Natural disasters and chronic poverty contribute to food insecurity in Mozambique, a nation of approximately 28 million people. The UN World Food Program (WFP) reports that Mozambique is highly susceptible to environmental shocks, including droughts, cyclones and floods, which undermine economic development and damage livelihoods and infrastructure.
Furthermore, approximately 46 percent of Mozambicans subsist under the national poverty line, according to the World Bank.
￼Two consecutive years of El Niño-related drought in southern Africa ￼severely disrupted crop production and income-generating activities in many ￼regions of Mozambique; the crisis peaked in early 2017, when more than 2 ￼million Mozambicans were acutely food insecure.
￼- Although many households are recovering, food insecurity remains a ￼significant problem in Mozambique. Above-average harvests in mid-2017 will ￼allow most
*The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5).
- The USAID Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with WFP to provide emergency food assistance in Mozambique. To restore livelihoods and improve the resilience of vulnerable, shock-affected Mozambican communities, WFP distributes food vouchers and locally purchased food through cash- and food-for-assets activities. In this versatile program, beneficiaries work together to restore barren land, build roads, install irrigation systems, or construct other productive community infrastructure. In exchange, participants improve their income-generating capacity and receive food vouchers or in-kind food assistance, thereby reducing their vulnerability to future crises and bolstering their access to food.