Mozambique

Mozambique Cyclonic Storm Apr 1985 UNDRO Situation Reports 1 - 7

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published


UNDRO 85/0737

MOZAMBIQUE - CYCLONIC STORM
UNDRO SITREP NO. 1
01 APRIL 1985

SITUATION
---------

1. UNDRO/UNDP RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR REPORTS THAT CYCLONIC WINDS WITH SPEED OF ABOUT 100 KM/H STRUCK SOUTHERN MAPUTO PROVINCE ON 26 MARCH. MAIN ELECTRICITY SUPPLY FROM SOUTH AFRICA TO MAPUTO CUT OFF. MAPUTO IS NOW ENTIRELY DEPENDENT ON STAND-BY THERMAL POWER STATIONS. REPAIR OF MAIN POWER LINE WILL TAKE AT LEAST THREE MONTHS.

2. POWER SHORTAGES ADVERSELY AFFECTING WATER SUPPLIES, HOSPITALS, INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES, PORT OPERATIONS, IRRIGATION SCHEMES, COMMUNICATION NETWORK AND PUBLIC SERVICES. DOMESTIC ENERGY CONSUMPTION REDUCED IN MAPUTO TO FIVE HOURS OF SUPPLY PER DAY. 3. GOVERNMENT HAS MADE AN OFFICAL APPEAL TO INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY FOR ASSISTANCE.

RELIEF NEEDS

4. FUEL: MOST URGENT NEED IS PROVISION OF DIESEL FUEL, COAL AND JET FUEL, TO OPERATE MAPUTO EMERGENCY POWER STATION DURING THE THREE MONTH PERIOD NECESSARY TO REPAIR THE POWER LINE. QUANTITY REQUIRED AS FOLLOWS:

  • AAA) DIESEL: 35,000 TONS
  • BBB) COAL: 50,000 TONS (ONE THIRD OF IT COVERED BY US CONTRI BUTION LISTED BELOW)
  • CCC) JET FUEL (JP 1): 5,000 TONS

TOTAL ESTIMATED COST: US DLRS 15.2 MILLION

5. REPAIR OF DAMAGED POWER LINE REQUIRES STEEL FRAMES, CEMENT, VEHICLES AND OTHER EQUIPMENT FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF TOWERS AT AN ESTIMATED COST OF US DLRS 1.5 MILLION.

CONTRIBUTIONS

6. UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM
US DLRS
UNDRO
UNDRO EMERGENCY CASH GRANT
20,000
7. GOVERNMENTS
UK
PROVIDING SERVICES OF AN ENGINEER
(++)
USA
CASH FOR PURCHASE OF COAL FOR THERMAL UNITS
250,000

(++) - VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO

8. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH) OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 85/0792

MOZAMBIQUE - CYCLONIC STORM
UNDRO SITREP NO. 2
05 APRIL 1985

SITUATION

1. SOUTHERN MOZAMBIQUE RELIES AT PRESENT ON A WEAK CAPACITY THERMAL POWER STATION WITHOUT ANY BACK-UP. ITS LIMITED GENERATING CAPACITY HAS RESULTED IN: STOPPAGE OF ALL INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY, SHUT-DOWN OF ALL IRRIGATION SCHEMES, DRASTIC REDUCTIONS IN PORT OPERATIONS, REDUCTION OF PUBLIC SERVICES.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THERMAL POWER STATION

2. TO INCREASE GENERATING CAPACITY PENDING REPAIR OF DAMAGED POWER LINE THE FOLLOWING IMPROVEMENTS ARE REQUIRED:

FIRST PRIORITY: OVERHAUL OF BOILER NO. 6 AT COST OF US DLRS 400,000

SECOND PRIORITY: REPAIR OF BOILER NO. 5, JP-1 TURBINE AND GENERATORS AT TOTAL COST OF US DLRS 1.5 MILLION.

CONTRIBUTIONS (SINCE SITREP NO. 1 OF 1 APRIL 1985)

3. IGOS
US DLRS
EEC
CASH 400,000 ECUS
283,660
4. NGOS
MEDECINS DU MONDE (FRANCE):
TEAMS OF DOCTORS AND NURSES (IN MAPUTO AND NHAMATANDA)
(++)

(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO

5. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 85/0800

MOZAMBIQUE - CYCLONIC STORM
UNDRO SITREP NO. 3
08 APRIL 1985

SITUATION

1. POWER SITUATION MAPUTO PROVINCE IMPROVING. HOSPITALS, WATER PUMPING, TELECOMMUNICATIONS, INSTALLATIONS OF HIGH PRIORITY TO THE GOVERNMENT ARE RECEIVING POWER 24 HOURS PER DAY. OFFICES, FACTORIES, HOUSEHOLDS RECEIVING POWER FOR ABOUT 6-7 HOURS PER DAY THOUGH SITUATION IN PERIPHERAL AREAS NOT AS GOOD.

CONTRIBUTIONS (REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO. 2, 5 APRIL 85)

2. GOVERNMENTS
US DLRS
ITALY
THROUGH UNDRO FOR TOTAL REPAIR POWER TRANSMISSION LINE
1,500,000
NETHERLANDS
DIESEL FOR THERMAL PLANT, DUTCH GUIL. 1,000,000
285,000
NORWAY
DIESEL FOR THERMAL PLANT, NOR. KR. 10,000,000
1,100,000
SWEDEN
DIESEL FOR THERMAL PLANT, SW. KR. 15,000,000
1,700,000
USSR
USE OF PART OF 4 MILLION RUBLE CREDIT, LINE FOR FUEL AND POWER SUPPLIES FOR EMERGENCY NEEDS
(++)

(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO

3. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 85/0889

MOZAMBIQUE - CYCLONIC STORM
UNDRO SITREP NO. 4
18 APRIL 1985

SITUATION AND DAMAGE

1. UNDRO DELEGATE MAPUTO REPORTS AS FOLLOWS ON DISASTER DAMAGE AND CURRENT REQUIREMENTS FOLLOWING INTERRUPTION BY CYCLONIC WINDS OF ONLY POWER LINE FEEDING MAPUTO.

2. ON 27 MARCH AERIAL INSPECTION REVEALED TOTAL OF 31 POWER TOWERS IN FIVE DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF LINE TOTALLY DESTROYED/ GROUNDED. MANY ADDITIONAL TOWERS PARTLY DAMAGED ALONG LINE, AND ALSO NEEDING REPAIR/SUBSTITUTION. THESE REPAIRS NOW UNDERWAY FINANCED BY GRANT GOVERNMENT OF ITALY REPORTED IN SITREP NO. 3.

3. DIRECT AND INDIRECT CONSEQUENCES OF DISASTER IMMENSE. NOT ONLY ELECTRICITY SUPPLY OF VITAL INSTALLATION CITY OF MAPUTO AND SURROUNDING AREAS SEVERELY CURTAILED (DEPENDENT NOW ON LIMITED LOCAL THERMAL PRODUCTION) BUT ALSO SEVERE IMPACT ON INDUSTRIAL CAPACITY, 50 PER CENT OF WHICH CONCENTRATED IN AREA. ACTIVITIES IN PORT MAPUTO ARE SUFFERING SLOWDOWN AND IMPORTANT AGRICULTURAL AREAS LIMPOPO AND INCOMATI VALLEYS, WHERE SMALLER CITIES CHOKWE, XAI-XAI, SABLE ARE LOCATED, ARE EQUALLY AFFECTED BECAUSE OF VERY LIMITED POWER FOR OPERATION OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS.

4. LOCAL THERMAL POWER STATION AT PRESENT OPERATING BY MEANS TWOFOLD SYSTEM UTILIZING EITHER COAL OR DIESEL/JET FUEL. COAL EQUIPMENT DATES BACK MORE THAN 20 YEARS AND HAS BEEN USED IN PAST ONLY FOR EMERGENCY PURPOSES, MAXIMUM CAPACITY AT PRESENT IS 26-28 MW. IN ADDITION, TWO GAS TURBINES EXIST, ONE CONSUMING DIESEL AND PRODUCTION 30 MW (FOR USE DURING PEAK PERIODS WHEN THE COAL UNITS ARE INSUFFICIENT) AND ANOTHER ONE, A JET AIRCRAFT ENGINE (BEING CURRENTLY REPAIRED), USING AIRCRAFT FUEL AND CAPABLE OF PRODUCING 12 MW: THESE OUTPUTS ONLY REACHED SIMULTANEOUSLY FOR VERY SHORT PERIODS OF TIME. NORMAL DAILY POWER CONSUMPTION EXEEDS 60 MW IN PERIOD 0800 - 2200 HOURS, WITH PEAKS OF ALMOST 70 MW. CURRENTLY POWER IN MAPUTO AVERAGES 10 HOURS PER DAY ONLY.

REQUIREMENTS

5. PENDING COMPLETE LIST OF EMERGENCY NEEDS TO FOLLOW, IMMEDIATE REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO OPERATION THERMAL PLANT MAPUTO OVER 3 MONTH POWER LINE REPAIR PERIOD. ORIGINAL REQUIREMENTS LISTED IN UNDRO SITREP NO. 1 PARA 4 SHOULD NOW BE MODIFIED TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT DONATIONS ANNOUNCED SO FAR.
A. DIESEL: ORIGINAL REQUEST 35,000 CUBIC METRES FOR 3 MONTHS OPERATION DIESEL TURBINE, APPROXIMATELY TOTAL COST US DLRS 10 MILLION, CASH CONTRIBUTIONS TO SPECIAL ACCOUNT OPENED BY GOVERNMENT FOR PURPOSE DIESEL STANDS PRESENTLY AT US DLRS 3.57 MILLION (GOVERNMENTS OF DENMARK, NORWAY, SWEDEN, EEC AND LUTHERAN WORLD FEDERATION). PRESENT SHORTFALL US DLRS 6.43 MILLION.

B. COAL: ORIGINAL REQUEST 50,000 MT, CONTRIBUTION BY GOVERNMENT OF U.S.A. ALLOWED IMMEDIATE PURCHASE 30,000 MT. CURRENT SHORTFALL 20,000 MT.

C. JETFUEL: JP1, ORIGINAL REQUEST 3,000 MT STILL VALID, JET ENGINE EXPECTED TO BE OPERATIONAL SOON, AS ENGINEERS PROVIDED BRITISH GOVERNMENT REPAIRING TURBINE.

6. IN ORDER TO PERMIT ON-OFF SWITCH THERMAL PLANT OPERATION IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS MAPUTO TO SAVE ENERGY (AUTOMATIC, CENTRALLY CONTROLLED SWITCH NON-EXISTANT) FOLLOWING ITEMS AVAILABLE IN NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES ARE ALSO REQUIRED URGENTLY:

  • - 2 SMALL BUSES FOR SHIFT CHANGES
  • - 4 TIPPER TRUCKS FOR ASH REMOVAL AT MAPUTO STATION
  • - 2 PICK-UP TRUCKS
  • - 10 4X4 VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH RADIOS

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

7. UNDRO/UNDP RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE CONVENING DONORS' MEETING FRIDAY 19 APRIL TO BRIEF DONOR COMMUNITY ON SITUATION. IT WILL BE RECALLED THAT ALREADY PREVAILING CRITICAL SHORTAGE OF DIESEL FUEL FOR DROUGHT-RELATED TRANSPORT PROGRAMME IS FURTHER STRAINED WITH LIKELY EXTREME EFFECTS ON EMERGENCY FOOD SUPPLY TO LARGE NUMBERS OF DROUGHT AFFECTED POPULATION IN RURAL AREAS, THUS POSSIBLY LEADING, IF SITUATION NOT REMEDIED, TO NEW OUTBREAK OF FAMINE IN PROVINCES GAZA AND INHAMBANE.

CONTRIBUTIONS (REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO 3, 8 APRIL 1985)

8. GOVERNMENTS
US DLRS
DENMARK
10 MILLION DKR FOR PURCHASE DIESEL
909,090
SWITZERLAND
SFR 550,000 FOR OVERHAUL DIESEL GENERATOR IN POWER PLANT MAPUTO
208,333
9. NGO'S
LUTHERAN WORLD FEDERATION
CASH FOR PURCHASE DIESEL
10,000

10. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 85/0908

MOZAMBIQUE - CYCLONIC STORM
UNDRO SITREP NO. 5
22 APRIL 1985

RELIEF REQUIREMENTS

1. FOLLOWING PRIORITY NEEDS IDENTIFIED BY UNDRO DELEGATE ON COMPLETION HIS MISSION:

AAA) LIGHTING OF INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLDS: KEROSENE LAMPS, FLASHLIGHTS, CANDLES.

BBB) COOKING PURPOSES: 500 MT BUTANE GAS, COOKING COAL TO BE PURCHASED REGIONALLY (AVERAGE CONSUMPTION OF TOTAL AFFECTED HOUSEHOLDS US DLRS 70,000 PER MONTH).

NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

2. AT MEETING HELD MAPUTO 19 APRIL UNDRO DELEGATE BRIEFED DONORS ON EMERGENCY SITUATION AND REQUIREMENTS/CONTRIBUTIONS.

3. AGREEMENT SIGNED 20 APRIL BETWEEN GOVERNMENT MOZAMBIQUE, UNDRO AND CONTRACTOR TO RESTORE IN THREE MONTHS NORMAL POWER TO MAPUTO.

4. SWISS EXPERTS TO OVERHAUL DIESEL GENERATOR HAVE NOW ARRIVED (SEE ITEM 8 UNDRO SITREP NO. 4).

CONTRIBUTIONS:

5. GOVERNMENT:

- FRANCE: CAISSE CENTRALE DE COOPERATION. LOAN FOR MANAGEMENT OF THERMAL PLANT MAPUTO, FRENCH FRANCS 5 MILLION - US DLRS 526,315

6. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 85/0991

MOZAMBIQUE - CYCLONIC STORM
UNDRO SITREP NO. 6
02 MAY 1985

SITUATION

1. AT INFORMAL MEETING HELD GENEVA 2 MAY 1985 REPRESENTATIVES DONOR COMMUNITY BRIEFED BY UNDRO DELEGATE, RECENTLY RETURNED FROM MAPUTO, ON DISASTER DAMAGE AND RELATED REQUIREMENTS IN WAKE OF CYCLONIC STORM WHICH DESTROYED POWER LINE MAPUTO (PROVINCE AND CITY).

REQUIREMENTS

2. AS LISTED IN PREVIOUS SITREPS, HERE IS UPDATED SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS FOR NEXT 3 MONTHS, I.E. DURING PERIOD OF REPAIR WORKS ON POWER LINE:

A) FOR EMERGENCY OPERATION THERMAL POWER PLANT:

- DIESEL: ALTHOUGH DONOR RESPONSE HAS BEEN GENEROUS THERE IS STILL A SHORTFALL OF SOME 20,000 METRIC TONS OF DIESEL, VALUED AT APPROXIMATELY US DLRS 6 MILLION.

- COAL: 20,000 METRIC TONS, VALUED AT APPROXIMATELY US DLRS 160,000.

- JET FUEL: 3,000 METRIC TONS.

- VEHICLES: (FOR ON-OFF SWITCHING OPERATION LINKED TO THE ENERGY RATIONING SCHEMES): 10 FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH RADIOS.

B) OTHER NEEDS: COOKING FUEL (COAL AND GAS) AND LIGHTING EQUIPMENT (CANDLES, LANTERNS AND HURRICANE PETROL LAMPS) ARE URGENTLY NEEDED, AS AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR HOUSEHOLD COOKING AND LIGHTING. APPROXIMATELY US DLRS 300,000 COULD COVER THESE REQUIREMENTS (LOCAL/REGIONAL PURCHASES AVAILABLE).

CONTRIBUTIONS (SINCE UNDRO SITREP NO. 5, 22 APRIL 1985)

3. GOVERNMENTS
US DLRS
BOTSWANA
CASH GRANT PULA 25,000
13,980
SWITZERLAND
CONTRIBUTION LISTED UNDRO SITREP NO. 4, PARA 8 (SFR 550,000) NOW INCREASED TO SFR 4 MILLION, TO ENABLE REPAIR OF DIESEL TURBINE AND TO ENSURE SIX-MONTH TRAINING OF LOCAL PERSONNEL
1,515,152

4. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 85/1209

MOZAMBIQUE - CYCLONIC STORM
UNDRO SITREP NO. 7
29 MAY 1985

SITUATION

1. SUMMARY: ON 26 MARCH 1985 CYCLONIC STORM DESTROYED POWER SUPPLY LINE IN SOUTHERN MOZAMBIQUE, LEADING TO CRITICAL SITUATION WHERE ELECTRICITY HAD TO BE PRODUCED ON EMERGENCY BASIS AT THERMAL POWER PLANT IN MAPUTO. ON 1 APRIL UNDRO LAUNCHED APPEAL TO DONOR COMMUNITY FOR PROVISION OF FUEL TO KEEP THERMAL PLANT FUNCTIONING UNTIL COMPLETE REPAIR OF POWER LINE.

2. UNDRO/UNDP RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE NOW REPORTS REPAIR POWER LINE UNDER COMPLETION. TECHNICAL TESTS HAVE BEEN CARRIED OUT AND ELECTRICITY BEING PROVIDED TO MAPUTO AND SURROUNDING AREAS ON NORMAL BASIS SINCE 19 MAY. THE REPAIR WORKS WERE UNDERTAKEN IN A PERIOD OF 8 WEEKS, AND WERE FINANCED ENTIRELY BY THE GOVERNMENT OF ITALY THROUGH UNDRO.

CONTRIBUTIONS (SINCE UNDRO SITREP NO. 6, 2 MAY 1985)

3. UN SYSTEM
US DLRS
UNDP
CASH GRANT
30,000
4. GOVERNMENT
CHINA
CASH GRANT
20,000

5. SINCE LAUNCHING OF APPEAL TO INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ON 1 APRIL, CONTRIBUTIONS IN CASH AND KIND TO MOZAMBIQUE AS REPORTED TO UNDRO REACHED US DLRS 8,163,197 AS OF 29 MAY 1985. THIS IS THE FINAL SITREP FOR THIS EMERGENCY.

6. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +