Mozambique: Appeal No. MAAMZ001 Programme Update No. 2

Originally published



The Federation's vision is to strive, through voluntary action, for a world of empowered communities, better able to address human suffering and crises with hope, respect for dignity and a concern for equity. Its mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered: July to November 2006

This Programme Update revises the total Appeal budget from CHF 4,187,086 to CHF 4,610,047 (USD 3,819,426 or EUR 2,897,578.

Appeal coverage: 21%

Outstanding needs: CHF 3,639,227 (USD 3,015,101 or EUR 2,287,383).

Appeal 2006-2007:

Programme Update no. 1:

The programmes herein are aligned with the Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity":

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Programme summary: This programme update focuses on the 2007 operational plans for Mozambique Red Cross Society (CVM(1)) and provides information of adjustments made to the second year of the two year plan . The revised objectives, plan of action and budget are in line with the Federation's Global Agenda, Federation of the Future and Framework for Action. The new developments in the operating environment and government priorities for humanitarian assistance have also been taken into consideration.

The 2007 activities will focus on integrating the livelihood concept into the existing disaster management (DM) and home-based care (HBC) projects. The update also provides information on financial coverage to date, and indicates changes made to the 2007 budget is light of adjustments made in the programme areas. To enable the national society (NS) to complete and scale up the activities initiated in 2006, the coverage of the two-year appeal is currently 32.2% and the MRCS appreciates the support received from partners. The appeal budget for 2007 has been revised upwards from CHF 2,086,254 to CHF 2,509,207. (Note this does not include budget for the integrated HIV and AIDS programme).

National context

Mozambique is one of the countries in southern Africa where the HIV and AIDS pandemic is still on the increase. The Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS) estimates that 1,800,000 people in Mozambique are living with HIV. There are several factors driving the pandemic in the Mozambique. These include socio-cultural factors that influence sexuality and sexual behaviour, poverty, migration, traditional practices, high unemployment rate, gender inequalities and food insecurity. Mozambique has an estimated population of 19,792,000 of which 52% are female. In 2005, about 56.7% of the population in Mozambique was illiterate, with women having a higher illiteracy rate than men (71.2% for women as compared to 40.2% for men). Mozambique, which was devastated by a civil war that lasted for 12 years, has made significant recovery since the war ended in 1992. However, 78.4% of its population still lives off less than USD 2 a day. The country is ranked at 168 in the human development index (HDI).

The Metical has continued to be unstable against the United States Dollar. Rising food and fuel price, coupled with the fall in the exchange rate, has pushed inflation up in early 2006, and is expected to average 11.2% for the year and the central bank will struggle to achieve its 7% end-of-year target. The Mozambican government is close to finalizing a deal with Portugal on the handover of the Cabora Bassa dam which will involve a major debt write-off (Economist Intelligence Unit 2006).

Mozambique had an estimated average annual growth rate of 8% over the last four years. Poverty remains very high, particularly in areas prone to natural disaster and in the peripheral areas of urban centres. Endemic health problems, such as malaria, tuberculosis (TB), HIV and AIDS continue to plague the society, reducing life expectancy, and putting at risk all the efforts made for sustainable development. It is estimated that only 40% of the population has access to clean water.

About 6,306 cases of cholera were diagnosed from January to October 2006. A total of 29 deaths were reported from Sofala, Zambézia and Nampula provinces, translating to a mortality rate of 0.5% (Ministry of Health, October 2006). In Sofala and Zambezia provinces, no more cases of cholera were registered since April 2006. Nampula Province is still registering four to six per day, with 2,379 total cases and 13 deaths.

For further information please contact:

In Mozambique: Fernanda Teixeira, Secretary General, Mozambique Red Cross Society, Maputo;; Phone +258.1.497.721; +258.1.490.943; Mobile +; Fax +258.1.497.725

In Zimbabwe: Françoise Le Goff, Head of Southern Africa Regional Delegation, Harare; Email:; Phone +, +; Fax +

In Geneva: John Roche, Federation Regional Officer for Southern Africa, Africa Dept., Geneva Email:; Phone +41.22.730.44.40, Fax +41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering quality and accountable assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at


(1) In Portugese: Cruz Vermelha de Mozambique (CVM).