Mozambique

Mozambique Annual Appeal No. 05AA012

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments


The International Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. The Federation is the world's largest humanitarian organization, and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries. All international assistance to support vulnerable communities seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response, according to the SPHERE Project.
This document reflects a range of programmes, objectives, and related activities to be implemented in 2005, and the corresponding funding requirements. These are based upon the broader, multi-year framework of the Federation’s Project Planning Process (PPP). The PPP products are either available through hyperlinks in the text, or can be requested through the respective regional department.

For further information please contact the Federation Secretariat, Africa Department:Terry Carney, Regional Officer for Southern Africa, email terry.carney@ifrc.org, phone 41.22.730.42.98. Please also refer to the full contact list at the end of this Appeal, or access the Federation website at http://www.ifrc.org

2005
Programme title
in CHF
Strengthening the National Society
Health and care
847,222
Disaster management
180,648
Organizational development
241,302
Total
1,269,1721
The following programme is included in this Appeal narrative; however, its associated budget is integrated within other programme budgets.

National Context

Following the end of the civil war and the first democratic elections in 1994, Mozambique has become Africa’s most successful example of post-conflict reconstruction and development. Rapid economic growth, poverty reduction and political stability have been underpinned by market reform, democratic development and national reconciliation. As recently as the mid 1990s, the World Bank evaluated Mozambique as the world’s poorest country in terms of GDP per head. The average economic growth rate since 1995 was around 8%, with an estimated growth rate of 10% in 2002 compared with 13.9% in 2001, one of the highest in the world.

The impressive performance notwithstanding, the country continues to face daunting development problems and challenges with major impact on human development. The challenges facing the country include illiteracy, unemployment, gender inequality, relatively high incidence of HIV/AIDS, high rate of vulnerability to natural calamities as well as the need for legal, judicial and public sector reform.

Despite the above-mentioned developments, Mozambique remains one of the poorest countries in the world. The 2004 UNDP report indicates that nearly four of every five people - 78.4% - live below the poverty datum line of USD 2.00 per day.

There is wide regional disparity in the incidence of poverty in the country. This ranges from 47% in Maputo city to 87.9% in Sofala. UNDP Human Development Report for 2004 ranks Mozambique 171 out of 175 countries on the human development index. The government has initiated a national programme of poverty reduction known as the Action Plan to reduce Absolute Poverty (PARPA). This constituted the basis for the IMF/World Bank supported Poverty Reduction Strategic Plan (PRSP). The government’s programme clearly attempts to foster a people-centred policy framework to address the poverty problem. In partnership with NGO, government has undertaken a number of initiatives to support people living in poverty, particularly those who are affected by floods and drought.

Mozambique is prone to a wide range of natural disasters with devastating impact on people, livestock, property and infrastructure. In 2000 and 2001, floods caused considerable disruption and devastation in southern and central parts of the country. The international community played a major role in mobilizing financial assistance to support the reconstruction and recovery programme. In 2003, Mozambique was once again hit by two cyclones and drought. Over 1.2 million people were affected by the cyclones which resulted in increased number of cases of diarrhoea and cholera, and aggravated an underlying high rate of malnutrition

The food security situation in the southern and central parts of the country remains serious after three to four years of crop failure due to floods and drought. The government of Mozambique foresees an 6-6.5% increase in food production this year. WFP is moving from emergency operation into a protracted rehabilitation and recovery operation with a medium to longer-term timeframe. This will provide new opportunities for partnerships for the Mozambique Red Cross especially within the social area and HIV/AIDS prevention and care.


Human Development Indicators at a Glance
Category
Mozambique
Sub-Saharan
Africa
World
Total population (millions)
18.5
641.0
6,225.0
GDP per capita (USD)
195
469
5,174
Life expectancy at birth (years): Female - Male
40.0 - 36.9
n.a.
n.a.
Infant mortality rate, per 1,000 live births
125
108
56
Maternal mortality per 100,000 live births (adjusted ratio)(2000)
1,000
n.a
n.a
Population (%) with sustainable access to an improved water source (2000)
57
57
82
HIV prevalence (%, ages 15-49) (2003)
12.2
7.7
01.1
Adult literacy rate (%, ages 15 and above):
Female - Male
31.4 - 62.3
n.a
n.a
Source: UNDP Human Development Report, July 2004: Human Development Index (pages 139-250). Refer to http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2004/pdf/hdr04_HDI.pdf Note: Data is 2002 unless noted above.

Poor sanitation and hygiene in the most drought affected provinces has increased the number of cases of diarrhoea and has aggravated the already high rate of malnutrition that existed prior to the drought. Malaria morbidity and mortality is high and cholera cases reached 19,333 with 97 deaths during the 2003-2004 rainy season. Acute malnutrition continues to be high, national average is 6.4% for children aged between 6 - 59 months. But the optimistic crop forecast has reduced the need for immediate interventions within supplementary feeding.

The main causes of death in the country are malaria, communicable diseases, epidemics, child birth, malnutrition and diarrhoeal diseases. A study on demographic impact of HIV/AIDS in Mozambique estimated that, between 2002 and 2003, 1.36 million people will be living with AIDS: 43% men, 56% women. The projection is 1.6 million for 2004-2005, and 1.71 million for 2006-2007 2.

For ease of reference, the table below lists the standard abbreviations and references used in this Appeal.

ART – Anti-retroviral treatment PMTCT – Prevention of mother-to-child transmission
CAS – Cooperation Agreement Strategies PNS - Partner National Society(ies)
CBF – Federation Capacity Building Fund RDRT – Regional Disaster Response Team(s)
CBDP – Community-based disaster preparedness SADC – Southern African Development Community
HBC – Home-based care SDP – Strategic development plan
Movement - International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. STI / STD - Sexually-transmitted infections / diseases
ORS – Oral re-hydration solution TB – Tuberculosis
OVC – Orphans and other vulnerable children VCA - Vulnerability and capacity assessment
PLWHA - Persons living with HIV/AIDS VCT – Voluntary counselling and testing
ARCHI 2010 – refer to http://www.ifrc.org/what/health/archi/
ERU – Emergency Response Unit(s) Refer to http://www.ifrc.org/what/disasters/eru/
FACT – Field Assessment and Coordination Team(s). Refer to http://www.ifrc.org/what/disasters/fact/
Strategy 2010 – refer to http://www.ifrc.org/who/strategy.asp
Ouagadougou Declaration – refer to http://www.ifrc.org/meetings/regional/africa/5thpac/5thpacde.asp
Seville Agreement – refer to http://www.ifrc.org/meetings/statutory/ga/ga97/ga_97_8.asp

Footnotes:

1 USD 1,008,100 or EUR 817,500.

2 Prepared by the National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Health (MoH), Ministry of Planning and Finance, Centre for Population Studies, National AIDS Council, Medical Faculty-Eduardo Mondlane University and Ministry of Education (2002: pp 31,32,33)

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