Mozambique: Year-end Humanitarian Situation Report January – December 2017
UNICEF/MoH mobile brigade teams screened 503,697 children for acute malnutrition and treated 8,742 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM);
UNICEF reached 56,700 people with access to safe water through construction, rehabilitation and upgrading of boreholes and 58,080 people with sanitation hygiene promotion activities;
In 2017, UNICEF and partners improved access to education for 50,000 children through Education in Emergency (EiE)interventions including construction of temporary learning spaces, classroom repair and provision of teaching and learning materials;
318,000 people were reached with key messages on health, WASH and nutrition, including exclusive breastfeeding, complementary feeding, and identification of SAM and water treatment.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The 2017 humanitarian landscape in Mozambique was complex and diverse. Mozambique experienced a number of overlapping hazards and concurrent crisis, including two years of consecutive drought triggered by the El Niño phenomenon which led to severe food and nutrition insecurity consequences for children. In addition, the country was also devastated by flooding, outbreaks of cholera, a tropical cyclone and political and military instabilities resulting in pockets of population displacement throughout the country. At its peak, the drought affected 2.1 million people, mostly in the southern and central provinces of Mozambique-550,000 people were affected by Cyclone Dineo in Inhambane province-21,543 internally displaced persons (IDPs) forced by conflict and 3,616 reported cases of cholera in the country.
UNICEF and partners supported Government-led interventions to address the humanitarian needs arising from the multiple crisis. Humanitarian needs ranged from Nutrition, Food Security, Agriculture and Livelihoods, WASH, Education, Protection and Health-UNICEF led Nutrition, WASH, Education, Protection and Health interventions for the cholera outbreaks.