Mozambique: Floods Revised Appeal no. MDRMZ002

Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief


Appeal history:

Preliminary Appeal launched on 16 February 2007 for CHF 7,464,923 (USD 5,971,938 or EUR 4,524,196) in cash, in kind or in services, for 6 months to assist 100,000 beneficiaries (20,000 families).

Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 187,000. This operation is aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

The situation

Since December 2006, torrential rains throughout southern Africa region (from Angola in the west to Mozambique in the east with Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe in between) have led to overflowing of rivers and pressure on dams, resulting in wide spread flooding in central and southern parts of Mozambique. The Zambezi River, a flood plain river that crosses the Africa continent - with three major dams, burst its banks and its tributaries flowed into Cahora Bassa hydroelectric dam in north-western Mozambique. These heavy rains and storms have subsequently caused destruction of houses, schools, health centres and crops, forcing the affected populations to leave their homes in search of safer grounds. The four most affected provinces re Sofala, Zambezia, Manica and Tete.

According to the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC), 163,045 people have been displaced from their homes by the floods. A total of 107,534 of the displaced people have been sheltered in accommodations centres, while 55,511 others are in resettlements centres that were established by the government after the 2001 floods. INGC had previously anticipated that 285,000 people could be affected, but the water levels are receding and the number of people relocating to accommodation centres has reduced. The government of Mozambique has maintained airlift operations on an isolated "island" in order to continue monitoring the situation, and has down-graded the alert from red to yellow, which means the flooded areas are no longer in an emergency phase.

To further aggravate the situation, on 22 February 2007, Mozambique experienced an intense tropical cyclone, known as cyclone Favio, which caused nine deaths and affected 133,670 people in Vilanculos, Inhassoro, Govuro and Masinga districts in Inhambane Province, and destroyed 20,800 hectares of crops. In Vilanculos District, approximately 6,000 houses built from local materials such as wooden polls, mud and grass were destroyed by the cyclone. As a result of heavy rains generated by the cyclone and overflowing rivers, some flooded areas in Buzy District affected about 20,000 people.

In response, the government has set up two accommodations centres for the affected families. However, only 74 people are in the camp so far, as the majority opted to stay in their roofless houses. More people could have lost their lives had it not been for the alert that was sent out through the early warning system (EWS) and communitybased disaster management programmes implemented by Mozambique Red Cross Society (CVM).

Cyclone Favio also caused destruction of infrastructure and public facilities such as schools and health centres. The rural hospital of Vilanculos was seriously damaged, especially the maternity, surgical operation theatre and the HIV and AIDS section where antiretroviral drugs were destroyed. In the neighbouring villages of Vilanculos, seven health centres have also been partially or totally damaged. The government restored the water supply systems and work on restoring electricity supply will start soon. Affected by both floods and the aftermath of cyclone Favio, this revised emergency appeal addresses the needs of the people affected by both emergencies.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Mozambique: Fernanda Teixeira, Secretary General, Mozambique Red Cross Society, Maputo; Email:; Phone +258.1.497.721; +258.1.490.943; Mobile +; Fax +258.1.497.725

In Zimbabwe: Françoise Le Goff, Head of Southern Africa Regional Delegation, Harare; Email:; Phone +, +; Fax +

In Geneva: John Roche, Federation Regional Officer for Southern Africa, Africa Dept., Geneva Email:; Phone +41.22.730.44.00; Fax +41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the federation's annual appeal. for support to or for further information concerning federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the federation's website at


(1) In Potruguese: Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades (INGC)