Mozambique

Mozambique: Emergency Situation Report, 25 Jan 2008

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Essential Information:

Total WFP Caseload: 471,000 ongoing relief (2007 floods, cyclone and drought recovery) *See note in Target populations/beneficiaries

Total food distributed: 25,600 metric tons (emergency response, Feb-Dec 2007)

Staff on location: 46 (including 7 international, 5 local recruitments, 19 core staff and 15 national UNV district Food Aid Monitors)

In country stocks: 3,622 mt (PRRO, as of 22 January)

1. HIGHLIGHTS

As of 24 January, approximately 18,798 households, 89,270 people, have moved to resettlement centres as a result of the 2008 floods. (Source: CENOE)

The Cahora Bassa Dam has increased its discharges from 4,800 to 4,900 cubic meters per second. (Source: DNA)

Water levels in the Zambezi, Buzi, Pungue, Licungo river basins remain above flood alert levels though the levels have been stabilizing. The Licungo River basin is on the rise and likely to cause flooding in the districts of Nantes and Maganja Da Costa. (Source: CENOE)

In the next 24 hours, moderate to strong rainfall is expected in central Mozambique, while storms are predicted in the North. In the next week, rainfall in both regions is predicted to exceed average rainfall figures for the season. Rainfall in excess of 150mm is expected to fall in the central region compared with the seasonal average of 65.3 mm. (Source: INAM)

The Ministry of Agriculture and FAO estimate that 89,000 hectares of crops have been destroyed so far in the floods.

2. SECURITY & POLITICAL SITUATION

NA

3. OPERATIONAL ISSUES

Two additional temporary international WFP Emergency Officers will arrive in country by 28 January to help coordinate WFP's response in the flood-affected areas.

WFP currently has 46 staff working on the emergency response, including seven temporary international and five locally recruited staff members. Additionally, 15 national UNV district Food Aid Monitors are posted and resident in the priority districts along the flooded rivers, and 19 core staff members are working on the emergency response out of the Beira and Tete Sub-Offices and the WFP Maputo Country Office.

4. CONSTRAINTS

Road access is problematic in the flood affected localities as a result of the flooded roads and erosion. Districts facing accessibility difficulties include:

- in Sofala province - Buzi, Machanga, Caia, Chemba and Marromeu districts;

- in Manica province - Tambara district;

- in Zambezia province - Morrumbala and Mopeia districts; and

- in Tete province - Chitete, Doa, Inhangoma, Mutarara, Chirre and Zumbo districts.

Ongoing rescue and relief operations in the Zambezi River valley are hindered by the constant flow of people to and from the designated resettlement centers.

5. PROGRAMMING ISSUES

5.1 Target populations/beneficiaries

WFP has been supporting a total of 471,000 people in response to the floods and cyclone in Mozambique's central provinces and the drought in the southern provinces in 2007.

WFP is working closely with INGC to incorporate newly displaced people into WFP's overall food assistance response in flood-affected districts.

5.2 Assessments

The Vulnerability Assessment Group (GAV) is finalizing today its report on the Government-led, multi-sectoral initial assessment of the food security situation in the flood-affected areas. The assessment report will help humanitarian actors determine priority needs as well as how and where to provide assistance.

A WFP IRA Emergency Preparedness grant funded this assessment as well as a follow-up assessment in March.

5.3 Food Distributions

On 24 January, food distributions were carried out in the Beia-Peia resettlement centre in Machanga district, Sofala province, and in Mutarara and Magoe districts, Tete province.

WFP is working closely with INGC and its cooperating partners to continue regular food distributions in the flood-affected districts and to incorporate newly affected people into the distribution plans at each site.

5.4 Monitoring

All WFP sub-offices are closely monitoring the situation. WFP employs 36 National UNV Food Aid Monitors who cover 54 districts across Mozambique, including 15 posted and resident in the flood-affect districts of the central provinces.

5.5 Pipeline and Food Supply

WFP's PRRO pipeline will break in February and has a shortfall of 45,850 mt. The shortfall for the emergency relief portion of the PRRO is 26,500 mt through July 2008.

As of 25 January, WFP has 999mt of food stocks in EDPs near the flood-affected areas.

The CO has submitted a request for advance funding against contributions from CERF and Spain to allow local purchases to commence next week for 2,500 mt of cereals and 270 mt of pulses.

6. LOGISTICS

The UNHAS-chartered Mi-8 helicopter based in Caia was grounded today while the crew worked to solve a mechanical problem.

Owing to the increased number of locations inaccessible due to flood waters, the Logistics cluster has requested a second UNHAS-chartered helicopter (currently on stand-by). The helicopter is due to arrive in Caia on 27 January.

Road access has been restored between Caia and Chemba districts.

7. EMERGENCY TELECOMMUNICATIONS

A WFP ICT Assistant remains in Caia to provide telecommunications support to INGC and the humanitarian community, and a WFP Electrician is positioned in Caia to install a generator at the UN Common office.

Due to increased connectivity needs of the humanitarian community in Caia, the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster has requested the service provider to upgrade the bandwidth of the VSAT station so it can handle more than the 20 simultaneous connections that is currently supports.

8. COORDINATION/ EXTERNAL RELATIONS

Clusters are preparing inputs for the Southern Africa sub-regional flood emergency appeal (for Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi and Zimbabwe), which will be launched by 07 February.

The revised HCT proposal for CERF funding is currently under review by the CERF Secretariat.

The Executive Secretary of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) visited flood-affected areas this week to see the effects of the floods firsthand. He called for increased communication and improved flood warning systems between the countries that share the Southern Africa river basins in order to mitigate the impact of flooding.

9. OTHER/MISCELLANEOUS

Based on current caseload and contributions received to date, WFP will require a further US$ 13.5 million for food purchase (in Mozambique to the greatest extent possible) and delivery; as well as US$ 2.5 million towards the provision of logistics services for the humanitarian effort that brings together Government, UN agencies and NGOs, through helicopter, barge, boat and road transport.

New contributions will be used for the immediate local purchase of emergency food commodities, which will ensure that people in flood-affected districts will receive the food and nutritional support they require during the first weeks of this emergency operation. While the funds will be used to purchase locally available maize grain and pulses - a process than can take 8-10 weeks - the funds can be leveraged to immediately borrow the small quantities of incountry commodities from other WFP programmes.

Based on a commitment to efficient and cost-effective delivery of food assistance and to the development of the local agricultural economy in Mozambique, WFP endeavors to purchase as much food within Mozambique as possible. In 2007, WFP purchased 46,500 mt of local food commodities for US$13.2 million, a record amount for local procurement in Mozambique.

Acronyms:

AIM - Mozambique News Agency
CENOE - Emergency Operations Centre, led by INGC
CTGC - Technical Committee for Disaster Management (inter-ministerial)
DNA - National Directorate for Water
ETC - Emergency Telecommunications Cluster
INGC - National Institute for Disaster Management
MT or mt - metric tons
PA - Administrative Post (geo-political boundary: province ?? district ?? PA)
SETSAN - Technical Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition
UNAPROC - National Civil Protection Unit
UNHAS - UN Humanitarian Air Service

Questions related to this report should be directed to Peter Keller-Transburg at peter.kellertransburg@ wfp.org