Mozambique

Mozambique: UNHCR Protection Monitoring Report #14 (June 4th to 6th 2019)

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Situation Report
Source
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Locations visited: Estaquinha Sede, Bandua II (Chilemba), Begaja, Inhanjou km 37, Chingamidze (Injamita), Bandua

Sede I (Pavo), Mussocossa (Guara-Guara), in BUZI district.

Discussions: Women, men, girls and boys, Community leaders.

Participants: UNICEF (WASH), IOM (Site planning), UNHCR, INGC and Land Ministry.

Key Findings and Common issues:

GENERAL: In the visited sites, the most basic needs are not met. Further away from Guara Guara, less presence of agencies and services. Bandua and Estaquinha are the main points where the community access services such as health and secondary school.

SHELTER: Some displaced families have received tarpaulins and mosquito nets from the government. This has been the only support provided in terms of shelter, therefore families have built improvised housing with local material. Most of the population sleeps on the floor without any mattress. They have expressed being cold at night and in need of blankets; the rain also penetrates the small habitations. Most of the families lack construction material. The precariousness of shelter conditions causes protection concerns among the population as the improvised houses cannot be closed and fear robbery of the little they have.

FOOD: In most of the visited sites, the persons interviewed explained they would receive food distribution every two weeks from the government, although some interviewed families considered to be insufficient. They explained the food distribution does not take into consideration the family composition. Also, not all the families have the appropriate kitchen material that would enable them to cook the food they receive.

WASH: Access to water differs from site to site. In some sites, water is accessible in nearby primary schools through hand pumps. In others, wells were created and persons interviewed explained they would dig holes on the ground themselves until obtaining water. Also, in some communities, the population has built some improvised latrines by their own means; in others, they defecate in the bush. For children, elderly and persons suffering from diarrhoea who cannot go deep in the bush, they resort to defecate near the habitable areas. Interviewed persons are worried by the hygiene and health issues this situation is causing. Lack of soap was mentioned in various FGD.