This Emergency Appeal seeks 1,702,895 Swiss francs to support the Mozambique Red Cross Society (CVM) to reach 14,767 people (2,954 households) in 6 districts: Magude and Manhiça in Maputo province, Massingir and Chibuto in Gaza province and Funhaloro and Panda in Inhambane province. It aims to provide assistance over the next nine months with a focus on interventions on the sectors of food security (carried out through cash distributions) and livelihoods. This appeal reflects the current situation and will be updated and adjusted based on the evolving nature of the crisis, new developments and assessments (as they are carried out). A start-up loan of 160,000 Swiss francs was allocated from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support this operation.
The operational strategy
Needs assessment and beneficiary selection
Mozambique is experiencing a two-fold increase in food insecurity, which has affected up to 1.2 million people by March 2016, according to initial government estimates. Over 35% of cultivated areas in the south are completely dry and will not produce any food until the next rainy season in March 2017. Due to severe drought in central and southern regions of the country, the Government of Mozambique through the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) has activated an “Orange Institutional Alert” on 15 January 2016 which led to the activation of the National Emergency Operative Centre (CENOE). The Technical Secretariat of Food Security and Nutrition (SETSAN) estimates that nearly 600,000 people are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), requiring emergency food assistance, while an additional 600,000 are Stressed (IPC Phase 2), totalling 1.2 million people in food insecurity situation. This means that in the next weeks the assistance will need to be scaled up to meet immediate food needs of the affected people. The agriculture sector in the south and central region of the country is very affected by drought as most of the population practices rain fed agriculture that relies on rainfall for crop production.
The beneficiary targeting and selection criteria will be based on the most affected and most vulnerable for both food availability but also ability to recover, and will specifically target:
chronically ill persons
persons with disabilities
child headed households
female headed households
In additional to these a supplementary feeding (CSB) will be provided to:
Lactating and pregnant women
Children from 6 to 59 months
The beneficiary selection will take place using participatory methods in close coordination with village local committees, village members, the CVM staff and volunteers using an open vote selection process which identifies the most vulnerable. CVM will ensure that the selection of beneficiaries will be consistent with IFRC’s commitment to strive for gender equality and diversity, and to ensure non-discrimination in provision of services to the most vulnerable.