Mozambique

Mozambique Destabilization/Drought Feb 1988 UNDRO Situation Reports 6 - 10

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published


UNDRO 88/2441

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 6
3 NOVEMBER 1988

SITUATION

1. FOLLOWING MILITARY OPERATIONS AND LIBERATION VARIOUS AREAS IN CENTRAL AND NORTHERN PROVINCES OF SOFALA, NAMPULA AND ZAMBEZIA, NUMBER OF AFFECTED AND DISPLACED PEOPLE REQUIRING ASSISTANCE CONTINUES TO INCREASE.

2. ALTHOUGH NO MAJOR ATTACK ON ECONOMIC TARGETS OR CIVILIANS REPORTED RECENTLY, MILITARY PROTECTION OF RELIEF CONVOYS CRITICALLY NEEDED. SOME DONORS RESPONDING TO GOVERNMENTAL REQUEST FOR SUPPORT TO CONVOYS.

3. AUGUST RAINFALL INSUFFICIENT FOR PLANTING OF GROUNDNUTS, BEANS, MAIZE, CASSAVA IN SOUTHERN COASTAL BELTS.

OPERATIONS

GOVERNMENT

4. NATIONAL EMERGENCY MEETING HELD IN QUELIMANE (ZAMBEZIA) MID-OCTOBER WITH PARTICIPATION IN-COUNTRY REPRESENTATIVES INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO REVIEW NATIONAL/PROVINCIAL EMERGENCY OPERATIONS. URGENT FOLLOW-UP ACTIONS INCLUDE: JOINT MISSION GOVT/UN/DONORS SPONSORED BY UNHCR TO BORDER AREAS TO REVIEW SITUATION DISPLACED IN MALAWI AND ASSISTANCE REQUIRED FOR RETURNEES, NATIONAL SEMINAR ON EMERGENCY INFORMATION PLANNED FOR DECEMBER 1988, MISSION TO VERIFY INCREASE AFFECTED AND DISPLACED POPULATION.

5. MINISTRY OF HEALTH RELEASED WORRISOME NUTRITIONAL SURVEY COVERING PERIOD JAN-AUG 1988.
UNITED NATIONS

UNSCERO

6. AS OF 24 OCTOBER 1988 MR. CHARLES LARSIMONT, HAS ASSUMED FUNCTIONS OF UNITED NATIONS SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF OPERATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE. UN INTER-AGENCY MISSION FIELDED TO NAMPULA PROVINCE TO CARRY OUT ASSESSMENT EMERGENCY SITUATION: REPORT AVAILABLE WITH UNDRO.

UNDP

7. CONTRIBUTED US DLRS 505,600 TO CONTINUE LOGISTICAL ASSISTANCE TO GOVERNMENT THROUGH DECEMBER 1989.

UNDRO

8. INITIATED WITH CANADIAN FUNDS AIRLIFT OF 60 TONS RELIEF ITEMS (CLOTHING, BLANKETS, MEDICINES) TO DISPLACED IN REMOTE DISTRICTS IN NAMPULA. EMERGENCY STOCKPILE ESTABLISHED IN MAPUTO NOW OPERATING WITH UNDRO SUPPORT.

UNHCR

9. DISTRIBUTED HANDTOOLS AND SEEDS TO RETURNEES TO PREPARE FOR FORTHCOMING AGRICULTURAL CAMPAIGN. STUDYING PROGRAMMES TO DEAL WITH POSSIBLE INCREASE NUMBER RETURNEES.

UNICEF

10. PROVIDING MEDICAL SUPPLIES TO REHABILITATE HEALTH CARE IN TETE. TRAINING COURSES FOR DISTRICT TEACHING STAFF BEING HELD IN TETE, ZAMBEZIA AND SOFALA. SUPPORT TO AIRLIFT OF RELIEF ITEMS IN ZAMBEZIA CONTINUES, WITH 180 TONS TARGETED FOR OCT/NOV 88.

WFP

11. VESSELS IDUN AND BONSELLA DELIVERED FOOD TO PEBANE (ZAMBEZIA) WHERE 127,000 PEOPLE SUFFERING CRITICAL FOOD SHORTAGE.

WHO

12. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROVIDED TO GOVT WITH FUNDING FROM NORAD AND FINNIDA. PROGRAMME'S EXPANSION UNDER STUDY.

13. OTHER INFORMATION GATHERED BY UN SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF OPERATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE ON SITUATION BY PROVINCE, OPERATIONS OF GOVERNMENT, UN, DONOR AGENCIES AND NGO'S AND ON LATEST CONTRIBUTIONS IS AVAILABLE WITH UNDRO AND CAN BE PROVIDED UPON REQUEST.

EMERGENCY PLEDGES AND UNMET REQUIREMENTS

14. PLEDGES REPORTED TO GOVERNMENT AND UNDRO AMOUNT TO US DLRS 335 MILLION. OF THIS AMOUNT, ONLY US DLRS 233 MILLION PLEDGED AGAINST REQUIREMENTS 1988-1989 APPEAL, USDLRS 86 MILLION (25 PERCENT) PLEDGED FOR RELATED PROGRAMMES AND USDLRS 17 MILLION (5 PERCENT) HAVE NOT YET BEEN SPECIFIED.

16. SECTORAL ANALYSIS OF RESPONSE TO APPEAL AS FOLLOWS:

A) FOOD: MAIN PROBLEMS ARE SHORTFALLS OF CEREALS (263,000 MT, OF WHICH 178,000MT IN MAIZE), SUGAR (82,000 MT) AND PULSES (MT 42,000).

B) LOGISTICS: DISTRIBUTION CAPACITY THREATENED BY SHORTFALL US DLRS 35 MILLION FOR INTERNAL TRANSPORT (COASTAL TRANSPORT, TRUCKS AND TRACTORS).

C) AGRICULTURE: SEED AND TOOLS PROGRAMME NEARLY TOTALLY FUNDED. HOWEVER, OVERALL REQUIREMENTS FOR THIS SECTOR CRUCIAL TO REHABILITATION STRATEGY STILL 73 PERCENT UNCOVERED.

D) HEALTH: SHORTFALL OF USDLRS 8.5 MILLION (67 PER CENT OF APPEAL'S NEEDS).

E) DRINKING WATER: NEARLY TOTALLY FUNDED.

F) PRIMARY EDUCATION: SHORTFALL OF US DLRS 1.4 MILLION FOR 1988.

G) RELIEF AND SURVIVAL ITEMS: ALTHOUGH SUPPORT PROVIDED BY SOME DONORS AND NGO'S, NEED FOR CLOTHING AND BLANKETS CRITICAL THROUGHOUT COUNTRY.

15. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO (TELEX 28148 UNDR CH) OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE, WITH COPY TO RESIDENT COORDINATOR/ /MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV) AND FARAH/LAMUNIERE,
UN/OSPQ, NEW YORK (TELEX UNATIONS 82731).

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 88/2653

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 7
2 DECEMBER 1988

I) SITUATION AND POPULATION MOVEMENTS

1. AN ESTIMATED 7,000 PEOPLE FLED INHAMINGA TOWN, SOFALA PROVINCE ON 19 OCTOBER FOLLOWING MAJOR BANDIT ATTACK AND SOUGHT REFUGE 100 KM NORTHWEST, IN MARROMEU AREA. FGR NGO CAPANAMUR BASED IN MARROMEU REPORTED VERY CRITICAL SITUATION WITH URGENT NEED FOR FOOD, FUEL, SEEDS AND TOOLS FOR NEW ARRIVALS. UNDRO MISSION VISITED MARROMEU 9 NOVEMBER, ARRANGING DELIVERY RELIEF ITEMS TO MARROMEU AND INHAMINGA FROM MAPUTO EMERGENCY STOCKPILE.

2. ON 19 NOVEMBER BANDITS ATTACKED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN MANHICA, 75 KM NORTH MAPUTO CITY, KILLING 22 PEOPLE, MOST OF THEM CHILDREN, AND KIDNAPPING UNDETERMINED NUMBER.

3. OFFICIAL SOURCES REPORTED INTENSIFICATION OF SABOTAGE DURING NOVEMBER AGAINST INFRASTRUCTURES IN MAPUTO PROVINCE: POWER TRANSMISSION LINE TO MAPUTO AND RAILROAD TO SWAZILAND BOTH ATTACKED THREE TIMES, RESSANO GARCIA RAILROAD TWICE, RAILBRIDGE AT SIKHONJUENE, 62 KM NORTH

4. LARGE NUMBER DISPLACED FROM NORTHERN ZAMBEZIA ARRIVING DAILY IN PEBANE WHERE AROUND 125,000 PEOPLE ARE CONCENTRATED. FOOD SHORTAGE CRITICAL, AGGRAVATED BY SERIOUS LOGISTICAL PROBLEMS TO REACH AREA. VERY HIGH LEVELS OF MALNUTRITION REGISTERED, DEATHS ALSO REPORTED. GOVERNMENT, WFP AND ACTION AID WORKED OUT PLAN TO DELIVER FOOD OVER NEXT MONTHS.

II) OPERATIONS

5. GOVT ANNOUNCED APPOINTMENT VICE-MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE ALBERTO GAMITO, TO TAKE CHARGE OF EMERGENCY PROGRAMME DURING ABSENCE OF CENE CO-ORDINATOR, MR. PRAKASH RATILAL.

6. MID-TERM EVALUATION (30 APRIL TO 31 OCTOBER 1988) OF 1988/89 EMERGENCY APPEAL, PREPARED BY GOVERNMENT WITH UNSCERO SUPPORT, ISSUED MID-NOVEMBER, COPY AVAILABLE WITH UNDRO.
7. THIRD IN-COUNTRY UN INTERAGENCY MISSION COORDINATED BY UNDP, WITH PARTICIPATION UNDRO, WFP, UNICEF, WHO AND UNHCR FIELDED TO NIASSA 28 NOV/3 DEC TO ASSESS SITUATION AND NEEDS.

8. UNICEF/UNDP PROVIDING JOINT SUPPORT TO NATIONAL SEMINAR ON EMERGENCY INFORMATION AND PLANNING TO BE HELD MID-DECEMBER. GOVT/UNICEF HOLDING PROVINCIAL EMERGENCY TRAINING MEETING IN MANICA.

SECTORAL ANALYSIS

INSTITUTIONAL:

9. UNDP WITH FUNDING OF USD 388,000 FROM NETHERLANDS STARTED PROJECT TO STRENGTHEN GOVERNMENTAL (CENE) MANAGEMENT CAPACITY.

FOOD AID:

10. CURRENT GAP BETWEEN REQUIREMENTS AND PLEDGES IS: CEREALS 263,138 TONS, NON-CEREALS 147,013 TONS.

11. BETWEEN 30 APRIL AND 31 OCTOBER, ONLY 31 PERCENT OF MAIZE PLEDGES FOR FREE DISTRIBUTION AND 32 PERCENT OF NON-CEREALS PLEDGES HAVE BEEN DELIVERED. ARRIVALS OF FOOD FOR MARKET DISTRIBUTION WERE EVEN LOWER: 25 PERCENT FOR CEREALS AND 12 PERCENT FOR NON-CEREALS.

12. AGAINST REQUIREMENTS OF 130,000 TONS FOR FOOD BANK, ONLY 24,207 TONS WERE PLEDGED AND 2,600 TONS ACTUALLY ARRIVED.

13. GOVT SUBMITTED TO WFP ADDITIONAL REQUEST FOR EMERGENCY FOOD TOTALLING 45,786 TONS, OF WHICH 40,521 TONS MAIZE.

LOGISTICS:

14. AFTER FIRST DELIVERY FOOD TO PEBANE BY WFP VESSEL BONCELLA IN EARLY NOVEMBER, IDUN VESSEL EN ROUTE TO DELIVER 700 TONS, FOOD NEED IN PEBANE ESTIMATED AT 1,200 TONS PER MONTH. 15. DELAYED ARRIVALS OF TRUCKS AND COASTAL VESSELS PLEDGED FOR EMERGENCY PROGRAMME SERIOUSLY HAMPERING RELIEF EFFORTS THROUGHOUT COUNTRY AND CONSTITUTE ONE OF MAIN CAUSES FOR LOW DISTRIBUTION PERFORMANCE IN PAST MONTHS: OF 400 TRUCKS PLEDGED,ONLY 34 DELIVERED SO FAR.

16. WFP SECURED FINANCING (USD 150,000) TO CONTINUE AIRLIFT FOOD AND SEEDS/TOOLS TO ISOLATED DISTRICTS SOFALA PROVINCE. 17. EEC CONTRIBUTING ADDITIONAL USD 495,000 FOR FOOD AIRLIFT IN NAMPULA, TETE, ZAMBEZIA AND SOFALA.

HEALTH:

18. URGENT APPEAL FOR ASSISTANCE: MINHEALTH WITH WHO AND UNICEF ALERTING TO POSSIBLE MAJOR RUPTURES OF SUPPLIES IN VITAL MEDICINES FROM EARLY 1989, UNLESS SUBSTANTIAL SUPPORT IS RECEIVED IN NEAR FUTURE.

AGRICULTURE:

19. PROGRAMME SEED/TOOL DISTRIBUTION TO DISPLACED WILL BE COMPLETED BY DECEMBER.

20. OXFAM NEARING COMPLETION AIRLIFT 300 TONS SEEDS AND TOOLS IN NIASSA AND CARRYING OUT USD 100,000 AIRLIFT ZAMBEZIA SEEDS AND TOOLS.

21. FAO, THROUGH EMERGENCY PROJECT TO SUPPORT BEIRA GREEN ZONES, DELIVERING SEEDS, TRACTORS, WATER PUMPS AND AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT: TOTAL BUDGET USD 190,000. ALSO PROCURING MANUAL PUMPS AND TOOLS FOR MAPUTO PROVINCE WITH BELGIAN GOVERNMENT'S DONATION USD 130,000 THROUGH MSF/BELGIUM.

22. UNICEF PROVIDED 160 TONS BASIC SEEDS TO DISPLACED PEOPLE IN MAPUTO, INHAMBANE, TETE AND
ZAMBEZIA.

RELIEF AND SURVIVAL:

23. GOVERNMENTAL EMERGENCY STOCKPILE, ESTABLISHED IN MAPUTO WITH UNDRO SUPPORT, EXPERIENCING DIFFICULTIES IN DELIVERING RELIEF/SURVIVAL ITEMS TO ISOLATED AREAS DUE LACK OF FUNDING FOR INTERNAL TRANSPORT INCLUDING AIRLIFT.

24. UNICEF WITH GOVT AND LAM COMPLETED AIRLIFT OF 181 TONS RELIEF SUPPLIES INCLUDING FOOD, SEEDS/TOOLS, DRUG KITS TO FIVE NEEDY DISTRICTS IN ZAMBEZIA.

RETURNEES:

25. GOVT, UNHCR AND MSF/BELGIUM PREPARING JOINT MISSION TO ASSESS NEEDS AND HEALTH CONDITIONS IN NIASSA, TETE, ZAMBEZIA, MANICA AND GAZA PROVINCES.

III. EMERGENCY PLEDGES AND UNMET REQUIREMENTS

26. PLEDGES REPORTED TO GOVERNMENT AND UNDRO AMOUNT TO USD 355 MILLION, OF WHICH USD 255 MILLION PLEDGED AGAINST APPEAL REQUIREMENTS, USD 89.5 MILLION FOR RELATED PROGRAMMES AND USD 10.5 MILLION HAVE NOT YET BEEN SPECIFIED. INCREASE OF USD 20 MILLION IN NOVEMBER MAINLY DUE TO FOOD AID (ALSO INCLUDES USD 4.5 MILLION FOR RELIEF ITEMS AND AROUND ONE MILLION FOR AIRLIFT). FOR OTHER INFO ON UNMET REQUIREMENTS REFER TO UNDRO SITREP NO.6 OF 3 NOVEMBER 1988.

27. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO (TELEX 28148 UNDR CH) OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE, WITH COPY TO RESIDENT COORDINATOR/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV) AND FARAH/LAMUNIERE, UN/OSPQ, NEW YORK (TELEX UNATIONS 82731).

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 89/0620

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 8
23 MARCH 1989

SITUATION

1. ACCORDING TO LATEST GOVERNMENTAL ESTIMATES, 4,564,600 PEOPLE IN MOZAMBIQUE NEED EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE (I.E. 1.25 MILLION MORE THAN LAST YEAR), 1,689,900 OF WHOM ARE DISPLACED AND 2,874,700 REQUIRE FOOD AID. AN ADDITIONAL ONE MILLION FLED TO NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES.

2. AROUND 4,800 PEOPLE REPORTEDLY DIED OF STARVATION IN MEMBA DISTRICT, NORTHERN PROVINCE OF NAMPULA AREA ATTACKED TWICE MARCH 1989. WHILE FAMINE REPORTED IN IN SEVERAL COASTAL AREAS OF PROVINCE, DISTRIBUTION MAIZE STOCKS IN NACALA PORT IMPEDED BY LACK TRUCKS. RELIEF SUPPLIES BEING FLOWN FROM MAPUTO EMERGENCY STOCKPILE.

3. IN JAN AND FEB 89, ARMED ATTACKS INCREASED IN SOUTHERN PROVINCES OF GAZA AND MAPUTO. CENTRES FOR AGRICULTURAL MARKETING WERE FREQUENT TARGETS.

4. IN MAPUTO PROVINCE, ATTACKS ON FOUR TOWNS IN MANHICA AND MAGUDE DISTRICTS LEFT 45 CIVILIANS DEAD, 44 WOUNDED AND AT LEAST 40 KIDNAPPED. SHOPS AND HOUSES WERE LOOTED AND DESTROYED. JOSINA MACHEL ISLAND (MANHICA DISTRICT) AND MALI COMMUNAL VILLAGE WERE ATTACKED.

5. TOWN OF XINAVANE 100 KM NORTH OF MAPUTO (TARGET OF MAJOR ATTACK MID-DEC) WAS HIT ANEW WITH 26 DEATHS. EXTENSIVE DAMAGE TO SUGAR FACTORY, POWER STATION, HOSPITAL, COMMERCIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE CENTRES ESTIMATED AT USD 1.6 MILLION.

6. PASSENGER TRAINS AMBUSHED THREE TIMES AT MOVENE (RESSANO GARCIA RAILWAY LINE, 15KM FROM SOUTH AFRICAN BORDER) LEAVING 23 CIVILIANS DEAD AND 64 WOUNDED.

7. IN GAZA PROVINCE, MANJACAZE TOWN RAIDED, LEAVING 8 CIVILIANS DEAD, 23 WOUNDED, 39 KIDNAPPED, AND HEAVY DAMAGE. SHOPS/WAREHOUSES FULL OF CONSUMER GOODS TO PROMOTE AGRICULTURAL CAMPAIGN LOOTED AND BURNT TO GROUND. ATTACK ON TOWN OF MACIA (140 KM NORTH OF MAPUTO) LEFT 6 DEAD, LARGE NUMBER OF WOUNDED AND KIDNAPPED.

8. IN SOFALA PROVINCE, 5 PEOPLE KILLED AND 5 WOUNDED IN ATTACK ON METUCHIRA AGRICULTURAL AND LIVESTOCK COMPANY. AMBUSH ON CIVILIAN VEHICLE KILLED 4 AND WOUNDED 2 IN BEIRA CORRIDOR. OLD POWERLINE SABOTAGED IN NHAMATANDA DISTRICT 100 KM WEST OF BEIRA, BUT NEW TRANSMISSION LINE ERECTED UNDER UNDRO SUPERVISION WITH ITALIAN FUNDING WAS IMMEDIATELY PUT IN OPERATION.

9. IN ZAMBEZIA SECURITY REPORTED WORSE: INCURSIONS THREATENING RECONSTRUCTION DAMAGED INFRASTRUCTURES, PARTICULARLY VITAL ROADS AND RAILWAYS (E.G. QUELIMANE-MOCUBA).

FLOODS (AND DROUGHT)

10. TORRENTIAL RAINS BEGINNING LATE JAN CONTINUED IN CENTRAL MOZAMBIQUE, CAUSING FLOODS ALONG THREE MAJOR RIVERS - BUZI, PUNGOE AND ZAMBEZI - IN SOFALA.

11. PUNGOE RIVER AND TRIBUTARIES MUDA AND METUCHIRA BURST BANKS ON 9 AND 25 FEB, HALTING ROAD TRAFFIC PUNGOE VALLEY AND CUTTING ROAD B/W ZIMBABWE AND BEIRA PORT. POPULATION EVACUATED FROM LOW-LYING AREAS, BUT RIVER-BANK CROPS FEARED TOTALLY LOST.

12. RISE IN ZAMBEZI RIVER MAINLY FROM TORRENTIAL RAINS ZIMBABWE AND ZAMBIA FORCED OPENING OF FLOODGATES ON FIRST KARIBA AND THEN CABORA BASSA DAMS. FURTHER WATER POURING INTO ZAMBEZI ALSO FROM MAIN TRIBUTARY (THE SHIRE) DUE TO HEAVY RAINS IN MALAWI.

13. HUGE CROP LOSSES REPORTED IN FLOODED AREAS, PARTICULARLY AROUND MARROMEU. POPULATION EVACUATED FROM MARROMEU TOWN THREATENED BY NEW FLOOD WAVE ON ZAMBEZI 1 MAR. FIRST PEAK EARLY FEB ALREADY INUNDATED ACCOMMODATION CENTRE FOR DISPLACED PEOPLE.

14. SO FAR, ONLY 2 REPORTED DEAD FROM FLOODING. FLOOD DAMAGE, PARTICULARLY CROP LOSSES, STILL TO BE ASSESSED.

15. AGROMETEOROLOGICAL SERVICE REPORTING THREAT OF SEVERE CROP FAILURES IN GAZA AND INHAMBANE PROVINCES DUE TO INSUFFICIENT RAINFALL OCT 88 THROUGH JAN 89. SEVERE DROUGHT REPORTED IN COASTAL STRIP AND VERY SEVERE DROUGHT IN INTERIOR OF BOTH PROVINCES. RAINFALL BELOW NORMAL ALSO IN MAPUTO PROVINCE AND IN SOUTHERN TETE.

APPEAL FOR EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE 1989-1990

16. GOVERNMENT AND UNITED NATIONS JOINTLY PREPARED 1989-1990 INTERNATIONAL APPEAL FOR EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO MOZAMBIQUE FOR DONORS CONFERENCE DUE NEW YORK 13-14 APRIL.

17. REQUIREMENTS IN APPEAL TOTAL USD 361,791,000 FOR CROP YEAR 89-90 AND USD 20,990,000 FOR CROP-YEAR 90-91, BROKEN DOWN BY SECTOR AS FOLLOWS:

SECTOR
1989
1990
TOTAL (IN USD MILLION)
FOOD AID
237.6
-
237.6
LOGISTICS
62.9
-
62.9
ROAD MAINTENANCE
12.4
-
12.4
AGRICULTURE
8.8
9.9
18.7
HEALTH
4.9
4.3
9.2
DRINKING WATER
4.6
1.8
6.4
PRIMARY EDUCATION
5.1
4.9
10.0
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL
13.0
-
13.0
RETURNEES
5.8
-
5.8
INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT
6.7
-
6.7
TOTAL
361.8
20.9
382.7

18. UNDRO NEEDS AMOUNTING TO AT LEAST USD 570,000 ARE REFLECTED IN APPEAL, UNDER RELIEF AND SURVIVAL AND INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT.

OPERATIONS (BY SECTOR)

I) FOOD AID

19. FOLLOWING GOVT'S REQUEST FOR ADDITIONAL FOOD AID, WFP DELIVERING 29,800 TONS VARIOUS FOOD ITEMS FOR 636,800 DISPLACED/AFFECTED PERSONS.

20. 1989/90 FOOD REQUIREMENTS IN APPEAL TOTAL 916,000 TONS, FOR MARKET, RELIEF AND FOOD BANK.

II) LOGISTICS

21. GOVT REPORTS THAT 37 VEHICLES WERE LOSTO ATTACKS IN 1988 AND 20 DRIVERS WERE KILLED IN LAST 18 MONTHS. DELAYS IN TRUCK DELIVERIES CONTINUE TO HAMPER RELIEF EFFORTS.

22. REHABILITATION OF QUAY IN VILANCULOS WITH WFP SUPPORT WILL BE COMPLETED MAR 89. WITH USAID FUNDING, WFP ASSISTING REHABILITATION OF 12 PRIVATELY OWNED BOATS IN BEIRA. FIRST OF TWO CARGO VESSELS DONATED BY USSR (1,694 TON CAPACITY) ARRIVED MAPUTO 6 FEB TO STRENGTHEN COASTAL OPERATIONS. SECOND VESSEL DUE EARLY MARCH.

23. IN 1988, OVER USD 8 MILLION SPENT IN AIRLIFTS OF AROUND 10,000 TONS RELIEF GOODS TO INACCESSIBLE AREAS.

III) AGRICULTURE

24. AGRICULTURE MARKETING BOARD REPORTED DISTRIBUTION 7,500 TONS SEEDS AND 1.7 MILLION HANDTOOLS TO APPROX. 1.1 MILLION DISPLACED/AFFECTED PEOPLE (AS PART OF EMERGENCY PROGRAMME). SEEDS SUFFICED TO PLANT 200,000 HECTARES AND EXPECTED TO YIELD AROUND 62,000 TONS PRODUCE.

25. FAO SCHEDULED TO IMPLEMENT JOINTLY WITH GOVERNMENT UNDP-FUNDED PROJECT TO CO-ORDINATE AND MONITOR EMERGENCY PROGRAMME FOR AGRICULTURAL SECTOR.

26. ITALY HAS ANNOUNCED USD 210,000 FUNDING FOR EARLY WARNING SYSTEM (PROJECT NO.ONE IN APPEAL 88/89).

IV) WATER SUPPLY

27. GOVT OF CANADA CONFIRMED USD 6.7 MILLION FUNDING FOR FIVE WATER PROJECTS TO BE IMPLEMENTED BY UNICEF/MOZGOVT.

V) EDUCATION

28. UNICEF IMPORTING TWO MILLION EXERCISE BOOKS FOR MID-89 DISTRIBUTION TO WAR AFFECTED PUPILS.

29. IN ZAMBEZIA PROVINCE ALONE, OFFICIAL SOURCES ESTIMATE 32,000 CHILDREN ORPHANED, ABANDONED OR SEPARATED FROM PARENTS, FACING DRAMATIC SHORTAGES OF FOOD/CLOTHING AND NO EDUCATION. THE NGO ACTION AID IS IMPLEMENTING PROGRAMME FOR TRAUMATIZED CHILDREN IN PEBANE AND MAGANJA DA COSTA, AND SCF/UK IS BUILDING SCHOOLS IN MOPEIA AND MORRUMBALA DISTRICTS.

30. UNICEF/GOVT HIGH-LEVEL SEMINAR TOOK PLACE 1-3 MARCH IN MAPUTO TO FINALISE ANALYSIS AND STRATEGY UNICEF ASSISTANCE TO CHILDREN AND WOMEN IN MOZ FOR NEXT FIVE YEARS.
VI) RELIEF AND SURVIVAL

31. UNDRO COMPLETED AIRLIFT OF 50 TONS CLOTHING, BLANKETS, MEDICINES AND SOAP TO SIX DIFFICULT ACCESS DISTRICTS IN NAMPULA PROVINCE.

32. OXFAM/UK ALLOCATING APPROX. USD 450,000 FOR PURCHASE/DISTRIBUTION LOCALLY MADE CLOTHING TO 40,000 AFFECTED FAMILIES IN ZAMBEZIA PROVINCE.

VII) RETURNEES

33. GOVT REPORTS THAT IN 1988, 69,000 PEOPLE HAVE VOLUNTARILY RETURNED TO MOZ FROM NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES. IN ADDITION, 20,000 PEOPLE WERE EXPELLED FROM SOUTH AFRICA THROUGH RESSANO GARCIA. THE MOZ REFUGEE SUPPORT UNIT (NARML) REPORTS THAT SWAZILAND HAS ASKED MOZ GOVT TO CREATE CONDITIONS FOR REPATRIATION OF 17,000 MOZAMBICANS.

34. NIASSA PROVINCE AUTHORITIES REPORTED ARRIVAL AT MASSANGULO DISTRICT OF 4,000 RETURNEES FROM MALAWI. UNHCR SENDING ASSISTANCE.

EMERGENCY PLEDGES AND UNMET REQUIREMENTS, APPEAL 88/89

35. PLEDGES REPORTED TO GOVT AND UNDRO AMOUNT TO USD 356.7 MILLION, INCLUDING USD 260.6 MILLION FOR APPEAL REQUIREMENTS, USD 33.7 MILLION FOR RELATED PROGRAMMES, AND USD 62.4 MILLION FOR ACTIVITIES UNRELATED TO APPEAL REQUIREMENTS.

36. UNMET REQUIREMENTS BY SECTOR:

(IN USD MILLION)
INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT
0.6
FOOD AID
25.3
LOGISTICS
38.9
AGRICULTURE
12.9
HEALTH
9.7
WATER
0.5
EDUCATION
0.8
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL
1.7
RETURNEES
2.5
NGOS
3.2
TOTAL
96.1

37. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO (TELEX 28148 UNDR CH) OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE, WITH COPY TO RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV) AND FARAH/LAMUNIERE, UND/OSPQ, NEW YORK (TELEX UNATIONS 82731).

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ


UNDRO 89/0826

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 9
21 APRIL 1989

SITUATION

1. THREAT OF FAMINE REPORTED IN MANY DISTRICTS (SUCH AS ERATI, NAMAPA, ANGOCHE AND MOMA IN NAMPULA PROVINCE). HUNGER RELATED DEATHS IN MEMBA HAVE RISEN TO OVER 5,200.

2. IN ZAMBEZIA, DISTRICT OF GILE, WITH VERY HIGH MALNUTRITION AMONG 66,000 DISPLACED AND REPORTED HIGH NUMBER OF DEATHS FROM STARVATION, REQUIRES URGENT FOOD AIRLIFT. FOLLOWING ATTACK ON ILE DISTRICT, 20,000 PEOPLE FLED TO MOCUBA, 6,500 TO ALTO MOLOCUE, 600 TO GURUE AND 120 TO NAMARROI. DISTRICTS OF CHINDE, MILANGE AND MORRUMBALA ALSO FACING SEVERE FOOD SHORTAGES.

3. IN NIASSA PROVINCE, DISTRICT OF NIPEPE TOTALLY ISOLATED, EVEN SUPPLY BY AIRLIFT NOT POSSIBLE DURING RAINY SEASON: GOVT CONSIDERING AIR-DROPPING OF RELIEF SUPPLIES.

4. SECURITY WORSENING, WITH MAJOR ATTACKS THOROUGHOUT COUNTRY. IN MAPUTO PROVINCE, SUGAR CENTRE OF MARAGRA ATTACKED AGAIN 19 MARCH, KILLING 15 PEOPLE. MARRACUENE TOWN, 30 KM NORTH OF MAPUTO, ATTACKED 6 APRIL, WAREHOUSES AND SHOPS LOOTED AND BURNT. SALAMANGA AG COMPANY 60 KM SOUTH OF MAPUTO ATTACKED 10 APRIL, ONE PERSON KILLED, 50 HOUSES BURNT, CATTLE AND GOODS STOLEN.

5. BUS TRAVELLING MAPUTO-XAI-XAI ATTACKED MARCH 29, TWO PEOPLE KILLED, ONE INJURED AND ELEVEN KIDNAPPED. ATTACKS ALSO ON RURAL HOSPITALS OF MANJACAZE, CHIBUTO AND BILENE IN GAZA PROVINCE. ON 30 MARCH, MASSANGENA TOWN ATTACKED, FIVE PEOPLE KILLED, 10 HOUSES BURNT AND UNSPECIFIED NUMBER OF PEOPLE ABDUCTED.

6. INHASSUNGE, ZAMBEZIA PROVINCE WAS ATTACKED 27 MARCH. AMONG DEAD, THREE ITALIAN PRIESTS, ONE PRIEST KIDNAPPED WITH MOZAMBICAN CIVILIANS.

7. ON 12 MARCH, IAPALA IN RIBAUE DISTRICT, NAMPULA PROVINCE, ATTACKED. LARGE QUANTITIES LOCAL FOOD PRODUCTION IN AGRICOM WAREHOUSE EITHER LOOTED OR BURNT. FOUR ICRC OFFICERS KIDNAPPED 16 MARCH DURING ATTACK ON MEMBA, RELEASED 31 MARCH.

FLOODS

8. MINAG FIELDED END MARCH TECHNICAL TEAM TO ASSESS CROP DAMAGE DUE TO FLOODS IN 10 DISTRICTS OF SOFALA AND ZAMBEZIA. TEAM IDENTIFIED CAIA AND MOPEIA, CURRENTLY ONLY ACCESSIBLE BY AIR, AS MOST AFFECTED AREAS DUE TOTAL LOSS OF CROPS. DONORS REQUESTED TO RESUPPLY ALL AFFECTED AREAS WITH SEEDS.

DONOR MEETING (NEW YORK, 14 APRIL 1989)

9. HIGH-LEVEL MEETING OF REPRESENTATIVES OF GOVTS, INTERGOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS TOOK PLACE AT UN HEADQUARTERS IN NEW YORK ON 14 APRIL. AGAINST TOTAL EMERGENCY REQUIREMENTS OF USD 382.7 MILLION FOR 1989/1990, OVER USD 350 MILLION WERE PLEDGED.

10. BULK OF PLEDGES TOWARDS FOOD AID. MORE ATTENTION IS TO BE PAID TO NEEDS IN LOGISTICAL SUPPORT AND IN SUCH KEY SECTORS AS HEALTH, WATER SUPPLY, AGRICULTURE AND EDUCATION.

11. DONORS ARE URGED TO INFORM UNDRO OF DETAILS/BREAKDOWN OF PLEDGES, SO AS TO IDENTIFY RESPONSE TO APPEAL AND OUTSTANDING REQUIREMENTS BY SECTOR/PROJECT.

OPERATIONS (BY SECTOR)

I) FOOD AID

12. MEMBA DISTRICT CURRENTLY BEING SUPPLIED BY ROAD, SEA AND AIR. WFP ASSISTING IN PLANNING AND DELIVERY OF FOOD.

13. TWO WFP VESSELS DELIVERED TOTAL 2,129 TONS FOOD TO INHAMBANE AND ZAMBEZIA PROVINCES. AROUND 80 TONS FOOD DELIVERED TO NOVA MAMBONE BY PRIVATE BOATS FROM BEIRA.
II) LOGISTICS

14. REHABILITATION VILANCULOS QUAY ABOUT 90 PERCENT COMPLETE.

15. SEVEN TRUCKS TRANSFERRED FROM ZAMBEZIA TO NAMPULA TO ASSIST FOOD DELIVERY TO MEMBA AND NORTHERN GILE.

16. XAI-XAI'S 25 YR OLD BRIDGE OVER LIMPOPO RIVER COLLAPSED 25 MARCH, APPARENTLY DUE TO STRUCTURAL WEAKNESS, ISOLATING SOUTHERN PART OF TOWN.

III) EDUCATION

17. THREE DAY SEMINAR HELD BY GOVT AND UNICEF TO PREPARE STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING WELFARE OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN DURING 1990-95.

IV) HEALTH

18. PLANES PROVIDED BY UNDRO AND UNICEF TRANSPORTED MINHEALTH/WHO TEAM AND MEDICINES TO TETE TO CONTROL CHOLERA OUTBREAK. UNICEF ALSO FINANCED AIRLIFT OF 11 TONS MEDICINES AND HOSPITAL EQUIPMENT TO TETE.

V) WATER

19. CARE INTERNATIONAL CARRYING OUT WATER SANITATION/CONSTRUCTION AND TRAINING IN INHAMBANE. NEW USD 1.5 MILLION PROJECT WILL BENEFIT LARGE NUMBER AFFECTED AND DISPLACED PEOPLE OVER FOUR YEAR PERIOD.

20. 16 TUBEWELLS, SERVING ABOUT 8,000 BENEFICIARIES, NOW COMPLETED IN BEIRA CORRIDOR WITHIN UNICEF PROJECT FUNDED BY SWEDEN.

VI) RELIEF AND SURVIVAL

21. UNDRO ORGANIZED WITH GOVT SEA SHIPMENT AND AIRLIFT TO MEMBA OF RELIEF SUPPLIES VALUED OVER USD 100,000 FROM EMERGENCY STOCKPILE MAPUTO.

VII) RETURNEES

22. TRIPARTITE AGREEMENT B/W GOVTS OF SWAZILAND, MOZAMBIQUE AND UNHCR GOVERNING VOLUNTARY REPATRIATION OF MOZAMBICANS IN SWAZILAND BEING PREPARED.

23. THROUGH REPATRIATION PROGRAMME, 462 PEOPLE RETURNED TO TO TETE FROM MALAWI. ANGONIA DISTRICT ALSO RECEIVED 238 PEOPLE WHO RETURNED SPONTANEOUSLY.

VIII) GOVERNMENT

24. PRIME MINISTER ESTABLISHED OFFICIAL COMMISSION FROM MINISTRIES OF INTERIOR, TRANSPORT/COMMUNICATION AND SECURITY, TO INVESTIGATE LOSSES IN MAIN PORTS OF MAPUTO, BEIRA AND NACALA. A SECOND COMMISSION, INCLUDING VICE-MINISTERS OF INTERIOR AND AGRICULTURE, LOOKING INTO OPERATIONS OF DPCCN (DEPARTMENT FOR PREVENTION AND COMBAT NATURAL CALAMITIES). REPORTS DUE END APRIL.

EMERGENCY APPEAL 1988-89

25. PLEDGES REPORTED TO GOVT AND UNDRO AGAINST 1988/89 APPEAL AMOUNT TO USD 363.5 MILLION, OF WHICH USD 267.6 MILLION (74 PERCENT) DIRECTLY AGAINST APPEAL. UNDRO CURRENTLY WORKING ON CLOSE-OUT FIGURES AND FINAL BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR AND DONOR FOR 88/89 APPEAL, TO BE ISSUED END APRIL.

26. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO (TELEX 28148 UNDR CH) OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE, WITH COPY TO RESIDENT COORDINATOR/MAPUTO (TELEX 6364 UNDEV) AND FARAH/LAMUNIERE, UN/OSPQ, NEW YORK (TELEX UNATIONS 82731).

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'89(1)


UNDRO 89/1109

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO.10
24 MAY 1989

1. CONTINUED SEVERE MALNUTRITION AND MANY CASUALTIES DISTRICTS OF MEMBA (NAMPULA), ILE AND GILE (ZAMBEZIA). ACCORDING TO HEALTH VICEMINISTER, DEATHS AVERAGE 128/DAY IN ILE/GILE. AIRLIFT SUPPLIES INTO GILE (12 TONS/DAY) AND ILE COMMENCED.

2. 235 DEATHS IN MELUCO DISTRICT (CABO DELGADO PROVINCE) DUE FAMINE, WHILE NORTHERN DISTRICTS OF PROVINCE REPORT GOOD HARVEST. FINGOE AREA (TETE PROVINCE) WITH 5,000 DISPLACED, CURRENTLY INACCESSIBLE BY ROAD DUE SECURITY SITUATION, REQUIRES URGENT AIRLIFT OF SUPPLIES.

3. ATTACKS ON 7 TOWNS IN 4 PROVINCES (MARRACUENE, MANHICA, RESSANO GARCIA, MOAMBA IN MAPUTO PROVINCE, CHIBUTO IN GAZA PROVINCE, METARICA IN NIASSA, NACAROA IN NAMPULA) AND IN RETURNEES RECEPTION CENTRE IN MUDA (SOFALA) RESULTED IN 28 KILLED, 52 WOUNDED, 27 TENTS BURNT DOWN, SHOPS LOOTED/DAMAGED/DESTROYED AND 5 LOCOMOTIVES BURNED.

OPERATIONS (BY SECTOR)

A) FOOD AID

4. DUE DELAYED SHIPMENTS, RELIEF FOOD STOCKS IN NAMPULA EXPECTED TO BE EXHAUSTED BY MID-JUNE. COMMERCIAL STOCKS ALREADY DEPLETED. URGENT PROCUREMENT INCLUDING FROM KENYA AND/OR DIVERSION OF STOCKS FROM BEIRA UNDER CONSIDERATION. WFP ARRANGING IMMEDIATE PURCHASE 10,000 TONS MAIZE FROM ZIMBABWE.

B) LOGISTICS

5. ROADS INCREASINGLY INACCESSIBLE. DPCCN CONVOYS ATTACKED (GAZA AND ZAMBEZIA) WITH 8 TRUCKS LOST. DPCCN REPORTS NEED TO AIRLIFT 2,720 TONS FOOD/RELIEF SUPPLIES PER MONTH INTO 23 DISTRICTS (COST: USD 1.7 MILLION/MONTH). GOVT/DONOR TASK FORCE TO COORDINATE/PLAN AIRLIFT AND STUDY POSSIBLE AIRDROP. WITH REGARD TO LATTER, ACCOUNT HAS TO BE TAKEN OF AIRCRAFT AVAILABILITY, SECURITY CONDITIONS AND CAPACITY TO MEET ON-THE-GROUNDS REQUIREMENTS.

6. WFP-SUPPORTED REHABILITATION OF PORT OF VILANCULOS COMPLETED 27 APRIL.

C) AGRICULTURE

7. CROP PRODUCTION EXPECTED SIMILAR TO LAST YEAR, WITH INCREASE IN MAPUTO/CABO DELGADO PROVINCES BUT DECREASE IN GAZA/ INHAMBANE DUE POOR RAINS.

8. FAO PREPARATORY MISSION WILL FORMULATE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROJECT TO MONITOR AGRICULTURAL EMERGENCY REQUIREMENTS AND STRENGTHEN CENTRAL/PROVINCIAL-LEVEL COORDINATION (PROJECT INCLUDED IN 89/90 EMERGENCY APPEAL).

D) HEALTH

9. 289 TOTAL CHOLERA CASES IN PROVINCIAL CAPITAL/MOATIZE DISTRICT (TETE PROVINCE). 69 MORE CASES IN CHANGARA DISTRICT. UNICEF CONTRIBUTING USD 150,000 TO MINHEALTH'S CHOLERA PREPARED-NESS/CONTROL PROGRAMME. WHO SUPPORTING MINHEALTH'S CHOLERA ALERT SYSTEM IN NIASSA PROVINCE.

E) EDUCATION

10. IN MID-APRIL MINEDUC/UNHCR BEGAN TEACHER TRAINING FOR MOZAM-BICAN TEACHERS DISPLACED IN MALAWI.

F) RELIEF AND SURVIVAL

11. UNDRO, THROUGH MINHEALTH, DELIVERED 7,000 BLANKETS FROM MAPUTO EMERGENCY STOCKPILE TO RURAL HOSPITALS/HEALTH POSTS IN AFFECTED AREAS. ALSO DISTRIBUTED, THROUGH MINHEALTH AND MINEDUC, 3,600 SETS CLOTHING TO HEALTH WORKERS/TEACHERS AMONG DISPLACED POPULATION.

12. UNICEF QUICK-ACTION FUND SUPPLIED CLOTHING/BLANKETS TO MEMBA DISTRICT AND SUPPLIES/EQUIPMENT TO ILE FOR REHABILITATION.

G) RETURNEES

13. IN APRIL, 421 PEOPLE ARRIVED IN TETE FROM MALAWI. 500/ 750 ARRIVED IN MILANGE FROM MALAWI AND 600 ARRIVED IN MAPUTO FROM SOUTH AFRICA. AIR TRANSPORT OF RETURNEES FROM TETE TO QUELIMANE AND BEIRA CONTINUED AS PLANNED. SOME 660 RETURNEES WERE TAKEN TO THEIR AREAS OF ORIGIN IN SOFALA AND ZAMBEZIA PROVINCES.

EMERGENCY CONTRIBUTIONS TO APPEAL 88/89

14. IN CLOSING REPORT OF 30 APRIL 89 (AVAILABLE FROM UNDRO ON REQUEST) TOTAL USD 364.4 MILLION PLEDGED, OF WHICH USD 268.3 MILLION (74 PERCENT) DIRECTLY AGAINST APPEAL REQUIREMENTS.

15. SECTORAL ANALYSIS OF PLEDGES VERSUS ARRIVALS:


SECTOR
PLEDGES USD MILLION
PERCENTAGE RECEIVED
INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT
3.1
100
FOOD AID - CEREALS
- NON-CEREALS
98.3
60.7
80
58
LOGISTICS
52.2
63
AGRICULTURE
11.1
94
HEALTH
7.2
83
WATER
5.6
15
EDUCATION
3.1
58
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL
18.9
90
RETURNEES
5.2
100

16. DONORS ARE KINDLY REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH) OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE AND OF ANY OTHER ENVISAGED RELIEF ACTIVITIES.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +