Mozambique: INGC Situation Report 10 Apr 2000

Report
from Government of Mozambique
Published on 10 Apr 2000
1. Evolution of the Floods

The passage of cyclone "Hudah" caused no significant flooding on rivers in the north of Mozambique. Rivers in the south, namely the Umbeluzi the Incomati and the Limpopo Rivers, are continuing to fall. The Buzi and Pungwe Rivers have both fallen below flood level.

2. Current Weather Forecast

Tropical Cyclone "Hudah" dissipated over Nampula province on the night of 08 April. The passage of the cyclone brought heavy rain to parts of Nampula and Zambezia provinces.

The forecast until 14 April is for good weather throughout the country, with localised showers, particularly in coastal areas. Mozambique's neighbours in the southern African region are also expected to have fair weather in the next few days.

3. Information update

An assessment team travelled to Pebane district in Zambezia province on 9 April to appraise the effects of "Hudah" on the district. It was found that the cyclone caused one death and injuries to four other people, as well as severe damage to infrastructure in and around the town of Pebane. The damage resulted mainly from falling trees. The assessment team flew over the roads providing access to Pebane and noted no cuts or other impediments to traffic. Although some bits of road were under water, this was not expected to last more than a few days. The INGC provincial office in Zambezia has dispatched 10 tonnes of various foodstuffs to Pebane and plastic tents have been distributed among the population as temporary shelter while repairs to houses are effected.

4. Reports from Sector Desks

Food

The WFP delivered 930.3 tonnes of food from 5 to 9 April, bringing the cumulative total of food delivered since the start of the emergency operation on 11 February to at least 7,400 tonnes. This cumulative total includes previously unreported deliveries.

With regard to resources available for WFP, the organisation is facing a shortfall of over USD 30 million to meet its estimated requirements for food aid to Mozambique.

Agriculture

There has been a hold-up in the delivery of seeds purchased in Harare. Agriculture officials expect that the shipment will arrive in Maputo by 10 April. These seeds are for distribution in Maputo and Gaza provinces.

Agreement has been reached with various organisations to distribute the agricultural packs donated by the Italian government. CONCERN will take charge of their distribution in Manica province, several Italian NGOs will deal with Sofala province, Kulima and the Ecumenical Committee will work in Inhambane, the Lutheran World Federation and the Save the Children Federation will distribute in Gaza and Caritas in Maputo. The actual distribution plans are being prepared at district level in consultation with the NGOs and civil society.

Some agriculture packs have already been delivered in Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Sofala provinces, as the following table shows.

Seed and Tool Kit Distribution

Organisation
District
No. of Households
World Relief
Chokwe
9,432
Helvetas
Magude
884
World Vision
Machannga
3,969
World Vision
Xai Xai
4,000
CARE, GAA, Jesus Alive, Catholic Mission
Govuro
2,400
OSEO
Buzi
3,400
ACF
Buzi
1,000

According to the latest estimate from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, 143,300 households lost a total of 165,700 hectares of crops in the five flood-affected provinces. Moreover, the Ministry has confirmed that the provision of farm inputs for second season crops is largely guaranteed by NGOs and by the Government. However, funds are still being sought for other projects mentioned in the appeal.

Health

The Ministry of Health urgently needs to send medical and surgical materials to the centre and the north of the country. Assistance with transport has been requested from the INGC.

Health teams have been posted to Chigubo and Massangena, together with working materials and wages for three months.

The health working group has conducted a survey of conditions in 15 accommodation centres in Gaza province, housing 108,144 people. The basic conditions of the population were found to be acceptable, except for the quantities of food received. All of the population surveyed are sheltered in tents, tarpaulins, schools or churches. Almost all (95%) of the population receive enough clean water. There is one latrine for every 237 people, and 96% of the population have adequate sanitary conditions. However, 99.9% of those questioned in the survey said they did not receive enough to eat.

The most common diseases are malaria and diarrhoea. Health care is provided both in the accommodation centres and in nearby health units. Only one of the 15 centres included in the survey expressed a need for Fansidar, while the others had sufficient stocks of basic medicines. Recommendations arising from the survey include better food distribution, a greater supply of tents, maintenance of clean water supply and construction of more latrines in accommodation centres with the greatest need.

The health group, with assistance from the Ministries for the Co-ordination of Environmental Affairs, and Public Works and Housing, as well as UNICEF and the WHO, has also drafted guidelines on the necessary conditions that must exist before displaced people return home.

Water and Sanitation

The main priority is the restoration of water supply in Chokwe and Xai Xai. The pumps for Chokwe have been cleared, and a contractor has been hired to install them this week. Two pumps and a mobile water treatment plant have been installed in Xai Xai city, and hope to install water bladders in some parts.

In Chokwe, two kilometres of road are being repaired to give access to a landfill area for dumping rubbish in the clean-up of the city.

An assessment of water and sanitation needs in Maputo, Gaza and Inhambane is currently under way.

Shelter/Accommodation centres/Non-food items

The working group on shelter is continuing to gather information on the needs in the accommodation centres, and what material has been distributed in the centres. LINK has also begun to receive some information from NGOs

With regard to the distribution of non-food items, the INGC database shows that by 6 April, a total of 2,026 tents, 418 tarpaulins, 58,925 blankets, 4,079 rolls of plastic sheeting, and 3,395 kitchen sets had been distributed.

Logistics

The Joint Logistics Operation flew 134.7 hours from 7 to 9 April, carrying 390.2 tonnes of cargo and 22 passengers. The Joint Logistics Operation Centre (JLOC) has communications problems with Beira. Only one military operator is still in the JLOC, that is the South African Air Force, all the other aircraft are civilian. Air Serv has hired a DC3, which can fly cargo to Inhambane, Vilankulo and Beira. Any organisation requiring cargo capacity to these places should inform INGC. The funds for the air operations will be exhausted by about 23 April. Future needs must be known so that more funds can be sought if necessary.

5. Field information

Maputo

The following is extracted from a report prepared by the Mozambique Red Cross on 10 April.

The work at Magoanine, where displaced people in Maputo city are being resettled, is now stabilised. There are first aid posts and currently 3,000 people in the seven accommodation centres. Some families move in and out of the centres when the weather changes.

Some 7,336 people are to be resettled at Magoanine. The construction of latrines has started, and 10 have already been completed. Eight volunteers are still treating the water supply with chlorine and conducting public awareness activities in relation to environmental health and hygiene. Five new boreholes have been requested.

The following is extracted from a report prepared by UNICEF after a visit on 6 April to accommodation centres in Manhiça district.

Machiana Camp, Manhiça

The 867 people in this camp have been here since the beginning of February. There home was in the Incomati valley. They are to resettle permnanently on the higher ground where they are now located. The distribution has begun of plots of land, but the people have no building materials to start their new homes.

Food: WFP makes weekly deliveries of food, but the people complained that the ration was too small.

Water: There is one well equipped with a handpump to serve the centre and the village. The water was not contaminated by the flood, but there are often queues.

Sanitation: The centre has two well-built latrines with concrete slabs and two bathrooms. However, the plastic screen is so torn, it offers no privacy. There are no had washing facilities and the residents have received no soap.

This report was produced by the INGC Co-ordination Centre with assistance from UNDP. It incorporates information provided by INAM, DNA-DRC, WFP, UNICEF and other participating agencies.

REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
CONSELHO COORDENADOR DE GESTÃO DE CALAMIDADES
INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE GESTÃO DE CALAMIDADES
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