According to a December 2007 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report, HIV and AIDS represent a challenge to Mozambique on a "devastating scale." (1) There are an estimated 500 new adult HIV infections every day and life expectancy is expected to drop from 42 years to 36 years by 2010 as a result of the disease. The pandemic is negatively affecting development, exacerbating poverty, malnutrition, poor school attendance and worsening gender inequalities. Mozambique is also among the Southern African countries worst affected by tuberculosis (TB): TB is the third largest cause of hospitalization, following acute respiratory infection and malaria.
Climate change is also having a severe and tangible impact on Mozambique. In recent years, an increase in the ferocity and intensity of natural hazards such as droughts, floods and cyclones have devastated communities and destroyed infrastructure across the country.
In today's competitive environment, emphasis will be on showing more clearly the benefits of the Red Cross and Red Crescent programmes and how our actions and advocacy contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals(2) and other major global efforts to reduce poverty and inequity and promote sustainable human development. To accomplish this goal, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) General Assembly adopted a new plan called the Federation of the Future(3) (FoF) in 2005 aiming at achieving the Global Agenda(4), with four goals aligned to the core areas of Strategy 2010(5). The Global Agenda demonstrates commitment to increasing the impact of our work by committing to scaling-up and improving the quality of our programming at both domestic and international level. As such, Mozambique Red Cross (CVM)(6) plans for 2009-2010 are developed from National Strategic Development Plan 2005 - 2010 at the same time are aligned to the Global Agenda's goals.
The 6th Pan African Conference convened in Algiers, Algeria, in September 2004, under the theme 'Consolidating the role of Red Cross Red Crescent as a reliable civil society partner', with delegates from 53 African National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in attendance. The National Societies (NS) assessed and reviewed the progress made since the Ouagadougou Declaration(7) of 2000, and reaffirmed through the Algiers Plan of Action(8) the following key interventions and decided to pursue them with renewed commitments, vigour and focus, to be implemented within the next four years: Food Security; Health; HIV and AIDS; Institutional Capacity Building as a cross-cutting issue. Essentially, the focus of the CVM will be on building its institutional capacity aiming for a firm degree of sustainability by 2010 when most of the bilateral partner's agreements will be coming to an end. The aim is to improve the living conditions of the most vulnerable by eliminating and reducing the risks through community participation and volunteer mobilization. Specifically, CVM priorities include addressing the impact of HIV and AIDS and other public health problems, and responding to and helping communities prepare for the natural disasters that strike Mozambique every year.
This plan for 2009-2010 is seeking a total of CHF 5,166,444 (EUR 3,290,727 or USD 4,722,527)