This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 31 million Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Mozambique Red Cross (CVM) to deliver assistance to 200,000 people with a focus on the following areas of focus: Shelter, including Household Items (HHI); Health; Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (WASH); Livelihood and basic needs; Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR); Protection, Gender and Inclusion (PGI) and National Society Capacity Strengthening for 24 months. The planned response reflects the current situation and information available at this time of the evolving operation and will be adjusted based on further developments and more detailed assessments.
The disaster and Red Cross Red Crescent response to date
9 March 2019: Tropical Cyclone Idai forms over Northern Mozambique Channel. CVM preparedness and early warning actions underway.
13 March 2019: IFRC Surge Capacity is deployed to Maputo.
14 March 2019: 342,562 Swiss francs allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to meet the immediate shelter, WASH and health needs of 1,500 households
15 March 2019: Tropical Cyclone Idai makes landfall in Beira, Mozambique.
17 March 2019: IFRC Surge Capacity arrival in Beira with CVM to conduct preliminary assessments.
19 March 2019: IFRC issues an Emergency Appeal for 10 million Swiss francs for 75,000 people for 12 months.
24 March 2019: IFRC issues a Revised Emergency Appeal for 31 million Swiss francs for 200,000 people for 24 months.
The operational strategy
Cyclone Idai made landfall on the evening of 15 March 2019 in the port city of Beira located in Sofala Province of Central Mozambique. The cyclone wreaked havoc on Beira and surrounding areas resulting in loss of communication, important damage and destruction to shelter and settlements, health and WASH facilities and thousands of hectares of standing crops, communication infrastructures and as well as loss of life and injury. The extent of the damage is still unfolding as access to communities is slowly being regained. It is becoming increasingly apparent that the extent of the devastation is widespread, and reports indicate that 1.85million people have been affected across Mozambique. On 19 March 2019, the Mozambican government declared a national emergency and has formally requested international assistance. As information becomes available there is an evident need to scale up the response and reach more individuals affected by the cyclone.
The cyclone’s path resulted in massive destruction in Chinde district located in Zambézia province and Manica and Inhambane provinces. As of 23 March, at least 417 people had died and more than 1,400 had been injured according to Government figures. It is expected that the death toll will continue to climb, and initial reports indicate more than 33,600 houses have been totally destroyed with many more damaged. More than 89,100 people are sheltering in 122 sites across Sofala (90 sites), Manica (18 sites), Zambezia (10 sites) and Tete (4 sites).
Cyclone Idai also caused damage and led to loss of life and severe injuries in Zimbabwe and Malawi. This revised Emergency Appeal is focused on Mozambique and other mechanisms are being activated for Zimbabwe and Malawi.
In Zimbabwe, the tail of cyclone Idai left widespread destruction. Chimanimani and Chipinge districts (Manicaland Province) are reported to be the most affected. Similar to Mozambique the extent of the damage is still emerging and as of 22 March a total of 154 people had died, and a reported 5,257 households had been affected according to government figures. Preliminary findings of inter-sector joint rapid needs assessments conducted by UN counterparts indicate the impact could be much greater and as much as 250,000 people could be affected. Access is slowly improving in some areas which will allow the extent of the impact to be better understood. The Zimbabwe Red Cross (ZRCS) activated immediately with support from partner National Red Cross Societies in country and is focusing on Search and Rescue and distribution of relief items. ZRCS also has food security programs in the affected regions which will help support those who have lost their livelihoods and were already experiencing food insecurity prior to the cyclone. ZRCS has developed a Cyclone Idai response plan and is seeking support from the IFRC DREF as a part of this larger response plan.
Flooding caused by the Tropical Cyclone Idai weather system has also severely impacted Malawi. Malawi Red Cross (MRC) has been involved in the assessments and is currently developing a comprehensive response plan for the overall operation. A DREF allocation was launched on 11 February 2019 for CHF 182,088 and the MRC is the process of seeking a second allocation as a part of the larger flood response plan. The MRC has been active in providing immediate assistance in Food, Shelter and WASH. Partner National Societies in country are working closely with the MRC on the overall flood operation and have provided bilateral support.