This report is based on a monitoring exercise prepared by the Cluster members and IDP information collected by Protection monitors on June 2021 over several IDP settlements around Ibo island in Ibo district.
According to the IOM/DTM Baseline Assessment No. 11 (March 2021), there are an estimated 31,035 displaced persons in the Ibo district. Ibo districts is comprised of three main islands: Ibo, Matemo and Quirimba and has received limited protection support by the local Acao Social and AVSI as well as missions from other partners. Seeing the importance on following up protection challenges on the island, Protection Cluster (comprised of coordinator) joined by the provincial Child Protection AoR coordinator (UNICEF) and UNHCR’s GBV Officer (also double hatting as PSEA Network for Cabo Delgado) joined an inter-sectoral mission led by OCHA. The protection component of the mission included: PSEA awareness sessions, focus group discussions, individual protection interviews as well as meetings with protection counterparts such as: PRM (Police)’s focal point for family affairs, AVSI, Acao Social, OIKOS, among others. As part of the mission, protection cluster also met with the Ibo District Administrator and other agencies working on the island such as OIKOS. Among the main protection concerns identified were: 1) continuous arrivals from the Palma situation, especially in Matemo island where arrivals are happening on a daily basis and response protection partners are virtually absent; 2) Serious GBV concerns reported by the IDPs women; 3) Challenges to freedom of movement for IDPs who do not have their civil documentation, in particular for men who are unable to access their livelihoods (either lands for subsistence farming or the ocean for fisheries);
4) Unaccompanied and separated children: UNICEF received information that there were some 36 separated children that had been identified, however, protection partners on the ground as well as authorities noted that the numbers could be much higher as children have been seen arriving alone from Palma. Although these had been identified, no follow up had been done until the mission; 5) Child marriage has been reported by the authorities, in particular on the island of Quirambo; 6) MHPSS needs: During the FGDs and the individual protection interviews for both men and women, the IDPs reported experiencing highly traumatic event during their flight. It is obvious that this traumatic experience has compounded their stress levels and ability to integrate in Ibo island. Many mentioned nightmares, feeling profoundly depressed, sad and afraid. For the women, the situation of stress that they carried to the place of refuge is only made worst