Mozambique

Mozambique Destablization/Drought Feb 1987 UNDRO Situation Reports 1 - 12

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Situation Report
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Posted
Originally published


UNDRO 87/0440

SPECIAL APPEAL OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS
FOR THE PROVISION OF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO THE PEOPLE'S
REPUBLIC OF MOZAMBIQUE

SITREP NO. 1 - 27 FEBRUARY 1987

PART I: INTRODUCTION

1. IN RESPONSE TO A REQUEST BY THE GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE, THE SECRETARY-GENERAL DISPATCHED A MISSION TO MAPUTO FROM 11 TO 17 FEBRUARY 1987 TO CONSULT WITH THE AUTHORITIES ON THE INCREASINGLY CRITICAL SITUATION EXISTING IN SEVERAL PROVINCES AND TO PREPARE AN ASSESSMENT OF THE COUNTRY'S URGENT HUMANITARIAN NEEDS. THE MISSION WAS LED BY MR. ABDULRAHIM A. FARAH, UNDER-SECRETARY- GENERAL FOR SPECIAL POLITICAL QUESTIONS, AND INCLUDED MR. CHARLES H. LA MUNIERE, DIRECTOR FOR EMERGENCIES IN AFRICA, AS WELL AS HEADQUARTERS AND FIELD REPRESENTATIVES FROM UNDP, UNDRO, UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, FAO, WHO AND ILO.

2. THE MISSION HELD HIGH-LEVEL DISCUSSIONS WITH THE GOVERNMENT AND WITH SENIOR OFFICIALS IN THE TECHNICAL MINISTRIES CONCERNED. ON THE BASIS OF THESE DISCUSSIONS, AND TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ALL AVAILABLE DATA, THE MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE MISSION WERE AS FOLLOWS:

(I) AN EMERGENCY SITUATION OF A COMPLEX NATURE EXISTS IN MOZAMBIQUE. IT HAS PLAGUED THE COUNTRY SINCE THE DROUGHT YEARS OF 1983-84 BUT HAS REGISTERED A MARKED INCREASE IN SEVERITY SINCE LATE 1986.

(II) ITS PRINCIPAL CAUSE NOW LIES IN WIDESPREAD ATTACKS AGAINST POPULATION CENTRES, AS WELL AS CONTINUED ACTS OF SABOTAGE DESIGNED TO DESTABILIZE THE COUNTRY, BOTH BEING CARRIED OUT BY EXTERNALLY SUPPORTED ARMED GROUPS. THESE ATTACKS HAVE INTENSIFIED DURING THE PAST SIX MONTHS, PARTICULARLY IN THE CENTRAL PROVINCES OF TETE, ZAMBEZIA AND SOFALA. THEY ARE BEING AIMED AT KEY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND ECONOMIC INSTALLATIONS, AND AS WELL AS AT LOGISTICAL, HEALTH AND EDUCATION INFRASTRUCTURE.

(III) THE AUTHORITIES ESTIMATE THAT AS A RESULT OF THE MARKED INTENSIFICATION OF ATTACKS DURING THE PAST SIX MONTHS, APPROXIMATELY 3.5 MILLION PEOPLE ARE NOW SEVERELY AFFECTED, INCLUDING OVER ONE MILLION DISPLACED. BECAUSE OF INADEQUATE RESOURCES, THE AFFECTED POPULATION URGENTLY REQUIRES SUBSTANTIAL FOOD AID, LOGISTICS ASSISTANCE IN THE HANDLING, TRANSPORT AND DISTRIBUTION OF VITAL SUPPLIES, AND BASIC SUPPORT IN THE AREAS OF HEALTH, SURVIVAL ITEMS, WATER, PRIMARY AGRICULTURAL INPUTS.THE FOLLOWING DATA PROVIDES INFORMATION ON THE LOCATION, CATEGORY AND NUMBER OF THE AFFECTED POPULATION:


PROVINCE
SEVERELY AFFECTED
DISPLACED
TOTAL AFFECTED
AND DISPLACED
MAPUTO
248,300
22,600
270,900
GAZA
333,900
--
333,900
INHAMBANE
375,000
55,000
430,000
SOFALA
107,100
464,100
571,200
MANICA
94,000
80,900
174,900
TETE
344,000
114,000
458,000
ZAMBEZIA
577,000
270,000
847,000
NIASSA
443,300
--
443,300
TOTAL
2,522,600
1,006,600
3,529,200

(IV) DROUGHT IS A SECONDARY FACTOR IN THE EMERGENCY, ALTHOUGH ITS PERSISTENCE IN SOME AREAS CONTINUES TO AGGRAVATE THE OVERALL SITUATION. ACCORDING TO A RECENT ASSESSMENT BY THE MOZAMBICAN METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE, PRECIPITATION IS WITHIN LEVELS CONSIDERED NORMAL OR ABOVE IN MOST OF THE COUNTRY. EXCEPTIONS, HOWEVER, INCLUDE THE AREA IMMEDIATELY SOUTH OF THE LIMPOPO RIVER, WHICH HAS RECENTLY BEEN SUBJECTED TO PERIODS OF ABNORMALLY DRY WEATHER. OTHER AREAS, NOTABLY THE INTERIOR OF MAPUTO, GAZA AND INHAMBANE PROVINCES, STILL REFLECT THE AFTERMATH OF SEVERAL YEARS OF LOW RAINFALL AND EXPERIENCE LOCALIZED POCKETS OF DROUGHT.

(V) WHILE THE ORGANIZATIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM, THE INTERNATIONAL DONOR COMMUNITY AND THE NGOS ACTIVE IN MOZAMBIQUE HAVE, DURING THE PAST THREE YEARS, PROVIDED TIMELY EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO THE COUNTRY, THE SITUATION HAS NOW REACHED A STAGE WHERE NEEDS HAVE GREATLY INCREASED AND AN EXPANDED, CO-ORDINATED PROGRAMME OF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE IS URGENTLY REQUIRED.

3. AFTER REVIEWING THE MISSION'S FINDINGS AND TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE POSITION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE, THE SECRETARY-GENERAL HAS DECIDED TO TAKE THE FOLLOWING ACTION:

A) THE IMMEDIATE LAUNCHING OF A WORLD-WIDE APPEAL TO PROVIDE URGENTLY REQUIRED EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO THE AFFECTED MOZAMBICAN POPULATION. THE GENERAL PARAMETERS OF THIS APPEAL, WHICH COVERS THE PERIOD UNTIL THE END OF 1987, ARE DETAILED IN PARTS II TO VII BELOW.

B) THE IMMEDIATE APPOINTMENT OF MR. A. HEIN-CACERES, UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN MAPUTO, AS SPECIAL CO-ORDINATOR FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF OPERATIONS.

C) THE IMMEDIATE STRENGTHENING OF THE CAPACITY OF THE UNITED NATIONS WITHIN MOZAMBIQUE TO ASSIST THE GOVERNMENT IN COPING WITH THE EMERGENCY.

D) CONTINUED CONSULTATION WITH EXECUTIVE HEADS OF THE CONCERNED UN ORGANIZATIONS AND AGENCIES WITH A VIEW TO ENSURING AN EFFECTIVE AND CO-ORDINATED RESPONSE BY THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM.

E) THE PROVISION OF ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND TRAINING TO NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS DEALING WITH EMERGENCY, WITH A VIEW TO RAPIDLY INCREASING THEIR CAPACITY TO PLAN AND MANAGE LARGE-SCALE EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE PROGRAMMES, TO STRENGTHEN RELATED COUNTRYWIDE INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TO SYSTEMATIZE PROCUREMENT, TRANSPORTATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF NECESSARY SUPPLIES TO CRITICAL AREAS.

F) IN ADDITION, THE SECRETARY-GENERAL HAS, AT THE SPECIAL REQUEST OF THE GOVERNMENT, ASKED THE UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES TO SUPPORT THE GOVERNMENT IN ASSISTING MOZAMBICAN REFUGEES WHO HAD FLED TO NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES (OVER 250,000 IN MALAWI, SWAZILAND, ZAMBIA, ZIMBABWE AND SOUTH AFRICA) SOME OF WHOM ARE NOW RETURNING TO THEIR COUNTRY. FIRST PRIORITY WILL BE GIVEN TO THOSE WHO HAVE ALREDAY RETURNED FROM MALAWI (SOME 17,000 TETE PROVINCE) AND ARE CONTINUING TO RETURN WITH A POTENTIAL FOR SUBSTANTIAL INCREASE. HIGH COMMISSIONER WILL LAUNCH A SPECIAL APPEAL FOR FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO THIS PROGRAMME IN THE NEAR FUTURE.

4. THE SECRETARY-GENERAL APPEALS TO THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO PROVIDE, AS A MATTER OF URGENCY, EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO HELP THE GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE TO COVER VITAL PRIORITY NEEDS OF THE AFFECTED POPULATION FOR THE PERIOD FEBRUARY TO DECEMBER 1987, AS OUTLINED IN PARTS II TO VII BELOW. IN THIS CONTEXT, THE SECRETARY-GENERAL URGES THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IN RESPONDING TO GIVE EQUAL PRIORITY TO BOTH FOOD AND NON-FOOD EMERGENCY REQUIREMENTS, AND IN PARTICULAR TO THE NECESSITY OF PROVIDING ADEQUATE MEANS TO ENSURE THE DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD AND OTHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO THOSE IN NEED.

5. FURTHERMORE, THE SECRETARY-GENERAL, IN CONSULTATION WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE, HAS DECIDED TO CONVENE A MEETING OF DONORS ON 24 MARCH 1987 IN GENEVA TO REVIEW THE RESPONSE TO HIS APPEAL AND TO ASSESS LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN REGARD TO RELIEF OPERATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE. UNDRO WILL ORGANIZE THE MEETING AND DISSEMINATE INFORMATION TO THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ON THE STATUS OF RELIEF OPERATIONS.

PART II: FOOD AID REQUIREMENTS:

A: CEREALS:

1. FINAL ESTIMATES OF GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE'S (GOM) CEREAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CROP YEAR 1987/88 (MAY/APRIL) AWAIT CONCLUSION OF ASSESSMENT CURRENT HARVEST. HOWEVER, AS PREVAILING IN-COUNTRY CONDITIONS CONTINUE HAMPER LOCAL CEREAL PRODUCTION AND HAVE RESULTED INCREASE IN TOTAL NUMBER PEOPLE REQUIRING FOOD AID, 1987/88 CEREAL AID REQUIREMENTS LIKELY TO BE AT LEAST EQUAL THOSE OF 1986/87 CROP YEAR I.E. 676,000 TONS. IF DONORS MAINTAIN SAME SUPPORT TO MOZAMBIQUE THROUGH 1987 AS SHOWN IN PAST, EXPECTED FOOD AID TO BE PROVIDED WILL BE APPROXIMATELY 450,000 METRIC TONS, LEAVING GAP OF 226,000 TONS. OVERALL COST, ABOVE PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE 676,000 TONS CEREAL DEFICIT, INCLUDING ESSENTIAL REPEAT ESSENTIAL IN-COUNTRY TRANSPORT COSTS, IS ABOUT US DLRS 169 MILLION.

B. OTHER FOOD AID REQUIREMENTS

1. IN THE PAST, SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD NEEDS CALCULATED PRIMARILY FOR VULNERABLE GROUPS (CHILDREN, AGED, PREGNANT AND LACTATING WOMEN), WHICH COMPRISE APPROXIMATELY 25 PERCENT AFFECTED POPULATION. HOWEVER, ESTIMATES IN TABLE BELOW BASED ON TOTAL NEEDS FOR FOLLOWING REASONS: (1) OVERALL NEED FOR SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD IN COUNTRY AS WHOLE THEREBY TRULY REFLECTED, (2) APPROPRIATE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS DO NOT EXIST FOR CHANNELLING SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD ONLY TO SPECIFIC SUBGROUPS OF VULNERABLE POPULATION.

2. SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD AID REQUIREMENTS FOR COMBINED URBAN AND RURAL AFFECTED POPULATIONS FOR SUGAR, OIL AND PULSES AS FOLLOWS:

SUGAR (MT)
OIL (MT)
PULSES (MT)
NEEDS
70,000
15,000
80,000
LOCALLY MET NEEDS
35,000
4,000
10,000
INTERNATIONALLY MET NEEDS
10,000
10,000
20,000
UNMET NEEDS (MT)
25,000
1,000
50,000

3. COST OF PROVIDING DEFICIT, INCLUDING TRANSPORT, AS FOLLOWS:

SUGAR
25,000 X USD 375 / TON = US DLRS 9,375,000
OIL
1,000 X USD 1313 / TON = US DLRS 1,313,000
PULSES
50,000 X USD 625 / TON = US DLRS 31,250,000
T O T A L
US DLRS 41,938,000

PART III. LOGISTICS SUPPORT FOR EMERGENCY ACTIVITIES

A. AIR TRANSPORT: CONTINUING SUPPORT TO EMERGENCY RELIEF AIRLIFT FOR HIGH-VALUE/LOW-VOLUME CARGO

1. HIGHLY SUCCESSFUL AIRLIFT IN OPERATION SINCE JUNE 1985 IS MANAGED BY DEPARTMENT FOR PREVENTION, CONTROL AND COMBAT NATURAL DISASTERS (DPCCN) AND ASSOCIATED CARE LOGISTICS SUPPORT UNIT. NATIONAL AIRLINE LAM PROVIDES AIRPLANES AND CREW AND REQUIRES ONLY FOREIGN CURRENCY COMPONENT FOR OPERATING COSTS. AIRLIFT SERVES GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS CONCERNED, UN AGENCIES, NGOS AND FACILITATES MOVEMENT HIGH-VALUE/LOW-VOLUME EMERGENCY CARGO FROM MAPUTO AND BEIRA PORTS TO PROVINCIAL CAPITALS AND INACCESSIBLE DISTRICTS/TOWNS.

2. UNICEF WITH USAID FUNDS PROVIDING US DLRS 600,000 FOR CONTINUED AIRLIFT ORIGINATED WITH UNDP FUNDS. HOWEVER, THESE RESOURCES FULLY UTILIZED BY APRIL/MAY 1987. ADDITIONAL FUNDS ESSENTIAL FOR CONTINUED ABILITY SUPPLY EMERGENCY RELIEF ITEMS IN VIEW SECURITY CONSTRAINTS ON ROAD TRANSPORT.

3. ESTIMATED COSTS, BASED ON EXPERIENCE 1985 AND 1986, FOR AIRLIFT OPERATIONAL CAPACITY 100 MT/MONTH FOR 12 MONTHS (PLUS ADDITIONAL TRANSPORT FACTOR MINISTRY HEALTH FOR WOUNDED, MEDICAL PERSONNEL, URGENT DRUGS ESTIMATED INITIALLY US DLRS 100,000): US DLRS 750,000

B. ROAD TRANSPORT

1. DURING 1985, DPCCN ESTABLISHED CENTRAL LOGISTICS SUPPORT UNIT IN MAPUTO WITH PROVINCIAL OFFICES IN EACH AFFECTED PROVINCE. THIS EXPANDED 1986 TO NEWLY AFFECTED PROVINCES AND PROGRAMME HAS BEGUN TO ESTABLISH DPCCN REPRESENTATIVES IN EACH AFFECTED DISTRICT AS WELL. DPCCN HAS MAJOR RESPONSIBILITY FOR CO-ORDINATION, RECEIPT, DESPATCH AND TRANSPORTATION ALL EMERGENCY RELIEF SUPPLIES TO AFFECTED AND DISPLACED POPULATION. IN VIEW RECENT DONATIONS, DPCCN NOW RUNNING 301 TRUCKS, WITH ESTIMATED 75 PERCENT OPERATIONAL AVAILABILITY ON AVERAGE AT ANY GIVEN TIME.

2. DURING 1986, DPCCN HANDLED 125,000 MT EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE, OF WHICH 110,000 WAS FOOD. THERE WERE 320 SEPARATE CONSIGNMENTS, RECEIVED FROM 44 DIFFERENT DONORS. GOODS ENTERED MOZAMBIQUE AT 18 DIFFERENT POINTS/MEANS OF ENTRY - BY ROAD, AIR AND SEA. VALUE OF THIS EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE WAS APPROXIMATELY US DLRS 30 MILLION.

3. IN ORDER MEET EXPANDING TRANSPORT, MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE REQUIREMENTS, DPCCN URGENTLY NEEDS FOLLOWING CONTRIBUTIONS:

(I) DISTRICT PENETRATION VEHICLES

30 FARM TRACTORS WITH TRAILERS WITH 5-TON CAPACITY OR 3- TO 5-TON CAPACITY FOUR WHEEL DRIVE TRUCKS. EACH UNIT WITH 12.5 PERCENT SPARE PARTS.

TOTAL : US DLRS 641,000

THESE PENETRATION VEHICLES REQUIRED FOR BASING AT DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS TO UNDERTAKE TERTIARY TRANSPORT FROM DISTRICT TO LOCALITIES, USUALLY NOT EXCEEDING 60-80 KMS DISTANCE. ESTIMATE IS FOR 30 TRACTORS WITH TRAILERS FOR BASING AT RATE OF 2 TO 3 PER INTERIOR, BUT ACCESSIBLE, DISTRICTS OF GAZA, INHAMBANE AND PARTS OF MANICA PROVINCES.

(II) LIGHT VEHICLES (FOR REPLACEMENT ONLY)

01 SEDAN CAR (US DLRS 8,000 WITH SPARES), 01 PICK-UP TRUCK (US DLRS 10,000 WITH SPARES), AND 14 LANDCRUISER FIELD VEHICLES (US DLRS 336,000 WITH SPARES).

TOTAL : US DLRS 354,000

(III) FUEL, LUBRICANTS AND RELATED

FUEL REQUIREMENT FOR TRUCKS: 3,600,000 LITRES AT US DLRS 0.27/LITRE DIESEL
FUEL NEEDS FOR LIGHT VEHICLES 150,000 LITRES AT US DLRS 0.27/LITRE DIESEL
LUBRICANTS: 46,875 LITRES (225 DRUMS) AT US DLRS 225/DRUM
CONTINGENT AVGAS, FUEL TANKS, FUEL PUMPS, CONTINGENT SPECIAL TRANSPORT,
PURCHASE OF DRUMS, ETC.: US DLRS 20,000

TOTAL : US DLRS 1,083,000

ABOVE CALCULATIONS BASED ON FLEET OF 301 TRUCKS WITH ESTIMATED 75 PERCENT OPERATIONAL AVAILABILITY ON AVERAGE, RECOGNIZING THAT 38 PERCENT OF FLEET IS NEW. CALCULATIONS ARE THEREFORE FOR 225 TRUCKS X 20 WORKING DAYS/MONTH X 200 KMS/WORKING DAY. ALSO INCLUDED ARE CALCULATIONS FOR 50 LIGHT VEHICLES X 25 WORKING DAYS/MONTH X 100 KMS/WORKING DAY. LUBRICANTS, INCLUDING ENGINE OIL, GEAR OIL, HYDRAULIC FLUID, AND GREASE ESTIMATED AT 1.25 PERCENT FLEET FUEL CONSUMPTION.

(IV) TYRES AND BATTERIES

90 TRUCKS X 6 TYRES (900X20) X 1.5, 810 TYRES AT USD 135 EACH
135 TRUCKS X 10 TYRES (1100X20, 2025 TYRES AT USD 170 EACH 1000X20) X 1.5
50 VEHICLES X 4 TYRES(750X16) X 1.0 200 TYRES AT USD 56.25 EACH
TOTAL : US DLRS 465,000

TYRES CALCULATED ON BASIS FLEET 225 TRUCKS AND 50 LIGHT VEHICLES. FORTY PERCENT OF TRUCK FLEET HAS SIX WHEELS, AND SIXTY PERCENT TEN WHEELS, ALL HAVING 1.5 COMPLETE TYRE CHANGES PER YEAR, TAKING INTO ACCOUNT OPENING STOCK BALANCES. LIGHT VEHICLES WITH FOUR WHEELS CALCULATED AT ONE COMPLETE TYRE CHANGE PER YEAR.

225 TRUCKS X 2 BATTERIES X US DLRS 60 US DLRS 27,000
50 LIGHT VEHICLES X 1 BATTERY X US DLRS 40 US DLRS 2,000
TOTAL : US DLRS 29,000

(V) TRUCK SPARE PARTS, VEHICLE REPAIRS
TOTAL : US DLRS 300,000

CALCULATIONS BASED ON EXTRAPOLATION FROM ACTUAL EXPENDITURE IN 1985 AND 1986, TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ENLARGED FLEET AND ADVANCING AGE EARLIER TRUCKS.

(VI) WORKSHOP TOOLS, EQUIPMENT, FACILITIES
TOTAL : US DLRS 150,000

ESTIMATED REQUIREMENT FOR SUPPLY EQUIPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT MAINTENANCE FACILITIES REQUIRED BY ENLARGED FLEET.

(VII) WAREHOUSING EQUIPMENT, FACILITIES
TOTAL : US DLRS 150,000

THIS INCLUDES US DLRS 50,000 FOR PROVISION WAREHOUSING OPERATIONS MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT, INCLUDING PALLETS, FUMIGATION ITEMS, TROLLEYS, RECONSTITUTION BAGS/CONTAINERS, SCALES, BANDING EQUIPMENT, MAINTENANCE SUPPLIES, LIGHTING AND REPAIR MATERIALS. ADDITIONAL US DLRS 100,000 INCLUDED FOR ESTABLISHMENT WAREHOUSING UNITS ON MAPUTO TRUCK PARK/SERVICE BASE COMPOUND TO PROMOTE CONSOLIDATION AND IMPROVED CONTROL DPCCN OPERATIONS MAPUTO.

(VIII) OPERATIONS ESTABLISHMENT MATERIALS
TOTAL : US DLRS 55,000

PROVISION US DLRS 35,000 INCLUDED FOR VHF, SHORT-RADIUS 'WALKIETALKIE' PORTABLE HANDSET RADIOS FOR USE WITHIN OPERATIONAL LOCALITY TO CO-ORDINATE LOGISTICS ACTIVITIES. MAJOR NEED IS IN MAPUTO AND BEIRA. REMAINING US DLRS 20,000 FOR DPCCN OFFICE MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES, PARTICULARLY IN PROVINCES.

C. SEA TRANSPORT
TOTAL: US DLRS 1,320,000

1. GIVEN PREVAILING CONDITIONS IN-COUNTRY, IT IS NECESSARY UTILIZE ALL AVAILABLE MEANS TO DELIVER FOOD AID AND OTHER EMERGENCY SUPPORT ITEMS TO AFFECTED POPULATION, INCLUDING ENTRY POINTS WHICH CAN BE REACHED BY SEA OR FROM NEIGHBOURING FOOD SURPLUS COUNTRIES.

2. SEA COAST OPERATIONS INVOLVING TWO TIME-CHARTERED SHIPS IS ESSENTIAL COMPONENT THIS NECESSARY CAPABILITY. REQUIRED FUNDING FOR TWO DELIVERY VESSELS OPERATING OUT OF MAPUTO, BEIRA AND QUELIMANE, FOR 12 MONTHS IS ESTIMATED AT US DLRS 1,320,000. THIS ESTIMATE BASED ON ACTUAL COST OF OPERATIONS, AS CONDUCTED BY WFP IN 1985 AND 1986.

D. TECHNICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT TO DPCCN
TOTAL : US DLRS 1,050,000

IN LATE 1984, GOM SIGNED AGREEMENT WITH NGO CARE TO ASSIST ESTABLISHMENT LOGISTICS SUPPORT UNIT WITHIN DPCCN. THIS HIGHLY EFFECTIVE CO-OPERATION HAS CONTINUED SINCE THAT TIME, WITH FUNDS FROM USAID, WITH RESULT THAT UNIT CONSIDERABLY STRENGTHENED, WELL ORGANIZED AND INCREASINGLY STAFFED WITH TRAINED AND COMPETENT NATIONAL PERSONNEL. TO COMPLETE PROCESS, THIS CO-OPERATIVE PROCESS MUST CONTINUE AT LEAST UNTIL SECOND QUARTER 1988, BUT AVAILABLE FUNDS WILL HAVE BEEN FULLY UTILIZED BY 30 APRIL 1987. SUPPLEMENTARY RESOURCES URGENTLY NEEDED TO COVER FOLLOWING COSTS:(1) PERSONNEL AND TRAINING, US DLRS 934,500, (2) ADMINISTRATION, US DLRS 62,000, (3) ADMINISTRATIVE VEHICLE OPERATION, US DLRS 45,000, AND (4) SUNDRY (DEPRECIATION, OFFICE MISCELLANIA, ETC...) US DLRS 8,500.

G R A N D T O T A L : U S D L R S 6,347,000

PART IV. EMERGENCY HEALTH REQUIREMENTS

1. HEALTH SERVICES GREATLY AFFECTED BY WAR AND COUNTRY'S ECONOMIC DECLINE. LACK FOREIGN EXCHANGE FOR DRUGS AND FUEL, PLUS BANDIT ATTACKS HAVE SERIOUSLY REDUCED BASIC MEDICAL COVERAGE AND DISRUPTED PROGRAMMES SUCH AS IMMUNIZATION, MCH AND ENDEMIC DISEASE CONTROL. VULNERABLE GROUPS PARTICULARLY AFFECTED.

2. GOM'S EMERGENCY HEALTH NEEDS REFLECT ESTIMATED REQUIREMENTS FOR PROGRAMME OF REHABILITATION OF WAR- AND DROUGHT-AFFECTED HEALTH SERVICE NETWORK AND OF ASSISTANCE TO MOST SEVERELYAFFECTED POPULATION GROUPS. IMMEDIATE PRIORITIES ARE (A) REHABILITATION/RE-EQUIPPING OF BASIC HEALTH FACILITIES, (B) ENSURING SUPPLY OF VITAL DRUGS, (C) SPECIAL ASSISTANCE TO MOST VULNERABLE GROUPS, (D) STRENGTHENING HEALTH SECTOR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND SUPERVISORY CAPACITY.

(A) REHABILITATION/RE-EQUIPPING OF BASIC HEALTH FACILITIES:

US DLRS
RECONSTRUCTION AND RE-EQUIPMENT HEALTH POSTS
500,000
MEDICAL EQUIPMENT FOR 09 HEALTH CENTRES/HOSPITALS
90,000
HOSPITAL CLOTHING AND LINEN
200,000
CLEANING MATERIAL AND DISINFECTANT
250,000
AMBULANCES (LAND CRUISERS) X 10
288,000
LOGISTICS SUPPORT (FUEL, MAINTENANCE, PARTS)
200,000
VEHICLES (LAND CRUISERS) X 20
299,000
KITCHEN UTENSILS FOR 200 HEALTH UNITS
100,000
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
1,400,000
WATER SUPPLY FOR 200 HEALTH UNITS (BASIC HAND PUMPS PLUS INSTALLATION, US DLRS 5,000/UNIT)
1,000,000
TOTAL
US DLRS 4,327,000

1. RESTORING AT LEAST PROPORTION OF OVER 500 FACILITIES DESTROYED, DAMAGED OR RANSACKED BY BANDITS IS MAJOR PRIORITY. MOST URGENT NEEDS ARE IN PROVINCES WITH GREATEST PROPORTIONAL LOSS OF FACILITIES IN RELATION TO POPULATION, AS WELL AS INCREASED DEMAND DUE TO DISPLACED AND/OR REPATRIATED PEOPLE. HOWEVER, SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS CURRENTLY AFFECT ABILITY TO RECONSTRUCT IN CERTAIN PROVINCE.

2. ACCORDINGLY, FOLLOWING SPECIFIC NEEDS ARE INCLUDED IN ABOVE COSTING: (I) RECONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPPING OF 200 DISPENSARY/ HEALTH POSTS UNITS (VARIOUS PROVINCES), (II) RECONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPPING 04 HEALTH CENTRES (SOFALA, ZAMBEZIA, TETE AND NAMPULA, 01 EACH), (III) RECONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPPING 05 RURAL HOSPITALS (SOFALA, 03, NAMPULA, 01, AND TETE, 01). NEEDS INCLUDE TRANSPORTATION OF WOUNDED/SERIOUSLY ILL PATIENTS, VEHICLES FOR MEDICAL SUPERVISION VISITS AND SMALL SCALE (WELL/HAND PUMP) WATER SUPPLY FACILITIES TO ENSURE BASIC SANITATION AT HEALTH UNITS.

(B) SUPPLY OF VITAL MEDICINES AND SURGICAL MATERIALS
TOTAL : US DLRS 3,400,000 (CIF)

1. FUNDING FOR COUNTRY'S MEDICAL SUPPLIES FOR NATIONAL FORMULARY OF 101 VITAL MEDICINES PLUS BASIC SURGICAL MATERIALS TOTALLY INSUFFICIENT FOR 1987. FUNDING URGENTLY REQUIRED TO CONTINUE PROCUREMENT SUPPLIES AND DISTRIBUTION TO ALL LEVELS HEALTH CARE SYSTEM. FAILURE THIS PROGRAMME TO CONTINUE WILL MEAN SERIOUS AND FURTHER BREAKDOWN MOZAMBIQUE'S HEALTH SERVICES AT TIME WHEN DEMANDS ON IT FROM DISPLACED AND AFFECTED POPULATION GREATER THAN EVER.

2. OF TOTAL NEEDS 1987 OF US DLRS 20.4 MILLION, COMPRISING 17.4 MILLION FOR VITAL MEDICINES AND 3.0 MILLION FOR SURGICAL MATERIALS, ONLY US DLRS 7 MILLION IS AVAILABLE LEAVING FUNDING GAP OF 13.4 MILLION FOR WHOLE COUNTRY. THIS APPEAL, WHILE RECOGNIZING CRITICAL IMPORTANCE SECURING FUNDS THIS ENTIRE AMOUNT, HIGHLIGHTS TOP PRIORITY NEEDS FOR 3.5 MILLION AFFECTED/DISPLACED PEOPLE. THESE COMPRISE 25 PERCENT OF NATIONAL REQUIREMENT, AND SHOULD BE MET AS A MATTER ABSOLUTE URGENCY.

(C) SPECIAL ASSISTANCE TO MOST VULNERABLE GROUPS

FAMILY KITS (AND HOUSEHOLD ARTICLES FOR INSTITUTIONS) - US DLRS 162,000

FOODSTUFFS FOR THERAPEUTIC FEEDING:

52 MT MILK POWDER, 24.9 LITRES VEGETABLE OIL, 21 MT SUGAR - US DRLS 272,000

TOTAL : US DLRS 434,000

1. DEPT OF SOCIAL ACTION, MINHEALTH RESPONSIBLE FOR EXTENDING CARE TO ESPECIALLY DISAVANTAGED GROUPS, SUCH AS ORPHANED, HANDICAPPED CHILDREN AND AGED. NEEDS THIS SECTOR HAVE GROWN DRAMATICALLY WITH INTENSIFICATION WAR CONDITIONS AND REQUIRE BROAD APPROACH OF ASSISTANCE TO FAMILIES AND COMMUNITY IN GENERAL.

2. TWO SPECIFIC AREAS IMMEDIATE NEED ARE (I) 'FAMILY KITS' FOR HOUSEHOLDS RECEIVING ABANDONED OR ORPHANED CHILDREN OR OTHER AFFECTED PERSONS, INCLUDING CLOTHING, COOKING UTENSILS, FOODSTUFFS, SEEDS AND AGRICULTURAL TOOLS. SIMILAR REQUIREMENTS ARE REQUIRED FOR THE LIMITED NUMBER OF INSTITUTIONS TAKING CARE OF ABANDONED CHILDREN, (II) SPECIAL FOODSTUFFS FOR THERAPEUTIC FEEDING CHILDREN SUFFERING GROWTH FAILURE DUE MALNOURISHMENT CHANNELLED THROUGH HEALTH INSTITUTIONS. THESE FOODS WOULD ASSIST SOME 20,650 CHILDREN IN WORST-AFFECTED PROVINCES OF ZAMBEZIA, TETE, MANICA, SOFALA, INHAMBANE AND GAZA.

(D) STRENGTHENING HEALTH SECTOR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND SUPERVISORY CAPACITY
TOTAL : US DLRS 144,000

1. EXPANDING PRESENTLY SCARCE TECHNICAL CAPACITY MINHEALTH TO RESPOND EMERGENCY SITUATION URGENTLY REQUIRED. SPECIALIST SKILLS FOR EMERGENCY PLANNING AND RESPONSE AS WELL AS FIELD SUPERVISION PRECEDING PROJECTS AMONGST TOP PRIORITIES IMMEDIATE FUTURE. AREAS CONCERNED ARE:
  • EPIDEMIOLOGIST FOR IMPROVING EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND MANAGEMENT OF EMERGENCY RESPONSE, 06 MONTHS.
  • NUTRITIONIST TO INCREASE CAPACITY OF NUTRITION SECTION TO MONITOR STATUS OF VULNERABLE GROUPS AND MOUNT REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES, 06 MONTHS.
  • SANITARY ENGINEER, TO ADVISE ON AND OVERSEE IMPLEMENTATION OF BASIC WATER SUPPLY PROJECTS FOR HEALTH UNITS IN REHABILITATION AND RESETTLEMENT SCHEMES, 06 MONTHS.
  • HEALTH ECONOMIST, TO HELP PLAN AND CO-ORDINATE HEALTH REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES AND HEALTH INPUTS TO MULTISECTORAL RESETTLEMENT PROGRAMMES, 06 MONTHS.
  • TOTAL COSTS INCLUDE 24 PERSON/MONTHS, SALARY, AIRFARES, AND RELATED EXPENDITURES.

GRAND TOTAL HEALTH REQUIREMENTS: US DLRS 8,305,000

PART V. ESSENTIAL WATER SUPPLIES

1. WATER SECTOR IN MOZAMBIQUE EXTREMELY UNDERFUNDED. CLEAN WATER AVAILABLE TO LESS THAN 13 PERCENT POPULATION. DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS SINCE INDEPENDENCE BASED ON MULTISECTOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES IN COMMUNAL VILLAGES INCORPORATING IMPROVED WATER AND SANITATION WITH COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN CONSTRUCTION. LOW COST SHALLOW WELLS WITH HANDPUMPS COMMONLY USED BUT DEEP BOREHOLES NEEDED IN CERTAIN AREAS. THIS PROCESS EXTENSION RURAL WATER SUPPLIES SUFFERED GREAT SETBACKS DUE TO DROUGHTS, WAR AND RESULTING DISLOCATION. MANY DISTRICT CAPITALS FACING LARGE INFLUX POPULATION WITH GREAT PRESSURE ON AVAILABLE WATER. URGENT EXPANSION WATER SUPPLIES REQUIRED PARTICULARLY IN PROVINCES OF TETE, MANICA AND SOFALA TO SERVE SETTLEMENTS WHERE ALREADY UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS SWOLLEN BY LARGE NUMBER DISPLACED.

2. GOM POLICY IS TO ASSIST DISPLACED PEOPLE BY ESTABLISHMENT NEW VILLAGES WHERE FEASIBLE WHICH REQUIRES CREATION MINIMALLY SECURE SOURCES TO BE VIABLE.

3. GOM CAPACITY AT BOTH CENTRAL AND PROVINCIAL LEVEL TO DESIGN, IMPLEMENT AND HELP COMMUNITIES MAINTAIN SUCH SCHEMES VERY WEAK AND PART OF STRATEGY THIS SECTOR IS TO STRENGTHEN SUCH CAPACITY AS A PREREQUISITE TO GEOGRAPHICAL EXPANSION OF EXISTING RURAL WATER SUPPLY PROGRAMMES. AMONG IMMEDIATE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE NEEDS IS SHORT-TERM DESIGN CAPABILITY FOR PRIORITY PROJECT AREAS IDENTIFIED BELOW.

(A) WATER SOURCE CONSTRUCTION AND RECOVERY IN THREE DISTRICTS, TETE PROVINCE
TOTAL : US DLRS 3,200,000

1. PROJECT TO ENABLE UDAAS (NATIONAL WATER AND SANITATION AGENCY) TO EXPAND CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE CAPACITY TETE PROVINCE WHERE SEVERE DROUGHT FAMINE 1983/84 RESULTED HIGH CONCENTRATION DISPLACED PEOPLE IN DISTRICTS CAHORA BASSA/ESTIMA, CHANGARA AND MOATIZE.THESE AREAS SINCE ATTRACTING NEW POPULATIONS BECAUSE AREAS TO NORTH ZAMBEZI RIVER NOW UNSAFE. MAJORITY OF POPULATION THESE DISTRICTS (280,000) USING WATER FROM ZAMBEZI RIVER FOR SHALLOW WELLS IN RIVERBEDS, WITH HIGH DISEASE RISK AND LONG WALKING DISTANCES. GROUNDWATER LEVEL MOST THIS AREA DEEP, SO BOREHOLES NECESSARILY MAIN SOLUTION TO WATER SUPPLY PROBLEMS, ALTHOUGH SOME SUCCESS ALREADY ACHIEVED IN LIMITED AREAS CHANGARA DISTRICT BY UNICEF-SPONSORED PROJECT WITH RIVERSIDE SHALLOW WELLS.

2. PROJECT MADE MORE URGENT BY CONTINUING INFLUX DISPLACED POPULATION FROM ZAMBEZIA, SOFALA AND NORTHERN TETE MAINLY VIA MALAWI, AND INTENTION TO RESETTLE LARGE NUMBER PEOPLE CURRENTLY IN TRANSIT CAMPS IN MOATIZE AND ZOBUE. NEED URGENT NOT ONLY RURAL AREAS BUT ALSO IN DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS OF SONGO AND MOATIZE WHICH ACCOMMODATING GREATLY INCREASED POPULATIONS.

3. UDAAS AND GEOMOC (STATE DRILLING COMPANY) HAVE SMALL BUT GROWING NATIONAL CAPACITY AND DEVELOPED SUCCESSFUL MODEL FOR ESTABLISHMENT PROVINCE-LEVEL CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE INFRASTRUCTURE IN UNICEF-SUPPORTED WELL AND BOREHOLE PROGRAMME IN INHAMBANE PROVINCE. PROJECT UNDER REFERENCE TO ENABLE INSTALLATION SIMILAR CAPACITY FOR TETE PROVINCE, AND TO COMMENCE WITH URGENT CONSTRUCTION/RECUPERATION OF UP TO 130 BOREHOLES OVER FIRST TWO YEARS PLUS SHALLOW WELLS WHERE FEASIBLE. INDICATIVE NEEDS FOR PROJECTS INCLUDE TRANSPORT, WORKSHOP AND OFFICE EQUIPMENT, DRILLING RIGS, PUMPS, TOOLS, OTHER CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TEAM (HYDROGEOLOGIST, MASTER DRILLER, RIG MECHANIC, GEOPHYSICIST). PART OF THIS AMOUNT NEEDED FOR SHORT-TERM PROJECT DESIGN ACTIVITY.

(B) WATER SOURCE CONSTRUCTION AND RECOVERY IN SOFALA AND MANICA PROVINCES
TOTAL : US DLRS 700,000

1. SOFALA AND MANICA PROVINCES HAVE ESTIMATED TOTAL 545,000 DISPLACED PEOPLE MANY OF WHOM CONCENTRATED RELATIVELY SAFE 'BEIRA CORRIDOR' AREA, WHICH INCORPORATES ROAD, RAIL AND OIL PIPELINE FROM ZIMBABWE TO BEIRA PORT. BOTH PROVINCES BADLY AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN 1983/84 AND SUBSEQUENTLY BY INSURGENCY. EXCEPT IN CENTRAL AREAS, THESE PROVINCES CONTAIN LITTLE SHALLOW GROUNDWATER AND GENERALLY HAVE FEW RELIABLE WATER SOURCES. HIGH PRIORITY GIVEN BY GOM TO WATER SOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN AREAS WHERE SECURITY HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED AND WHERE LARGE NUMBER DISPLACED IN URGENT NEED RESETTLEMENT. FIRST AND IMMEDIATE PHASE TO ESTABLISH ENHANCED TECHNICAL AND OPERATIONAL CAPACITY FOR THESE PROVINCES, BASED ON EXISTING UDAAS DELEGATION AT CHIMOIO AND GEOMOC DELEGATION IN BEIRA WHICH HAVE EXISTING BUT OUTMODED RIGS.

2. FUNDS REQUIRED FOR HYDROGEOLOGIST/PROJECT CO-ORDINATOR, NEW ROTARY DRILLING RIG WITH ACCESSORIES, SPARE PARTS AND TOOLS FOR EXISTING CABLE TOOL AND PERCUSSION RIGS AND PROCUREMENT OF MATERIALS (BOREHOLE CASING, SCREENS, CEMENT, FUEL, LUBRICANTS, ETC.). IMMEDIATE PHASE AIMS CONSTRUCT 50 NEW TUBEWELLS AND RECUPERATE 47 EXISTING ONES TO BENEFIT IMMEDIATELY OVER 48,500 RURAL PEOPLE. PROJECT ALSO TO RESULT INCREASED INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY TO MOUNT/SUPERVISE SHALLOW WELL DEVELOPMENT IN RESETTLEMENT VILLAGES USING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION. FIRST SUCH PROJECT DUE TO START EARLY 1987 IN UNICEF-ASSISTED ESPUNGABERA RESETTLEMENT PROJECT SOUTHERN MANICA PROVINCE, WITH EXPANSION TO NEW VILLAGES IN MANICA-CHIMOIO CORRIDOR WITHIN PLANNED UNICEF-ASSISTED INTEGRATED PROJECT FOR DISPLACED PEOPLE.

(C) RECOVERY TETE CITY WATER SUPPLY
TOTAL : US DLRS 600,000

1. TETE IS ONE OF MOST WAR-AFFECTED PROVINCES. THERE AS BEEN A SUBSTANTIAL INFLUX DISPLACED PERSONS TO PROVINCIAL CAPITAL, TETE CITY, CAUSING 300 PERCENT INCREASE POPULATION IN LAST TWO YEARS. CITY AND PERIPHERY POPULATION DEPEND UPON WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM TOTALLY INADEQUATE FOR CURRENT NEEDS, WHILE AVAILABLE SURFACE WATER CONTAMINATED BY OPEN TOWN'S SEWERS.
2. PROJECT TO PROVIDE POPULATION WITH ACCESS TO RELIABLE SUPPLY SAFE WATER BY RECUPERATING EXISTING EQUIPMENT/DISTRIBUTION NETWORK AND BY EXPANDING SUPPLY, PARTICULARLY TO NEW COMMUNITIES ON PERIPHERY THRU BUILDING NEW PUMP STATION AND NEW DISTRIBUTION MAINS. OF OVERALL COST THIS PROJECT, SOME US DLRS 150,000 REQUIRED FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE IN DESIGN, SUPERVISION AND TRAINING OF LOCAL MAINTENANCE/OPERATIONS STAFF.

(D) STRENGTHENING CENTRAL MANAGEMENT CAPACITY
TOTAL (TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE) : US DLRS 600,000

1. FOR EFFECTIVE CO-ORDINATION/MANAGEMENT/SUPERVISION NEW WATER SUPPLY PROJECTS IN MOST AFFECTED AREAS TETE, MANICA, SOFALA (PROJECTS A, B AND C, ABOVE) AND INHAMBANE PROVINCE (ON-GOING), ESSENTIAL THAT CENTRAL CO-ORDINATION AND MANAGEMENT CAPACITIES IN UDAAS BE STRENGTHENED. HIGHEST PRIORITY AREAS INCLUDE: (I) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO SUPPORT PROJECTS WITH MAJOR TECHNICAL DIFFICULTIES IN SOURCE LOCATION, CONSTRUCTION OR MAINTENANCE, (II) LOGISTICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ASSISTANCE, AND (III) MONITORING AND SUPERVISION OF NEW PROJECTS. THESE TECHNICAL INPUTS ARE NEEDED TO FIRM UP IN UDAAS CAPABILITY TO EXTEND ITS SUPPORT TO RURAL AND PROVINCIAL WATER SUPPLY PROGRAMMES BEYOND ITS PRESENT LIMITED COVERAGE.

(E) PROVISION CHEMICALS FOR WATER TREATMENT IN URBAN AND SUBURBAN AREAS
TOTAL : US DLRS 575,000

1. RENEWED AND SYSTEMATIC TREATMENT WATER SUPPLY URGENTLY REQUIRED IN COUNTRY'S MAIN URBAN AND SUBURBAN CENTRES WHERE CROWDING DUE INFLUX DISPLACED PERSONS ACCELERATING OVERALL DETERIORATION LIVING CONDITIONS WITH SIGNIFICANT INCREASE WATER-BORNE DISEASE AFFECTING PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE GROUPS. TOTAL 170 TONS HYDROCHLORINE CALCIUM (US DLRS 275,000) AND 230 TONS GAS CHLORINE (US DLRS 300,000) REQUIRED.

G R A N D T O T A L U S D L R S 5,675,000

PART VI. RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS

1. HIGH PERCENTAGE DISPLACED AND RURAL/URBAN AFFECTED POPULATION HAS LOST MOST POSSESSIONS, HAS NO ACCESS NECESSARY CONSUMER GOODS AND FACES STRINGENT SHORTAGES BASIC COMMODITIES. BASED ON 2,522,600 AFFECTED AND 1,006,600 DISPLACED FOLLOWING RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS TO BE DISTRIBUTED BY DPCCN URGENTLY NEEDED.

(A) CLOTHING : 2,300,000 SETS - DONATIONS IN KIND REQUESTED
UTILITY SHOES : 1,200,000 PAIRS - DONATIONS IN KIND REQUESTED

1. TODAY NEED FOR CLOTHING IN MOZAMBIQUE AS SERIOUS AS NEED FOR FOOD. PROBLEM NUDITY INCREASINGLY GRAVE, WITH LARGE-SCALE IMPACT ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC SYSTEM: WOMEN, MEN WITHOUT CLOTHES DO NOT GO TO FIELDS TO WORK, DO NOT VISIT HEALTH CENTRES, CHILDREN WITHOUT CLOTHES DO NOT GO TO SCHOOL, ARE NOT TAKEN FOR VACCINATION OR MEDICAL TREATMENT.

2. MOST URGENT APPEAL THEREFORE BEING MADE FOR DONATIONS UTILITY CLOTHING AND SHOES. PROVISION OPTIMAL REQUIREMENTS TWO CHANGES CLOTHING AND ONE PAIR SHOES PER AFFECTED AND DISPLACED PERSONS PER YEAR UNREALISTIC. HOWEVER, PROVISION 2,300,000 SETS CLOTHING AND 1,200,000 PAIR SHOES REPRESENTING 30 PERCENT OVERALL NEEDS URGENTLY REQUIRED. EXAMPLE FOR WOMEN, SIMPLE STURDY COTTON FROCKS AND BLOUSES, PLAIN COLOURS, DIFFERENT SIZES, FOR MEN STURDY COTTON SHIRTS, AND LONG PANTS, IN DIFFERENT SIZES, FOR CHILDREN, T-SHIRTS AND SHORTS OF STURDY COTTON AND VARIOUS SIZES. ALL SHOES SHOULD BE FOR UTILITY WEAR ONLY, INCLUDING RUBBER-SOLED SNEAKERS FOR CHILDREN.

3. EXPERIMENTS ALSO BEING MADE WITH FAMILY PACKAGES CONTAINING FABRIC, THREAD, BUTTONS AND NEEDLES FOR ALL MEMBERS FAMILY. WHENEVER POSSIBLE, THIS RESPONSE PREFERRED.

(B) BLANKETS : 1,058,760 US DLRS 2,250,000

1. LIKE CLOTHING, BLANKETS ALSO IN EXTREMELY SCARCE SUPPLY AMONG AFFECTED AND DISPLACED. IN FOUR MONTHS, COLD SEASON MOZAMBIQUE WILL BEGIN, WITH PEOPLE FACING EXPOSURE AND INCREASED HEALTH PROBLEMS WITHOUT MINIMAL COVER. TOTAL NEED ESTIMATED AT 3.5 MILLION BLANKETS, AT COST APPROXIMATELY 07 MILLION DOLLARS. THIS APPEAL REQUEST URGENT DONATION ONLY THIRTY PERCENT REAL NEED.

(C) UTILITY SOAP : 6,350 MTS US DLRS 3,500,000

1. SOAP FOR BOTH PERSONAL HYGIENE AND LAUNDRY EXTREMELY SCARCE THROUGHOUT COUNTRY DUE IN PART LACK FOREIGN CURRENCY INPUTS REQUIRED FOR RE-ACTIVATING LOCAL SOAP-MAKING CAPABILITIES. TOTAL NEED FOR DISPLACED AND AFFECTED POPULATION, BASED ON REQUIREMENT 06 KILOS PER PERSON PER YEAR ESTIMATED AT 21,163 MTS, AT COST US DLRS 11.6 MILLION, OF WHICH AT LEAST THIRTY PERCENT MOST URGENTLY NEEDED. DONORS ALSO REQUESTED EXPLORE POSSIBILITIES ASSIST REHABILITATION LOCAL SOAP FACTORY FOR MORE LONG-TERM SOLUTION TO PROBLEM HYGIENE AND HEALTH.

(D) COOKING UTENSILS : 201,230 SETS US DLRS 604,000

1. DISPLACED POPULATION OFTEN FORCED ABANDON ALL FAMILY POSSESSIONS. SET OF THREE BASIC COOKING UTENSILS NEEDED FOR EACH OF APPROXIMATELY 200,000 FAMILIES AMONG DISPLACED.

GRAND TOTAL ALL RELIEF ITEMS: US DLRS 6,354,000

PART VII. ESSENTIAL AGRICULTURAL INPUTS

1. CRITICAL AND WIDESPREAD SHORTAGES BASIC AGRICULTURAL HANDTOOLS, SEEDS AND OTHER AGRI-INPUTS THROUGHOUT COUNTRY BEING HANDLED BY GOM WITHIN FRAMEWORK ITS STRATEGY FOR REHABILITATION AGRICULTURAL SECTOR. PROBLEM PARTICULARLY ACUTE AMONG DISPLACED FAMILIES, WHICH CURRENTLY REQUIRE HANDTOOLS, SEEDS IN ORDER RESTORE BASIC CAPACITY FOR SUBSISTANCE FARMING. SMALL CENTRALIZED STORAGE FACILITIES FOR SAME ALSO REQUIRED IN KEY CLUSTER RESETTLEMENT AREAS.

2. FOLLOWING REQUEST BASED ON ESTIMATED 250,000 DISPLACED AND SEVERELY AFFECTED FAMILIES IN SOFALA (45 PERCENT), NIASSA (18 PERCENT), ZAMBEZIA (12 PERCENT), TETE (11 PERCENT), MANICA (7 PERCENT), INHAMBANE (4 PERCENT) AND MAPUTO (3 PERCENT).

A. HANDTOOLS

TYPE
UNIT REQUIREMENT
COST C.I.F. MAPUTO/BEIRA
HOES
675,000
US DLRS 1,620,000
MACHETES
250,000
250,000
AXES
250,000
390,000
SICKLES
75,000
46,000
FILES
250,000
250,000
US DLRS 2,556,000

1. HANDTOOLS SHOULD BE MADE AVAILABLE AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AFTER AGREEMENT WITH GOM ON TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS.

B. SEEDS

SEED TYPE
TONS REQUIRED
COST C.I.F. MAPUTO/BEIRA
MAIZE
3,000
US DLRS 1,340,000
SORGHUM
375
126,000
GROUNDNUTS
1,500
1,500,000
COWPEAS
500
200,000
HORTICULTURE
1
100,000
5,376
3,266,000

1. SOURCE VEGETABLE SEEDS NOT SIGNIFICANT PROVIDED SPECIFICATIONS CHECKED WITH MINAGRI. THESE SEEDS SHOULD START TO BECOME AVAILABLE MOZAMBIQUE FOR DISTRIBUTION BY NOVEMBER 1987. OTHER SEEDS SHOULD BE BOUGHT WITHIN REGION, PREFERABLY IN ZIMBABWE, ZAMBIA, AND MALAWI AND SHOULD START TO BECOME AVAILABLE FOR DISTRIBUTION IN MOZAMBIQUE BY JULY 1987.

C. DISTRIBUTION FACTOR

1. FOR VOLUME OF ABOUT 7,000 TONS GOODS, AN ESTIMATED US DLRS 700,000 WILL BE REQUIRED, CALCULATED ON BASIS US DLRS 0.50 PER TON PER KM, AVERAGE TRAVEL DISTANCE 200 KMS.

D. TEMPORARY STORAGE (FOR HANDTOOLS AND SEEDS)

1. SEVEN PREFABRICATED WAREHOUSES WITH A CAPACITY FOR 600-700 TONS EACH. UNIT PRICE, US DLRS 60,000.

TOTAL : US DLRS 420,000

G R A N D T O T A L : U S D L R S 6,942,000 (US DLRS 28/DISPLACED FAMILY)

PART VIII. SUMMARY ALL REQUIREMENTS

A. FOOD AID
1. CEREALS (INDICATIVE)
US DLRS 169,000,000
2. OTHER FOOD
41,938,000
SUB-TOTAL
210,938,000
B. NON FOOD AID
1. LOGISTICS SUPPORT
US DLRS 6,347,000
2. HEALTH
8,305,000
3. WATER
5,675,000
4. RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS
6,354,000
6. AGRICULTURAL IN-PUTS
6,942,000
SUB-TOTAL
33,623,000
G R A N D T O T A L
U S D L R S 244,561,000

PART IX. CONCLUSIONS

1. CONTENTS ABOVE APPEAL FOCUSES PRIMARILY ON EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENT OF 3.5 MILLION SEVERELY AFFECTED AND DISPLACED MOZAMBICAN PEOPLE.

2. HOWEVER, GOM INTENDS, DEPENDING AVAILABILITY RESOURCES, EXECUTING AGENTS, AND ACCESSIBILITY, TO BROADEN ABOVE APPROACH INTO MULTISECTORAL REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES TARGETTING SPECIFIC CLUSTERS OF DISPLACED PERSONS AND PROVIDING THEM WITH INTEGRATED SUPPORT INCLUDING TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

3. TO ENSURE ACCURATE RECORDING OF PLEDGES VERSUS UNMET NEEDS, EXTREMELY IMPORTANT ALL REPEAT ALL DONORS KEEP UNDRO DIRECTLY INFORMED THEIR CURRENT AND PLANNED CONTRIBUTIONS AND PROGRAMMES. THIS INFORMATION TO BE SENT UNDRO (TELEX 28148 UNDR CH) WITH COPY RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV) AND FARAH/ LAMUNIERE, UN/OSPQ, N.Y. (TELEX UNATIONS 82731 OR 62450).

M'HAMED ESSAAFI
UNDER-SECRETARY-GENERAL
UNITED NATIONS DISASTER RELIEF CO-ORDINATOR

CORRIGENDUM TO SITREP NO. 1 (87/0440) OF 27 FEBRUARY 1987

THIS CORRIGENDUM REFLECTS CHANGES IN PART VII ESSENTIAL AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AND PART VIII SUMMARY ALL REQUIREMENTS WHICH NOW READ AS FOLLOWS:

PART VII. ESSENTIAL AGRICULTURAL INPUTS

1. CRITICAL AND WIDESPREAD SHORTAGES BASIC AGRICULTURAL HANDTOOLS, SEEDS AND OTHER AGRI-INPUTS THROUGHOUT COUNTRY BEING HANDLED BY GOM WITHIN FRAMEWORK ITS STRATEGY FOR REHABILITATION AGRICULTURAL SECTOR. PROBLEM PARTICULARLY ACUTE AMONG DISPLACED FAMILIES, WHICH CURRENTLY REQUIRE HANDTOOLS, SEEDS IN ORDER RESTORE BASIC CAPACITY FOR SUBSISTANCE FARMING. SMALL CENTRALIZED STORAGE FACILITIES FOR SAME ALSO REQUIRED IN KEY CLUSTER RESETTLEMENT AREAS.

2. FOLLOWING REQUEST BASED ON ESTIMATED 250,000 DISPLACED AND SEVERELY AFFECTED FAMILIES IN SOFALA (45 PERCENT), NIASSA (18 PERCENT), ZAMBEZIA (12 PERCENT), TETE (11 PERCENT), MANICA (7 PERCENT), INHAMBANE (4 PERCENT) AND MAPUTO (3 PERCENT).

A. HANDTOOLS

TYPE
UNIT REQUIREMENT
COST C.I.F. MAPUTO/BEIRA
HOES
675,000
US DLRS 1,675,000
MACHETES
250,000
750,000
AXES
250,000
1,875,000
SICKLES
75,000
150,000
FILES
250,000
750,000
US DLRS 5,200,000


1. HANDTOOLS SHOULD BE MADE AVAILABLE AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AFTER AGREEMENT WITH GOM ON TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS.

B. SEEDS

SEED TYPE
TONS REQUIRED
COST C.I.F. MAPUTO/BEIRA
MAIZE
3,000
US DLRS 1,340,000
SORGHUM
375
126,000
GROUNDNUTS
1,500
1,500,000
COWPEAS
500
200,000
HORTICULTURE
10
100,000
5,385
3,266,000

1. SOURCE VEGETABLE SEEDS NOT SIGNIFICANT PROVIDED SPECIFICATIONS CHECKED WITH MINAGRI. THESE SEEDS SHOULD START TO BECOME AVAILABLE MOZAMBIQUE FOR DISTRIBUTION BY NOVEMBER 1987. OTHER SEEDS SHOULD BE BOUGHT WITHIN REGION, PREFERABLY IN ZIMBABWE, ZAMBIA, AND MALAWI AND SHOULD START TO BECOME AVAILABLE FOR DISTRIBUTION IN MOZAMBIQUE BY JULY 1987.

C. DISTRIBUTION FACTOR

1. FOR VOLUME OF ABOUT 7,000 TONS GOODS, AN ESTIMATED US DLRS 735,000 WILL BE REQUIRED, CALCULATED ON BASIS US DLRS 0.35 PER TON PER KM, AVERAGE TRAVEL DISTANCE 300 KMS.

D. TEMPORARY STORAGE (FOR HANDTOOLS AND SEEDS)

IT WILL BE NECESSARY TO PROVIDE ABOUT 150 20 X 20 M TARPAULINS FOR TEMPORARY PROTECTION IN SOME LOCALITIES. THE COST INVOLVED WOULD BE ABOUT US DLRS 35,000.

E. PESTICIDES

GIVEN THE HIGH RISK OF MIGRATORY PESTS, IN PARTICULAR IN AREAS WHICH HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN PREVIOUS YEARS IT IS IMPORTANT TO MAKE AVAILABLE AN ALLOCATION OF US DLRS 100,000 FOR THE PURCHASE OF PESTICIDES.

G R A N D T O T A L : U S D L R S 9,336,000 (US DLRS 37/DISPLACED FAMILY)

PART VIII. SUMMARY ALL REQUIREMENTS

A. FOOD AID
1. CEREALS (INDICATIVE)
US DLRS 169,000,000
2. OTHER FOOD
41,938,000
SUB-TOTAL
210,938,000
B. NON FOOD AID
1. LOGISTICS SUPPORT
US DLRS 6,347,000
2. HEALTH
8,305,000
3. WATER
5,675,000
4. RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS
6,354,000
6. AGRICULTURAL IN-PUTS
9,336,000
SUB-TOTAL
36,017,000
G R A N D T O T A L
U S D L R S 246,955,000

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 87/0546

MOZAMBIQUE - CIVIL STRIFE/DROUGHT
SITREP NO. 2
13 MARCH 1987

A. INTRODUCTION

1. ON 27 FEBRUARY 1987 A SPECIAL EMERGENCY APPEAL OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS WAS LAUNCHED CALLING FOR HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF CIVIL STRIFE AND DROUGHT IN MOZAMBIQUE. A DONORS MEETING HAS NOW BEEN CALLED FOR 31 MARCH. THE DELEGATION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE AT THIS MEETING WILL BE HEADED BY THE PRIME MINISTER, HIS EXCELLENCY MR MARIO DA GRACA MACHUNGO.

2. PURPOSE OF UNDRO SITREP NO. 2 IS TO PROVIDE AN UPDATE OF RECENT EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT IN MOZAMBIQUE BY UN AGENCIES AND MAJOR NGOS. THIS SUMMARY IS BASED ON RECENT INFORMATION PROVIDED TO UNDRO BY ORGANIZATIONS CONCERNED.

3. TO ARRIVE AT A CONCERTED PLAN OF ACTION FOR PROVISION OF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE, UNDRO ENVISAGES ISSUING AS FROM APRIL 1987 AND UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE, MONTHLY SITUATION REPORTS ON:

- NUMBER OF AFFECTED AND DISPLACED PERSONS,
- DONORS' RESPONSE TO SG'S APPEAL OF 27 FEBRUARY 1987 AND UNMET REQUIREMENTS,
- PROGRAMMES AND PLANS OF UN AGENCIES AND NGOS RELATING TO SG'S APPEAL.

4. THESE REPORTS WILL BE COMPILED FROM INPUTS RECEIVED FROM THE UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF OPERATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE, WHICH ARE BASED ON EXTENSIVE AND REGULAR CONSULTATIONS BETWEEN HIM, GOVERNMENT, UN AGENCIES, DONORS AND NGOS THROUGH APPROPRIATE COORDINATING MECHANISMS AT FIELD LEVEL, AS WELL AS FROM CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED FROM HEADQUARTERS OF THE ORGANIZATIONS AND INSTITUTIONS CONCERNED.

B. UN AGENCIES/NGOS ACTIVE IN EMERGENCY

RELATED ACTIVITIES IN MOZAMBIQUE

5. UN SYSTEM:

UNDRO, UNICEF, UNDP, UNV, UNHCR, WFP, FAO, WHO.

6. NGOS:

ADVENTIST DEVELOPMENT AND RELIEF AGENCY (ADRA), AFRICARE, AIR SERV INTERNATIONAL ARO SOLIDARITY GROUP, ASSOCIATION FRANCAISE DES VOLONTAIRES DU PROGRES (AFVP), BELGIAN SOCIALIST SOLIDARITY GROUP (ZIMBABWE), BIOFORCE, CARE, CARITAS, CATHOLIC RELIEF SERVICES, CHRISTIAN COUNCIL OF MOZAMBIQUE, CHURCH WORLD SERVICES, COMMUNITY AID ABROAD (CAA), CUSO/SUCO (MOZAMBIQUE), DEVELOPMENT AID FROM PEOPLE TO PEOPLE (ADPP), EDUARDO MONDLANE FOUNDATION (NETHERLANDS), FRIEDRICH EBERT FOUNDATION, GERMAN AGRO ACTION (ZIMBABWE), ICRC, INTERNATIONAL VOLUNTARY SERVICE, LRCS, LUTHERAN WORLD FEDERATION, MEDECINS DU MONDE/HOPITAL SANS FRONTIERES, MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (BELGIUM/FRANCE), MELLEMFOLKELIGT SAMVIRKE, METHODIST CHURCH OF MOZAMBIQUE, MOVIMENTO LIBERAZIONE E SVILUPPO (MOLISV), MOZAMBICAN RED CROSS, NORWEGIAN PEOPLE'S RELIEF ASSOCIATION (NRPA) (ZIMBABWE), OPERATION HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL, OXFAM (UK/USA), REDD BARNA (ZIMBABWE), SAVE THE CHILDREN FUND (UK/USA), WORLD COUNCIL OF CHURCHES, WORLD UNIVERSITY SERVICE (WUS), WORLD VISION INTERNATIONAL.

C. UN SYSTEM

UNDRO:

7. WITH FUNDS DONATED BY CANADIAN GOVERNMENT, UNDRO IS (I) CONTINUING TO SUPPORT GOVERNMENTAL DEPARTMENT FOR PREVENTION, CONTROL AND COMBAT NATURAL DISASTERS (DPCCN) AND ITS LOGISTICS BASE IN PROVINCE ZAMBEZIA, THROUGH PROVISION OF TRUCKS AND VEHICLES AS WELL AS COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS, (II) FOR WATER PURIFICATION, PROVIDING TWO THOUSAND TONS OF ALUMINIUM SULPHATE WHICH ARE BEING DELIVERED TO BEIRA AND MAPUTO. WITH AUSTRALIAN CONTRIBUTION, UNDRO IS FINANCING HEALTH PROGRAMMES OF NGOS - MEDECINS DU MONDE/HOPITAL SANS FRONTIERES, COMMUNITY AID ABROAD - IN PROVINCES INHAMBANE AND SOFALA. WITH ITALIAN FUNDS, COOKING UTENSILS, BLANKETS AND HANDTOOLS WERE SHIPPED FROM THE PISA WAREHOUSE.

8. TO ASSIST THE UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR IN HIS CAPACITY AS UNDRO REPRESENTATIVE, UNDRO WILL, SUBJECT TO RECEIPT OF CASH CONTRIBUTIONS, POST TWO DELEGATES TO MAPUTO. TOTAL COST OF THESE POSTINGS AMOUNTS TO US DLRS 170,000.

UNICEF:

9. SUPPORT PROVIDED TO DPCCN IN LOGISTICAL SECTOR (EMERGENCY AIRLIFT AND ROAD FLEET MAINTENANCE) AND IN AREA OF PLANNING AND INFORMATION. IN COOPERATION WITH MINISTRY OF HEALTH, HEALTH AND NUTRITION PROGRAMMES ARE BEING CARRIED OUT (ESSENTIAL DRUGS AND IMMUNIZATION). AT PROVINCIAL LEVEL RELIEF ITEMS SUCH AS SEEDS, SUPPLEMENTARY FOODS AND HOUSEHOLD ITEMS ARE PROVIDED. RURAL WATER SUPPLIES PROJECTS CARRIED OUT, ESPECIALLY IN PROVINCES INHAMBANE AND CABO DELGADO.

UNDP:

10. WITH GOVERNMENTAL AND WFP PARTICIPATION, UNITED NATIONS SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF OPERATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE CONDUCTED FROM 27 TO 28 FEB UN ASSESSMENT MISSION EMERGENCY/FOOD SITUATION IN ZAMBEZIA, WHICH IS REGION MOST SEVERELY AFFECTED BY CIVIL STRIFE. MISSION REVIEWED FOOD AID LOGISTICS, HEALTH CARE, AND ACCESS TO BENEFICIARIES, EXAMINED NEEDS FOR DISPLACED PERSONS IN RECEPTION CENTRES AND IDENTIFIED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR DPCCN PROVINCIAL OFFICE.

11. EARLY MARCH 1987 UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR CONVENED SERIES OF MEETINGS WITH GOVERNMENT, BILATERAL DONORS, UN AGENCIES AND NGOS TO REVIEW EMERGENCY OPERATIONS AND PRESENT SECRETARY GENERAL'S APPEAL. PARTICULAR EMPHASIS WAS PLACED ON (I) COORDINATION BOTH BY UN SYSTEM AND BY MOZGOVT CONCERNING INFORMATION, NEEDS AND DONATIONS BUT ALSO RE ARRIVAL/DISTRIBUTION EMERGENCY SUPPLIES, (II) DONOR FLEXIBILITY IN ORDER AVOID REDUNDANCY OR OVERLAP IN SUPPLY SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS, AND (III) EXTENT TO WHICH EMERGENCY IN MOZAMBIQUE LINKED WITH REGIONAL PROBLEMS. SECOND ROUND OF MEETINGS SCHEDULED PRIOR MEETING OF 31 MARCH.

12. UNDP IS STRENGTHENING ITS OFFICE IN MAPUTO SUBSTANTIALLY TO PROMOTE ENHANCED COOPERATION AND RESPONSE OF THE UN SYSTEM TO THE SITUATION AT HAND AND TO ALLOW THE SPECIAL COORDINATOR TO CONCENTRATE HIS ACTIVITIES ON EMERGENCY-RELATED MATTERS.

UNITED NATIONS VOLUNTEERS PROGRAMME:

13. SERVICES OF MECHANICS, DATA-BASE MANAGERS AND SANITARY ENGINEERS HAVE BEEN PROVIDED. AT PRESENT SANITARY ENGINEERS ARE ATTACHED TO WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION SCHEMES IN PROVINCES CABO DELGADO AND MANICA AND CITY TETE. UNV IS MAKING INPUT TO UNICEF LOGISTICS AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT PROJECTS.

UNHCR:

14. APPEAL LAUNCHED TO COVER NEEDS OF DISPLACED MOZAMBICANS IN MALAWI AND RETURNEES. UNHCR FIELD CAPACITY IN THE PROVINCE OF TETE, TO WHICH DISPLACED PERSONS IN MALAWI ARE EXPECTED TO RETURN, IS BEING STRENGTHENED.

WFP:

15. UNDER ONGOING EMERGENCY OPERATION, 12,000 TONS OF MAIZE, 3,535 TONS OF BEANS AND 50 TONS OF LYOPHILIZED PRODUCTS WERE SUPPLIED FOR DISTRIBUTION TO 1,473,000 DROUGHT VICTIMS AND DISPLACED PERSONS LOCATED IN PROVINCES INHAMBANE, GAZA, SOFALA, MANICA, TETE AND ZAMBEZIA. DISTRIBUTION IS EXPECTED TO BE COMPLETED IN APRIL 1987 (THOUGH CURRENT STOCKS OF BILATERAL FOOD COMMODITIES MAY LAST UNTIL MID-1987).

16. AS CONTINUATION OF ITS ASSISTANCE BEYOND APRIL 1987, WFP APPROVED ON 18 FEB 87, ADDITIONAL SUPPLY OF 11,000 TONS OF MAIZE, 2,000 TONS OF BEANS AND 50 TONS OF LYOPHILIZED PRODUCTS AT TOTAL COST OF US DLRS 4.7 MILLION. FOOD AID UNDER THIS FORTHCOMING EMERGENCY OPERATION WILL COVER UNMET FOOD AID REQUIREMENTS OF APPROXIMATELY 760,000 PERSONS IN PROVINCES INHAMBANE, GAZA, MANICA, SOFALA AND TETE.

17. LOGISTICS COORDINATOR HAS BEEN POSTED IN MAPUTO TO HELP ORGANIZE AND DIRECT FLOW OF EMERGENCY FOOD AID. FOOD AID COORDINATOR BEING ASSIGNED TO FOOD MANAGEMENT UNIT, MINISTRY INTERNAL TRADE. SENIOR OFFICER EXPERIENCED EMERGENCY OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT BEING ASSIGNED WFP OFFICE MAPUTO. HIGH LEVEL FOOD AID AND LOGISTICS MISSION CURRENTLY IN MOZAMBIQUE REVIEWING OVERALL SITUATION AND WILL REVERT.

18. LOGISTICAL FOOD DELIVERY OPERATION BEING CARRIED OUT BY SEA TO COASTAL AREAS IN INHAMBANE BY THE VESSEL 'CINQ JUIN'. THE 'CINQ JUIN' HAS MADE OVER 110 TRIPS THUS FAR CARRYING 335 TONS OF FOOD ON EACH FOR A TOTAL OF 335,000 TONS. RECENTLY THIS VESSEL WAS JOINED BY ANOTHER BOAT CHARTERED BY WFP, THE 'IDUN'. WFP PLANS TO CONTINUE THIS LOGISTICAL OPERATION BY SEA.

FAO:

19. PROSPECTS FOR CEREAL CROPS TO BE HARVESTED APRIL 1987 UNFAVOURABLE. MISSION TO MOZAMBIQUE BEING CARRIED OUT TO ASSIST GOVT IN PREPARATION OF PROJECT PROPOSALS AND PLAN OF ACTION FOR EMERGENCY AND REHABILITATION IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR.

WHO:

20. TOGETHER WITH UNICEF, WHO FORMS PART OF WORKING GROUP IN MINISTRY OF HEALTH EVALUATING HEALTH NEEDS (DRUGS, MEDICAL SUPPLIES, CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL, WATER SUPPLY SCHEMES AND EQUIPMENT FOR REHABILITATION OF PRIMARY LEVEL HEALTH FACILITIES). FAMILY HEALTH KITS ARE FORESEEN FOR HOUSEHOLDS AND INSTALLATIONS RECEIVING ORPHANS.

D. MAJOR NGOS (OTHERS TO BE COVERED IN FURTHER SITUATION REPORTS WITH INFORMATION MADE AVAILABLE)

CARE:

21. CARE DISASTER LOGISTICS UNIT (LSU) ASSISTS DPCCN TO COORDINATE AND TO MANAGE VARIOUS ASPECTS OF EMERGENCY FOOD AID. ADVISORY TEAM OF 17 TECHNICAL AND LOGISTICAL MANAGERS PLACED TO TRAIN DPCCN STAFF AND TO FACILITATE RECEIPT, STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION OF EMERGENCY FOOD. SEEDS AND HANDTOOLS PROVIDED TO LOCAL FARMERS.

LRCS/MOZAMBICAN RED CROSS:

22. MOZAMBICAN RED CROSS CREATED EMERGENCY UNIT WITH REPRESENTATIVES LRCS, MINHEALTH AND DPCCN. FOLLOWING PRIORITY PROVINCES IDENTIFIED: NIASSA, TETE, ZAMBEZIA AND MANICA. IN ZAMBEZIA PROVINCE APPROXIMATELY 35,000 DISPLACED PERSONS IN CHINDE AND 4,000 IN INHASSUNGE ARE BEING ASSISTED BY MOZAMBICAN RED CROSS (MRCS) WITH SUPPORT OF LRCS DELEGATION. MRCS HAS TWO TEAMS TOTALLING 20 FIRST-AIDERS WORKING ON THE SPOT (ONE IN EACH DISTRICT). A JOINT LRCS/ICRC MISSION IS SCHEDULED FOR APRIL 1987 TO DETERMINE DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITIES BETWEEN THE TWO AGENCIES.

LUTHERAN WORLD FEDERATION:

23. ON 2 MARCH LWF LAUNCHED AN EMERGENCY APPEAL. FACT-FINDING MISSION AT PRESENT DETERMINING USE OF DONORS' RESPONSE.

MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (BELGIUM):

24. REHABILITATION OF HEALTH FACILITIES IN NORTHERN INHAMBANE. MEDICAL TEAMS SENT TO INHAMBANE AND HAS SUPPLIED MEDICAMENTS AND BASIC MEDICAL EQUIPMENT TO INHAMBANE AND SOFALA PROVINCES.

MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (FRANCE):

25. REHABILITATION WORKS OF MOCUBA HOSPITAL (ZAMBEZIA) DUE FOR COMPLETION IN JUNE 1987. MSF TEAM SHALL STAY ON UNTIL 1988. AN AIRLIFT (MEDICAMENTS, VACCINES, MATERIALS, MEDICAL EVACUATIONS) COVERS ISOLATED TOWNS IN MANICA AND TETE PROVINCES. OPHTALMOLOGIST CARE PROVIDED TO TETE HOSPITAL AND PROVINCIAL DISPENSARIES ACCESSIBLE BY ROAD.

OXFAM (UK)/SAVE THE CHILDREN (UK):

26. APPEAL LAUNCHED ON 12 FEB 1987. RELIEF PROGRAMMES WILL CONCENTRATE ON GAZA, NIASSA, TETE, ZAMBEZIA PROVINCES. FIRST PHASE WILL INCLUDE RELIEF ITEMS SUCH AS GRAIN, HIGH ENERGY BISCUITS, MEDICINES, BLANKETS, FABRIC, SEWING KITS, COOKING POTS. SECOND PHASE WILL CONSIST OF PROVISION OF SEEDS, FERTILIZERS AND TOOLS FOR 50,000 FAMILIES MAINLY IN ZAMBEZIA PROVINCE IN ORDER THAT THEY MAY PLANT DURING PERIOD OCT 87 - FEB 88.

SAVE THE CHILDREN (USA):

27. CHILD SURVIVAL/PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PROJECT UNDERTAKEN IN PROVINCE OF GAZA COVERING A POPULATION OF 15,000.

WORLD COUNCIL OF CHURCHES:

28. A 1987 SIX-MONTH EMERGENCY APPEAL LAUNCHED FOR FOOD, SEEDS, TOOLS, MEDICINES, BLANKETS, HOUSEHOLD UTENSILS TO BE DISTRIBUTED BY CHRISTIAN COUNCIL OF MOZAMBIQUE IN COOPERATION WITH DPCCN IN PROVINCES OF GAZA, INHAMBANE, MAPUTO, SOFALA AND TETE.

WORLD VISION INTERNATIONAL:

29. FROM 1 OCTOBER 1986 TO 30 SEPTEMBER 1987, 24,500 MT MAIZE, 3,000 MT BEANS AND 3,000 MT VEGETABLE OIL BEING PROVIDED TO PROVINCES OF GAZA, MANICA, MAPUTO, TETE AND ZAMBEZIA, THROUGH DPCCN, MOZAMBICAN RED CROSS, CARITAS AND CHRISTIAN COUNCIL OF MOZAMBIQUE. DISTRIBUTION PACKAGES OF AGRICULTURAL INPUTS (SEED, HANDTOOLS AND MANUALS) TO 10,000 FARMERS IN TETE AND 8,000 FARMERS IN ZAMBEZIA.

E. RECORDING OF CONTRIBUTIONS

30. TO ENSURE ACCURATE RECORDING OF CONTRIBUTIONS VERSUS UNMET NEEDS, IMPORTANT ALL DONORS KEEP UNDRO DIRECTLY INFORMED THEIR CURRENT AND PLANNED CONTRIBUTIONS AND PROGRAMMES. THIS INFORMATION TO BE SENT UNDRO (28148 UNDR CH) WITH COPY RESIDENT COORDINATOR/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV) AND FARAH/LAMUNIERE, UN/OSPQ, N.Y. (TELEX UNATIONS 82731 OR 62450).

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

CORRIGENDUM TO SITREP NO. 2 (UNDRO 87/0546B) OF 13 MARCH 1987

PART TWO WFP PARA 18 SECOND SENTENCE SHOULD READ AS FOLLOWS: THE 'CINQ JUIN' HAS MADE SAME 125 TRIPS THUS FAR CARRYING APROXIMATELY 45,000 TONS OF EMERGENCY FOOD.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 87/0708

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
SITREP NO. 3
3 APRIL 1987

1. AS ANNOUNCED IN THE UN SECGEN'S APPEAL OF 27 FEBRUARY 1987, THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY (GOVERNMENTS, UN SYSTEM, NGOS) ATTENDED ON 31 MARCH A MEETING CONVENED BY SECGEN ON HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO MOZAMBIQUE. TOGETHER WITH A DELEGATION OF THE MOZAMBIQUE GOVERNMENT HEADED BY THE PRIME MINISTER OF MOZAMBIQUE AND THE SPECIAL UN CO-ORDINATOR FOR RELIEF OPERATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE, REPRESENTATIVES OF 53 GOVERNMENTS, 2 INTER-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS, 14 AGENCIES OF THE UN SYSTEM AND 37 NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS PARTICIPATED IN THE MEETING CHAIRED BY THE UNITED NATIONS DISASTER RELIEF CO-ORDINATOR.

2. THE UNDER-SECRETARY-GENERAL FOR SPECIAL POLITICAL QUESTIONS TRANSMITTED A MESSAGE FROM SECGEN STRESSING THE NEED FOR IMMEDIATE ACTION IN ORDER TO AVOID FURTHER INTENSIFICATION OF THE EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE. THE PRIME MINISTER GAVE AN OVERVIEW OF THE SITUATION IN MOZAMBIQUE IN RECENT YEARS AND HIGHLIGHTED THE DIRE STATE OF THE AFFECTED POPULATION AS A RESULT OF EXTERNALLY INDUCED DESTABILISATION. HE OUTLINED MEASURES BEING TAKEN BY MOG TO ENHANCE NATIONAL AID CO-ORDINATION AND RECEPTION CAPACITY.

3. THE UN SPECIAL CO-ORDINATOR FOR RELIEF OPERATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE DESCRIBED THE EFFORTS BEING UNDERTAKEN BY THE UN SYSTEM TO PROMOTE CLOSE CO-OPERATION BETWEEN ALL PARTIES INVOLVED IN RELIEF OPERATIONS. HE STRESSED THE NEED FOR A CENTRAL INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR COLLECTION/ANALYSIS/DISSEMINATION OF EMERGENCY DATA.

4. A CLEAR COMMITMENT TOWARDS ALLEVIATING THE PLIGHT OF THE AFFECTED POPULATION IN MOZAMBIQUE WAS EXPRESSED BY DONOR GOVERNMENTS AND REPRESENTATIVES OF NGOS AND UN SYSTEM. REPRESENTATIVES OF AFRICAN COUNTRIES WHO TOOK THE FLOOR EMPHASIZED THEIR SOLIDARITY WITH THE PEOPLE OF MOZAMBIQUE. HAVING CONCLUDED ITS FORMAL AGENDA, THE MEETING BRIEFLY DISCUSSED QUESTIONS RELATED TO LOGISTICS, RELIEF MANAGEMENT IN GENERAL AND ACCESSIBILITY OF AFFECTED POPULATION.

5. ON 1 APRIL 1987, A FOLLOW-UP MEETING WAS HELD WITH NGOS (35) AND UN AGENCIES WITH THE PARTICIPATION OF THE MINISTER OF COOPERATION, MOZAMBIQUE, AND THE UN SPECIAL CO-ORDINATOR FOR RELIEF OPERATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE. EQUAL PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN GOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN RELIEF MANAGEMENT STRUCTURES WAS ADVOCATED. IN ORDER TO AVOID DUPLICATION OF RELIEF EFFORTS AND TO ENABLE UNIFIED REPORTING ON RELIEF OPERATIONS, A RECOMMENDATION WAS MADE FOR NGOS TO IMPROVE THEIR OWN COORDINATION MECHANISMS AT NATIONAL, PROVINCIAL AND SECTORAL LEVEL.

6. COMMITMENTS FOR RELIEF CONTRIBUTIONS IN 1987 MADE AT THE MEETING AMOUNTED TO APPROX. US DOLLARS 209 MILLION. A PRELIMINARY AND TENTATIVE LIST BY COUNTRY IS PROVIDED BELOW. UNDRO IS AT PRESENT VERIFYING THESE DATA AND MATCHING THEM AGAINST RELIEF REQUIREMENTS.

7. TENTATIVE LIST OF PLEDGED CONTRIBUTIONS:

US DLRS
AUSTRALIA
878,000
AUSTRIA
(ESTIMATE) 800,000
BELGIUM
(ESTIMATE) 881,000
BOTSWANA
1,176,000
CANADA
12,367,000
CZECHOSLOVAKIA
414,000
DENMARK
2,200,000
FINLAND
1,200,000
FRANCE
(ESTIMATE) 800,000
GERMANY, FED. REP
4,945,000
ITALY
38,500,000
NETHERLANDS
11,000,000
NEW ZEALAND
139,000
NORWAY
4,286,000
PORTUGAL
2,100,000
SWEDEN
11,000,000
USSR
282,000
U.K.
12,789,000
USA
75,464,000
EEC
27,880,000
TOTAL
209,101,000

A FINAL LIST TAKING INTO ACCONT COMMITMENTS OF GOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL DONORS TO MOZAMBIQUE WILL BE ISSUED SHORTLY.

8. TO ENSURE ACCURATE RECORDING OF CONTRIBUTIONS VERSUS UNMET NEEDS, IMPORTANT ALL DONORS KEEP UNDRO INFORMED THEIR CURRENT AND PLANNED CONTRIBUTIONS AND PROGRAMMES. THIS INFORMATION TO BE SENT UNDRO (28148 UNDR CH) WITH COPY RESIDENT COORDINATOR/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV) AND FARAH/LAMUNIERE, UN/OSPQ, N.Y. (TELEX UNATIONS 82731 OR 62450).

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 87/1041

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
SITREP NO. 4
15 MAY 1987

1. PROVINCES REPORTED MOST AFFECTED BY WAR ARE TETE, ZAMBEZIA AND SOFALA. PEOPLE IN LIBERATED AREAS MANY OF WHOM REMAIN INACCESSIBLE BY ROAD URGENTLY NEED FOOD. WFP HAS ALMOST COMPLETED AIRLIFT OF 100 MT FOOD AND RELIEF SUPPLIES FROM BEIRA TO INHAMINGA, SOFALA PROVINCE.

2. FAO MISSION (LATE MARCH/EARLY APRIL) CONFIRMED THAT OUTLOOK FOR CEREAL CROPS ABOUT TO BE HARVESTED IS UNFAVOURABLE. IN ALL PROVINCES AREA PLANTED WAS SERIOUSLY REDUCED, WHILE IN THE SOUTHERN PROVINCES OF GAZA, INHAMBANE AND MAPUTO CROPS HAVE BEEN SEVERELY AFFECTED BY DROUGHT. PRODUCTION OF CEREALS WILL PROBABLY BE LESS THAN THE POOR 1986 CROP, WHILE THAT OF OTHER NON-CEREAL STAPLE FOODS IS ALSO LIKELY TO DECLINE.

3. MOST RECENT ESTIMATE BY MOZ AUTHORITIES OF NUMBER AFFECTED AND DISPLACED POPULATION INDICATES TOTAL 4.3 MILLION. PROVINCE NAMPULA ADDED TO AFFECTED PROVINCES.

PROVINCE
DISPLACED
AFFECTED
TOTAL
MAPUTO-1/
167,421
190,837
358,258
INHAMBANE
55,000
414,883
469,883
GAZA
--
383,983
383,983
MANICA
102,967
151,002
253,969
SOFALA
476,102
107,107
583,209
TETE-2/
119,000
195,000
314,000
ZAMBEZIA
252,805
574,840
827,645
NIASSA
203,307
239,300
442,607
NAMPULA
177,460
494,595
672,055
TOTAL
1,554,062
2,751,547
4,305,609

-1/ EXCLUDING CITY MAPUTO.

-2/ IN ADDITION 306,000 PEOPLE FROM TETE PROVINCE ARE DISPLACED IN OTHER COUNTRIES, INCLUDING MALAWI, ZAMBIA AND ZIMBABWE.

4. REQUIREMENTS IN SECTORS WATER AND AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AS REFERRED TO IN SEC-GEN'S APPEAL OF 27 FEB 87 ARE STILL LARGELY UNMET (SEE BELOW PARA 8.C AND E). GOVT EMPHASIZES IMPORTANCE OF CONTRIBUTIONS IN THESE TWO SECTORS AS A MEANS TO ACHIEVE SELF-SUFFICIENCY.

5. WITH A VIEW TO SUPPORTING THE UN SYSTEM COORDINATION STRUCTURE IN MOZAMBIQUE UNDRO HAS FIELDED (1) ADVISER/EMERGENCY LIAISON OFFICER TO ASSIST UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR RELIEF OPERATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE, (2) INFORMATION SYSTEM EXPERT (SECONDED BY UNHCR) TO PREPARE SETTING UP INFORMATION SYSTEM IN UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR'S OFFICE IN MAPUTO, (3) COORDINATION ADVISERS AT PROVINCIAL LEVEL (SO FAR TWO ADVISERS SENT TO PROVINCES SOFALA AND ZAMBEZIA RESPECTIVELY). THIS UNDRO INPUT HAS BEEN MADE POSSIBLE BY UK GOVT'S POSITIVE RESPONSE TO UNDRO'S APPEAL FOR FUNDING OF FIELD DELEGATES.

6. STRUCTURE FOR COORDINATION IN MOZAMBIQUE


UN/GOVT DONORS/NGOS
MOZ GOVT
IN MAPUTO
(A) UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF OPERATIONS IN COOPERATION WITH REPRESENTATIVES UN SYSTEM/GOVT DONORS/NGOS
NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMISSION FOR EMERGENCY
(B) UN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS GROUP WITH FOUR TECHNICAL STANDING COMMITTEES:
- FOOD/LOGISTICS/DISTRIBUTION
- HEALTH/NUTRITION/RELIEF
- AGRICULTURE/WATER
- RETURNEES/DISPLACED
NATIONAL EMERGENCY TECHNICAL COUNCIL
PROVINCIAL LEVEL
(C) FOUR COORDINATION ADVISERS BEING ASSIGNED BY UNDRO. (SO FAR TWO ADVISERS SENT TO
PROVINCES SOFALA AND ZAMBEZIA)
PROVINCIAL COMMISSION FOR EMERGENCY
(D) FOUR WFP FOOD LOGISTICS STAFF (SO FAR TWO STAFF ASSIGNED TO PROVINCES SOFALA AND ZAMBEZIA)
PROVINCIAL COMMISSION FOR EMERGENCY

REQUIREMENTS

7. FOOD

REQUIREMENTS FOR CROP YEAR MAY 87 TO APRIL 1988 ARE CURRENTLY UNDER REVIEW AND THE ESTIMATE BELOW IS PROVISIONAL:


A. CEREALS
(MT)
AID REQUIREMENTS
674,000
PLEDGES/CONTRIBUTIONS
457,000
SHORTFALL
217,000
B. OTHER FOOD
SHORTFALL (MT)
SUGAR
40,000
OIL
2,000
PULSES
47,000

8. NON-FOOD (TOTAL VALUE UNMET NEEDS: US DLRS 27,166,000)

A. LOGISTICS SUPPORT: US DLRS 2,617,000

AIR TRANSPORT (US DLRS 750,000), LIGHT VEHICLES (US DLRS 344,000), FUEL AND LUBRICANTS (US DLRS 83,000), WORKSHOP/OFFICE EQUIPMENT (US DLRS 120,000), SEA TRANSPORT (US DLRS 1,320,000).

B. HEALTH: US DLRS 4,671,000

REHABILITATION/RE-EQUIPPING OF BASIC HEALTH FACILITIES (US DLRS 4,313,000), SPECIAL ASSISTANCE TO MOST VULNERABLE GROUPS (US DLRS 214,000), STRENGTHENING OF HEALTH SECTOR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT CAPACITY (US DLRS 144,000).

C. WATER: US DLRS 5,675,000

TUBEWELL CONSTRUCTION AND RECOVERY, MANICA AND SOFALA (US DLRS 700,000), STRENGTHENING CENTRAL MANAGEMENT CAPACITY (US DLRS 600,000), DRINKING WATER BOREHOLE DRILLING AND RECOVERY IN RURAL AREAS TETE PROVINCE (US DLRS 3,200,000), RECOVERY TETE CITY WATER SUPPLY (US DLRS 600,000), CHEMICAL SUPPORT FOR SAFE DRINKING WATER (US DLRS 575,000).

D. RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS: US DLRS 5,780,000

IN ADDITION TO SHOES AND CLOTHING (DONATIONS IN KIND REQUESTED), BLANKETS (US DLRS 2,027,000), SOAP (US DLRS 3,220,000), COOKING UTENSILS (US DLRS 533,000).

E. AGRICULTURAL INPUTS: US DLRS 8,423,000

HANDTOOLS (US DLRS 5,180,000), SEEDS (US DLRS 2,373,000), PESTICIDES (US DLRS 100,000), DISTRIBUTION AND TEMPORARY STORAGE COSTS (US DLRS 770,000).

ADDITIONAL FUNDS REQUIRED

9. UNICEF: INTEGRATED RESETTLEMENT PROJECT IN MANICA DISTRICT REQUIRES AN ADDITIONAL US DLRS 270,000.

10. WFP: APPEALING FOR CONTRIBUTIONS IN ORDER TO IMPROVE STORAGE/ OFFTAKE CAPACITY AT MAPUTO PORT AND DELIVERY/STORAGE/OFFTAKE CAPACITY (INCLUDING AIRLIFTS) AT CENTRAL AND PROVINCIAL DELIVERY POINTS.

11. NGO PROJECTS:
  • CARE INTERNATIONAL: USD 430,000 FOR SUPPLY OF BASIC CONSUMER GOODS AND LOGISTICS SUPPORT TO DISPLACED AND AFFECTED IN INTERIOR INHAMBANE PROVINCE.
  • CARITAS INTERNATIONALIS: USD 2,798,000 TO CARRY OUT A COMPREHENSIVE 1987 RELIEF PROGRAMME FOR 40,000-50,000 FAMILIES. SO FAR USD 1,600,000 HAVE BEEN RECEIVED/PLEDGED.
  • EDUARDO MONDLANE FOUNDATION/NETHERLANDS: USD 995,250 FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF AND INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ALTO CHANGANE, GAZA.
  • OPERATION HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL/FRANCE: USD 339,120 FOR TRAINING OF STAFF AT INHAMBANE HOSPITAL.
  • OXFAM/UK: USD 1,747,715 FOR INTEGRATED RELIEF PROGRAMME IN MAUA AND CUAMBA, NIASSA.
  • SAVE CHILDREN FUND/UK: USD 1,300,000 FOR SEA TRANSPORT ENHANCEMENT AND TRAINING FOR ZAMBEZIA.

CONTRIBUTIONS FOR RELIEF ACTIVITIES IN 1987

12. GOVERNMENTAL AND INTER-GOVERNMENTAL PLEDGES/CONTRIBUTIONS:
TOTAL US DLRS 180,167,000.

(AUSTRALIA, AUSTRIA, BELGIUM, BOTSWANA, BRAZIL, CANADA, CZECOSLOVAKIA, DENMARK, FINLAND, FRANCE, GERMAN DEM REP, GERMANY FED REP, IRELAND, ITALY, JAPAN, KENYA, NETHERLANDS, NEW ZEALAND, NIGERIA, NORWAY, POLAND, PORTUGAL, SWEDEN, USSR, UK, USA, YUGOSLAVIA AND EEC).

13. THE UN SYSTEM (UNICEF, WFP, WHO) CONTRIBUTED US DLRS 10,284,000.

14. PLEDGES/CONTRIBUTIONS FROM NGOS/PRIVATE SECTORS AMOUNT TO US DLRS 7,845,000.

(NGOS INCLUDE ADRA, CARE, CARITAS, FOOD FOR THE HUNGRY, HELP THE AGED, HOPITAL SANS FRONTIERES, LRCS, LWF, MEDECINS DU MONDE, MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES, OXFAM, REDD BARNA, SAVE THE CHILDREN, WORLD VISION).

15. TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS WHOSE VALUE HAS BEEN REPORTED TO UNDRO APPROX US DLRS 200 MILLION.

16. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 87/1118

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
SITREP NO. 5
22 MAY 1987

1. WFP AIRLIFT OF RELIEF SUPPLIES FROM BEIRA TO INHAMINGA IS BEING CONTINUED. AIR TRANSPORT 200 MT WILL BE FINANCED BY UNDRO WITH CANADIAN CONTRIBUTION.

2. FURTHER TO SITREP NO. 4 DATED 15 MAY 1987, HERE IS COMPLETED AND/OR UPDATED INFO RELATED TO NON-FOOD REQUIREMENTS.

3.

REQUIREMENTS
(US DLRS)
CONTRIBUTIONS
(US DLRS)
UNMET REQUIREMENTS
(US DLRS)
A. LOGISTICS SUPPORT
6,347,000
3,730,000
2,617,000
B. HEALTH
8,305,000
3,634,000
4,671,000
C. WATER
5,675,000
--
5,675,000
D. RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS
6,354,000
574,000
5,780,000
E. AGRICULTURAL INPUTS
9,336,000
913,000
8,423,000
36,017,000
8,851,000
27,166,000

4. PROPOSED PRINCIPAL CHANNELS IN ADDITION TO GVT FOR FUNDING OF UNMET NON-FOOD REQUIREMENTS (CF. UNDRO SITREP NO. 4, PARA 8)

LOGISTICS SUPPORT: US DLRS 2,617,000
CHANNEL(S) FOR TRANSFER OF FUNDS:
UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR/UNDRO, UNICEF, WFP

HEALTH: US DLRS 4,671,000
CHANNEL(S) FOR TRANSFER OF FUNDS: UNICEF, WHO

WATER: US DLRS 5,675,000
CHANNEL FOR TRANSFER OF FUNDS: UNICEF

RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS: US DLRS 5,780,000
CHANNEL FOR TRANSFER OF FUNDS: UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR/UNDRO, UNICEF

AGRICULTURAL INPUTS: US DLRS 8,423,000
CHANNEL FOR TRANSFER OF FUNDS: UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR/UNDRO, FAO

5. STATUS OF NGO PROJECTS SUBMITTED TO DONORS MEETING OF 31/3.
FINANCING NOT INCLUDED UNDER PARA. 3

(UP-DATE OF PARA 11, SITREP NO. 4 OF 15 MAY 1987)

A. FULLY FINANCED:

- EDUARDO MONDLANE FOUNDATION/NETHERLANDS: EMERGENCY RELIEF AND
INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ALTO CHANGANE, GAZA. (FUNDED BY GOVT NETHERLANDS)

- OXFAM/UK, REDD BARNA/NORWAY: INTEGRATED RELIEF PROGRAMME IN MAUA AND CUAMBA, NIASSA.
(FUNDED BY OXFAM/UK AND REDD BARNA/NORWAY)

B. PARTIALLY FINANCED:

- CARITAS INTERNATIONALIS: COMPREHENSIVE 1987 RELIEF PROGRAMME FOR 40,000-50,000 FAMILIES.
INITIAL REQUIREMENT: US DLRS 2,798,000
CONTRIBUTION: US DLRS 1,600,000
UNMET NEED: US DLRS 1,198,000

- OPERATION HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL/FRANCE: TRAINING OF STAFF AT INHAMBANE PROVINCIAL HOSPITALS.
INITIAL REQUIREMENT: US DLRS 339,120
CONTRIBUTION: US DLRS 134,870 (EEC CONTRIBUTION ECUS 117,000)
UNMET NEED: US DLRS 204,250

C. NOT YET FINANCED:

- CARE INTERNATIONAL: SUPPLY OF BASIC CONSUMER GOODS AND LOGISTICS SUPPORT TO DISPLACED AND AFFECTED IN INTERIOR INHAMBANE PROVINCE.
REQUIREMENT: US DLRS 430,000

- SAVE CHILDREN FUND/UK: SEA TRANSPORT ENHANCEMENT AND TRAINING FOR ZAMBEZIA.
REQUIREMENT: US DLRS 1,300,000

6. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

(DPR 310 MOZ'86(1))


UNDRO 87/1396

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
SITREP NO. 6
23 JUNE 1987

COORDINATION

1. GOVT HAS SET UP SPECIAL EMERGENCY OPERATIONS COMMITTEE TO IDENTIFY AND SOLVE BOTTLENECKS IN COORDINATION AND IMPLEMENTATION EMERGENCY PROGRAMMES, COMPRISING SOME 20 PARTICIPANTS FROM MOZ GOVT, DONOR GOVERNMENTS, NGOS AND UN. WEEKLY MEETINGS CHAIRED BY VICE-MINISTER OF TRADE. UNDRO ADVISER/EMERGENCY LIAISON OFFICER TO UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR ACTS AS SECRETARY OF THE COMMITTEE.

2. COMPUTER EQUIPMENT (DONATED BY SWISS GOVT) UP-GRADING THE CAPACITY OF OFFICE SPECIAL UN COORDINATOR OF EMERGENCY OPERATIONS (UNSCERO) IN MOZ TO STORE AND DISSEMINATE DATA ON REQUIREMENTS/CONTRIBUTIONS AND OTHER STATISTICS EMERGENCY SITUATION, HAS BEEN INSTALLED. UNDRO DELEGATES ARE ADAPTING SOFTWARE TO REPORTING REQUIREMENTS. LOCAL STAFF BEING TRAINED IN USING EQUIPMENT.

DISTRIBUTION OF RELIEF ASSISTANCE

3. IMPORT/CLEARANCE PROCEDURES AND UNLOADING SERVICES BEING REVIEWED TO ALLOW FOR EXPEDITIOUS AND SIMPLIFIED HANDLING OF EMERGENCY DONATIONS.

4. IN ORDER AVOID BOTTLENECKS, FUTURE SCHEDULING OF FOOD AID SHIPMENTS SHOULD BE CHECKED WITH WFP MOZAMBIQUE EMERGENCY TASK FORCE/ROME CHAIRMAN ELLIS, TELEPHONE: 57-971, EXT: 6321 OR 5412.

UNMET EMERGENCY RELIEF REQUIREMENTS

5. RELIEF REQUIREMENTS LARGELY UNMET IN AREAS WATER, RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS AND AGRICULTURAL INPUTS (REF SITREP NO. 4 DATED 15 MAY PARA 8 AND SITREP NO. 5 DATED 22 MAY PARAS 3/4). DUTCH CONTRIBUTION OF US DLRS 961,000 THROUGH UNICEF FOR EMERGENCY HEALTH SECTOR WILL BE USED FOR REHABILITATION/ RE-EQUIPPING OF BASIC HEALTH FACILITIES, THEREBY REDUCING NEEDS IN THIS SECTOR TO US DLRS 3,710,000.

6. WFP REPORTS WHEAT AND RICE REQUIREMENTS FOR CROP YEAR 87/88 COVERED WHEREAS NEED FOR MAIZE, PULSES AND VEGOIL NOT YET MET.

7. WFP APPEAL FOR CASH CONTRIBUTIONS TOWARDS PURCHASING OF PORT DELIVERY/STORAGE/OFFTAKE EQUIPMENT HAS MET WITH RESPONSE FROM GOVTS NEW ZEALAND, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND. ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT (8 SHUNTING TRACTORS, 500 PALLETS, 5 TRACTORS, 10 5-TON HEAVY DUTY TRAILERS, 5 4-WD VEHICLES, 5 ROLLER STACKERS) STILL NEEDED.

8. IN VIEW POOR CONDITION ROAD AND RAILWAY NETWORK ADDITIONAL FINANCING REQUIRED FOR (A) STRENGTHENING COASTAL TRANSPORT (WFP), (B) DPCCN - OPERATED AIRLIFT COVERING AFFECTED PROVINCES, (C) WFP AIRLIFT IN SOFALA PROVINCE (FOLLOWING DELIVERY OF 400 MT EMERGENCY FOOD AID).

UN SYSTEM AND NGO PROGRAMMES

UNICEF:

9. FROM 18 TO 26 MAY, 1,800 PEOPLE ARRIVED FROM ZIMBABWE TO ESPUNGABERA RESETTLEMENT PROJECT SITE IN PROVINCE MANICA. SOME 1,500 NEW ARRIVALS EXPECTED IN NEXT THREE MONTHS. 10. REINTEGRATION OF MORE THAN 2,500 ORPHANS IN FAMILIES IS BEING CARRIED OUT IN EIGHT PROVINCES.

11. UNICEF-ASSISTED MARKETING CAMPAIGN (BASIC GOODS IN EXCHANGE FOR LOCALLY PRODUCED FOOD ITEMS) IN WESTERN NIASSA UNDERWAY.

FAO:

12. FAO MISSION CARRIED OUT IN APRIL 87 CONFIRMED REQUIREMENTS FOR AGRICULTURAL INPUTS (VALUE USD 9,336,000) AS INCLUDED IN SEC-GEN APPEAL. FAO LAUNCHED APPEAL FOR SIX INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS (TOTAL VALUE USD 9,105,000) IN PROVINCES SOFALA AND ZAMBEZIA BENEFITING DISPLACED FARMING FAMILIES AS WELL AS WIDER RURAL COMMUNITY.

COLLECTIF FRANCAIS URGENCE MOZAMBIQUE (CFUM):

13. MEDICINES, MEDICAL EQUIPMENT AND CLOTHING HAVE BEEN SENT TO PROVINCES SOFALA (TRANSPORT FUNDED BY FRENCH GOVT). CFUM IS MADE UP OF 17 FRENCH NGOS.

COMMUNITY AID ABROAD (AUSTRALIA):

14. CLOTHING, SHOES AND CLOTH HAVE BEEN SHIPPED AND CASH GRANTS COLLECTED TO VALUE AUS.DLRS 250,000 (USD 176,056).

GERMAN AGRO ACTION (GERMANY FED REP):

15. IN 1987 FOLLOWING FOOD ITEMS AND RELIEF SUPPLIES (TOTAL VALUE US DLRS 2,293,000) DELIVERED IN MANICA PROVINCE: 710 MT MAIZE, IN TETE PROVINCE: 150 MT PEANUTS AND 760 MT BEANS, SALT, COOKING AND AGRICULTURAL UTENSILS.

ICRC:

16. ICRC IS RESUMING RELIEF ACTIVITIES IN MOZ. SURVEY HAS BEEN CONDUCTED TO ASSESS NUTRITIONAL AND MEDICAL NEEDS OF CONFLICT VICTIMS. IN CLOSE COOPERATION, WHEN POSSIBLE, WITH THE MOZAMBIQUE RED CROSS, OPERATIONS WILL BE CARRIED OUT IN PROVINCES NAMPULA, NIASSA, SOFALA, TETE AND ZAMBEZIA. OPERATIONAL CENTRE IN QUELIMANE AND LOGISTICS BASE IN BEIRA. FINANCIAL NEEDS FOR SECOND HALF 87: SFR 8 MILLION (USD 5,298,013).

MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (BELGIUM):

17. MSF IS CARRYING OUT IN INHAMBANE PROVINCE THEIR MEDICAL/ NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMME INITIATED IN FEB 86. FINANCING OF FIRST HALF 1987 COVERED BY EEC AND GOVT BELGIUM. FOR CONTINUATION THIS PROGRAMME UNTIL MARCH 1988 AND EXTENSION TO OTHER PARTS OF SAME PROVINCE CONTRIBUTION OF ECU 1,935,000 (US DLRS 2,226,185) IS REQUIRED.

OXFAM (UK)/REDD BARNA (NORWAY):

18. AIRLIFT (CEREALS, BEANS, SALT, SEEDS, TOOLS, CLOTHING, SOAP) TO REMOTE PART NIASSA PROVINCE PLANNED TO START END JUNE 87 TO RUN FOR SIX MONTHS.

WCC:

19. REPRESENTATIVES CHRISTIAN COUNCIL MOZAMBIQUE AND NEIGHBOURING NATIONAL CHRISTIAN COUNCILS AND SERVICE DIVISIONS TOGETHER WITH WCC AND LWF REPRESENTATIVES MET ON 11-12 JUNE IN GENEVA FOR CONSULTATION ON RELIEF ASSISTANCE IN MOZ AND NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES. APPEAL LAUNCHED FOR CASH CONTRIBUTIONS US DLRS 4.5 MILLION TOWARDS RELIEF ASSISTANCE IN MOZAMBIQUE (FOOD, SOAP, CLOTHING, BLANKETS, HOUSEHOLD UTENSILS, SEEDS, TOOLS AND HEALTH CARE AND DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLY).

WORLD VISION:

20. 4,500 MT MAIZE DONATED BY AUSTRALIAN DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE BUREAU WILL BE DISTRIBUTED IN GAZA AND SOFALA PROVINCES. TRAINING IN CONSTRUCTION AND WATER IS OFFERED TO WORKERS OF MOZAMBICAN CONSTRUCTION MINISTRY. STUDENTS IN MANICA PROVINCE TRAINED IN CONSTRUCTION AND SANITATION.

CONTRIBUTIONS

21. CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO. 5 DATED 22 MAY 87 AMOUNT TO US DLRS 10,012,000 OF WHICH US DLRS 8,525,000 FROM GOVERNMENTS (CANADA, CYPRUS, DENMARK, FINLAND, GERMAN DEM REP, GERMANY FED REP, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND, UK), US DLRS 310,000 FROM RED CROSS SOCIETIES (AUSTRIA, FINLAND, ICELAND, NETHERLANDS, SWEDEN, UK) AND US DLRS 1,177,000 FROM NGOS (COMMUNITY AID ABROAD, COLLECTIF FRANCAIS URGENCE MOZAMBIQUE, EDUARDO MONDLANE FOUNDATION, HELP THE AGED, OXFAM/UK). FURTHER DETAILS ON CONTRIBUTIONS AVAILABLE AT UNDRO.

22. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), WITH COPY UNSCERO/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'86(1)


UNDRO 87/1663

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
SITREP NO. 7
29 JULY 1987

COORDINATION

1. WITH CONTRIBUTION CANADIAN GOVERNMENT, UNDRO HAS RENTED CESSNA 402C AIRCRAFT FOR SIX MONTHS AND HAS PLACED IT AT DISPOSAL OF UNITED NATIONS SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF OPERATIONS (UNSCERO) TO FACILITATE FIELD ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS AND COORDINATION OF AID. AIRCRAFT EXPECTED START OPERATIONS BY MID-AUGUST.

2. FURTHER TO GOVERNMENT REQUEST, UNDRO DELEGATE SECONDED BY SWISS DISASTER RELIEF CORPS HAS INSTALLED COMPUTER EQUIPMENT IN OFFICES OF RECENTLY CREATED EMERGENCY OPERATIONS COMMITTEE (UNDRO SITREP NO. 6 OF 23 JUNE 1987, PARA 1 REFERS) TO SYSTEMATIZE PLANNING AND MONITORING OF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE.
3. UNDRO SPECIAL ADVISOR AND EMERGENCY LIAISON OFFICER TO UNSCERO Y. LAGIER BEING REPLACED BY B. HAMMARSTROEM.

FLOW OF RELIEF ASSISTANCE

4. FURTHER TO ITALIAN GOVT PLEDGE AT GENEVA MEETING ON HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO MOZAMBIQUE ON 31 MARCH 1987, TWO ITALIAN SHIPMENTS OF RICE, VEGOIL, CLOTHING MATERIALS, SOAP, CRANES AND TRUCKS, VALUED US DLRS 6.3 MILLION, WERE DELIVERED IN JULY TO PORTS OF BEIRA, QUELIMANE.

5. IN NIASSA PROVINCE OXFAM HAS STARTED AIRLIFT RELIEF SUPPLIES FROM CUAMBA TO MAUA, METARICA, NIPEPE AND MARRUPA.

6. VESSEL CHARTERED BY BRITISH RED CROSS SOCIETY (BRCS) WITH SUPPORT UK GOVT WILL UNLOAD RELIEF GOODS DONATED BY RED CROSS SOCIETIES OF DENMARK, GERMANY FED REP, NETHERLANDS AND UK AND ICRC TO PORTS OF MAPUTO, BEIRA, QUELIMANE, NACALA AND PEMBA DURING AUGUST 1987. BRCS PART OF CARGO CONSISTS OF DSM, FEEDING KITS, SUGAR, BLANKETS, ROLLS POLYTHENE SHEETING, TENTS, ANTIBIOTICS, ORAL REHYDRATION SALT, CLOTHING, COOKING POTS, SOAP, FORKLIFT TRUCKS, VEHICLES.

7. DELIVERY RATE CONTINUES TO BE LIMITED BY A) INACCESSIBILITY OF MANY AREAS BY LAND, B) NEED FOR CONVOYS TO ENSURE TRANSPORT RELIEF SUPPLIES, C) DISRUPTION OF NATIONAL RAIL SYSTEM (ABOUT 50 PERCENT FUNCTIONING).

8. DIFFICULTIES ALSO EXPERIENCED IN ROAD TRANSPORT BETWEEN MALAWI AND PROVINCE NIASSA THROUGH ENTRY POINT MANDIMBA. JOINT ASSESSMENT MISSION (GOVT, MAPUTO BASED REPS: WFP, DUTCH GOVT, OXFAM/UK) LEAVING ON 30 JULY 87 FOR NIASSA TO REPORT TO EMERGENCY OPERATIONS COMMITTEE ON 3 AUG 87.

UNMET RELIEF REQUIREMENTS

FOOD

9. EMERGENCY OPERATIONS COMMITTEE REVIEWED CRITERIA AND RESPONSIBILITIES FOR ASSESSMENT FOOD NEEDS AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION IN CONSULTATION WITH WFP.

UPDATED NON-FOOD REQUIREMENTS

10.PROPOSED PRINCIPAL CHANNEL FOR FUNDING

(IN ADDITION
TO GOVT)
REQUIREMENTS (US DLRS)
CONTRIBUTIONS
(US DLRS)
UNMET REQUIREMENTS
(US DLRS)
LOGISTICS SUPPORT 1/
UNSCERO/UNDRO,
UNICEF, WFP
12,219,000
7,317,000
4,902,000
HEALTH 2/
UNICEF, WHO
8,605,000
5,003,000
3,602,000
WATER
UNICEF
5,675,000
55,000
5,620,000
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS
UNSCERO/UNDRO,
UNICEF
6,354,000
1,369,000
4,985,000
AGRICULTURAL INPUTS
UNSCERO/UNDRO,
FAO
9,336,000
888,000
8,448,000
TOTAL
42,189,000
14,632,000
27,557,000

1/ INCLUDING REQUIREMENTS FOR UPGRADING OF PORTS AND WFP AIRLIFT.

2/ INCLUDING NEWLY IDENTIFIED REQUIREMENTS FOR STRENGTHENING HEALTH SECTOR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT (IN 1987).

BREAKDOWN OF UNMET NEEDS BY PROJECT

11. LOGISTICS SUPPORT: US DLRS 4,902,000

UNICEF AIRLIFT OF HIGH VALUE/LOW VOLUME SUPPLIES (US DLRS 482,000), LIGHT VEHICLES (US DLRS 344,000) FUEL AND LUBRICANTS (US DLRS 80,000), WORKSHOP/OFFICE EQUIPMENT (US DLRS 120,000), SEA TRANSPORT (US DLRS 1,320,000), WFP AIRLIFT (MAINLY FOOD) (US DLRS 201,000), PORT EQUIPMENT: GRABS (US DLRS 80,000), DISCHARGE/BAGGING EQUIPMENT (US DLRS 2,000,000), CONVEYOR BELTS AND ROPES (US DLRS 100,000), PALLETS (US DLRS 40,000), TARPAULINS (US DLRS 135,000). NEED FOR CRANES UNDER REVIEW.

12. HEALTH: US DLRS 3,602,000.

REHABILITATION/RE-EQUIPPING OF BASIC HEALTH FACILITIES (US DLRS 3,352,000), STRENGTHENING HEALTH SECTOR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT (US 250,000).

13. WATER: US DLRS 5,620,000.

TUBEWELL CONSTRUCTION AND RECOVERY, MANICA AND SOFALA (US DLRS 645,000), STRENGTHENING CENTRAL MANAGEMENT CAPACITY (US DLRS 600,000), DRINKING WATER BOREHOLE DRILLING AND RECOVERY IN RURAL AREAS TETE PROVINCE (US DLRS 3,200,000), RECOVERY TETE CITY WATER SUPPLY (US DLRS 600,000), CHEMICAL SUPPORT FOR SAFE DRINKING WATER (US DLRS 575,000).

14. RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS: US DLRS 4,985,000

BLANKETS, CLOTHING, COOKING UTENSILS, SHOES, SOAP.

15. AGRICULTURAL INPUTS: US DLRS 8,448,000

HANDTOOLS (US DLRS 5,170,000), SEEDS (US DLRS 2,408,000), PESTICIDES (US DLRS 100,000), DISTRIBUTION AND TEMPORARY STORAGE COSTS (US DLRS 770,000).

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL STOCKPILE

16. GOVT SEEKING CONTRIBUTIONS IN KIND TOWARDS NEWLY ESTABLISHED EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL STOCKPILE (INITIALLY IN MAPUTO) OF BASIC RELIEF SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT TO BE MADE AVAILABLE IMMEDIATELY UPON REQUEST TO NEEDY GROUPS OF POPULATION, SUCH AS DISPLACED PEOPLE, DESTITUTE PEOPLE NOW ACCESSIBLE AS A RESULT OF MILITARY OPERATIONS, VICTIMS OF NATURAL DISASTERS.

17. ITEMS REQUESTED INCLUDE CANNED FOOD, HIGH PROTEIN BISCUITS, BLANKETS, SHELTER MATERIALS, TENTS, MEDICINES AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT, CLOTHING, HOUSEHOLD EQUIPMENT, AGRICULTURAL TOOLS, EDUCATION MATERIALS, GENERATORS (FULL LIST AVAILABLE WITH UNSCERO AND UNDRO). COMMITTEE CONSISTING OF REPS FROM GOVERNMENT, DONORS, UN AND NGOS BEING SET UP TO REVIEW REQUESTS FOR FUND'S RESOURCES AND LATTER'S USE. STOCKPILE TO BE ADMINISTERED BY DEPARTMENT OF PREVENTION AND COMBAT OF NATURAL DISASTERS (DPCCN).

18. CONTRIBUTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED TO: COMMISSAO EXECUTIVA NACIONAL DE EMERGENCIA (CENE) - GABINETE DE OPERACOES DE EMERGENCIA, ATT: VICE MINISTER RATILAL, TEL. 74-36-72, TELEX 6-636.

UN SYSTEM AND NGO PROGRAMMES

WFP

19. BY END JULY WFP WILL HAVE AIRLIFTED 765 MT FOOD AND NON-FOOD COMMODITIES TO SIX LOCATIONS IN SOFALA PROVINCE.

UNHCR

20. IN MARCH 1987, UNHCR ISSUED A SPECIAL APPEAL FOR THE PROVISION OF LIMITED ASSISTANCE FOR ONE YEAR TO 15,000 MOZAMBICAN RETURNEES, MOSTLY FROM MALAWI. THE APPEAL COVERED BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOD, HOUSEHOLD ITEMS, CLOTHES, SANITATION, WATER, SHELTER, HEALTH, AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND TRANSPORT. THE FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT FOR SUCH ASSISTANCE WAS INITIALLY ESTIMATED AT US DLRS 1.2 MILLION BUT THIS BUDGET IS AT PRESENT BEING UPDATED.

21. THE RETURNEES ARE SETTLED IN THREE RECEPTION CENTRES IN THE DISTRICT OF MOATIZE IN TETE PROVINCE, RESPECTIVELY 5,000 IN MOATIZE SITE 1, 1,800 IN MOATIZE SITE 2 AND 1,800 IN BENGA. FURTHERMORE, SOME 7,000 TO 8,000 RETURNEES ARE ESTIMATED TO BE IN ZOBUE, A BORDER TOWN WITH MALAWI. A RETURNEES GROUP OF 1,281 PREVIOUSLY SETTLED IN BENGA WAS TRANSFERRED TO THEIR PREVIOUS AREA OF RESIDENCE IN MAPUTO BY AIRLIFT FROM 16 MAY TO 23 MAY 1987. THIS WILL ALLOW FOR TRANSFER OF SOME OF THE RETURNEES AT PRESENT LIVING UNDER DEPLORABLE CONDITIONS IN SITE 1 AND SITE 2 IN MOATIZE TO BENGA, WHERE ADDITIONAL SHELTHER IS BEING CONSTRUCTED.

22. FOLLOWING ITS APPEAL UNHCR HAS SO FAR RECEIVED CONTRIBUTIONS UP TO US DLRS 1,321,131 FROM GOVERNMENTS OF CANADA, GERMANY FED REP, SWITZERLAND AND UNITED KINGDOM.

WHO

23. MEDICAL OFFICER BEING PROVIDED TO WHO REPRESENTATIVE'S OFFICE IN MAPUTO. ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL ADVICE WILL BE GIVEN TO GOVERNMENT IN HEALTH INFORMATION SUPPORT AND IN MONITORING OF HEALTH SITUATION.

MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (BELGIUM)

24. AN AMOUNT OF USD 700,000 IS STILL REQUIRED FOR CARRYING OUT MEDICAL/NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMME IN INHAMBANE PROVINCE UP TO JUNE 1988.

SAVE THE CHILDREN/UK

25. IN CONTEXT ITS EMERGENCY PROGRAMME ZAMBEZIA, SAVE THE CHILDREN/UK CONTRIBUTING, TOGETHER WITH UNDRO, TO UPGRADING QUELIMANE PORT THROUGH THE PROVISION OF CABLES, ROPES, OILS AND LUBRICANTS.

WORLD VISION

26. FROM AUGUST 1987 THROUGH 1989, WORLD VISION INTENDS SUPPLY AGRICULTURAL INPUTS (AGPACKS: FOOD, SEEDS, HANDTOOLS) AND TRAINING TO 25,000 DISPLACED FAMILIES IN TETE AND ZAMBEZIA. WORLD VISION UNDERTAKING FUND-RAISING EFFORTS TO FINANCE THIS PROGRAMME: VALUE US DLRS 2,930,500. SPARE PARTS SHALL ALSO BE PROVIDED FOR IRRIGATION PUMPS IN TETE PROVINCE.

CONTRIBUTIONS

27. CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO. 6 OF 23 JUNE 1987 AMOUNT TO US DLRS 4,824,000 OF WHICH:

- US DLRS 1,529,000 FROM GOVERNMENTS (IRELAND, JAPAN, NORWAY, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND, UK)

- US DLRS 1,365,000 FROM UN SYSTEM (UNHCR, WHO)

- US DLRS 626,000 FROM RED CROSS SOCIETIES (DENMARK, FINLAND, GERMANY FED REP, HUNGARY, NETHERLANDS, SWEDEN, UK)

- US DLRS 1,304,000 FROM OTHER NGOS (CANADIAN AND JAPANESE UNICEF COMMITTEES, ADRA, CARITAS ITALY, CARE (UK), LWF, OXFAM (UK), WORLD VISION INT'L)

28. TOTAL EMERGENCY RELIEF CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE 1 JANUARY 1987 AMOUNT TO US DLRS 222,237,000 AS FOLLOWS:

- GOVERNMENTS AND EEC:US DLRS 198,225,000

(AUSTRALIA, AUSTRIA, BELGIUM, BOTSWANA, BRAZIL, CANADA, CYPRUS, CZECKOSLOVAKIA, DENMARK, FINLAND, FRANCE, GERMAN DEM REP, GERMANY FED REP, IRELAND, ITALY, JAPAN, KENYA, NETHERLANDS, NEW ZEALAND, NIGERIA, NORWAY, POLAND, PORTUGAL, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND, USSR, UK, USA, YUGOSLAVIA)

UN SYSTEM
US DLRS 9,586,000
RED CROSS SOCIETIES
US DLRS 1,640,000
OTHER NGOS
US DLRS 12,786,000

29. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), WITH COPY UNSCERO/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'86(1)


UNDRO 87/1888

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
SITREP NO. 8
31 AUGUST 1987

SITUATION

1. REBEL ATTACKS LAUNCHED IN GAZA, INHAMBANE, SOFALA PROVINCES, AND IN PARTICULAR NIASSA PROVINCE WHERE WERE HIT TOWN MANDIMBA (ENTRY POINT FROM MALAWI) AND ROADS LINKING NIASSA WITH OTHER PROVINCES.

2. ASSESSMENT MISSION NORTHERN PART NIASSA PROVINCE (SEE UNDRO SITREP NO. 7 DATED 29 JULY 87 PARA 8): IN CITY OF MANDIMBA DESTRUCTION OF STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE, TRUCKS CONTAINING FUEL, 500 MT WFP MAIZE, 30 MT SCHOOL MATERIAL. ROAD BETWEEN TOWNS MANDIMBA AND LICHINGA NEEDS REPAIR TO IMPROVE CAPACITY FOR ROAD TRANSPORT OF SUPPLIES FROM MALAWI. RAILWAY CONNECTION FROM MALAWI THROUGH ENTRELAGOS IS IN POOR CONDITION.

3. DPCCN HAS AIRLIFTED 60 MT FOOD FROM NAMPULA TO LICHINGA. OXFAM/UK CONTINUES AIRLIFT (SO FAR 1,600 MT FOOD AND RELIEF SUPPLIES) STARTED IN MAY FROM CUAMBA TO MAUA, METARICA AND NIPEPE.

4. FOR MONTHS AUG/SEPT 12,286 MT FOOD DESTINED TO NIASSA (DONORS: WFP, EEC, AUSTRALIA, GERMANY FED REP, NETHERLANDS, UK, OXFAM).

5. FOR CITY MANDIMBA ARE REQUIRED 750 M3 FUEL FOR TRUCKS (200 M3 PLEDGED BY OXFAM), WAREHOUSES (2 WAREHOUSES PLEDGED BY OXFAM, 5 STORAGE TENTS PLEDGED BY UNDRO), SCHOOL MATERIAL (PLEDGED BY UNICEF).

6. GOVT PREPARING MILITARY CONVOYS TO PERMIT FOOD TRANSPORT FROM MALAWI THROUGH MANDIMBA TO LICHINGA.

7. ONE-WEEK WFP/UNDRO EMERGENCY MISSION IN EARLY SEPT WILL STUDY POSSIBILITY TO ORGANIZE BOAT TRANSPORT ON LAKE NIASSA OUT OF SOUTH TANZANIA.

8. GOVT WILL CARRY OUT TWO-WEEK SURVEY WITH UNDRO AIRCRAFT IN ALL PROVINCES OF AVAILABLE SEED STOCKS AND PREPARE REALLOCATION TO DISPLACED POPULATION.

CO-ORDINATION

A) EMERGENCY COORDINATION MEETING AT TETE:

9. 12-18 AUG NATIONAL EMERGENCY COORDINATION MEETING IN TETE PROVINCE FOR ALL PROVINCIAL EMERGENCY COMMISSIONS, CHAIRED BY VICE MINISTER RATILAL AND WITH PARTICIPATION AT LAST SESSION OF INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY REPRESENTATIVES OFFICE UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR/MAPUTO, UNDRO, UNICEF, NETHERLANDS, SWEDEN, UK, CARE, SAVE THE CHILDREN/UK AND USA FOR AFRICA).

10. VISITS WERE PAID TO INTER ALIA RECEPTION CENTRE IN MOATIZE AND ESTIMA VALLEY RESETTLEMENT AREA.

11. MASTER PLAN FOR PROVINCIAL EMERGENCY RELIEF WAS APPROVED.

12. A FOOD AND NON-FOOD NEEDS ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE WAS ADOPTED. ONCE DISTRICT LEVEL SURVEY MADE WITH QUESTIONNAIRE, RESULTS WILL BE RELEASED BY CENTRAL EMERGENCY CABINET.

13. FOLLOWING EMERGENCY RELIEF POLICIES WERE AGREED UPON:

(I) FREE FOOD DISTRIBUTION SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT ONLY DURING A FIXED PERIOD WITHIN A DEFINED AREA. MEANS TO RESTART PRODUCTIVE LIFE SHOULD BE MADE AVAILABLE AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

(II) DPCCN SHOULD DEAL WITH DISTRIBUTION TO AFFECTED PEOPLE. MINISTRY OF COMMERCE HANDLES DISTRIBUTION TO MARKET.

(III) AFTER MAXIMUM SIX-MONTH PERIOD OF RELIEF ASSISTANCE, DISPLACED PERSONS SHOULD BEGIN ACTUAL PROCESS OF REINSTALLATION.

14. RESETTLEMENT TO ESTIMA VALLEY OF PEOPLE LIVING IN RAILWAY CARS IN MOATIZE WILL SOON BE LAUNCHED. UNICEF AND USA FOR AFRICA HAVE RECEIVED REQUESTS FOR ASSISTANCE TO THIS RESETTLEMENT OPERATION.

FLOW OF RELIEF ASSISTANCE

15. FURTHER TO ITALIAN GOVT PLEDGE AT GENEVA MEETING ON HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO MOZ ON 31/3/87, TWO ITALIAN SHIPMENTS OF RICE, CLOTH, SUGAR, VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT, SOAP, LYOPHILIZED FOOD, FAMILY KITS, OIL, VALUED 12.1 BILLION LIRE (US DLRS 9,236,641) WERE DELIVERED IN AUGUST TO PORTS OF BEIRA AND MAPUTO.

UNMET RELIEF REQUIREMENTS

16. UNMET FOOD AID REQUIREMENTS FOR MAY 87/APRIL 88

MAIZE - 334,681 MT
RICE - 1/
WHEAT - 1/
PULSES - 104,871 MT
OIL - 65,998 MT
SUGAR - 67,400 MT

1/ FOOD AID NEEDS MET (FOR MORE DETAIL, SEE WFP EMERGENCY TELEX REPORT NO. 106 DATED 21 AUG 87).

17. UNMET NON-FOOD AID REQUIREMENTS

DATA IN SITREP NO. 7 DATED 29 JULY 87, PARA 10 STILL VALID.

UN SYSTEM AND NGO PROGRAMMES

WFP:

18. COASTAL TRANSPORT BY TWO WFP VESSELS (CINQ JUIN AND IDUN) COVERS APPROX 3,500 MT FOOD/MONTH AT COST US DLRS 40/MT. CASH CONTRIBUTIONS REQUIRED TO REIMBURSE FUNDS ADVANCED BY WFP FOR TRANSPORT ALREADY CARRIED OUT AND TO FINANCE TRANSPORT UNTIL END 87.

19. 797,041 MT FOOD AND NON-FOOD ITEMS HAVE BEEN AIRLIFTED. 400 MT HAVE SO FAR BEEN FINANCED BY CASH CONTRIBUTIONS (UNDRO, SWEDEN).

ILO:

20. IN PROVINCES GAZA AND INHAMBANE IMPROVEMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF ROAD SYSTEMS BEING CARRIED OUT WITH, TO MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE, USE OF LOCALLY AVAILABLE MANPOWER AND MATERIALS.

GERMAN AGRO ACTION:

21. 1,025 MT FOOD AS WELL AS MEDICINES AND OTHER RELIEF SUPPLIES (COFINANCED BY EEC) DISTRIBUTED IN TETE PROVINCE AND 1,062 MT FOOD AS WELL AS BLANKETS, 5 TRUCKS, 1 PICK UP (COFINANCED BY GOVT FED REP GERMANY) DISTRIBUTED IN PROVINCE MANICA. IN AUG/SEPT DISTRIBUTION (COFINANCED BY EEC AND GOVT FED REP GERMANY) OF 2,098 MT FOOD AND RELIEF SUPPLIES WILL BE CARRIED OUT IN PROVINCE MANICA (UP-DATE OF PARA 15, SITREP NO. 6 DATED 23 JUNE 87).

ICRC:

22. TWO ICRC AIRCRAFT CARRYING RELIEF SUPPLIES TO DISTRICT CAPITALS IN PROVINCES NAMPULA, NIASSA, SOFALA, TETE, ZAMBEZIA.

LRCS:

23. MOZAMBIQUE RED CROSS STARTING A RELIEF OPERATION FOR 35,000 DROUGHT AFFECTED PEOPLE IN PROVINCE MANICA. FOR THIS PROGRAMME LRCS APPEALING FOR

(A) CASH CONTRIBUTIONS CHF 4,600,000 (US DLRS 2,987,012),

(B) IN KIND REQUIREMENTS (MAIZE 3,000 MT, BEANS 750 MT, VEGETABLE OIL 300 MT, BROWN SUGAR 375 MT, SALT 40 MT, SOAP 135 MT, USED CLOTHING 60-70 MT, BLANKETS 25,000 PCS, AGRICULTURAL UTENSILS AND TOOLS: RING HOES 6,000 PCS, SEEDS: SORGHUM 12 MT, BEANS 60 MT, MAIZE 42 MT).

24. IN KIND CONTRIBUTIONS SHOULD BE FORWARDED TO MOZAMBIQUE RED CROSS SOCIETY: AVENIDA 24 DE JULHO, CAIXA POSTAL 2986, MAPUTO, MOZAMBIQUE.

CONTRIBUTIONS

25. CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO. 7 DATED 29 JULY 1987 AMOUNTED TO US DLRS 6,218,374 OF WHICH:

- US DLRS 200,700 FROM UN SYSTEM (UNHCR)

- US DLRS 2,829,335 FROM IGO (EEC)

- US DLRS 2,269,998 FROM GOVERNMENTS (CANADA, DENMARK, FRANCE, GERMANY DEM REP, GERMANY FED REP, HUNGARY)

- US DLRS 563,607 FROM RED CROSS SOCIETIES (UK)

- US DLRS 354,734 FROM OTHER NGOS (CHRISTIAN COUNCIL MOZAMBIQUE, FOOD FOR HUNGRY INT'L, SAVE CHILDREN FUND/US)

26. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), WITH COPY UNSCERO/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

(DPR 310 MOZ'86(1))


UNDRO 87/2091

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
SITREP NO. 9
29 SEPTEMBER 1987

FLOW OF RELIEF ASSISTANCE

1. IN RESPONSE TO AN APPEAL BY GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE, THE GOVERNMENT OF ITALY IS MAKING SOME US DLRS 4.8 MILLION AVAILABLE TO UNDRO FOR EMERGENCY RE-ROUTING AND RESTORATION OF BEIRA-MAVUZI POWER SUPPLY LINE. THE 110 KV TRANSMISSION LINE SHALL FACILITATE REGULAR SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY TO TOWN AND PORT OF BEIRA AND PROVISION OF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO PROVINCES OF SOFALA AND MANICA.

2. MOBILE DISCHARGE/BAGGING EQUIPMENT FOR PORT OF MAPUTO CONTRIBUTED BY DUTCH GOVT. INITIAL DISCHARGE RATE OF EQUIPMENT, WHICH IS EXPECTED TO BE OPERATIONAL END SEPT/EARLY OCT, WILL BE ABOUT 800 MT/DAY. WAREHOUSE AVAILABILITY IN MAPUTO SUFFICIENT.

3. ITALIAN GOVERNMENT WILL FINANCE PROJECT TO IMPROVE PORT OF QUELIMANE, AS WELL AS REHABILITATION RAILWAY LINE QUELIMANEMOCUBA AT TOTAL COST US DLRS 1.4 MILLION.

4. UNDRO FINANCING WITH FUNDS DONATED BY AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT LOCAL PRODUCTION 1,000 PALLETS FOR BEIRA PORT, WHERE ONGOING REHABILITATION WORK CAUSES SOME OPERATION DELAYS.

5. UNDRO SHIPPING FROM ITS WAREHOUSE IN PISA FIVE STORAGE TENTS FOR NIASSA DONATED BY NORWEGIAN GOVERNMENT AS WELL AS 2,000 CORRUGATED IRON SHEETS, TOOLS, AND 18 GENERATORS DONATED BY ITALY FOR THE EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL STOCKPILE (REF UNDRO SITREP NO. 7 OF 29 JULY PARAS 16 TO 18).

COORDINATION

6. UNDRO/SWISS DISASTER RELIEF UNIT MISSION ARRIVED MAPUTO ON 28 SEPT TO DEVELOP FURTHER COMPUTERIZED INFORMATION SYSTEM INSTALLED IN JULY FOR GOVERNMENT EMERGENCY COORDINATION CENTRE. MISSION WILL END LATE DECEMBER 1987, ITS MAIN TASKS ARE: A) STREAMLINE DATA ON FOOD AID AND OTHER DONATIONS, B) ELABORATE COMPUTER PROGRAMMES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF REPORTS, C) TRAIN GOVERNMENT COMPUTER PERSONNEL.

UNMET RELIEF REQUIREMENTS

7. UNMET FOOD AID REQUIREMENTS FOR MAY 87/APRIL 88

MAIZE - 328,312 MT
RICE - 1/
WHEAT - 1/
PULSES - 97,404 MT
OIL - 66,784 MT
SUGAR - 57,229 MT

1/ FOOD AID NEEDS MET (FOR MORE DETAIL, SEE WFP EMERGENCY TELEX REPORT NO. 110 DATED 18 SEPT 87)

8. GOVERNMENT AND WFP PROPOSING SUBSTANTIAL STRENGTHENING COASTAL RIVER AND LAKE TRANSPORT TO IMPROVE ACCESS TO AFFECTED/DISPLACED POPULATION FOR DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD AND OTHER ITEMS. ONCE SET UP, NETWORK WILL ENABLE REACH APPROX 4 MILLION PEOPLE, THUS COMPLEMENTING AND OVERCOMING ROAD TRANSPORT LIMITATIONS. THIS PLAN INCLUDES PURCHASING (APPROX COST US DLRS 3 MILLION) AND DEPLOYMENT OF VESSELS, BARGES AND TUGS IN ADDITION TO THOSE ALREADY AVAILABLE.

9. WFP IS APPEALING FOR US DLRS 330,000 TO CONTINUE AIRLIFT OF FOOD AID AND OTHER RELIEF SUPPLIES.

10. ON BASIS OF SURVEY MOZAMBIQUE STOCKS OF SEEDS AND AGRICULTURAL TOOLS, GOVT REQUESTING US DLRS 2.4 MILLION FOR MOBILIZATION OF THESE STOCKS TO BE TRANSPORTED TO NEEDY AREAS BY ROAD AND SEA. IN ADDITION TO AGPACKS DISTRIBUTED BY WORLD VISION TO 25,000 FAMILIES IN TETE AND ZAMBEZIA (UNDRO SITREP NO. 7 DATED 29 JULY 87, PARA 26), OXFAM/UK WILL CONTRIBUTE US DLRS 500,000 TO EMERGENCY SEED PROGRAMME FOR NIASSA AND CABO DELGADO, BIOFORCE (WITH EEC FUNDS) DISTRIBUTING SEEDS AND TOOLS TO 55,000 FAMILIES IN INHAMBANE PROVINCE, UNICEF PROVIDING 269 MT SEEDS IN PROVINCES INHAMBANE, MANICA AND TETE.
11. NIASSA PROVINCE POPULATION (APPROX 570,000 INCLUDING 127,000 DISPLACED PERSONS) FACING SUPPLY DIFFICULTIES OWING TO ISOLATION CAUSED BY DETERIORATION SECURITY SITUATION. JOINT WFP/UNDRO MISSION IN CONSULTATION WITH PROVINCIAL AUTHORITIES DETERMINED NEEDS IN AREAS OF FOOD, AGRICULTURE, RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS, FUEL AND LUBRICANTS, LOGISTICS (DETAILS AVAILABLE WITH UNDRO).

12. THE JOINT MISSION IDENTIFIED FOLLOWING POINTS FOR DELIVERY RELIEF SUPPLIES: EAST NIASSA VIA MONTEPUEZ, LICHINGA, MANDIMBA AND ENTRELAGOS AT THE MALAWI BORDER, CUAMBA. RAIL AND ROAD TRANSPORT CAPACITY DEPENDENT UPON SECURITY SITUATION AND ROAD REHABILITATION WORKS.

UN SYSTEM AND NGO PROGRAMMES

UNICEF :

13. UNICEF RESUMING AIRLIFT HIGH-VALUE LOW VOLUME EMERGENCY ITEMS. A QUICK ACTION FUND WITH INITIAL AMOUNT OF USD 50,000 BEEN ESTABLISHED TO ALLOW RAPID RESPONSE TO IMMEDIATE NEEDS OF SMALL SCALE NATURE ARISING FROM WORK OF EMERGENCY OPERATIONS COMMITTEE. FIRST USE OF FUND IS TO PROVIDE FOR REPLACEMENT DESTROYED OR ROBBED HEALTH EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES TO HOMOINE DISTRICT RECENTLY ATTACKED.

14. UNICEF WILL ALSO FINANCE AIRLIFT FROM MAPUTO TO NIASSA OF 25 TONS EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS TO REPLACE SUPPLIES DESTROYED IN REBEL ATTACK ON TOWN OF MANDIMBA.

CARITAS INTERNATIONALIS :

15. APPEAL FOR US DLRS 2,798,000 LAUNCHED ON APRIL 22, 1987 FULLY MET.

LEAGUE OF RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT SOCIETIES (LRCS) :

16. FURTHER TO APPEAL (UNDRO SITREP NO. 8 OF 31 AUGUST 1987, PARAS 23-24 REFER) REGISTRATION OF BENEFICIARIES IN MANICA PROVINCE INITIATED. FIRST AIRLIFT 150 MT OF RELIEF SUPPLIES UNDER PREPARATION WITH NATIONAL AIRLINE LAM.

17. RESPONSE TO 12 AUG APPEAL: CASH CHF 330,466 (US DLRS 220,310), IN KIND 1,000 MT MAIZE, 100 MT BEANS, 316 MT OIL, 300 MT SUGAR, 40 MT SALT, 15,000 BLANKETS, 19 MT CLOTHING.

WCC - CHRISTIAN COUNCIL OF MOZAMBIQUE (CCM) :

18. CCM DECIDED TO CONTINUE ITS DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS AND TO AVOID PROLONGING ITS EMERGENCY PROGRAMMES.WITH GOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION CCM OFFICES BEING SET UP IN NAMPULA, ZAMBEZIA, TETE AND NIASSA. FOUR 7-TONS LORRIES AND FOUR PICK UP TRUCKS REQUIRED FOR THESE PROVINCES.

CONTRIBUTIONS

19. CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO. 8 DATED 31 AUGUST 1987 AMOUNTED TO US DLRS 6,926,000 OF WHICH:

- US DLRS 3,063,000 FROM GOVERNMENTS (GERMANY FED REP, ITALY, JAPAN, NETHERLANDS, NORWAY, USA)

- US DLRS 565,000 FROM RED CROSS SOCIETIES (AUSTRALIA, AUSTRIA, CANADA, DENMARK, FINLAND, ICELAND, JAPAN, REP OF KOREA, NORWAY, SWITZERLAND, USA)

- US DLRS 3,298,000 FROM OTHER NGOS (CARITAS, OXFAM/UK)

20. TOTAL EMERGENCY RELIEF CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE 1 JANUARY 1987 AMOUNT TO US DLRS 237,191,000 AS FOLLOWS:

- GOVERNMENTS - US DLRS 191,749,000

(AUSTRALIA, AUSTRIA, BELGIUM, BOTSWANA, BRAZIL, CANADA, CYPRUS, CZECHOSLOVAKIA, DENMARK, FINLAND, FRANCE, GERMAN DEM REP, GERMANY FED REP, HUNGARY, IRELAND, ITALY, JAPAN, KENYA, NETHERLANDS, NEW ZEALAND, NIGERIA, NORWAY, POLAND, PORTUGAL, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND, USSR, UK, USA, YUGOSLAVIA)

- UN SYSTEM - US DLRS 9,786,000

- IGO (EEC) - US DLRS 17,819,000

- RED CROSS SOCIETIES - US DLRS 2,059,000

- OTHER NGO'S - US DLRS 15,778,000

21. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), WITH COPY UNSCERO/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

(DPR 310 MOZ'86(1))


UNDRO 87/2329

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT: EMERGENCY IN NIASSAPROVINCE
SITREP NO. 10
30 OCTOBER 1987

SITUATION

1. DUE TO DETERIORATION OF SECURITY SITUATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE, NIASSA PROVINCE FACING EMERGENCY AND RISKS INCREASING ISOLATION. 171,000 PEOPLE, I.E. 30 PER CENT OF PROVINCIAL POPULATION OF 570,000 REQUIRE EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE. THESE INCLUDE 127,000 DISPLACED PERSONS, MAINLY IN DISTRICTS OF LAGO, MANDIMBA, MAUA, MECANHELAS, CUAMBA, MARRUPA AND IN LICHINGA TOWN.

2. TWO IN-COUNTRY MISSIONS GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE/WFP/ UNDRO (7-17 SEPT AND 5-12 OCT 87) ASSESSED LOGISTICAL SITUATION AND NEEDS AT PROVINCIAL LEVEL AS FOLLOWS:

EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS

3. OIL - 5,100 MT
SUGAR - 1,030 MT
PULSES - 875 MT
MILK - 1,120 MT (FOR SCHOOLS AND HEALTH FACILITIES THROUGH MINISTRY OF HEALTH) GIVEN PRESENT TRANSPORT CONDITIONS, CEREAL PLEDGES (SOME 20,000 MT) ADEQUATE UNTIL APRIL 1988.

4. RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS: 5,000 FAMILY SIZE TENTS, 60,000 BLANKETS, 25,000 SETS COOKING UTENSILS, 500 MT SOAP.

5. CASH FUNDS UP TO US DLRS 50,000 FOR MOBILIZATION FROM NACALA OF AGRICULTURAL SEEDS AND TOOLS (SITREP NO. 9 OF 29 SEPT 87, PARA 10 REFERS).

6. MEDICINES AGAINST MALARIA, TUBERCULOSIS, DIARRHOEA, MEASLES AND SKIN DISEASES (LIST AVAILABLE WITH UNSCERO/MAPUTO)

7. 195,000 LITRES DIESEL FUEL AND 17,500 LITRES OIL AND LUBRICANTS TO CARRY OUT DISTRIBUTION FOOD AND RELIEF ITEMS BY ROAD AND LAKE TRANSPORT.

8. 5 TRACTORS (80 HP) AND TRAILERS (5 TONS) FOR DISTRIBUTION AID REMOTE AREAS . WHILE NUMBER OF TRUCKS ADEQUATE, DONATION OF FOUR LANDROVERS AND ONE BREAKDOWN SERVICE LORRY WOULD INCREASE EFFICIENCY OF VEHICLE FLEET.

9. ORGANIZATIONS ACTIVE IN NIASSA: WFP, UNICEF, CARITAS, EDUARDO MONDLANE FOUNDATION, ICRC, MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES NETHERLANDS, MOZAMBICAN RED CROSS, OXFAM UK, REDD BARNA/NORWAY, WORLD VISION INTERNATIONAL.

SUPPLY ROUTES

10. MALAWI/ENTRELAGOS (BY RAIL)/MECANHELAS (BY ROAD). DELIVERY POINT: ENTRELAGOS. TRANSIT FROM ENTRELAGOS TO MECANHELAS POSSIBLE ONLY UNTIL END NOVEMBER, DUE TO START RAINY SEASON (NOVEMBER TO MARCH).

11. MALAWI/CUAMBA/LICHINGA (BY RAIL) /METARICA/MAUA/N'GAUMA (BY ROAD). DELIVERY POINT: CUAMBA. NEED TO REBUILD BRIDGE OVER LULEIO RIVER. IN ANY CASE, TRANSIT FROM CUAMBA TO METARICA AND MAUA POSSIBLE ONLY UNTIL END NOVEMBER.

12. MALAWI/MANDIMBA/LICHINGA (BY ROAD).DELIVERY POINT: MANDIMBA. BETWEEN MANDIMBA AND LICHINGA, REHABILITATION WORKS (150 KM, INCLUDING SEVEN BRIDGES) REQUIRED. IN ANY CASE, TRANSIT POSSIBLE ONLY UNTIL END NOVEMBER.

13. MALAWI/METANGULA (BY BOAT ON LAKE NIASSA). METANGULA/LICHINGA (BY ROAD THROUGH MANIAMBA). DELIVERY POINT: METANGULA. THIS ROUTE DESERVES PRIORITY ATTENTION, AS IT WOULD ALLOW SOME 3,000 MT TO REACH LICHINGA MONTHLY BUT REQUIRES PRIOR AGREEMENT BETWEEN MOZAMBICAN AND MALAWIAN AUTHORITIES ON RESUMPTION LAKE TRAFFIC. SUBJECT TO THIS, FOLLOWING ADDITIONAL MEANS FOR REHABILITATION ROAD METANGULA / MANIAMBA (29 KM) ARE REQUIRED TO MAKE THIS ROUTE
OPERATIONAL:

DIESEL FUEL - 14,000 LITRES
OIL, LUBRICANTS - 2,000 LITRES
SPARE PARTS - 200,000 US DLRS
TENTS (FAMILY SIZE) - 5
RADIOS TRANSCEIVERS SSB 100W - 2

FURTHERMORE, LOCALLY AVAILABLE FOUR 30 TONS BOATS, THREE 15 TONS BOATS AND ONE 20 TONS BOAT NEED TO BE CHARTERED AND 50,000 LITRES DIESEL AND 5,000 LITRES OIL AND LUBRICANTS TO BE PROVIDED (INCLUDED IN PARA 7 ABOVE).

(PRESENTLY DIRECT ROUTE TO MALAWI VIA ZIMBABWE, TETE TO BLANTYRE UNLIKELY TO HAVE SPARE TRANSPORT CAPACITY FOR NIASSA. ALTERNATIVE ROUTE PASSES THROUGH ZIMBABWE, ZAMBIA TO LILONGWE AT ADDITIONAL COST US DLRS 40/TON.)

14. PEMBA/MONTEPUEZ/MARRUPA (BY ROAD). DELIVERY POINT: MARRUPA. TRANSIT BETWEEN MONTEPUEZ AND MARRUPA ONLY UNTIL END NOVEMBER.

15. FROM NOVEMBER TO MARCH ONLY LICHINGA AND CUAMBA AIRPORTS EXPECTED TO BE OPERATIONAL.

CONTRIBUTIONS

16. UNDRO PREPARED TO ASSIST AND ADVISE DONORS ON WAYS OF IMPLEMENTING AID.

17. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), WITH COPY UNSCERO/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

(DPR 310 MOZ 86(1))


UNDRO 87/2510

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 11
27 NOVEMBER 1987

1. LATEST TOLL OF ATTACKS: ON 16 OCT AT TANINGA (80 KM NORTH MAPUTO) 53 CASUALTIES INCLUDING MANY CHILDREN, ON 29 OCT IN ABOUT SAME AREA 278 CIVILIANS KILLED OF WHOM MAJORITY WERE WOMEN AND CHILDREN. AREA VISITED ON 1 NOV BY UNSCERO, UN AGENCIES, DONOR GOVERNMENTS AND NGOS. MATERIAL LOSSES ESTIMATED APPROX. US DLRS THREE MILLION.

2. CONSIDERABLE DELAYS OF DELIVERY CEREALS (MAINLY MAIZE) FROM ZIMBABWE AFFECTING IN PARTICULAR PROVINCES INHAMBANE, MANICA, SOFALA, TETE. DURING PERIOD MAY/SEPT 87 ONLY 25.6 PERCENT OF MAIZE DELIVERIES FROM ZIMBABWE COULD ARRIVE AS PLANNED. JOINT MISSION WFP/UNDRO/MOZ GOVT TO VISIT HARARE AND BLANTYRE IN ORDER TO MAKE PROPOSALS TO RESOLVE ZIMBABWE SUPPLY BOTTLENECKS.

3. WFP AIRLIFT TO INHAMINGA CARRIED UNTIL NOW 1,090 MT FOOD AND RELIEF GOODS. AIRLIFT FINANCED BY ITALY WILL DELIVER TOTAL 3,900 MT OF RELIEF SUPPLIES DONATED BY ITALY TO PROVINCES MANICA, SOFALA, ZAMBEZIA. ICRC AIRLIFTING 800 MT BEANS TO NORTH SOFALA.

4. MAPUTO PORT PRODUCTIVITY RISEN FROM 800 TO 1,300 MT. ALL EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL REQUIRED FOR REHABILITATON BEIRA PORT NOT YET ARRIVED. ITALIAN TECHNICIANS WORKING ON IMPROVEMENT QUELIMANE PORT. TEN CARGO THREE-MT RUBBER BOATS DONATED BY SWEDEN THROUGH WFP BEING USED TO IMPROVE RIVER AND LAKE OPERATION.

COORDINATION ACTIVITIES

5. NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMISSION FOR EMERGENCY (CENE) WILL HOLD NATIONAL MEETING 3-5 DEC IN INHAMBANE WITH PARTICIPATION NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL DPCCN AND EMERGENCY COMMISSIONS. ASSESSMENT OF FOLLOW-UP OF DECISIONS TAKEN AT NATIONAL EMRGENCY SEMINAR IN TETE IN AUGUST (SEE UNDRO SITREP NO. 8 DATED 31 AUG 87, PARAS 9/14). INTERNATIONAL PARTICIPATION WILL BE POSSIBLE ON LAST DAY OF MEETING IN INHAMBANE.

6. CENE UNIT FOR DIFFUSION OF EMERGENCY INFORMATION PLANS TO PUBLISH DURING EIGHTEEN MONTHS MONTHLY BULLETIN FOR DISTRIBUTION TO INTERNATIONAL DONOR COMMUNITY.COST: US DLRS 103,620 (CONTRIBUTIONS SO FAR: 25,000 BY UNDRO, 5,000 BY SAVE THE CHILDREN, 5,000 BY OXFAM/UK).

RETURNEES

7. HIGH COMMISSIONER'S APPEAL OF MARCH 1987 FOR ASSISTANCE MOZAMBICAN RETURNEES COVERED ASSISTANCE FOR ONE YEAR TO 15,000 MOZAMBICAN RETURNEES WITH INITIAL ESTIMATED BUDGET OF US DLRS 1.2 MILLION. NEW ARRIVALS RETURNEES FROM MALAWI AND ZIMBABWE BRING TOTAL ESTIMATED NUMBER RETURNEES TO APPROX. 42,800.

8. SINCE SEPTEMBER, RETURNEES PREVIOUSLY LIVING IN ZIMBABWE HAVE SETTLED INPROVINCE MANICA (APPROX. 6,300), MAINLY IN ESPUNGABERA AREA WHERE THEY RECEIVE ASSISTANCE FROM UNICEF AND UNHCR. RETURNEES IN PROVINCES TETE (APPROX. 29,500) AND NIASSA (APPROX. 7,000) CONSIST LARGELY OF PEOPLE PREVIOUSLY RESIDENT IN MALAWI. UNHCR ASSISTANCE TO RETURNEES CURRENTLY BEING REVISED. NEW REQUIREMENTS ESTIMATED AT US DLRS 1,746,818. RESPONSE TO UNHCR MARCH APPEAL SO FAR TOTALS US DLRS 1,751,696 FROM GOVERNMENTS OF CANADA, FRG, NETHERLANDS, PORTUGAL, SWITZERLAND, UK AND FROM STICHTING VLUCHTELING (NETHERLANDS), PRIVATE DONATIONS (JAPAN).

UPDATED REQUIREMENTS

9. FOOD

OCTOBER 1987 - APRIL 1988

MAIZE - 233,700 MT
PULSES - 21,100 MT
SUGAR - 47,800 MT

REQUIREMENTS FOR RICE, WHEAT AND OIL MET. (FOR MORE DETAILS, SEE WFP EMERGENCY TELEX REPORT NO.120 DATED 27 NOVEMBER 1987.)

10. NON-FOOD

IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO CONTRIBUTE TO A) WATER TRANSPORT TO IMPROVE ACCESS TO AFFECTED/DISPLACED PEOPLE, B) WATER AND AGRICULTURAL SECTORS PROMOTING SELF-RELIANCE.


PROPOSED PRINCIPAL CHANNEL FOR FUNDING (IN ADDITION TO GOVT)
REQUIREMENTS
(US DLRS)
PLEDGES/ CONTRIBUTIONS
(US DLRS)
UNMET REQUIREMENTS
(US DLRS)
LOGISTICS SUPPORT (1)
UNSCERO/UNDRO,
UNICEF,WFP
12,747,000
8,114,000
4,633,000
HEALTH (2)
UNICEF,WHO
8,791,000
5,688,000
3,103,000
WATER
UNICEF
5,675,000
286,000
5,389,000
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS
UNSCERO/UNDRO,
UNICEF
6,354,000
3,099,000
3,255,000
AGRICULTURE
UNSCERO/UNDRO,
FAO
18,441,000 1/
6,459,000
11,982,000
TOTAL
52,008,000
23,646,000
28,362,000

(1) EXCLUDING A) ESTIMATES FOR WAREHOUSING NEEDS WHICH ARE UNDER REVIEW B) CONTRIBUTIONS NOT YET ALLOCATED TO SPECIFIC NEEDS.

(2) INCLUDING TWO-YEAR REQUIREMENTS FOR STRENGTHENING HEALTH SECTOR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT.

1/ INCLUDING REQUIREMENTS OF USD 9,105,000 FOR SIX INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN SOFALA, AND ZAMBEZIA (FAO APPEAL OF 22 MAY 1987).

BREAKDOWN OF UNMET NEEDS BY PROJECT

LOGISTICS SUPPORT: US DLRS 4,633,000

11. CONTINUATION OF WFP COASTAL OPERATION (USD 750,000). GOVERNMENTAL/WFP PLAN TO STRENGTHEN COASTAL, LAKE AND RIVER TRANSPORT (USD 3 MILLION, UNDRO SITREP NO.9 DATED 29 SEPTEMBER 1987, PARA.8 REFERS). UNICEF REQUIREMENTS FOR AIRLIFT OF LOW VOLUME/HIGH VALUE ITEMS (USD 683,000)ANDTECHNICAL ASSISTANCE/TRAINING TO DPCCN (USD 200,000).
HEALTH: US DLRS 3,103,000

12. FUNDS ARE REQUIRED FOR REHAB/REEQUIPPING OF BASIC HEALTH FACILITIES AND STRENGTHENING HEALTH SECTOR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT. UNICEF REQUIREMENTS FOR REHABILITATION FACILITIES AND ASSISTANCE TO VULNERABLE GROUPS AMOUNT ALONE TO US DLRS 3.7 MILLION. GAP OF US DLRS 3.1 MILLION TAKES INTO ACCOUNT OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS TO ACTIVITIES OF NGO'S AND GOVERNMENT IN SAME AREA.

13. REQUIREMENTS FOR VITAL MEDICINES BEING COVERED. MEDICAL NEEDS IN NIASSA COVERED BY UNICEF PROGRAMME ESSENTIAL DRUGS (UNDRO SITREP NO.10 OF 30 OCTOBER 1987, PARA. 6 REFERS). MAIN PROBLEM STILL IS TO ARRANGE DELIVERY TO AFFECTED PROVINCES.

WATER: US DLRS 5,389,000

14. TUBEWELL CONSTRUCTION AND RECOVERY, SOFALA AND MANICA (USD 645,000). STRENGTHENING NATIONAL WATER AUTHORITY (USD 600,000). BOREHOLE DRILLING AND RECOVERY IN RURAL AREAS, TETE (USD 3,200,000). RECOVERY OF TETE CITY WATER SUPPLY (USD 369,000). CHEMICAL SUPPORT FOR SAFE DRINKING WATER (USD 575,000).

RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS: US DLRS 3,255,000 (INCLUDING UNICEF NEEDS OF US DLRS 1.7 MILLION)

15. DESPITE RECEIPT CONTRIBUTIONS, NOTABLY FROM NGO'S, RECURRENT NEEDS FOR CLOTHING, SOAP, COOKING UTENSILS AND BLANKETS REMAIN ACUTE.

AGRICULTURAL INPUTS: US DLRS 11,982,000

16. PROVISION AND DELIVERY/DISTRIBUTION OF HANDTOOLS AND SEEDS (USD 3,021,000). PESTICIDES (USD 100,000). SIX INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS/FAO APPEAL (USD 8,861,000).

LWF APPEAL

17. LWF APPEALS FOR USDLRS 800,000 FOR EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE MAINLY IN PROVINCES INHAMBANE AND SOFALA (FOODSTUFFS, SEEDS, TOOLS, KITCHEN UTENSILS, GENERAL HEALTH ASSISTANCE).

CONTRIBUTIONS

18. CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO. 9 DATED 29 SEPTEMBER 1987 AMOUNTED TO US DLRS 39,925,000 OF WHICH:
  • US DLRS 35,145,000 FROM GOVERNMENTS (AUSTRIA, DENMARK, NETHERLANDS, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND, UK, USA)
  • US DLRS 446,000 FROM UN SYSTEM (UNICEF, UNFPA)
  • US DLRS 339,000 FROM RED CROSS SOCIETIES (ICRC, LRCS, GERMANY FED REP, IRELAND, UK)
  • US DLRS 3,995,000 FROM NGO'S (OXFAM, SCF/UK, AFRICARE, ADRA, CARITAS)

19. TOTAL EMERGENCY RELIEF CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE 1 JANUARY 1987 AMOUNT TO US DLRS 276,632,000 AS FOLLOWS:

- GOVERNMENTS US DLRS 226,409,000

(AUSTRALIA, AUSTRIA, BELGIUM, BOTSWANA, BRAZIL, CANADA, CYPRUS, CZECHOSLOVAKIA, DENMARK, FINLAND, FRANCE, GERMAN DEM REP, GERMANY FED REP, HUNGARY, IRELAND, ITALY, JAPAN, KENYA, NETHERLANDS, NEW ZEALAND, NIGERIA, NORWAY, POLAND, PORTUGAL, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND, USSR, UK, USA, YUGOSLAVIA)

UN SYSTEM
US DLRS 10,232,000
IGO (EEC)
US DLRS 17,819,000
RED CROSS SOCIETIES
US DLRS 2,398,000
OTHER NGO'S
US DLRS 19,774,000

20. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), WITH COPY UNSCERO/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'86(1)


UNDRO 87/2696

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 12
23 DECEMBER 1987 -

1. AT MEETING ORGANIZED IN INHAMBANE BY NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMISSION FOR EMERGENCY (CENE) (SEE UNDRO SITREP NO. 11 DATED 27 NOVEMBER 87, PARA 5), INCREASED NUMBER OF AFFECTED AND DISPLACED PEOPLE PER PROVINCE WAS PRESENTED. THE NEW FIGURES WILL BE UPDATED AND VALIDATED BY FIELD MISSIONS MADE UP OF REPRESENTATIVES OF GOVT, THE UN SYSTEM (UNICEF, UNDP, UNDRO, WFP), EEC, BILATERAL DONOR GOVERNMENTS (NETHERLANDS, SWEDEN, USA) AND NGOS ACTIVE IN PROVINCES VISITED. MISSIONS INTENDED TO COMMENCE IN THE COURSE OF JANUARY 88.

2. WFP APPEALING FOR CASH AND/OR KIND CONTRIBUTIONS TO MEET REQUIREMENTS TOTALLING USD 3,970,000 FOR:

AAA) CONTINUATION OF COASTAL SERVICES BY UP TO TWO VESSELS TO END 1988 (40,000 MT AT USD 30 PER MT = USD 1,200,000).

BBB) REHABILITATION OF THIRTEEN 20 TO 60 MT BOATS TO STRENGTHEN COASTAL TRANSPORT (USD 300,000).

CCC) PROVISION OF NINE BARGES AND THREE WORKBOATS/TUGS FOR DISCHARGING OPERATIONS (USD 2,220,000).
DDD) REPAIR OF THREE 120 MT MOTORIZED SHALLOW DRAFT BARGES FOR RIVER TRANSPORT (USD 250,000).

3. WITH CANADIAN FUNDS, UNDRO IS GRANTING USD 250,000 TOWARDS CONTINUATION COASTAL SERVICES IN EARLY 1988 (POINT AAA ABOVE).

4. JOINT WFP/UNDRO MISSIONS CARRIED OUT IN IN ZAMBEZIA PROVINCE AND IN ZIMBABWE/TETE PROVINCE/MALAWI. THE MISSION TO ZAMBEZIA FOCUSED ON THE CHANNELS OF TRANSPORT(COAST,RIVER,RAILWAY,AIR). THE SECOND MISSION (SEE UNDRO SITREP NO. 11 DATED 27 NOV 87, PARA 2) CONTACTED AUTHORITIES CONCERNED TO IMPROVE DELIVERY OF MAIZE TO PROVINCES OF NIASSA AND TETE. REPORTS ARE AVAILABLE WITH UNDRO.

5. CEMENT BRIDGE (LENGTH:275 M) OVER INCOMATI RIVER BUILT AT MOAMBA (MAPUTO PROVINCE) WITH ITALIAN CONTRIBUTION OF USD 2.9 MILLION THROUGH UNDRO WAS INAUGURATED ON 5 DECEMBER 1987. BRIDGE, WHICH WILL FACILITATE DISTRIBUTION OF RELIEF SUPPLIES AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AID PROJECTS IN REGION, WAS COMPLETED UNDER UNDRO SUPERVISION IN TWENTY MONTHS (TEN MONTHS AHEAD OF SCHEDULE).

6. MSF BELGIUM REQUIRING URGENTLY USD 400,000 TO COMPLETE REHABILITATION PROGRAMME OF SANITARY NETWORK NORTH INHAMBANE
PROVINCE.

CONTRIBUTIONS

7. TOTAL EMERGENCY RELIEF CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE 1 JANUARY 1987 FROM GOVERNMENTS, UN SYSTEM, IGO, RED CROSS SOCIETIES AND OTHER NGO'S AMOUNT TO US DLRS 277,521,000.

8. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), WITH COPY UNSCERO/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'86(1)