Mozambique: Floods Emergency Plan of Action Final Report (MDRMZ013)
A. Situation analysis Description of the disaster
On 15 February 2017, a strong cyclone moving from the Indian Ocean landed and hit the Southern coastal part of Mozambique bringing with it strong winds exceeding 100km/hr., rough sea and torrential rains. According to MTOTEC (satellite imagery, surface analysis, and storm system information for the South West Indian Ocean cyclone basin), the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III Tropical Cyclone and reclassified as Ex-Dineo, affecting Inhambane province. A total number of 11 districts of Inhambane province were affected by the cyclone, namely, Inhambane City, Funhalouro, Homoine, Jangamo, Inharrime, Massinga, Maxixe, Morrumbene, Vilanculos, Panda, and Zavala. Projection figures provided by National Institute of Disaster Management (INGC), declared approximately 750,000 people affected.
The affected population moved to safer areas as their houses were flooded. From 19 February, 04 accommodation centers were established in Maxixe and Inhambane City Districts. Between 19 and 20 February, Mozambique Red Cross Society staff and volunteers joined the National Committee for disaster management for a joint assessment of the affected areas.
The CVM conducted assessment in Inhambane City, Jangamo and Vilanculos, as part of Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) response strategy.
On 24 February, the Government officially published the estimated figures of the impact of the cyclone, indicating that 550,000 people were affected. Of those affected, 6,506 households were rated as the most vulnerable. A total number of 33,014 houses were totally destroyed, whilst 62 houses were partially destroyed. Seven deaths were recorded, whilst 15 people severely injured and 85 people had minor injuries. Some 13,477 hectares of crops had been inundated.
A DREF allocation of CHF 113, 532 was approved on 18 February by the IFRC to support the CVM to conduct assessments and monitoring in the affected areas and assist 1,000 households with emergency shelter. The DREF was revised after a needs’ assessment to a total of CHF 241,938 to meet the needs of 500 more beneficiaries in Gaza province.
Summary of response
Overview of Host National Society
In view of the projected needs, and after analyzing demands on its capacity, the CVM requested assistance from IFRC to support its response and preparations for scaled-up operation related to the effects of the cyclone and its aftermath. IFRC launched an operation response through support from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF). The support was aimed at supporting the initial response including mobilization of Red Cross personnel, prepositioned relief supplies and specialized equipment. This enabled CVM to disseminate alerts to the affected population, initiate rapid needs assessments and immediate distribution of relief supplies. The CVM mobilized its volunteers and staff to provide rapid and efficient assistance to the population. At the National level, the NS participated in the coordination meetings, organized by the INGS and attended by other several humanitarian actors. The CVM as a member of shelter cluster played a big role in shelter assistance and strategic orientations.