Mozambique Zambezi River floods and cyclone Favio crisis - Health Cluster Bulletin Mar 2007

Situation Report
Originally published


The Mozambique emergency Health Cluster Bulletin aims to give an overview of the health activities conducted by Health Cluster partners in the areas affected by the floods and cyclone Favio. It compiles health information received from the different organizations and partners active in the area.

The Health Cluster Bulletin is issued every Friday.


- On 5 March, the Preliminary Post-Emergency National Recovery Plan was launched for a total of US$ 71 million, of which US$ 773 000 will be directed towards the health sector. The following areas will be covered:

- Structural rehabilitation and reconstruction of damaged health facilities

- Provision of supplies to all the rehabilitated and reconstructed health facilities

- Epidemiological surveillance

- Replenishment of the stocks of medicines and medical supplies

- Water levels are receding in affected areas and restoration of health services has begun.

- Recovery and rehabilitation of disaster-affected areas is being planned.

- The Humanitarian Country Team continues supporting relief efforts in line with the Government emergency response plans and help in the transition towards longer-term recovery.

- No outbreaks have been reported so far (including cholera and measles).

- In Vilanculos the emergency phase ceased on 9 March.

Situation Overview

Flooded areas - No epidemic diseases outbreaks reported to the Ministry of Health (MoH) and WHO. However, without adequate food, water supply and sanitation, the emergence and spread of oro-faecal transmitted diseases can happen rapidly. The availability of potable water is limited, while waste disposal facilities are scarce and hygienic conditions poor. The number of latrines for the population currently hosted in the camps is insufficient. The Provincial and District authorities are conducting revision/consolidation of the lists of the affected people for a better planning.

Cyclone-affected area - Four districts in Inhambane Province are severely affected in terms of destruction of health services infrastructure (9 units in need of partial and/or serious rehabilitation) and of health workers accommodation. However the loss of lives was minimal with nine deaths reported across the province. Fortunately, the provision of electricity and water as well as sanitation services were hardly affected. No epidemic diseases outbreaks have been reported so far but there is concern about malaria cases.

Assessment of the more remote areas that up to date have not yet been visited is underway with participation of WHO.