Mozambique: Floods and Cyclone Appeal no. MDRMZ002 Operations Update no. 2

Situation Report
Originally published


GLIDE no. FL-2006-000198-MOZ

The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered: 15 March to 2 April, 2007

Appeal coverage: 12.7%.

Appeal history:

- Preliminary Emergency Appeal launched on 16 February 2007 for CHF 7,464,923 (USD 5,971,938 or EUR 4,524,196) in cash, kind or services, for 6 months to assist 100,000 beneficiaries (20,000 families).

- Operations Update no. 1 was issued on 23 February 2007.

- Revised Emergency Appeal launched on 14 March 2007 for CHF 20.6m (USD 16.9m or EUR 12.8m) in cash, kind or services for 6 months to assist 117,235 beneficiaries (23,447 families).

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated CHF 187,000.

Outstanding needs: CHF 18,028,097 (USD 14,825,738 or EUR 11,128,455)

Operational Summary: A coordinated Red Cross/Red Crescent response, led by the Mozambique Red Cross Society (CVM)(1) with support from the International Federation and partner national societies, is providing essential relief to populations affected by floods and Cyclone Favio in Mozambique. In the flood-affected provinces of Manica, Sofala, Tete, and Zambezia, non-food relief item distributions by the CVM and American/Benelux Relief Emergency Response Unit (ERU), targeting 17,500 families, are approximately 90% complete. The Spanish Water and Sanitation ERU has handed over operations of its water treatment and distribution activities and equipment to CVM and water production is expected to cease by the end of April 2007. First aid kits have been distributed to CVM volunteers working at first aid posts in accommodation centres, increasing CVM capacity to provide basic medical assistance for the next month, and cholera kits are on standby in case an outbreak occurs. Six additional cholera kits and four inter-agency emergency health kits (IEHKs) are under procurement to further boost CVM health capacity.

In the cyclone-affected province of Inhambane, Spanish Red Cross distributions of non-food relief items to a target of 6,000 families are ongoing. The Norwegian/ Canadian Red Cross Basic Health Care ERU is providing medical assistance to approximately 150 patients per day in a temporary hospital set up next to health facilities damaged by the cyclone. The Spanish Telecoms ERU has left Mozambique, after repairing damaged HF communications.

In all affected areas, CVM staff and volunteers continue to demonstrate their commitment and determination to assist vulnerable populations. The Danish/Swiss Logistics ERU have downsized and continue to provide support to operations in floods and cyclone affected areas. CVM, the International Federation and PNS continue to operate in close coordination and consultation with the National Centre for Disaster Management (INGC) (2), which has overall coordination of the relief effort, and with humanitarian actors involved in the relief effort through the United Nations (UN)-established sectoral cluster groups. Recovery plans are being developed to provide further assistance in the form of shelter rehabilitation and livelihoods.

During the reporting period, CVM provided emergency relief to people affected by a series of explosions from a munitions depot in a Maputo suburb. Further details on the CVM response to the explosions, which killed more than 100 people and injured approximately 500, are available at:

This operation is aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.


Since December 2006, torrential rains throughout the Southern Africa region have led to overflowing of rivers and pressure on dams, resulting in widespread flooding in central and southern parts of Mozambique. The heavy rains and storms destroyed houses, schools, health centres and crops, forcing 163,045 people from their homes, according to the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC). A total of 107,534 of the displaced people have been sheltered in accommodation centres, while 55,511 others are in resettlement centres that were established by the Government of Mozambique after the 2001 floods. The four most affected provinces are Sofala, Zambezia, Manica and Tete.

In a separate disaster, on 22 February 2007 Mozambique experienced an intense tropical Cyclone Favio, which caused nine deaths and affected 133,670 people in Vilanculos, Inhassoro, Govuro and Masinga districts of Inhambane Province, and destroyed 20,800 hectares of crops. In Vilanculos District, approximately 6,000 houses built from local materials such as wooden poles, mud and grass were destroyed by the cyclone. The cyclone also caused destruction of infrastructure and public facilities such as schools and health centres, seriously damaging Vilanculos Rural Hospital, in particular the maternity, surgical operation theatre and the HIV and AIDS wards where anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs were destroyed, and partially damaging seven health centres. The majority of cyclone affected families have chosen to stay in their damaged houses and the Red Cross is planning to provide shelter kits to help in their reconstruction efforts.

CVM played a critical role in preventing more deaths as a result of the floods and the cyclone, by transmitting alerts through its early warning system and community-based disaster management programme.

In flood-affected provinces, as of 30 March 2007, flood waters are continuing to recede and the response is shifting from immediate relief needs into planning for people to move from accommodation centres to resettlement camps. The Government of Mozambique was to make its resettlement plans public on 5 April 2007, with some residents of accommodation centres already beginning their move; however it is likely the resettlement process will take longer than what is planned by INGC and provincial governments. In the meantime, provision of health services to people in resettlement sites and accommodation centres is still a priority. Logistically, roads are slowly becoming more passable by 4x4 vehicles, with air operations decreasing in frequency, though field logistics remains a challenge.

Accommodation centres in Mutarara remain accessible primarily by air and in Tambarara by three day barge; elsewhere centres are accessible by road with journey times ranging from 30 minutes to six hours. The UN is conducting a real time evaluation during the first weeks of April.

In cyclone affected Inhambane, 102 families moved into accommodation centres, with the majority remaining in their damaged homes. The affected population is receiving non-food relief item assistance. The damaged hospital is functioning with support from a Red Cross Emergency Relief Basic Health Care unit. Planned distribution of shelter kits will facilitate rehabilitation of damaged homes.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Mozambique: Fernanda Teixeira, Secretary General, Mozambique Red Cross Society, Maputo; Email:; Phone +258.1.497.721; +258.1.490.943; Mobile +; Fax +258.1.497.725

In Mozambique: Robert Przedpelski, Head of Operation, Maputo; Email:; Phone +258.21.497.721; Mobile +258.82.700.4848; Fax. +258.21.497.725.

In Zimbabwe: Françoise Le Goff, Federation Head of Southern Africa Regional Delegation, Harare; Email:; Phone +, +; Fax +

In Geneva: John Roche, Federation Regional Officer for Southern Africa, Africa Dept., Geneva Email:; Phone +41.22.730.44.00; Fax +41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at


(1) In Portuguese: Cruz Vermelha de Moçambique (CVM)

(2) In Portuguese: Instituto Nacional de Gest=E3o de Calamidades (INGC)