Mozambique

UNICEF Mozambique Humanitarian Situation Report No. 4: 13 May 2021

Attachments

Highlights

• The situation in Cabo Delgado remained mostly calm in May though access is a challenge with tens of thousands in hard-to-reach or inaccessible areas

• Over four million people were reached in 2021with UNICEF’s COVID-19 prevention messages

• UNICEF supported set up of 20 temporary learning spaces and provision of kits 9,000 children this year

• Over 4,800 households in Cabo Delgado were reached in May with cash transfer for three months

• UNICEF immunized 7,094 children aged 9 to 23 months in May 2021

Funding Overview and Partnerships

UNICEF’s 2021 Humanitarian Action for Children appeal, revised in June 2021 due to escalating needs, requests $96.5 million to provide lifesaving and life-sustaining services for children and their caregivers in Mozambique. Thus far in 2021, UNICEF Mozambique has received $16,3 million for its humanitarian response from the Governments of Canada, Japan, Norway, Sweden, Italy, the United Kingdom, Education Cannot Wait and the UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund. This includes UNICEF’s Global humanitarian funding allocations of $3.9 million to support ongoing response activities. UNICEF expresses its sincere gratitude to all our donors. The 2021 appeal, however, still has a funding gap of 69 per cent as detailed in Annex B. Significant needs remain for all of UNICEF’s ongoing emergency programmes. Without the required funding, UNICEF will be unable to provide access to safe water, health and nutrition services, learning opportunities, critical child protection support and support to survivors of gender-based violence.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Insecurity in Cabo Delgado, including Palma District, led to further population displacements. Since the attack on Palma town on 24 March, 67,848 people have sought refuge in neighbouring districts mostly in Nangade, Mueda and Pemba, of whom 86 percent are living within host communities. About 43 percent of the IDPs are children and nearly 850 were identified as unacompanied or separated from their parents.

In a 12-month period (April 2020-April 2021), the number of IDPs has quadrupled standing at 732,227 people displaced and living in five provinces in central and northern Moambique as per the last assessment report provided by IOM (April 2021). Over 90 percent of the IDPs are in Cabo Delgado, while the remaining are living in Nampula, Niassa, Sofala and Zambézia provinces. Fortysix percent of the IDP population are children and a total of 2,733 children have been uncompanied or separated since the start of tracking. IDPs continue to note their top three needs are food, shelter and access to water and sanitation services. Lack of access and security restrictions have hampered data collection efforts and hence Mocimboa da Praia, Muidumbe, and Palma were not assessed.

In Cabo Delgado, closure of health facilities have been reported in Ibo and Quissanga districts and to a lesser extent in Meluco and Mueda districts. Health challenges reported by IDPs include overcrowded facilities and lack of doctors.
Education is also a concern, especilliay in Ibo, Quissanga and Macomia districts, where reports indicates IDP children cannot access learning opportunities due to lack of school materials, teachers and classrooms.

According to Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) analysis for malnutrition conducted in Cabo Delgado in February 2021, it is estimated that 75,000 children under five years will suffer from acute malnutrition. The analysis indicates that districts with limited/no access—including Palma, Nangade, Macomia and Quissanga—will likely deteriorate to severe (IPC 3) and critical (IPC 4) levels. Contributing factors for this deterioration are partly due to conflict (access to health services) but also food insecurity, very low quantity and quality of food consumption, weak access to safe water and sanitation.