Mozambique Appeal 2006-2007 No. MAAMZ001

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This appeal seeks CHF 4,187,088 (1) o t fund programmes and activities to be implemented in 2006 and 2007. These programmes are aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".
Global Agenda goals:

1. Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

2. Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

3. Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross and Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

4. Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Click here to visit the Federation website for Mozambique, with links to the national society's profile and directory.

2006 Budget in CHF
2007 Budget in CHF
Total Budget in CHF
Health and Care
Disaster Management
Organizational Development
2,086, 246

The following programmes are included in this Appeal narrative; however, their associated budgets are integrated within other programme budgets.

Focus in 2006

The focus for the Mozambique Red Cross Society strategic plan is to strengthen the capacity of the most vulnerable people in disaster preparedness and response, to play major role in the fight against HIV/AIDS and to improve the health and social wellbeing of the people through community-based interventions for the next five years.

The target groups are rural populations in the poorest districts (especially in areas prone to disasters such as drought and floods) and the urban poor. In order to reach these goals, the Mozambique Red Cross Society will strengthen its own capacity and promote its sustainability. The national society has defined the following strategic objectives for the period 2005-2010:

- To participate in the fight against absolute poverty, through activities with the most vulnerable communities, to strengthen their ability to solve problems in health and care, food security, education, employment, water supply and hygiene.

- To contribute, with community-based actions, to a permanent improvement in the health care and well-being of the people in compliance with the Ouagadougou Declaration, Algiers Plan of Action and ARCHI 2010.

- To scale up, systematically and urgently, actions to fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic, through an integrated approach of prevention, care and treatment, as well as reducing the stigma and discrimination associated with the disease, so as to reduce the impacto n indiv iduals, households and the community.

- To undertake community-based actions to assist children living in difficult circumstances, particularly AIDS orphans (OVC).

- To assist other vulnerable groups such as abandoned elderly and disabled people.

- To strengthen the capacity of communities in regions most prone to disasters so that they may be better informed and prepared to deal with disasters, thus reducing their impact.

- To strengthen the preparednesso f the national society and the communities for an effective response when disasters strike.

- To promote community participation in food security projects and improvement of access to drinking water, as well as individual and collective hygiene.

- To promote human dignity through publicisin g humanitarian values, fundamental Principles and International humanitarian law, as well as advocacy against stigma and discrimination.

- To make the national society a stronger organization, with a larger and more active network of members and volunteers, capable of implementing quality services to the benefit of the most vulnerable communities, in a sustainable manner.

This appeal is built upon the strategic objectives spelt out in the national society's strategic plan. In the pursuit of these strategic objectives, Mozambique Red Cross Society will take into account its capacity, the needs of the beneficiaries, the plans and priorities of the government, as well as the policies and guidelines of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. The national society will also consider the importance of promoting gender equality and of establishing conditions so that young people take a more active role as agents promoting development.

Strengthening the national society

Health and care

The national society's health programme in collaboration with Ministry of Health, UN Agencies, and other nongovernmental organization, is focused on:

- Malaria treatment and prevention including the use of mosquito nets;

- Education on oral re-hydration solution (ORS) preparation and use and its promotion in the event of cholera outbreak;

- Nutrition, including the prevention and care of moderate and severe malnutrition in children under five, and in pregnant and lactating women;

- Supporting the government on the promotion of mass vaccination campaigns, routine immunization, and vitamin A supplementation for children;

- Collaborating to reduce the spread and impact of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STI)

- Developing community-based first aid/community-based health care activities, which involve the construction and maintenance of first aid posts and community participation in the prevention and treatment of the main endemic diseases;

- Providing safe water supply and adequate sanitation to reduce the impact of water and sanitation rela ted diseases;

The target groups are:

- Children under five;

- Pregnant and lactating women

- Youth from 10 to 24 years old

Community-based health and care

The main focus of the Mozambique Red Cross Society in this area is the development of community-based health care activities, which involve community participation in the promotion, prevention and treatment of the main endemic diseases and the construction and maintenance of first aid posts. Other activities include nutrition education for mothers, prevention and care of moderate and severe malnutrition in children under five, pregnant and lactating women as well as supporting the government on the promotion of mass vaccination campaigns and routine immunization, vitamin A supplementation to children. Mozambique Red Cross Society also carries out health promotion, prevention and first aid activities and sensitizes the communities on preventive measures to reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. During cholera outbreaks the emphasis is on prevention and treatment, ORS distribution, health education, water chlorination and latrine construction. In malaria prone areas the intervention consists of preventive activities, including the distribution of mosquito nets and referral for treatment of malaria cases.

Goal: Mozambique Red Cross Society ensures a sustainable improvement in health and well-being of the vulnerable population in 11 districts by 2007.

Objective: The incidence and impact of major health problems on the vulnerable population in 11prov inces and 25 districts is reduced by 2007.

Expected Results:

1. Vulnerable people have acquired knowledge and skills to avoid and control the most communicable diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted infections (STI), HIV/ AIDS and diarrhoeal disease.

2. Malnutrition in vulnerable children under five years is reduced.

3. The incidence and impact of cholera, and other hygiene related diseases on vulnerable people in target areas is reduced.

4. Mozambique Red Cross Society institutional capacity to carry out the health programme is strengthened.

5. Mozambique Red Cross Society capacity to response to major health emergencies is strengthened.

Refer to the Logical Framework: Health and Care> < >


The national society has been implementing its five-year strategic HIV/AIDS plan since 2002, covering nine provinces focusing on;

- Prevention through peer youth education;

- Care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and orphans and venerable children made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS (OVC);

- Advocacy for the rights of PLWHA and OVC and anti-stigma and discrimination.

To date there are 28 prevention projects in 28 districts in nine provinces. There are 690 youth peer educators and 150 volunteers in home-based care and support for PLWHA and OVC. The 21 HBC projects support approximately 2,400 clients. Food security for HBC clients has improved through the provision of agricultural inputs such as seeds and tools. Support has been provided for the development of poultry projects and training HBC client families in vegetable growing. In some areas food distribution has been carried out with the support of the World Food Programme (WFP).

Through an integrated approach of prevention activities, community home-based care and treatment, as well as advocacy with a view to reducing stigma and discrimination are being implemented. The programme intends to reduce the impact of the disease on individuals, households and communities. As a result the volunteer network, as well as the national society structures at local, district, provincial and national level will be significantly strengthened.

The Consortium of donors which includes Royal Netherlands Embassy (RNE), Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA)/Swedish Red Cross Society and Development Cooperation Ireland (DCI) has been supporting Mozambique Red Cross Society through the regional HIV/AIDS project since October 2002. Funding for the activities originally planned in 2002 under the Consortium is secured for the national society, and a detailed plan and budget are presented separately in the 2006- 2007 Annual Appeal under the title "HIV/ AIDS Consortium".

Currently negotiations are underway for a next phase of five-year HIV/AIDS programme starting in 2006 for all national societies including Mozambique. In view of this, Mozambique Red Cross Society is developing new integrated long term HIV/AIDS intervention action plans and budgets for the next period (2006 - 2010); all bilateral and multilateral partners' activities will be reflected to show a complete picture of HIV/AIDS support in Mozambique leading to a separate appeal to be issued in early 2006 after full consultation of all stakeholders. The Consortium funding will be taken into account in the new appeal to avoid overlapping of support and the integration process has been discussed at the Southern Africa Partnership of Red Cross Societies (SAPRCS) meeting in October 2005 with all national societies of the region and the consortium members. Strong media and marketing plans will be developed at the same time for this appeal.

This HIV/AIDS chapter is NOT seeking funding for the HIV/AIDS interventions for the next five years, as there will be a specific HIV/ AIDS appeal launch in early 2006. The draft strategy and objectives are available upon request. Remaining funds from the Consortium as well as Swedish Red Cross funding for the OVC situation analysis will be sufficient for starting the year until the launch of the new appeal detailed logframe is presented separately into the 2006-7 Annual Appeal under the title "HIV/ AIDS Consortium".

Water and Sanitation (WatSan)

The Federation is processing an application through the Federation Global WatSan Initiative to the European Commission for funding to scale up WatSan Activities. In line with the water supply and sanitation( WSS) of the Millennium Development Goals and Federations Global WatSanIni tiative (GWSI), the project will advocate and act on behalf of the poorest and most vulnerable,for equityin water supply and sanitation provision, with a special focus upon PLWHA, women and chil dren, elderly and other vulnerable groups.

The province of Nampula was chosen as the location for the project implementation due to the fact that according to the government statistics, it has the lowest safe water coverage of 17%. As a result of assessment missions and consultations with the Dir ectorate of rural water (DAR) (responsible for rural water supplies under the Dire ctorate of water in the Ministry of Public Works) as well as provincial water authorities (DAS), the districts of Malema and Ribaue were selected for the following reasons:

- Low safe water coverage even in terms of Nampula province: less than 10% in both Malema and Ribaue districts (based on the information from water supply officer in Malema the figure could be as low as 4,8% due to non-functioning facilities);

- Despite the serious need, lack of government or other organizations working in WatSan sector;

- People have inadequate information and resources for the use of WatSanf acilities and they are unaware of priority hygiene practices creating health risks;

- Risk of cholera outbreaks in the region. There was an outbreak of cholera two years ago due to poor state of hygiene and sanitation;

- Reasonably high number of target population thus making the action cost-effective.

Therefore, the justification of contributing to the MDGs for WSS and of targeting towards the poor currently unserved is well met.

Mozambique Red Cross Society has extensive experience in carrying out similar activities in other districts in Nampula and in other provinces in Mozambique. The experience already gained and lessons learnt in other districts i n Nampula province will make the start-up of the new project easier. This will also allow the national society to have a realistic view of the results to be achieved and the means needed.

Mozambique Red Cross Society, as partner of the Federation, will be responsible for the direct implementation of the project. The Federation has the overall responsibility for the project and will provide project management support and technical direction. The Federation will be accountable for the financial management, procurement, monitoring and evaluation of the project and provide consolidation of both narrative and financial reporting to the donors.

Goal: Sustainable improvement in health and well being for vulnerable population, in Malema and Ribaue districts of Nampula province

Objective: Establishment of sound, sustainable water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion services to a vulnerable population in Malema and Ribaue districts in Nampula province by 2009

Expected Results:

1. Hygiene promotion/sanitation activities by volunteers effectively provide service to cover target population of 116,000 people by year 2009;

2. Two sustainable sanitation promotion (hardware) units established in target area, and construction followed by distribution of 5,000 sanitation platforms to households who build adequate traditional latrines by 2009. Provision of sanitation for 20 schools (not in the original proposal);

3. A total of 232 viable, fully functioning and adequate community managed water supplies in low income villages by 2009 (approx. 95 new boreholes fitted with handpumps, 110 new protected hand dug wells and springs and 27 hand pump/ protected hand dug well/ spring rehabilitations);

4. A tota l of 232 community-based operation and maintenance and cost recovery systems established and functioning by 2009;

5. Increased resources for water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion projects, and contribution to sector best practices, capacity building, and coordination by 2009;

6. Increased capacity of Mozambique Red Cross Society to mobilise resources and implement water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion and to respond to disasters requiring water, sanitation and hygiene promotion response.

Refer to the Logical Framework: Water and Sanitation <>

For further information please contact:

In Mozambique: FernandaTeixeira, Secretary General, Mozambique Red Cross Society, Maputo; Email:; Phone +258.1.4 9.77.21, +; Cell: + 258.; Fax + 258.1 9.7 725

In Zimbabwe: Françoise Le Goff, Head of Southern Africa Regional Delegation, Harare; Email: i f; Phone+, +2; Fax +

In Geneva: Terry Carney, Federation Regional Officer for Southern Africa; Email:; Phone +41.22.730.42.98, Fax +41.22.733.03.97

The International Federation is the world's largest humanitarian organization, and its millions of volunteers are active in over 183 countries. Our aim is to build safer communities, able to prevent and respond to human suffering in times of crises and distress, and where people work together to promote hope, dignity and equity. We work to support vulnerable communities through neutral, impartial, independent humanitarian action, in accordance with our Fundamental Principles and in line with the Red Cross and Red Crescent Code of Conduct, the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response, and the SPHERE Project.


(1) USD 3,191,378 or EUR 2,705,711

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