This Operations update seeks to provide an update of the activities conducted so far as well as to request of a 2-month extension with no budget changes for the DREF operation which will allow the CVM to complete the remaining procurement process for the replenishment of shelter kits which were distributed during the response. The rest of the activities have been implemented as planned.
A. Situation analysis
A.1 Description of the disaster On 15 February 2017, a strong cyclone moving from the Indian Ocean landed and hit the Southern coastal part of Mozambique bringing with it strong winds exceeding 100km/hr, rough sea and torrential rains. According to MTOTEC (satellite imagery, surface analysis, and storm system information for the South West Indian Ocean cyclone basin), the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III Tropical Cyclone and reclassified as Ex-Dineo, affecting Inhambane province. A total number of 11 districts of Inhambane province were affected by the cyclone, namely, Inhambane City, Funhalouro, Homoine, Jangamo, Inharrime, Massinga, Maxixe, Morrumbene, Vilanculos, Panda, and Zavala. Projection figures provided by National Institute of Disaster Management (INGC), declared approximately 750,000 people had been affected, and later with detailed assessments, the INGC provincial structure and Inhambane Province Government reported that the cyclone affected about 550,691 people (112,513 families) out of which 7,651 families were considered to be the most vulnerable. In Gaza province (the districts of Chibuto, Guja and Chokwe) were the most affected where a total number of 1,743 households were reported to have been affected, 1,313 houses destroyed and about 13,477 hectares of crops inundated.
The affected population moved to safer areas as their houses were flooded. From the 19th of February, four accommodation Centres were established in Maxixe and Inhambane City Districts. Between the 19th and the 20th of February, Mozambique Red Cross (CVM) staff and volunteers joined the National Committee for disaster management for a joint assessment of the affected areas. The CVM conducted assessment in Inhambane City, Jangamo and Vilanculos, as part of Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) response strategy.
On the 24th of February, the Government officially published the estimated figures of the impact of the cyclone, indicating that 112.207 households (548,566 affected people) were affected, of those affected, 6,506 households were rated as the most vulnerable. A total number of 33,014 houses were totally destroyed, whilst 62 houses were partially destroyed. Seven deaths were recorded, whilst 15 people severely injured and 85 people had minor injuries.
A DREF allocation of CHF113, 532 was approved on the 18th of February by the IFRC to support the CVM to conduct assessments and monitoring in the affected areas as well as assist 1,000 households with emergency shelter. From the 2nd of March distribution of response materials provided for by the CVM and UNILEVER were conducted in Massinga and Morrumbene districts of Inhambane province. A Logistics and Procurement, refresher training was conducted with the support of the RDRT Logistics in Maputo, and logisticians from the South Branch Offices (Inhambane, Gaza, Maputo City and Maputo Province) and Head Quarters participated in the training.
A.2 Summary of current response
Overview of Host National Society
In view of the projected needs, and after analysing demands on its capacity, the Mozambique Red Cross (CVM) requested assistance from the IFRC to support its current response and preparations for scaled-up operation related to the effects of the cyclone and its aftermath. IFRC launched an operation response through support from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF). The support was aimed at supporting the initial response including mobilization of Red Cross personnel, prepositioned relief supplies and specialized equipment. This enabled CVM to disseminate alerts to the affected population, initiate rapid needs assessments and immediate distribution of relief supplies. The CVM mobilised its volunteers and staff to provide rapid and efficient assistance to the population.
At the National level, the NS has participated in the coordination meetings, organised by the INGS and attended by other several humanitarian actors. The CVM is a member of shelter cluster and plays a big role in shelter assistance and strategic orientations.
Overview of RCRC Movement
The IFRC Cluster Office, Southern Africa and IFRC African Regional Disaster and Crisis Prevention, Response, and Recovery (DCPRR) Unit have been supporting CVM with the initial launch of the operation through technical support on the design and formulation of the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) request. CVM has also been closely coordinating with in-country Partner National Societies (PNS) to support implementation of the rapid response.
Two PNS, the Spanish and German Red Cross Societies, operate in the country and are working closely with the NS on a variety of projects in different sectorial areas. The German Red Cross supported the NS to conduct assessment in Gaza province recently affected by the floods. The NS also works closely with the ICRC to complement its conflict prevention and response work in the central and Northern regions of the country. CVM also coordinates with PNS’ in the standing Emergency Decision Group (GODE) and ICRC is actually supporting emergency operations at Central Region of the Country.
Overview of Non-RCRC actors in country
The Governmental response mechanisms were activated by 12 February 2017, in anticipation of Dineo making land fall. The National, Provincial and District Emergency Committees, where CVM is a permanent and key member, were activated and were functioning at full capacity. As well, the Early Warning System was fully operational and information and warnings were being spread throughout affected communities and districts within the storm’s path. Schools were closed and most vulnerable villages were evacuated either to upper and safer zones within the village or to safer buildings such as schools and public places. CVM staff joined the INGC and other humanitarian partners to support in evacuation processes as well as the provision of temporary accommodation site for displaced populations. The Government deployed teams to the districts to support the local Government to implement recommendations after its assessment and to initiate response measures. The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) joined the Government and has already identified an assessment team. CVM staff joined the INGC and other stakeholders to form part of the assessment.