Mozambique

Mozambique Humanitarian Situation Report No. 15 (January - December 2019)

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Highlights

  • Cyclone affected areas recorded heavy rains, deteriorating the humanitarian situation and seven districts in the north of Cabo Delgado province became inaccessible by road;

  • UNICEF supported the screening of 640,978 children, and 3,034 cases of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) were identified and referred for treatment;

  • UNICEF supported 1,688 Integrated Mobile Brigades (IMBs) and supported vaccination of 1,103,000 people on cholera outbreak prevention and 35,334 children under five against DTP3 in cyclone affected provinces;

  • UNICEF established WASH facilities for an estimated 61,700 people in 34 resettlement sites;

  • About 115,556 children had access to education services through the set-up of 292 temporary learning spaces with UNICEF support;

  • More than 1,000 children with disabilities benefitted from UNICEF supported interventions, including psychosocial interventions and replacement of assistive devices.

Situation in Numbers

  • 1.3 million children in need of humanitarian assistance (based on people in need)

  • 2.5 million people in need (OCHA, August 2019)

  • 94,000 people living in 71 resettlements sites (IOM, 20 December 2019)

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Mozambique was hard hit by two intense tropical cyclones-Idai and Kenneth (Category 4 ) which made landfall near Beira on 14 of March and on 25 April in Macomia district respectively. IDAI led to major flooding never seen in Manica and Sofala provinces. Besides the cyclones, the country faced severe drought in the southern region, insecurity caused by unidentified armed groups in Cabo Delgado province and a Pellagra outbreak in Sofala and Manica provinces. The insecurity situation led to displacement of population and disruption of social services in affected areas.

As a result of the multiple shocks, OCHA estimated that at least 2.5 million2 people were in need of humanitarian assistance across the country. Disability organizations in the country estimated that 111,000 people with disability were affected. Furthermore, the cyclones destroyed more than 4,0003 classrooms affecting about 383,0004 children, more than 905 health facilities and displaced at least 140,0006 people. For the 2019/2020 rainy season, the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) estimated that 47,970 people were affected by winds and heavy rains with Cabo Delgado, Zambezia and Sofala being the most affected provinces. As a result of heavy rains recorded in Cabo Delgado in the last week of December, an important bridge across the Montepuez river collapsed and seven districts in the north of the province were not accessible by road (as of 9 January 2020).

The priority humanitarian needs include: continue providing inclusive assistance to the displaced population in resettlement sites and living with host families, ensure children will have access to education when schools open, basic health care access, screening and treatment of acute malnutrition, child protection-related services (psychosocial support and case management) and access to clean water and safe sanitation in cyclone and insecurity affected areas.