UNICEF Mozambique Humanitarian Situation Report No. 3 (1 – 31 March 2022)



  • Cyclone Gombe affected over 730,000 people increasing significantly the humanitarian needs in Mozambique

  • Below average harvests are expected in the southern region of the country due to a rainfall deficit

  • Nearly 6,500 children affected by conflict received mental health and psychosocial support including 983 children who received case management services

  • UNICEF provided access to safe water to 19,800 people affected by conflict and Cyclone Gombe

  • UNICEF supported the establishment of 31 temporary learning spaces and education supplies benefitting 15,500 children

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Mozambique was hit by an intense tropical cyclone—named Gombe—which made landfall on March 11th in Mossoril District in Nampula Province. This was the third tropical storm to reach the Mozambique coast this year. More than 736,000 people1 were affected as a result, including 20,000 people2 who were temporarily displaced.

Cyclone Gombe caused the deaths of 63 people, mostly in Nampula and Zambézia Provinces. Public and private infrastructure and basic services were severely damaged; 69 health facilities were partially destroyed and nearly 142,000 homes3 were either partially or destroyed. The storm also destroyed 2,265 classrooms, interrupting education for 216,000 students. Damage to electric systems resulted in power outages across most coastal districts in Nampula, impacting water systems and disrupting access to water. Over 1,000 km of roads were destroyed, hindering access to the coastal region of Nampula Province.

In Cabo Delgado, the situation remains volatile and unpredictable as security incidents continue to occur. Between 23rd and 29th March, 72 population movements were recorded, constituting 4,169 people on the move, of whom 48 per cent are estimated to be children4 . Most of these internally displaced people (IDPs) are arriving from Mueda, Nangade, and Meluco, and around 77 per cent of them have reported leaving due to attacks or fear of future attacks. Only two per cent of people on the move were returnees to their areas of origin in Montepuez and Muidumbe Districts. According to IOM’s Data Tracking Matrix (DTM) report in March 2022, there were 784,319 people displaced in the country as a direct result of the conflict, 49 percent of whom were children. The total number of people displaced represents a seven per cent increase from the last DTM report in November 2021. Of those displaced, 72 per cent live in host communities, while 28 per cent continue to reside in displacement sites. The top five priority needs reported were food, shelter, financial support, access to documents, and livelihoods.

Across the country, the Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWSNET) reports persisting Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes. This is mainly due to the ongoing conflict in Cabo Delgado, below-average rainfall in parts of central and southern Mozambique, and the impact of flooding and damage from the reoccurring tropical storms between January and March 2022. While an average harvest is expected in the higher production areas of Mozambique, most of southern Mozambique, including parts of Sofala and Manica Provinces, are likely to experience well below-average harvests due to below-average rainfall and extended dry periods.

Since January 13th, 2022, a cholera outbreak has been ongoing in the two districts of Caia and Marinque of Sofala Province. A total of 416 cases have been confirmed in Sofala and cases of acute watery diarrhea (AWD) have been reported in two districts of Zambézia since February 2022. UNICEF is providing supplies and technical assistance to health authorities and supporting awareness-raising activities to contain the spread of the outbreak for both cholera and AWD in both provinces.

As of 31 March, 54 active cases of COVID-19 had been recorded, with three people hospitalized. Health authorities reported that since the onset of the immunization process in March 2021, 13.3 million people had been vaccinated against COVID-19, representing 87.3 per cent of the defined target.