Mozambique

Mozambique Destabilization/Drought Feb 1988 UNDRO Situation Reports 16 - 20

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published


UNDRO 89/2528

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 16
29 DECEMBER 1989

SITUATION

1. BANDIT ACTIVITIES CONTINUING. BETWEEN PERIOD 15 NOVEMBER AND 15 DECEMBER, NINE CIVILIAN CASUALTIES REPORTED, LOWEST FIGURE SINCE MAY REPORTING PERIOD.

2. POWER RATIONING STILL IN EFFECT IN MAPUTO CITY.

3. NUMBER OF EXPELLEES (2,624) FROM SOUTH AFRICA MORE THAN DOUBLED AS COMPARED TO OCTOBER-NOVEMBER REPORTING PERIOD.

4. GAZA: 15 NOVEMBER, IN CHICUALACUALA DISTRICT, MANY FLED INTO SOUTH AFRICA TO ESCAPE ATTACK. ABOUT 1,600 REFUGEES REPATRIATED BY SOUTH AFRICAN AUTHORITIES, THROUGH MAPUTO PROVINCE. THEY ARE ACCOMMODATED AT PROVISIONAL CENTRE NEAR CHOWKE RAILWAY STATION. DPCCN, MOZAMBICAN RED CROSS AND CARITAS PROVIDING ASSISTANCE, BUT CENTRE'S CAPACITY STRETCHED AND CONDITIONS PRECARIOUS WITH RISK OUTBREAK OF DISEASE. VACCINATION OF CHILDREN TAKING PLACE.

5. INHAMBANE: WITH GOVERNMENTAL ESCORT, RELIEF FOOD MOVING WITHOUT INTERRUPTION.

6. SOFALA: MANAGEMENT OF AIRLIFT OPERATION IMPROVED. DUE TO COORDINATION PROBLEMS, RIVER TRANSPORT OF FOOD FROM CHINDE TO MARROMEU DELAYED.

7. MANICA: SECURITY SITUATION REMAINS DIFFICULT IN DISTRICTS TAMBARA, MACOSSA AND MACHAZE. SEVERE HUNGER SITUATION REPORTED MACOSSA. DECREASE IN SEVERE MALNUTRITION REPORTED CHIGADOLE, MANICA DISTRICT, FROM 22 PERCENT TO 3 PERCENT DURING LAST THREE MONTHS, WHILE IN CATANDICA, BARUE DISTRICT, FROM 22.4 PERCENT NOVEMBER 88 TO 2 PERCENT NOVEMBER 89. IMPROVEMENTS RESULT OF BETTER COORDINATION DPCCN/HEALTH AUTHORITIES IN FOOD DISTRIBUTION AMONG DISPLACED PEOPLE. BANDITS ATTACK CHIMOIO SUBURB 5 DECEMBER CLOSE TO MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES RESIDENCE, NO CASUALTIES REPORTED.

8. TETE: FOOD DELIVERY HAMPERED BY INADEQUATE PROTECTION OF CONVOYS. IN FOUR DISTRICTS, DISPLACED PEOPLE HAVE EATEN AIRLIFTED SEEDS UNDER SEEDS/TOOL PROGRAMME, AS PARALLEL DELIVERY OF SUFFICIENT RELIEF FOOD DID NOT TAKE PLACE.

9. ZAMBEZIA: RELIEF DISTRIBUTION OF MAIZE NOW COVERS BARELY HALF OF OUTDATED REQUIREMENT OF 4,500 MT/MONTH. 6,000 MT/MONTH RELIEF MAIZE MAY NOW BE NEEDED. MAIN CONSTRAINT IS INABILITY TO ORGANIZE PROTECTION OF FOOD CONVOYS. ALSO, DPCCN TRUCK FLEET HAS BEEN REDUCED IN 1989. PROVINCIAL AUTHORITIES MID-NOVEMBER ALERTING TO SERIOUS FOOD SITUATION IN MAGANJA DA COSTA (37,000 PEOPLE), CALLING FOR AIRLIFTS. IN LUGELA DISTRICT, FOOD SHORTAGE INCREASINGLY ACUTE. SINCE HARVEST PERIOD IS NOW OVER, GRADUAL WORSENING OF FOOD SITUATION IN ZAMBEZIA IS EXPECTED. DUE TO DIFFICULT ROAD ACCESS CAUSED BY INSECURITY AND RAINS, DISTRICTS OF MAGANJA DA COSTA, GILE, NAMARROI, MOPEIA, ALTO MOLOCUE AND NABURI/PEBANE ARE CONFIRMED AS DEPENDENT ON AIRLIFT PROBABLY UNTIL APRIL/MAY 1990.

10. NAMPULA: ACCORDING TO WHO, COLLECTIVE INTOXICATION OCCURRED AMONG PEOPLE IN MEMBA DISTRICT. MINISTRY HEALTH INVESTIGATING. (NON-CUSTOMARY FOOD CONSUMPTION IS ONE EARLY INDICATOR OF FAMINE.)

CONSULTATIVE GROUP (CG) MEETING, 15-17 NOVEMBER, PARIS

11. DURING MOZAMBIQUE CG MEETING PRIME MINISTER MACHUNGO STATED AS GOVERNMENT AIM TO ORIENT INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT, PARTICULARLY EMERGENCY AID CHANNELED THROUGH NGO'S, TOWARDS CONCERTED ACTION IN 40 PRIORITY DISTRICTS CHOSEN ON BASIS OF AGRICULTURAL POTENTIAL, LINKING EMERGENCY PROGRAMME MORE EFFICIENTLY TO ECONOMIC REHABILITATION. MEETING SUPPORTED INTEGRATION OF EMERGENCY WITH REHABILITATION ACTIVITIES AND ENDORSED FOOD SECURITY ACTION PLAN.

GOVERNMENT / UN MIDTERM EVALUATION OF 1989/90 EMERGENCY APPEAL

12. INCREASE IN DISPLACED POPULATION FROM 1.7 MILLION TO 2 MILLION, WHILE DECREASE REGISTERED IN AFFECTED POPULATION SERVED BY MARKET SECTOR FROM 2.8 MILLION TO 1.8 MILLION.

13. PLEDGING PATTERN. SIGNIFICANT SHIFT IN IMPLEMENTATION AGENT FROM MOZAMBICAN INSTITUTIONS TO NGO'S REVEALED:

RELIEF CEREALS: NGO'S (58 PERCENT), BILATERALLY THROUGH DPCCN (23 PERCENT), MULTILATERAL (19 PERCENT).
NON-FOOD: NGO'S (45 PERCENT), DIRECT BILATERAL ASSISTANCE TO GOVERNMENT (33 PERCENT), MULTILATERAL (22 PERCENT). NGO'S HIGHEST SHARE (80 PERCENT) RECORDED IN HEALTH SECTOR.

I) FOOD AID

14. LOW PLEDGES. SHORTAGES OF BASIC FOOD STUFFS FOR RELIEF FURTHER CUTTING MINIMUM SURVIVAL RATIONS OF 1,407 KCAL/DAY.

II) LOGISTICS AND ROAD REHABILITATION

15. DESPITE IMPORTANCE, LITTLE SUPPORT RECEIVED FOR CURRENT APPEAL YEAR. MUCH OF 88/89 PLEDGES STILL NOT RECEIVED.

16. DPCCN MONTHLY RELIEF DISTRIBUTION CAPACITY INCREASED FROM 5,800 MT IN 1988 TO 8,500 MT, WHICH IS ABOVE ARRIVAL RATES. ADDITIONAL CAPACITY STILL NEEDED. MORE TRACTORS AT DISTRICT LEVEL ESSENTIAL.

III) AGRICULTURE

17. SEED/TOOL PROGRAMME HAS BEEN SUCCESFUL INITIATIVE IN SUPPORTING DISPLACED FAMILIES TO INCREASE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND REDUCE DEPENDENCY ON FREE FOOD DISTRIBUTION. 8,600 MT SEEDS AND OVER 900,000 HAND TOOLS DISTRIBUTED.

18. DONORS SHOWED LITTLE INTEREST IN REHABILITATION AND SMALLSCALE IRRIGATION PROJECTS.

IV) HEALTH AND EDUCATION

19. PROJECTS TO REBUILD THESE INFRASTRUCTURES IN RURAL AREAS ALSO STILL WAITING MORE DONOR'S ATTENTION.

DPCCN AIRLIFT OPERATION

20. FROM 1 JANUARY TO 1 NOVEMBER 1989, 2,910 FLIGHTS WERE MADE, CARRYING 8,340 MT RELIEF SUPPLIES (ABOUT 9 PERCENT OF TOTAL RELIEF FOOD DISTRIBUTION) TO DISTRICTS IN ZAMBEZIA, NIASSA AND SOFALA, AT USD 680 /MT. (FIGURES INCLUDE AIRLIFTS ORGANIZED BY DPCCN, MOZAMBIQUE CHRISTIAN COUNCIL, WORLD VISION AND CARITAS.)

21. AIRLIFT EVALUATION (ZAMBEZIA, 4-7 DECEMBER, SIDA/CCM/CENE/DPCCN/LSU/UNDP). CONCLUDED THAT AIRLIFT OPERATIONS EXECUTED IN STRICT COMPLIANCE WITH ESTABLISHED CRITERIA AND ALL DESTINATIONS JUSTIFIED. SHORTAGE OF QUALIFIED STAFF AND OF FUNDS IN LOCAL CURRENCY FOR DPCCN ARE MAJOR PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED. MISSION UNDERLINED NEED TO CONTINUOUSLY UPDATE NUMBER OF AFFECTED PEOPLE AND IMPORTANCE OF DEFINING ACCOMMODATION CENTRES THAT CAN BE REACHED, GIVEN TOTAL LACK OF LOCAL TRANSPORT AND DISTANCE FROM AIRSTRIPS.

OPERATIONS

22. CENE/DPCCN/UNDRO: WITH EEC FUNDS, COMPLETED DISTRIBUTION OF 110 TONS RELIEF SUPPLIES FROM EMERGENCY STOCKPILE. OPERATIONS OUT OF BEIRA INCLUDED SUPPLIES AIRLIFTED TO CAIA, MARROMEU, CHIBABAVA (SOFALA), AND MACHAZE (MANICA), AND TRANSPORTED BY ROAD TO NHAMATANDA, GORONGOSA AND CASA BANANA (SOFALA). SECOND PHASE OF AIRLIFT OPERATIONS (80 TONS) QUELIMANE TO MOST NEEDY DISTRICTS IN ZAMBEZIA NOW STARTING.

23. SWITZERLAND/UNDRO: WITHIN FRAMEWORK OF DECENTRALIZATION OF EMERGENCY STOCKPILE OPEARATION, FEASIBILITY STUDY CARRIED OUT TO CONSTRUCT A WAREHOUSE IN BEIRA.

24. WFP: PROVISION OF 45,000 MT FOOD, VALUE INCLUDING TRANSPORT USD 18.7 MILLION. M/V IDUN DISCHARGED 1,143 MT EMERGENCY FOOD PEBANE (ZAMBEZIA) AND VILANCULOS (INHAMBANE) DURING REPORTING PERIOD.

25. WPF/UNDP/FAO: WITH DPCCN, RURAL EXTENSION PROJECT IN XAI-XAI DISTRICT (GAZA) MAKING SUBSTANTIAL CONTRIBUTION TO AGRICULTURAL RECOVERY. MAIZE SEED REQUIREMENTS IN THIS DISTRICT FOR NEXT CROPPING MAY ALREADY BE COVERED.

26. NORAD(NORWAY)/UNDP: AGREEMENT SIGNED. NORAD'S CONTRIBUTION OF USD 800,000 WILL BE USED TO FINANCE AIRLIFT OPERATIONS IN SOFALA.

27. UNICEF: IN MAPUTO, PILOT SCHOOL REHABILITATION PROJECT TO START JANUARY 1990. IN MANICA, VANDUZI LOCALITY, TWO VALLEYS CLEANED ALLOWING BETTER CONDITION TO EXPAND ACCESS TO ARABLE LAND. IRRIGATION SCHEME BEING REHABILITATED.

28. UNICEF/WHO: COURSE ORGANIZED FOR DISTRICT HEALTH DIRECTORS SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETED.

29. F.R.GERMANY/UNICEF: USD 110,000 FOR AGRICULTRUAL
REHABILITATION PROGRAMME FOR DISPLACED IN MANICA, USD 60,000 FOR REHABILITATION BASIC HEALTH SERVICES, AND USD 175,000 FOR VITAL MEDICINES AND USD 30,000 FOR AIRCRAFT CHARTER.

RETURNEES (UNHCR)

30. DURING MONTH OF NOVEMBER RETURNEE ARRIVALS REPORTED AS FOLLOWS: 419 RETURNEES THROUGH ORGANIZED REPATRIATION ARRIVED IN TETE FROM MALAWI AND 143 ARRIVED IN MANICA FROM ZIMBABWE. IN ADDITION, 126 RETURNEES REACHED TETE FROM MALAWI ON THEIR OWN.

31. TOTAL OF 2,624 EXPELLESS FROM SOUTH AFRICA RECEIVED IN MAPUTO. SOME ALREADY INTEGRATED IN THEIR DISTRICTS OF ORIGIN, MAINLY IN GAZA PROVINCE.

32. ORGANIZED INTERNAL MOVEMENTS OF RETURNEES TO AREAS OF ORIGIN PROCEEDED AS SCHEDULED.

EMERGENCY CONTRIBUTIONS TO APPEAL 89/90

33. SECTORAL ANALYSIS OF PLEDGES CONFIRMED AGAINST APPEAL AS OF 15 DECEMBER 1989:

SECTOR
PLEDGES
REQUIREMENTS
FOOD, CEREALS
439,582 MT
816,400 MT
FOOD, NON-CEREALS
40,781 MT
151,000 MT
IN MILLION USD
LOGISTICS
11.9 USD
62.8 USD
ROAD REHABILIATION
0.2 USD
12.4 USD
AGRICULTURE
8.1 USD
8.7 USD
HEALTH
3.0 USD
4.9 USD
WATER
1.0 USD
4.5 USD
EDUCATION
1.6 USD
5.1 USD
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL
7.3 USD
13.0 USD
RETURNEES
2.9 USD
5.8 USD
INSTITUTIONAL
4.8 USD
6.6 USD
MULTI-SECTOR
4.6 USD
-

TOTAL AMOUNT OF PLEDGES (INCLUDING FOOD AID VALUE) AGAINST APPEAL: USD 268.7 MILLION.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'89 (1)


UNDRO 90/0127

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 17
23 JANUARY 1990

SITUATION (DEVELOPMENTS SINCE SITREP NO.16 OF 29 DECEMBER 1989)

1. GOVERNMENT REQUESTED IN LETTER TO UN SECRETARY GENERAL FOR SUPPORT IN PREPARATION AND LAUNCHING OF 1990/91 MOZAMBIQUE EMERGENCY APPEAL, CITING NEED FOR CONTINUING ASSISTANCE TO MANY THOUSANDS OF DISPLACED MOZAMBICANS IN EXTREMELY CRITICAL SITUATION DUE TO VULNERABLE NATURAL CALAMITIES AND WAR OF DESTABILIZATION.

2. PRESIDENT CHISSANO PRESENTED NEW DRAFT CONSTITUTION, UNDER WHICH HEAD OF STATE AND PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY WOULD BE ELECTED BY DIRECT UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE AND SECRET BALLOT, FOR PUBLIC DEBATE.

3. AIRLIFT CONTINUES TO BE NECESSARY IN CRITICAL AREAS IN SOFALA AND ZAMBEZIA. AIRLIFT FUNDS SECURED UNTIL END FEBRUARY 1990 BUT CAPACITY OF LAM (MOZAMBIQUE NATIONAL AIRLINE) TO MEET PLAN ALREADY STRETCHED.

4. DURING PERIOD 16 DECEMBER 1989 TO 15 JANUARY 1990, AT LEAST FIVE ATTACKS OCCURRED WHICH KILLED TWENTY-SIX PEOPLE AND INJURED 16. IN ADDITION, ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION LINES SERVING MAPUTO SABOTAGED 23 DECEMBER, NINTH SINCE JULY 1989, REDUCING SUPPLY TO CITY. IN FINGOE, CAPITAL OF MARAVIA DISTRICT WITH HIGH AGRICULTURAL POTENTIAL, TETE PROVINCE, POPULATION REDUCED TO 4,400 MAINLY CHILDREN, AS MOST RESIDENTS FLED ACROSS BORDER TO ZAMBIA DUE TO ATTACKS.
5. NATIONAL METEOROLOGICAL INSTITUTE REPORTS GOOD RAINS IN SOUTH AND COASTAL AREAS. RAINS STARTED LATE IN NORTH. RAINFALL LEVEL IN JANUARY WILL BE CRITICAL IN DETERMINING WHICH AREAS COULD EXPECT LOWER AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT.

OPERATIONS (BY SECTOR)

A) FOOD AID

6. INHAMBANE: IN ORDER TO LESSEN RISK OF BECOMING DEPENDENT ON FOOD AID AND TO REVIVE ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF RURAL AFFECTED PEOPLE, WFP IS CARRYING OUT FOOD EXCHANGE PROGRAMME. FOR VILANCULOS, INHASSORO AND ANGOCHE, WFP WILL DISTRIBUTE 2,351 MT MAIZE, 558 MT SUGAR AND 58.63 MT VEGETABLE OIL FOR 1990 IN EXCHANGE OF 932.26 MT OF DRIED FISH WHICH WILL BE HANDED OVER TO DPCCN FOR DISTRIBUTION.

7. NIASSA: WFP AND DPCCN COMPLETED SWAP OF 2,201 MT MAIZE WITH AGRICOM. THIS SWAP ARRANGEMENT IS MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL GIVEN LOW MAIZE STOCKS IN DPCCN WAREHOUSES AND SURPLUS PRODUCTION REPORTED BY AGRICOM AND MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE IN SOME DISTRICTS. IN ADDITION, IT WILL REDUCE TRANSPORT COST AND DISTRIBUTION DELAYS.

8. WFP WILL RELEASE ADDITIONAL FOOD RESOURCES OF 10,988 MT MAIZE, 1,000 MT OIL, 20 MT SUGAR AND 20 MT LYOPHILIZED MEAT TO MEET PART OF UNCOVERED 1989/90 EMERGENCY FOOD AID REQUIREMENTS. TOTAL ESTIMATED COST IS USD 4,083,809. COMMODITIES ARRIVAL PLANNED FOR JUNE.

B) LOGISTICS

9. WHILE ADDITIONAL AIRLIFT CAPACITIES BEING EXPLORED, DONOR SUPPORT REQUESTED TO ENSURE AIRLIFTING SUPPLIES TO CONTINUE UNTIL APRIL.

10. IN SOFALA, FOR SECURITY REASONS, AIRSTRIPS OF MARINGUE AND CHEMBA STILL CLOSED FOR CIVILIAN RELIEF OPERATIONS, PREVENTING ACCESS TO AT LEAST 20,000 AFFECTED PEOPLE IN SURROUNDING AREAS.

11. IN MAGULAMA LOCALITY, ILE DISTRICT OF ZAMBEZIA PROVINCE, FOLLOWING GOVT GAINING CONTROL, DPCCN'S VISIT FOUND 18,000 PEOPLE IN NEED OF IMMEDIATE ASSISTANCE. HOWEVER, BEFORE RELIEF EFFORTS COULD BEGIN, AREA BECAME INACCESSIBLE.

12. DPCCN/WFP MISSION REPORTS RAIL LINE FROM CUAMBA TO LICHINGA, NIASSA PROVINCE, IS WORKING AND IS EXPECTED TO BE USED FREQUENTLY. MOZAMBICAN NAVY LANDING CRAFTS AND PRIVATE BOATS USED TO FEED POPULATION ALONG LAKE NIASSA.

C) AGRICULTURE

13. IN MAGANJA DA COSTA AND NABURI, ZAMBEZIA PROVINCE, SECURITY CONSTRAINTS HAMPERING EFFORTS TO PROMOTE INCREASED SELF-SUFFICIENCY THROUGH SEED AND TOOL PROGRAMME AS PEOPLE CONCENTRATING IN AREAS WITHOUT SUFFICIENT LAND FOR CULTIVATION.

D) HEALTH

14. MINISTRY OF HEALTH RELEASED FIGURES ON 61 NUTRITIONAL SURVEYS CARRIED OUT BETWEEN JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 1989 IN EIGHT PROVINCES. ZAMBEZIA HAS HIGHEST MEDIAN OF MALNUTRITION 26.7 PERCENT (WITH SOME AREAS UP TO 57 PERCENT). HIGH MALNUTRITION LEVELS INDICATE SEVERE AND PROLONGED FAMINE CONDITIONS.

15. UNICEF REHABILITATION PROGRAMME FOR SONGO AND MOATIZE HEALTH CENTRES STARTED. IT INCLUDES MATERNITY IN MOATIZE, MEDICAL MATERIALS FOR TSANGANO, AND CONSTRUCTION OF PROVINCIAL COLD CHAIN WITH ITALIAN NGO, ISCOS.

E) WATER

16. UNICEF SOFALA WATER PROJECT BUILT 27 NEW WELLS SERVING SOME 13,500 PEOPLE.

F) RELIEF AND SURVIVAL

17. EEC FUNDED CENE/DPCCN/UNDRO EMERGENCY STOCKPILE OPERATION COMPLETED. OPERATION DISTRIBUTED 190 TONS OF RELIEF SUPPLIES BY AIRLIFT AND ROAD TO MOST AFFECTED DISTRICTS IN MANICA, SOFALA AND ZAMBEZIA PROVINCES.
G) RETURNEES

18. UNHCR FINANCIALLY CLOSED ONGOING RETURNEE PROJECT OF 1989/90 MOZAMBIQUE EMERGENCY APPEAL ON 31 DECEMBER 1989 DUE TO LOW DONOR RESPONSE. UNHCR WILL ISSUE 1990 APPEAL WHICH WILL HAVE MOZAMBIQUE COMPONENT.

19. DURING DECEMBER 1989, UNHCR REPORTS ON RETURNEE ARRIVAL AS FOLLOWS: 182 RETURNEES THROUGH ORGANIZED REPATRIATION ARRIVED IN TETE PROVINCE FROM ZIMBABWE, AND 97 WERE RECEIVED IN MANICA PROVINCE. IN ADDITION, 126 RETURNEES ARRIVED IN TETE ON THEIR OWN FROM MALAWI. TOTAL OF 670 EXPELLEES FROM SOUTH AFRICA WERE RECEIVED IN MAPUTO PROVINCE. SOME OF THEM HAVE ALREADY BEEN INTEGRATED IN THEIR DISTRICTS OF ORIGIN, MAINLY IN GAZA PROVINCE.

EMERGENCY CONTRIBUTIONS TO APPEAL 89/90

20. SECTORAL ANALYSIS OF PLEDGES CONFIRMED AGAINST APPEAL AS OF 15 JANUARY 1990:

SECTOR
PLEDGES
REQUIREMENTS
FOOD, CEREALS
469,514 MT
816,400 MT
FOOD, NON-CEREALS
44,896 MT
151,000 MT
IN MILLION USD
LOGISTICS
13.5 USD
62.8 USD
ROAD REHABILITATION
0.2 USD
12.4 USD
AGRICULTURE
8.7 USD
8.7 USD
HEALTH
4.1 USD
4.9 USD
WATER
3.9 USD
4.5 USD
EDUCATION
1.6 USD
5.1 USD
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL
8.4 USD
13.0 USD
RETURNEES
2.9 USD
5.8 USD
INSTITUTIONAL
5.3 USD
6.6 USD
MULTI-SECTOR
9.1 USD
-

TOTAL AMOUNT OF PLEDGES (INCL. FOOD AID VALUE): USD 278 MILLION AGAINST APPEAL: USD 383 MILLION.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'90 (1)


UNDRO 90/0375

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 18
28 FEBRUARY 1990

SITUATION

1. AFTER TWO MONTHS OF RELATIVE LULL, THERE HAS BEEN UPSURGE IN ATTACKS DURING PERIOD 15 JANUARY - 16 FEBRUARY. AT LEAST 162 PERSONS KILLED AND 102 INJURED FROM AMBUSHES OF TRUCKS AND TRAINS AND ATTACKS ON VILLAGES. MOST SERIOUS INCIDENT WAS TRAIN AMBUSH IN MAPUTO PROVINCE 14 FEBRUARY IN WHICH 66 PEOPLE WERE KILLED AND 39 WERE INJURED, LARGEST NUMBER OF CASUALTIES EVER IN TRAIN ATTACK IN MOZAMBIQUE. AMONG SOME FIFTEEN REPORTED INCIDENTS, EIGHT OCCURRED IN GAZA PROVINCE.

2. DISTRICTS WITH SERIOUSLY AFFECTED POPULATION ARE AS FOLLOWS: (DUE TO INSECURITY, MOST REQUIRE AIRLIFTING OF RELIEF SUPPLIES)

- GAZA: MASSINGIR
- SOFALA: CHERINGOMA, MARINGUE, CHEMBA, MUANZA, CAIA, CHIBABAVA AND GORONGOSA.
- ZAMBEZIA: MOPEIA, MORRUMBALA, MAGANJA DA COSTA, LUGELA, PEBANE, ILE AND CHINDE.

GOVERNMENT ACTION

3. EIGHTH NATIONAL MEETING ON EMERGENCY HELD IN MAPUTO FROM 31 JANUARY TO 2 FEBRUARY. MEETING NOTED NEED TO FOCUS EMERGENCY PROGRAMME ON RELIEF ASSISTANCE IN STRICT SENSE. AS SUCH, REHABILITATION PROJECTS THAT ARE INCLUDED SHOULD BE LIMITED TO INFRASTRUCTURE AND ACTIVITIES THAT ARE ESSENTIAL TO REINTEGRATION OF DISPLACED POPULATION. MEETING CONCLUDED THAT DISPLACED AND SEVERELY AFFECTED PEOPLE IN NEED OF RELIEF ASSISTANCE ESTIMATED AT 1.4 MILLION IN 1990. IN ADDITION, 154,000 RETURNEES REQUIRE ASSISTANCE. BREAK DOWN OF FIGURES BY PROVINCE IS AS FOLLOWS:

PROVINCE
DISPLACED
AFFECTED RETURNEES
MAPUTO
84,000
1,000
GAZA
110,000
6,000
INHAMBANE
103,000
-
SOFALA
180,000
6,000
MANICA
91,000
10,000
TETE
117,000
82,000
ZAMBEZIA
420,000
9,000
NIASSA
85,000
40,000
NAMPULA
150,000
-
CABO DELGADO
60,000
-
TOTAL
1,400,000
154,000

4. COUNCIL OF MINISTERS'S MEETING ON 13 FEBRUARY CHAIRED BY PRESIDENT ANALYSED MANAGEMENT OF EMERGENCY PROGRAMME, PARTICULARLY DIVERSION OF RELIEF GOODS. AMONG REASONS CITED FOR ABUSE WERE IRREGULAR AND DEFICIENT MANAGEMENT AND INSUFFICIENT DEFINITION OF RESPONSIBILITIES. COUNCIL OF MINISTERS CONCLUDED THAT THERE HAD BEEN NOTABLE DECLINE IN ILLEGAL PRACTICES IN LAST FEW MONTHS AND THAT 80 PERCENT OF RELIEF GOODS REACHES BENEFICIARIES.

5. SINCE 1986, 246 CASES OF MISUSE OF FOOD AID HAVE BEEN INVESTIGATED, OF WHICH 67 HAVE COME TO TRIAL. MINISTRY OF INTERIOR AND ATTORNEY GENERAL WERE INSTRUCTED TO EXPEDITE LEGAL PROCEEDINGS FOR REMAINING CASES. DONORS WERE ENCOURAGED TO IMMEDIATELY ANNOUNCE IRREGULARITIES TO POLICE OR ATTORNEY GENERAL. CENE/DPCCN WILL SUBMIT QUARTERLY BALANCE OF RELIEF GOODS RECEIVED AND DISTRIBUTED. COUNCIL OF MINISTERS ALSO DECIDED TO STRENGTHEN CENE/DPCCN (NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE FOR EMERGENCIES/DEPARTMENT FOR PREVENTION AND COMBAT OF NATIONAL CALAMITIES).

6. AS ANNOUNCED AT MOZAMBIQUE CONSULTATIVE GROUP MEETING NOVEMBER 1989, GOVT WILL ORIENT INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE TOWARD 40 PRIORITY DISTRICTS CHOSEN ON BASIS OF PRODUCTION POTENTIAL, ACCESSIBILITY AND RELATIVE SECURITY. THESE 40 DISTRICTS REPRESENT 30 PERCENT OF ALL DISTRICTS IN MOZAMBIQUE AND 40 PERCENT OF TOTAL RURAL POPULATION. IN 1988, THESE DISTRICTS PRODUCED 70 PERCENT OF TOTAL MARKETED FOOD. MAIN OBJECTIVES OF STRATEGY ARE TO BRING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION UP TO 1981 LEVEL AND TO AIM EDUCATION AND HEALTH TO REACH THEIR RESPECTIVE 1981 LEVELS.

UNITED NATIONS

7. INTER-AGENCY NEEDS ASSESSMENT MISSION TO ASSIST GOVT TO PREPARE 1990/91 EMERGENCY APPEAL TOOK PLACE 12-25 FEBRUARY. MISSION WAS LED BY DIRECTOR FOR SPECIAL EMERGENCY PROGRAMMES, WITH REPRESENTATIVES FROM UNDRO, UNDP, WFP, UNICEF, UNHCR, FAO AND WHO.

OPERATIONS (BY SECTOR)

A) FOOD AID

8. CENE CO-ORDINATOR ANNOUNCED 66,000 MT RELIEF FOOD ARRIVED IN MAPUTO PORT IN LAST SIX MONTHS WITH LOSS OF 2.1 PERCENT. DISTRIBUTION BY DPCCN DURING SAME TIME AMOUNTED TO 140,000 MT WITH 2.9 PERCENT LOSS, SOME TRACEABLE TO ATTACKS ON TRAINS WHICH WERE CARRYING FOOD AID IN TRANSIT FROM SWAZILAND. MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT HAS NOW MODIFIED COMPOSITION OF MILITARY ESCORT FOR SUCH TRAINS.

9. STOCKS AND CONFIRMED ARRIVALS OF MAIZE ARE SUFFICIENT TO COVER NEEDS FOR NEXT TWO TO THREE MONTHS. IF UNCONFIRMED MAIZE AMOUNTING TO 56,000 MT REALIZED, NEEDS THROUGH JULY NEARLY MET. FOR BEANS, NEEDS COVERED UNTIL APRIL/MAY. ANOTHER 3,300 MT REQUIRED FOR PERIOD UP TO JULY. OIL STOCK IS RUNNING OUT IN MOST PROVINCES AND STATUS OF UNCONFIRMED DONATIONS OF 4,400 MT MUST URGENTLY BE ASCERTAINED.

B) LOGISTICS:

10. SUMMARY OF GOVT REPORT ON AIRLIFT OPERATIONS FOR 1989:
  • SOFALA - 4,100 MT
  • ZAMBEZIA - 3,500 MT
  • TOTAL - 7,600 MT

ADDITIONAL MONTHLY CAPACITY OF 1,500 MT REQUIRED. DONOR GOVTS, NGO'S AND UN HAVE EMPHASIZED URGENT NEED TO INCREASE AIRLIFT CAPACITY.

C) RETURNEES

11. DURING JANUARY, RETURNEE ARRIVALS WERE REPORTED AS FOLLOWS: 170 RETURNEES FROM MALAWI AND 26 FROM ZIMBABWE ARRIVED ON THEIR OWN TO TETE AND MANICA PROVINCES RESPECTIVELY.

12. 186 EXPELLEES FROM SOUTH AFRICA WERE RECEIVED IN MAPUTO PROVINCE, SOME OF WHOM ALREADY INTEGRATED IN THEIR DISTRICTS OF ORIGIN, MAINLY GAZA PROVINCE. ORGANIZED INTERNAL MOVEMENTS OF RETURNEES ARE PROCEEDING AS SCHEDULED.
13. NEW TRANSIT CENTRE OPENED IN BOANE DISTRICT, MAPUTO PROVINCE TO REPLACE STRETCHED XIPAMANINI CENTRE IN MAPUTO TOWN. GENERAL CONDITIONS OF BENEFICIARIES AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION IMPROVED.

EMERGENCY CONTRIBUTIONS TO APPEAL 89/90

14. SECTORAL ANALYSIS OF PLEDGES CONFIRMED AGAINST APPEAL AS OF 15 FEBRUARY 1990:

SECTOR
PLEDGES
REQUIREMENTS
FOOD, CEREALS
460,553 MT
816,400 MT
FOOD, NON-CEREALS
42,065 MT
151,000 MT
IN MILLION USD
LOGISTICS
13.6 USD
62.8 USD
ROAD REHABILITATION
1.1 USD
12.4 USD
AGRICULTURE
8.7 USD
8.7 USD
HEALTH
4.1 USD
4.9 USD
WATER
3.9 USD
4.5 USD
EDUCATION
1.6 USD
5.1 USD
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL
8.4 USD
13.0 USD
RETURNEES
3.2 USD
5.8 USD
INSTITUTIONAL
5.3 USD
6.6 USD
MULTI-SECTOR
9.6 USD
-

TOTAL AMOUNT OF PLEDGES (INCL. FOOD AID VALUE): USD 275 MILLION AGAINST APPEAL: USD 383 MILLION.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'90 (1)


UNDRO 90/0563

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION/DROUGHT
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 19
10 APRIL 1990

SITUATION

1. ATTACKS AND AMBUSHES CONTINUED DURING PERIOD 16 FEBRUARY - 15 MARCH, AT LEAST 27 CIVILIAN KILLED AND 57 WOUNDED IN PROVINCES OF ZAMBEZIA, SOFALA, MANICA, GAZA AND MAPUTO. POWER SUPPLY TO MAPUTO CITY CUT IN EARLY MARCH, AFFECTING ALSO WATER SUPPLY.

1990/91 APPEAL: PRIORITY REQUIREMENTS

2. GOVT AND U.N. INTERAGENCY NEEDS ASSESSMENT MISSION COMPLETED 1990/91 EMERGENCY APPEAL DOCUMENT. IT WILL SERVE AS MAIN DOCUMENT AT DONOR CONFERENCE TO BE HELD IN NEW YORK ON 26 APRIL. 1990/91 APPEAL CONCENTRATES ON DIRECT HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE:

VALUE: USD 136 MILLION, INCLUDING 229,000 MT FOOD

NUMBER OF BENEFICIARIES (DISPLACED AND RETURNEES): 1.55 MILION

DISPLACED PERSONS: TOTAL ESTIMATED AT 1.9 MILLION PERSONS. DUE TO SECURITY AND LOGISTIC CONSTRAINTS AS WELL AS APPRAISAL OF SOME DEGREE OF SELF-SUFFICIENCY, APPEAL AIMS
TO ASSIST 1.4 MILLION DISPLACED.

RETURNEES: 59,000 CURRENTLY RECEIVING ASSISTANCE AND 95,000 ANTICIPATED TO RETURN IN 1990.

3. SECTORAL SUMMARY OF PRIORITY REQUIREMENTS

VALUE MILLION USD
FOOD AID:
56.9 (EQUIVALENT 229,000 MT)
LOGISTICS:
34.0
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL:
14.4
AGRICULTURE:
8.1
HEALTH:
10.4
WATER:
0.8
PRIMARY EDUCATION:
1.2
RETURNEES:
6.6
INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT:
3.6
TOTAL:
136.0

A) FOOD AID:

- MAIZE: 200,000 MT
- BEANS: 23.000 MT
- OIL: 6,000 MT

REQUIREMENTS CALCULATED ON BASIS OF 400 GR DAILY RATION (350 GR MAIZE, 40 GR BEANS, 10 GR VEGETABLE OIL), AMOUNTING TO APPROX. 1,500 KCAL/DAY, WHICH IS SURVIVAL RATION. APPEAL RECOMMENDS ESTABLISHING STRATEGIC EMERGENCY RELIEF RESERVE OF 60,000 MT MAIZE IN BEIRA/MAPUTO/QUELIMANE/NACALA.

B) LOGISTICS:

REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE:

- 113 VEHICLES
- TRUCKING CONTRACTS: USD 1.93 MILLION
- COASTAL AND RIVER TRANSPORT: USD 3.94 MILLION
- AIRLIFTS 22,500 MT TO 208,500 DISPLACED LIVING IN 19 INACCESSIBLE DISTRICTS/LOCALITIES IN ZAMBEZIA (65 PERCENT OF AIRLIFT REQUIREMENTS), SOFALA, NIASSA, AND MANICA: USD 15.3 MILLION
- STUDY OF PORT/RAIL SECURITY TO RECOMMEND MEASURES TO REDUCE LOSSES: USD 150,000

C) AGRICULTURE:

MAINLY FOR SEED-AND-TOOLS PROGRAMME.

D) HEALTH:

MAINLY FOR NUTRITIONAL REHABILITATION OF DISPLACED CHILDREN, AND FOR SUPPLY OF VITAL MEDICINES AND REHABILITATION OF BASIC HEALTH SERVICES FOR DISPLACED PERSONS.

E) WATER:

FOR SUPPLY OF DRINKING WATER TO 400,000 DISPLACED IN MAPUTO, GAZA AND INHAMBANE PROVINCES.

F) PRIMARY EDUCATION:

FOR SCHOOL MATERIALS FOR 116,500 CHILDREN IN ACCOMMODATION CENTRES.

G) INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT:

REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE USD 1.26 MILLION FOR ASSIGNMENT OF SIX U.N. INTERNATIONAL STAFF TO ACT AS FIELD MONITORS FOR AIRLIFT OPERATIONS IN ZAMBEZIA, TETE, SOFALA, NAMPULA AND MAPUTO. USD 600,000 FOR UNDRO SOUGHT TO COVER COSTS OF PROVISION OF AIR TRANSPORT FOR RELIEF PERSONNEL AND OF STAFF TO EXECUTE EMERGENCY STOCKPILE OPERATIONS AND DATA PROCESSING CONTRIBUTIONS.

GOVERNMENT ACTION

4. OLDEMIRO BALOI, WHO IS VICE-MINISTER OF CO-OPERATION, BECAME NEW CO-ORDINATOR OF CENE (NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE FOR EMERGENCIES) ON 1 MARCH 1990.

5. REGARDING COMMISSIONS ESTABLISHED MARCH 1989 TO INVESTIGATE ALLEDGED MISUSE OF AID DONATIONS, GOVT INVITED DONORS AND U.N. TO REVIEW REPORTS OF COMMISSIONS AND MAKE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.

6. MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT HELD SEMINAR MID-MARCH ON MARITIME AND RIVER TRANSPORT. DISCUSSED MASTER PLAN DIVIDING COASTLINE INTO SIX PRIORITY AREAS, CENTRED ON PORTS OF - IN ORDER OF PRIORITY - QUELIMANE, BEIRA, MAPUTO, INHAMBANE, NACALA, AND PEMBA. IT IS ENVISAGED THAT IN EACH SUCH ZONE PORT FACILITIES FOR SMALL SCALE COASTAL TRANSPORT WILL BE BUILT OR EXITING ONES UPGRADED. PRIORITIES INTENDED AS GUIDELINES FOR DONOR GOVTS/ INVESTORS. GOVT ANNOUNCED ITS PREPAREDNESS TO OFFER CONCESSIONS TO MAIN USERS OF SMALL PORTS TO RUN THEM.

UNITED NATIONS

7. FOLLOWING DEPARTURE 7 MARCH OF CHARLES LARSIMONT, PETER SIMKIN WILL SUCCEED POST OF SPECIAL CO-ORDINATOR FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF OPERATIONS (UNSCERO). UNTIL HIS ARRIVAL, LATHAM, WFP CHIEF OF OPERATIONS, IS OFFICER-IN-CHARGE.

FEBRUARY RETURNEE FIGURES (UNHCR)

8. 38 RETURNEES THROUGH ORGANIZED REPATRIATION ARRIVED TETE PROVINCE FROM MALAWI AND 175 ARRIVED MANICA PROVINCE FROM ZIMBABWE. IN ADDITION, 51 RETURNEES ARRIVED TETE PROVINCE FROM MALAWI ON THEIR OWN.

9. 367 EXPELLEES FROM SOUTH AFRICA WERE RECEIVED MAPUTO PROVINCE, MOST OF THEM ALREADY INTEGRATED IN THEIR DISTRICTS OF ORIGIN, MAINLY GAZA PROVINCE.

10. ORGANIZED INTERNAL MOVEMENTS OF RETURNEES TO AREAS OF ORIGIN PROCEEDED AS SCHEDULED: IN ORDER TO EASE RETURNEE POPULATION MASSACA II TRANSIT CENTRE (BOANE DISTRICT, MAPUTO), 338 RETURNEES WERE SUCCESSFULLY TRANSPORTED FROM MAPUTO TO CHOKWE (GAZA PROVINCE) FROM WHERE THEY REACHED DISTRICTS OF ORIGIN. IN ADDITION, 56 RETURNEES WERE INTEGRATED IN MAPUTO PROVINCE.

11. EMERGENCY CONTRIBUTIONS TO APPEAL 89/90

SECTORAL ANALYSIS OF PLEDGES CONFIRMED AGAINST APPEAL AS OF 15 MARCH 1990:

SECTOR
PLEDGES
REQUIREMENTS
FOOD, CEREALS
474,449 MT
816,400 MT
FOOD, NON-CEREALS
42,739 MT
151,000 MT
IN MILLION USD
LOGISTICS
13.6 USD
62.8 USD
ROAD REHABILITATION
1.2 USD
12.4 USD
AGRICULTURE
9.5 USD
8.7 USD
HEALTH
4.1 USD
4.9 USD
WATER
3.9 USD
4.5 USD
EDUCATION
1.7 USD
5.1 USD
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL
9.0 USD
13.0 USD
RETURNEES
3.2 USD
5.8 USD
INSTITUTIONAL
5.4 USD
6.6 USD
MULTI-SECTOR
10.0 USD
-

TOTAL AMOUNT OF PLEDGES (INCL. FOOD AID VALUE) IS USD 279 MILLION AGAINST APPEAL USD 383 MILLION.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'90 (1)


UNDRO 90/0802

MOZAMBIQUE - DESTABILIZATION
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 20
5 JUNE 1990

PREAMBLE

1. FOLLOWING REQUESTS, UNSCERO (UNITED NATIONS SPECIAL CO-ORDINATOR FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF OPERATIONS) MAKES AVAILABLE DETAILED SITUATION REPORT IN MAPUTO. UNDRO WILL CONTINUE TO ISSUE SUMMARIZED VERSION OF UNSCERO REPORT TO INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY.

SITUATION

2. ATTACKS AND AMBUSHES CONTINUED DURING PERIOD 16 APRIL - 15 MAY, AT LEAST 31 CIVILIAN KILLED AND 53 WOUNDED IN PROVINCES OF MAPUTO AND NAMPULA. AMONG KILLED WAS SWISS MEDICAL DOCTOR WHO WORKED 26 YEARS IN MOZAMIQUE. POWER LINES SUPPLYING MAPUTO SABOTAGED CAUSING ALMOST CONSTANT CUTS. INTENSE FIGHTING REPORTED IN SOFALA PROVINCE.

3. PRELIMINARY TOTAL OF PLEDGES ANNOUNCED AT MEETING IN NEW YORK ON EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO MOZAMBIQUE, WHICH CALLED FOR USD 136 MILLION TO COVER EMERGENCY NEEDS OF 1.5 MILLION AFFECTED PEOPLE, IS USD 106 MILLION.

4. NUMBER OF ACCESSIBLE DISPLACED PEOPLE INCREASING, PARTICULARLY IN GAZA AND ZAMBEZIA PROVINCES. 110,000 DISPLACED PEOPLE MENTIONED IN NEW APPEAL FOR GAZA IS NOW RISEN TO 178,500, AFTER LASTEST GOVT/UN ASSESSMENT. MANY DISPLACED SETTLING NEAR CITIES AND TOWNS FOR SECURITY REASONS, BUT LAND SHORTAGE LIMITS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION. AS FOR RETURNEES, THEY CONTINUE TO ENTER MOZAMBIQUE, PARTICULARLY IN TETE PROVINCE. DUE TO INADEQUATE SUPPORT FOR RETURNEE PROGRAMME IN 1989/90 EMERGENCY APPEAL, FEW RELIEF SUPPLIES AVAILABLE. IN ADDITION, EXPULSION FROM SOUTH AFRICA TO MAPUTO PROVINCE CONTINUES TO TAKE PLACE.

5. PROVISIONAL FAO 1990 CEREAL PRODUCTION ESTIMATED AT 650,000 MT, WHICH IS 13 PERCENT ABOVE THAT OF LAST YEAR AND 25 PERCENT ABOVE AVERAGE FOR PREVIOUS FIVE YEARS. FOR CURRENT HARVEST, FOODCROPS BENEFITED FROM GENERALLY FAVOURABLE WEATHER AND IMPROVED SECURITY CONDITIONS IN SOME AREAS. HOWEVER, PRODUCTION ESTIMATES MEET ONLY HALF OF DOMESTIC REQUIREMENTS.

GOVERNMENT

6. LIMITED DISTRIBUTION OF EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF REPORTS ON COMMISSIONS OF ENQUIRY TO INVESTIGATE MISAPPROPRIATION AND THEFT IN MANAGEMENT AND DISTRIBUTION OF EMERGENCY PROGRAMME GOODS MADE TO PRINCIPAL DONORS PRIOR TO NEW YORK MEETING ON EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO MOZAMBIQUE.

7. GOVT WILL CONTACT DONORS TO CLARIFY HOW PLEDGES SHOULD BE ALLOCATED IN ORDER TO ASSURE CONTINUOUS FLOW IN PIPELINE.

OPERATIONS BY SECTOR

A) FOOD AID:

8. ZAMBEZIA. CONVOY REACHED MORRUMBALA, PREVIOUSLY ONLY ACCESSIBLE BY AIRLIFT, WITH 152 TONS OF FOOD AND RELIEF ITEMS. CO-ORDINATED ACTION TAKEN BY GOVT, WFP, UNDRO, UNICEF, OXFAM, WORLD VISION, SAVE THE CHILDREN, MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES TO DISTRIBUTE FOOD AND RELIEF ITEMS TO 50,000 DISPLACED PERSONS IN RECENTLY LIBERATED AREA OF MUGULAMA WHERE 15 TO 25 DEATHS WERE EARLIER REPORTED. ICRC PROVIDING FULL RATIONS FROM 4,000 IN NAMPEVO LOCALITY(ILE DISTRICT).

9. NORWEGIAN GOVT IS HANDING OVER VESSEL TO WFP TO STRENGTHEN ITS COASTAL OPERATION CAPACITY.

B) LOGISTICS:

10. CASH RESOURCES AND TRUCKS URGENTLY NEEDED TO MAINTAIN AIR AND SURFACE DISTRIBUTION CAPACITY. NEW AREAS (I.E. ZAMBEZIA) ARE NOW ACCESSIBLE BY ROAD AND FLEET MUST BE KEPT UP DESPITE TRUCK LOSSES.

11. AIRLIFT CONTINUING TO CAIA, SENA, CHIBABAVA, MARROMEU DISTRICTS IN SOFALA PROVINCE, TO MACHAZE FROM BEIRA IN MANICA PROVINCE, AND TO MUGULAMA, GILE, MORRUMBALA, NAMARROI, MAGANJA DA COSTA AND MOPEIA FROM QUELIMANE IN ZAMBEZIA PROVICE.

12. GAZA. BAILEY BRIDGE OVER LIMPOPO RIVER AT XAI-XAI IMPROVES TRANSPORT ON MAIN NORTH/SOUTH HIGHWAY LINKING MAPUTO TO GAZA AND INHAMBANE PROVINCES. LIMPOPO RAIL LINE LINKING ZIMBABWE WITH MAPUTO HAS BEEN UPGRADED AND 300 KM OF NEW TRACK RELAID (MAPUTO TO MANHICA AND CHIULALACUAL TO MAVALANE). AS A RESULT, EMERGENCY SUPPLY IN GAZA AND MAPUTO PROVINCES IMPROVED.

C) HEALTH:

13. FOLLOWING OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA IN TETE CITY, UNICEF PROVIDED AIR CHARTER FOR DOCTORS TO GO THERE WITH ANTI-BIOTICS. WHO WORKING WITH MINISTRY OF HEALTH TO CONTAIN OUTBREAK.

14. CHICUALACUALA, GAZA PROVINCE, WHERE 3,684 RETURNEES LOCATED, HAS SEVERE WATER PROBLEMS. NUTRITIONAL INDICATORS ALARMING SHOWING COMPOUNDED EFFECT OF VERY POOR DIET AND DISEASES OCCURRING IN DETERIORATING ENVIRONMENT, AS RETURNEES CONTINUE TO FLOW IN.

D) APRIL RETURNEE FIGURES (UNHCR)

15. 117 RETURNEES THROUGH ORGANIZED VOLUNTARY REPATRIATION FROM MALAWI TO TETE PROVINCE. SPONTANEOUS INFLUXES OF 184 RETURNEES REGISTERED, ALSO IN TETE PROVINCE. 545 EXPELLEES FROM SOUTH AFRICA WERE RECEIVED IN MAPUTO PROVINCE. UNHCR CONTINUES TO ASSIST INTERNAL MOVEMENTS OF RETURNEES/EXPELLEES TO AREAS OF THEIR ORIGIN.

16. CLOSING REPORT 1989/90 APPEAL

AS OF 30 APRIL 1990, TOTAL CONFIRMED PLEDGES AGAINST APPEAL REQUIREMENTS OF USD 361,790,640 IS USD 277,897,665. BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR IS AS FOLLOWS:

SECTOR
PLEDGES
REQUIREMENTS
FOOD, CEREALS
473,130 MT
816,400 MT
FOOD, NON-CEREALS
42,887 MT
151,000 MT
IN USD
FOOD TOTAL
170,722,455
237,600,000
LOGISTICS
34,433,339
62,897,400
ROAD REHABILITATION
5,227,000
12,424,850
AGRICULTURE
10,778,463
8,768,200
HEALTH
4,128,608
4,913,000
WATER
5,060,400
4,563,000
EDUCATION
3,790,774
5,091,000
RELIEF AND SURVIVAL
10,621,180
13,049,440
RETURNEES
3,196,880
5,815,725
INSTITUTIONAL
5,595,606
6,668,025
MULTI-SECTOR
24,342,960
-
TOTAL
227,897,665
361,790,640

UNMET REQUIREMENTS IS USD 117,552,998. (TOTAL VALUE IN FOODS SECTOR INCLUDES USD 66 MILLION FOR EXTERNAL FREIGHT AND SUBSIDIESAND USD 9.4 MILLION FOR INTERNAL TRANSPORT.)

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

DPR 310 MOZ'90 (1)