A. Appeal History
• This Emergency Appeal was launched on 22 April 2016 for CHF 1,702,895 to enable the IFRC to support the Cruz Vermelha de Moçambique (CVM) to reach 14,767 people (2,953 households) in 6 districts with food assistance to meet emergency needs and livelihoods interventions to promote recovery for nine months.
• Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 160,000 was initially allocated from the Federation’s DREF to support the national society to start up the operations and meet the immediate needs of affected people.
• Operations update 1 was issued on 27 May 2016
• Operations update 2 was issued on 2 June 2016
• Operations update 3 was issued on 26 July 2016
• Operations update 4 was issued on 31 December 2016
• Operations update 5 was issued on 26 January 2017
B. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The El Niño conditions that persisted during the 2015/16 planting season have caused the worst drought in 35 years in Southern Africa, resulting in a second consecutive failed harvest, reducing food availability by 15 per cent compared to the 5-year average. In Mozambique, the food security and nutritional assessment of the Technical Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (SETSAN), released in September 2016, estimates that 1.5 million people are food insecure in seven provinces: Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane, Tete, Manica, Sofala and Zambézia. FEWS NET (2016) estimates that between October and December 2016, nearly 1.8 million people faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes, requiring urgent humanitarian assistance. In addition, an estimated 243,000 acutely malnourished children and 113,000 pregnant and lactating women will be in need of food assistance between October 2016 and March 2017 in all affected provinces, including the northern provinces where chronic malnutrition and stunting levels are the highest in the country (RIASCO, 2016). A smaller number of worst-affected households, especially in the conflict areas, are likely in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). The Mozambique Vulnerability Assessment Committee, SETSAN/GAV, conducted a national food security assessment, along with FEWS NET and other partners, and the results, available in midDecember, showed updated needs estimates for the harvest in March/April 2017 (FEWSNET, 2016).
Further compounding the food security situation and the outlook of the harvest in March/April 2017, Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, Southern Mozambique on the night of Wednesday 15 February 2017, bringing with it strong winds exceeding 160km/hr, rough sea and torrential rain. According to the provincial authorities, the cyclone affected about 550,691 people (112,513 families), 7,651 families of which were considered most vulnerable.
At least 33,712 houses were totally and 71,294 partially destroyed, with Massinga, Morrumbene, Maxixe and Inhambane city being the most affected districts. In the agriculture sector, approximately 29,173 ha of several crops were lost, primarily in Massinga, Morrumbene, Inhambane and Funhalouro. Moreover, about 135,865 fruit trees (cashew and coconut trees) were lost. These fruit trees represent an important source of incomes for the population affected (most of affected districts were Massinga, Inharrime, Morrumbene and Jangamo districts). The authorities estimated a need of 128 tons of diverse seeds among cereals, pulses, vegetables and tubers to address medium-term food security. Due to the seasonal calendar in Mozambique, this cyclone damaged the crops that were expected to be harvested in April 2017. This may further affect the communities’ coping capacities through devastation of crops and livelihoods.