build upon initial assessments travelled to the affected areas on 18 February to begin work. The assessment will be conducted by governmental and non-governmental partners and will cover areas including education, food, nutrition, health, HIV/AIDS, water and sanitation, market access, shelter, protection, assistance received, status of basic infrastructure and security.

UNICEF Response

Coordination support

UNICEF has supported the INGC to develop a coordination matrix, which allows partners to map where each organisation is working and on which areas, so that gaps in implementation and the distribution of supplies can be clearly highlighted as programmes move forward.


The water and sanitation supplies provided by UNICEF - 5 rolls of plastic sheeting, 5 boxes of chlorine, 4 water tanks and 60 latrine slabs - sent from Caia to Mopeia on 8 February arrived on 19 February for immediate distribution. The UNICEF team is liaising with the INGC and other partners to monitor and address the outstanding supply requirements.

In Mutarara, 30 portable flipcharts provided by UNICEF have now been distributed to Red Cross activists to conduct hygiene promotion activities in the centres.


The UNICEF Malaria Officer based in Caia is continuing to work with the local health authorities to facilitiate the coordination of malaria prevention, including ensuring effective distribution of ITNs/LLINs (2 per family) and Indoor Residual house Spraying (IRS) in accommodation centres in Caia.

UNICEF is also liaising with Population Services International to ensure that ITNs based in Quelimane are sent to Mopeia for immediate distribution.

The cholera prevention activities being implemented by multimedia mobile units will begin in the accommodation centres in the Tete area on 19 February. Preparations are underway to start work in the Caia and Mopeia areas.

Radio Mozambique will be airing radio spots on cholera prevention in all of the flood affected areas from 19 February onwards.


The UNICEF Health and Nutrition Officer in Caia is continuing to support the local health authorities in conducting an active case finding assessment to assess the nutritional status of children (using weight for height). To date, 296 children have been screened; 55 of them were found to be moderately malnourished and 6 severely malnourished. The children have all been referred to the nearest health facilities.

763 cartons of the BP5 ordered by UNICEF are expected to arrive in Caia on 19 February. Some of the BP5 will remain in Caia to be used in the supplementary feeding sites pending the arrival of corn soya blend, while the remainder will be distributed to other affected areas according to need.


The assessment of education needs in the Caia area has been completed. The UNICEF team is working with the INGC and local education authorities to ensure that the immediate needs are addressed in line with the INGC distribution plan.

6 large tents sent from Caia have now arrived in Mopeia to be used as temporary learning spaces.


No separate children have been reported in any of the accommodation centres visited by the UNICEF teams, although there is a lack of disaggregated data in many of the centres. The UNICEF team is working with the INGC and the local authorities to put into place a more thorough system of registering people in the centres.

The situation in relation to policing of those centres visited by UNICEF teams varies greatly: some centres have police, some community police and some no police. UNICEF is liaising with the Ministry of the Interior on the development of a plan to ensure that at least 3 police are deployed to each centre (24 hours a day). The police officers will be given a one-day rapid training on protection issues, particularly of women and children.

In Caia, 40 activists from Save the Children are preparing to conduct orientation on protection issues in the accommodation centres.

* Please note that cumulative information on the status of supply distribution by sector is available upon request.

Inter-Agency Collaboration and Key Partnerships

Under the framework of the IASC Cluster Approach, the cluster teams established to support the emergency response will submit proposals to the IASC Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) on 19 February. The list of cluster leads and participants is provided below:

Cluster for emergency
Cluster lead
Cluster participants
Food Security WFP/FAO IRD, SCA, World Vision, World Relief
Telecommunications WFP UNICEF
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene UNICEF Oxfam, Samaritans Purse, MSF-L, IRD, FHI
Nutrition UNICEF SCA, WHO, FAO, WFP, CARE, World Vision,
FHI, World Relief, Samaritans Purse
Health WHO Medicus Mundi, World Vision,
Education Save the Children Alliance/
World Vision, CONCERN, UNESCO, Africare,
Samaritans Purse, Instituto da Comunicação Social
Protection Save the Children Alliance/
World Vision, UNFPA, Africare, Handicap International,
Samaritans Purse, WFP, Action Aid, Concern, Halo Trust, ASADEC, ASVIMO
Shelter CVM/IFRC Habitat, German Agro Action, Samaritans Purse, UNICEF
Early Recovery UNDP All Partners

Information Communication Technology

Télécoms sans Frontières (TSF) has established connectivity at the Central Operations Centre in Caia, which is being used by INGC, UNICEF and other partners. Based on the findings of initial assessments, a TSF technician has also been deployed to Mutarara.

Supply and Logistics

The logistics for the delivery of supplies remains a concern. In order to address the situation, the INGC in Caia, with the support of UNICEF and WFP, has developed an overall action plan to guide the effective response and delivery of supplies, by centre and by component (food, water and sanitation, health, education and shelter). The action plan will guide the distribution of supplies to all of the centres, with specified time schedules and responsible partners outlined, and will be monitored during the daily de-briefing sessions at the Central Operations Centre in Caia. The INGC has established an operational group in Caia, including members from UNICEF and WFP, which is working to implement a system to ensure the effective delivery of supplies, based on the plan developed.

The Logistics Officer deployed from the UNICEF Headquarters Emergency Response Team (ERT) arrived in Caia on 18 February and will meet on 19 February with the Head of the Logistics cluster (from WFP) to get an update on the situation and report back to the team.

The new UNICEF Supply Officer based in Maputo is participating in the Logistics cluster meetings convened by WFP in order to ensure a coordinated approach to the response.


The CERF proposal will be submitted on 19 February. The proposal will be processed to the CERF Secretariat through the Resident Coordinator's Office and OCHA. For the clusters for which UNICEF is the lead, the CERF will be used as a mechanism for reimbursing funds reprogrammed to cover the immediate needs as part of the response.

The CERF proposal will cover immediate, first phase response needs, while partners are assessing the longer term needs to be included in a coordinated donor update.


The ICT and Logistics Officers from the UNICEF Headquarters Emergency Response Team arrived in Caia on 18 February, together with three other members of staff.

With support from the UNICEF ESAR Regional Office Emergency and Human Resources teams, an Emergency Officer is being deployed for one month to support the coordination of supply logistics for the Mutarara and Mopeia areas.

Additional staff members in Headquarters and the Regional Office are on standby to be deployed should the situation deteriorate.


One day guard and two night guards from a private security company have been stationed in Caia since 17 February to provide security for the UNICEF team based in Caia.

In the UNICEF Office, a radio controller is manning the telephones from 6am to 9pm every day in order to ensure that drivers in the field make contact every 2 hours.

For more information, please contact:

Leila Pakkala
Tel: 82 3051900

Thierry Delvigne-Jean
Communication Officer
Tel: 82 3121820

Melissa Fernandez
Emergency Officer
Tel: 82 3179160

Olívia Wills
UNICEF Emergency Situation Centre
Tel: 82 3828477