The Council of Ministers declared an institutional red alert on 12 January 2015 after a period of heavy rainfall caused severe flooding across central and northern Mozambique. According to the National Institute of Disaster Management (INGC) 373,026 people were affected in Zambézia, Nampula, Niassa, Cabo Delgado and Manica provinces. 14,361 houses were partially damaged, while 21,780 were completely destroyed. Furthermore, the floods caused extensive damage to public buildings and infrastructure, loss of crops and livestock.
The Mozambican Red Cross (CVM) conducted detailed damage and needs assessments in the affected provinces involving its extensive volunteer network, its provincial staff, NDRT and Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) members. Based on these assessments and on its own delivery capabilities, CVM concentrated its efforts to support 17,620 displaced people (3,524 households) in Zambézia and Nampula provinces.
The targeted districts in Zambézia were Mopeia, Namacurra, Mocuba and Maganja da Costa, while in Nampula the districts were Mussoril and Meconta.
Emergency Appeal Operations Update Mozambique: Floods Exacerbated by the heavy rainfall and flooding, a cholera outbreak which started on 25 December 2014 quickly expanded to Tete, Sofala, Zambézia, Nampula and Niassa provinces. A total of 8,835 cases and 65 deaths were recorded.
To respond to the outbreak, CVM mobilized and trained volunteers in Tete, Zambézia, Nampula and Niassa to work in partnership with the Ministry of Health in the prevention of cholera, by promoting sanitation, improved hygiene practices and use of safe and clean water. The volunteers did house to house visits, lectures in markets and schools and theatre plays in the districts affected by the outbreak. In addition CVM has provided ten tents to the Ministry of health for the setup of Cholera Treatment Centers (CTCs) in Tete.
CVM launched the emergency relief operation with support from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) with focus on six key outcomes: The operation is implemented to reflect the needs of the affected beneficiaries; to reduce the risk of communicable diseases within the targeted communities; reduce the risk of waterborne and water related diseases in targeted communities; to improve living conditions through provision of adequate shelter during the emergency and early recovery period for the flood-affected households; strengthening CVM capacity for emergency operations at the National Level; and strengthening affected communities’ capacity to prepare and respond to floods/storms in the future.
The floods reached historically high levels causing widespread damage to infrastructure and isolating entire communities, thereby needs assessments and distribution of relief items was only possible by air in some locations. As seen in the map below, access to the affected areas was challenging and severely limited particularly in Zambézia.